Cigars and Politics: AnIntersectional and TransnationalApproach to Cuban Women’sImmigration and Work in the US,1880-2000Pr...
Paper overview• What were Cuban women like?  • The paper investigates Cuban movement to the US between 1880    and 2000  •...
Section one: Overall “waves”Years       Total number of    Annual average   Years       Total number of    Annual average ...
Overall “waves” contd.Years   Total number of    Annual average   Years   Total number of    Annual average        Cubans ...
Section two: Gender, age and  household composition                                Figure 1: Percentage of women over time...
Age by census year                                                                      Figure 2: Age of total population ...
Age of women by census year                                                                     Figure 5: Age of total pop...
Household composition                                                          Figure 8: Total household composition      ...
Women’s relationship to                                 household head                                                    ...
All women’s relationship to                       household head by age               Figure 14: Women (16-24) by relation...
Cuban women’s relationship to                      household head by age                      Cuban women (16-24) by      ...
Hispanic women’s relationship                        to household head                    Figure 18: Hispanic women (16-24...
Section three: Race as a                                                 perceived category                               ...
Section four: Employment     All tables & figures are provisional.14      Please do not copy or reproduce.
Employed by age                                                            Figure 24: US born women, employed             ...
Women in employment by age                            and race                                 Figure 27: Employed (over 1...
Women employment by                   relationship to household head                                                      ...
Unemployment                   Figure 32: Unemployed status for all (16+)                               Figure 33: Unemplo...
Unemployment status by                                birthplace                                                          ...
Conclusion     All tables & figures are provisional.20      Please do not copy or reproduce.
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Cigars and Politics: An Intersectional and Transnational Approach to Cuban Women’s Immigration and Work in the United States, 1880-2000

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Monday 1st October 2012, 17.30 (BST) - Jay Kleinberg (Brunel University), Cigars and Politics: An Intersectional and Transnational Approach to Cuban Women’s Immigration and Work in the United States, 1880-2000 (Gender and History in the Americas seminar)

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Cigars and Politics: An Intersectional and Transnational Approach to Cuban Women’s Immigration and Work in the United States, 1880-2000

  1. 1. Cigars and Politics: AnIntersectional and TransnationalApproach to Cuban Women’sImmigration and Work in the US,1880-2000Professor Jay Kleinberg, Brunel UniversityGender and History in the Americas Seminar Series1st October 2012
  2. 2. Paper overview• What were Cuban women like? • The paper investigates Cuban movement to the US between 1880 and 2000 • The paper draws on evidence taken from Integrated Public Use Microdata Series at the University of Minnesota. This project, All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. dedicated to collecting and distributing United States census data, provides machine-readable data extracts covering the United States from 1850 to the present.• Contrasting the overall US population, the Cuban born population and the overall Hispanic born population, the paper investigates variables including race, gender, household composition, age and employment 2
  3. 3. Section one: Overall “waves”Years Total number of Annual average Years Total number of Annual average Cubans migrating migrated Cubans migrating migrated1871-1875 4,607 921 1931-1935 1,979 3961876-1880 3,614 723 1936-1940 2,143 4291881-1885 5,501 1,110 1941-1945 4,644 9291886-1890 16,027 3,205` 1946-1950 10,807 2,161 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce.1891-1895 9,994 1,999 1951-1955 22,759 4,5521896-1900 15,559 3,112 1956-1958 40,267 13,4221901-1905 19,059 3,812 1959 124,000 (est) 26,5271906-1910 21,100 4,220 1960 60,2241911-1915 17,109 3,422 1961 49,9611916-1920 10,728 2,146 1962 78,6111921-1925 5,892 1,178 1963 42,929 31927-1930 9,716 1,943 1964 15,616
  4. 4. Overall “waves” contd.Years Total number of Annual average Years Total number of Annual average Cubans migrating migrated Cubans migrating migrated1965 16,447 1976 4,5151966 46,688 1977 4,5481967 52,147 1978 4,108 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce.1968 55,945 1979 2,6441969 52,625 1980 803,226 122,0611970 49,545 1981 4,9661971 50,001 1982 2,8051972 23,977 1983 3,4461973 12,579 1986 700,0001974 13,670 1990 859,7391975 8,488 2000 1,097,594 4
  5. 5. Section two: Gender, age and household composition Figure 1: Percentage of women over time 60 50 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 40Percentage 30 Total US population Hispanic birth place 20 Cuban birth place 10 0 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year 5
  6. 6. Age by census year Figure 2: Age of total population 45 40 35 30 Percentage 25 0-15 20 16-24 15 10 25-39 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 5 0 40-64 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year 65+ Figure 3: Age of total Cuban population Figure 4: Age of total Hispanic population 50 45 45 40 40 35 35 30Percentage 0-15 Percentage 30 0-15 25 25 16-24 16-24 20 20 25-39 15 25-39 15 10 40-64 10 40-64 5 65+ 5 65+ 6 0 0 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year
  7. 7. Age of women by census year Figure 5: Age of total population of women 45 40 35 Percentage 30 0-15 25 16-24 20 15 25-39 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 10 40-64 5 65+ 0 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Figure 6: Age of total Cuban population of women Figure 7: Age of total Hispanic population of women 50 45 40 40Percentage 0-15 35 30 30 Percentage 0-15 16-24 25 20 16-24 25-39 20 10 15 25-39 0 40-64 10 40-64 7 65+ 5 0 65+ Census year 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year
  8. 8. Household composition Figure 8: Total household composition 100 90 80 70 Percentage 60 Nuclear family 50 40 Extended family 30 Boarders 20 10 Domestic servants 0 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Figure 9: Total Cuban household Figure 10: Total Hispanic household composition composition 100 100 90 90 80 80 70 70Percentage Percentage 60 60 Nuclear family Nuclear family 50 50 40 Extended family 40 Extended family 30 Boarders 30 Boarders 20 10 Domestic servants 20 10 Domestic servants 8 0 0 1940 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1880 1900 1910 1920 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year
  9. 9. Women’s relationship to household head Figure 11: Women relationship to household head 100 80 Percentage 60 Nuclear family 40 Extended family All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 20 Boarders 0 Domestic servants 1960 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Figure 12: Cuban women relationship Figure 13: Hispanic women relationship to to household head household head 100 100 80 80Percentage Percentage 60 Nuclear family 60 Nuclear family 40 Extended family 40 Extended family 20 Boarders 20 Boarders 9 Domestic servants Domestic servants 0 0 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 1880 1910 1940 1960 1980 2000 Census year Census year
  10. 10. All women’s relationship to household head by age Figure 14: Women (16-24) by relationship Figure 15: Women (25-39) by relationship to to household head household head 120 100 100Percentage 80 Percentage 60 Nuclear family 80 40 Nuclear family Extended family 60 20 Extended family 40 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 0 Boarders 20 Boarders 1940 1880 1900 1910 1920 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Domestic servants 0 Domestic servants Census year 1950 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Figure 16: Women (40-64) by relationship to Figure 17: Women (65+) by relationship to household head household head 120 100 100 80Percentage 80 Percentage 60 Nuclear family 60 Nuclear family 40 Extended family 40 Extended family 20 Boarders 20 Boarders 0 Domestic servants 0 10 Domestic servants 1960 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year
  11. 11. Cuban women’s relationship to household head by age Cuban women (16-24) by Cuban women (25-39) by relationship to household head relationship to household head 120 100 100 Percentage 80Percentage 80 60 Nuclear family Nuclear family 60 40 40 Extended family Extended family All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 20 20 Boarders Boarders 0 0 1990 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 2000 Domestic servants 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Domestic servants Census year Census year Cuban women (40-64) by Cuban women (65+) by relationship to household head relationship to household head 100 120 80 100 PercentagePercentage 80 60 Nuclear family Nuclear family 60 40 Extended family Extended family 40 20 Boarders 20 Boarders 11 0 Domestic servants 0 Domestic servants 1980 2000 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1990 2000 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Census year Census year
  12. 12. Hispanic women’s relationship to household head Figure 18: Hispanic women (16-24) by Figure 19: Hispanic women (25-39) by relationship to household head relationship to household head 100 120 90 80 100 70 80 PercentagePercentage 60 Nuclear family Nuclear family 50 60 40 All tables & figures are provisional. Extended family Please do not copy or reproduce. Extended family 30 40 Boarders Boarders 20 20 10 Domestic servants Domestic servants 0 0 1900 1880 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 1940 1950 1880 1900 1910 1920 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year Figure 20: Hispanic women (40-64) by Figure 21: Hispanic women (65+) by relationship to household head relationship to household head 100 100 80 80Percentage Percentage 60 Nuclear family 60 Nuclear family 40 Extended family 40 Extended family 20 Boarders 20 Boarders 12 0 Domestic servants 0 Domestic servants 1920 2000 1880 1900 1910 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1940 1990 1880 1900 1910 1920 1950 1960 1970 1980 2000 Census year Census year
  13. 13. Section three: Race as a perceived category Figure 22: Race of populations Figure 23: Race of women populations 120 120 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 100 100 80 US born white 80 US born whitePercentage Percentage US born black US born black 60 60 Cuban born white Cuban born white 40 40 Cuban born black Cuban born black 20 Hispanic born white 20 Hispanic born white 0 Hispanic born black Hispanic born black 0 1970 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1980 1990 2000 1990 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 2000 Census year Census year 13
  14. 14. Section four: Employment All tables & figures are provisional.14 Please do not copy or reproduce.
  15. 15. Employed by age Figure 24: US born women, employed (16+) by age 50 40 Percentage 30 16-24 20 25-39 40-64 10 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 65+ 0 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 Census year Figure 25: Cuban born women, employed Figure 26: Hispanic born women, (16+) by age employed (16+) by age 70 45 60 40 35 50Percentage Percentage 30 40 16-24 25 16-24 30 20 25-39 15 25-39 20 10 40-64 10 5 40-64 15 0 65+ 0 65+ Census year Census year
  16. 16. Women in employment by age and race Figure 27: Employed (over 16) Figure 28: Women employed (16+ by race) 100 80 90 70 80 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 60 70 US born men US born white PercentagePercentage 60 50 US born women US born black 50 40 40 Cuban born men 30 Cuban born white 30 Cuban born women Cuban born black 20 20 10 Hispanic born white 10 Hispanic born white 0 Hispanic born black 0 Hispanic born black 1970 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1980 1990 2000 1940 1880 1900 1910 1920 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year 16
  17. 17. Women employment by relationship to household head Figure 29: US born women employed, relationship to household head 120 Percentage 100 80 60 Nuclear family 40 Extended family All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. 20 Boarders 0 Domestic servants Census year Figure 30: Cuban born women employed, Figure 31: Hispanic born women employed, relationship to household head relationship to household head 100 100 80 80Percentage Percentage 60 Nuclear family 60 Nuclear family 40 Extended family 40 Extended family 20 Boarders 20 Boarders 17 0 Domestic servants 0 Domestic servants 1970 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1980 1990 2000 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year
  18. 18. Unemployment Figure 32: Unemployed status for all (16+) Figure 33: Unemployed status for all 120 women (16+) 100 120 100Percentage 80 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. Percentage House keeper 80 60 House keeper Student 60 40 Student 40 20 Retired 20 Retired 0 Unemployed 0 Unemployed 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year 18
  19. 19. Unemployment status by birthplace Figure 34: Unemployed status for all US born women (16+) 120 100 80 Percentage House keeper 60 Student 40 All tables & figures are provisional. Please do not copy or reproduce. Retired 20 Unemployed 0 1880 1900 1910 1920 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Figure 35: Unemployed status for all Cuban born Figure 36: Unemployed status for all Hispanic women (16+) born women (16+) 120 120 100 100 80Percentage Percentage 80 House keeper House keeper 60 60 Student Student 40 40 Retired Retired 19 20 20 Unemployed Unemployed 0 0 1880 1900 1970 1980 1990 2000 1880 1900 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Census year Census year
  20. 20. Conclusion All tables & figures are provisional.20 Please do not copy or reproduce.

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