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US Invovlement in World War I


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In this powerpoint we discuss US Involvement in World War I and how we entered the war.

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US Invovlement in World War I

  1. 1. WWI
  2. 2. WWI Begins • At the start of Wilson declared that the US would be neutral during the war • Because of trade neutrality was a hard thing to keep, and the Allied Powers soon benefited from US resources • Soon Germany began to attack ships traveling between Europe and North America, with their new invention the submarine • Most Americans saw the sinking of civilian merchant ships as an outrage and a violation of the rules of war • May 7, 1915 a German U-Boat sank the Lusitania killing 128 Americans, which prompted protests in the US, which caused Germany to change its tactics
  3. 3. • January 1917 Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare and Wilson broke off diplomacy with Germany • February the British government reveled through the Zimmerman Telegram that Germany was trying to get Mexico to attack the US, in exchange for the former Mexican territory • End of 1917 Wilson asked congress to declare war on Germany, thus beginning WWI for the United States
  4. 4. WWI Battles • In 1917 the Selective Service Act was formed which instituted the draft • 2 million men would serve in the American Expeditionary Force, under the command of Gen. John J. Pershing • Most of the AEF would see combat on the Western Front • Most of the AEF that were sent over were untrained and made little contributions to the war effort.
  5. 5. • In 1918 the stalemate that had taken place since 1914 was over when Germany was freed from fighting the Russians on the Eastern Front • In September of 1918 the AEF took on two major offensives to drive the Germans back. • AEF declared victory in October after breaking through the Germany line • By the end of 1919 Germany was forced to sign the peace armistices • American causalities were over 320,00o and more than 112,000 killed
  6. 6. WWI Ends • Paris Peace Conference 1919 brought the UK, France, Italy, and US together to decided the fate of Europe • Purpose of the conference: negotiate a peace treaty with Germany and to draw boundaries for new countries
  7. 7. • The Treaty of Versailles was signed June 28, 1919 ending WWI • Versailles included President Wilson’s provisions to establish the League of Nations (early form of the United Nations) • The end of World War I saw the rise of several newly formed nations within Europe; including Poland
  8. 8. The Treaty of Versailles
  9. 9. The Punishment for Germany • • • • Germany had to accept total blame for the war Germany had to pay war reparations ($300 Billion) Germany downsized army and gave up their navy Germany gave up their colonial holdings, which were divided up amongst the allies.
  10. 10. Other Territorial Changes • Austria-Hungary divided up into four separate nations • Five other independent nations were established out of parts of Germany
  11. 11. An International Organization Established • The League of Nations & World Court are formed • The League were suppose to work together to stop international aggression • The World Court was set up to mediate disputes between countries.
  12. 12. Issues not Covered by the Treaty of Versailles • US President Wilson wanted open negotiations and elimination of secret treaties • No mention of the rights of neutrals at sea or freedom of the seas • Free trade was largely ignored and tariffs left enacted • No other country was ordered to reduce their army or armaments except for Germany