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WHO WERE THE PLAINS INDIANS?
AIMS <ul><li>To understand where the Indians came from. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand why the Indians moved onto the Gre...
ASIA TO AMERICA! <ul><li>The original Indians came from North Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The two continents were linked by la...
 
EARLY SETTLERS <ul><li>The Great Plains were empty except for the buffalo. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians lived difficult l...
THREE REASONS <ul><li>Horses </li></ul><ul><li>Guns </li></ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul>
HORSES <ul><li>Introduced by the Spanish in the 1500s. </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed greater and quicker movement. </li></ul><...
GUNS <ul><li>European traders brought guns to America. </li></ul><ul><li>This changed the balance of power among the India...
DISEASE <ul><li>The Europeans brought killer diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Cholera, smallpox, measles, flu, scarlet fever. <...
TASK <ul><li>Why did the Indians move onto the Great Plains? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these reasons is most important? <...
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Who Were The Plains Indians

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Who Were The Plains Indians

  1. 1. WHO WERE THE PLAINS INDIANS?
  2. 2. AIMS <ul><li>To understand where the Indians came from. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand why the Indians moved onto the Great Plains </li></ul>
  3. 3. ASIA TO AMERICA! <ul><li>The original Indians came from North Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The two continents were linked by land in the Ice Age. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians moved into Northern America and spread throughout the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>The end of the Ice Age brought the end of the link. </li></ul>
  4. 5. EARLY SETTLERS <ul><li>The Great Plains were empty except for the buffalo. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians lived difficult lives on the edge of the Great Plains. </li></ul><ul><li>What changed this? </li></ul>
  5. 6. THREE REASONS <ul><li>Horses </li></ul><ul><li>Guns </li></ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul>
  6. 7. HORSES <ul><li>Introduced by the Spanish in the 1500s. </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed greater and quicker movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Could be used to hunt buffalo. </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes able to move onto the Great Plains and follow the buffalo herds. </li></ul><ul><li>They need never be hungry again. </li></ul>
  7. 8. GUNS <ul><li>European traders brought guns to America. </li></ul><ul><li>This changed the balance of power among the Indian tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sioux fled onto the Plains when their enemies, the Ojibwa, got guns. </li></ul><ul><li>On the Plains the Sioux were mobile and could escape the Ojibwa more easily. </li></ul>
  8. 9. DISEASE <ul><li>The Europeans brought killer diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>Cholera, smallpox, measles, flu, scarlet fever. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indians had no immunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Whole settlements were wiped out. </li></ul><ul><li>Moving onto the Plains allowed the Indians to escape the diseases. </li></ul>
  9. 10. TASK <ul><li>Why did the Indians move onto the Great Plains? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these reasons is most important? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain your answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Use Martin & Shephard, p. 15, and Rees, </li></ul><ul><li>p. 9-10 for extra help. </li></ul>

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