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Roman Medicine Galen


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Roman Medicine Galen

  1. 1. Galen A medical master Created by Mr McDonald
  2. 2. Who was Galen? <ul><li>He was undoubtedly a key figure in medicine from the time of the Romans to the dawn of the Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>His works were based on the ideas of other key individuals such as Hippocrates but he also went further. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Details of Galen’s early life <ul><li>Born approx. 129AD. </li></ul><ul><li>Trained as a doctor at the Asclepion in Pergamum. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued his studies at Alexandria. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Alexandria <ul><li>When Galen went to Alexandria he wanted to study the human body in detail. </li></ul><ul><li>However the religious practices in Alexandria now prohibited human dissection. </li></ul><ul><li>He could only study the skeleton. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Young enterprise <ul><li>Not confined to looking at a mere skeleton, Galen often used to look at the bodies of criminal hanging from gibbets to examine the human body (He even examined bones from a washed out graveyard!) </li></ul>
  6. 6. What does this tell us about Galen? <ul><li>Well educated. </li></ul><ul><li>Brought up in an environment where healing and medicine were fostered and developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the fact that he travelled to Alexandria highlights the way in which he wanted to learn more about his profession. </li></ul>
  7. 7. His studies develop <ul><li>It is okay to read from a textbook but he wanted to learn more </li></ul><ul><li>In around 157 AD when he would have been in his mid to late twenties he went to work in the Gladiator School, but not as a gladiator! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why would anyone do that? <ul><li>Think of the wounds that would be inflicted on gladiators in the course of their training. </li></ul><ul><li>He would have the perfect opportunity to practice examining the body and treating wounds and as most gladiators often were injured or killed practice was plentiful! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ego Trip to Rome <ul><li>In 161AD he went to Rome and began to build up his reputation there. </li></ul><ul><li>Galen was apparently viewed as someone who promoted himself quite well and it worked – by 169AD he was the physician to the Emperor of Rome’s son. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Professional Development <ul><li>He used this time to begin to develop medicine as now he had a secure standing in the medical world. </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote many texts and he encouraged doctors to go and visit Alexandria to see the skeleton of a human. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Galen as a doctor <ul><li>Galen followed Hippocrates’ work in observation of the patient. </li></ul><ul><li>He also practised treatments based on the four humours – this was often treatments opposite to the illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Cold – Pepper, weak – exercise! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Galen as an Anatomist <ul><li>As well as studying at Alexandria and using the bones of criminals Galen also experimented on animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Pigs and primates were his animals of choice to experiment on the spinal cord (Barbary Apes) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Galen’s flaws <ul><li>Galen did not highlight his failures like Hippocrates did. </li></ul><ul><li>His experiments on animals made him develop some key mistakes in his studies on the anatomy of humans. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of his observations on anatomy was speculation, not fact. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Galen’s Importance <ul><li>He had a huge impact in medical teaching in the middle ages through both the Christian and Arab world. This was because he used the term ‘creator’. </li></ul><ul><li>His teachings reflected a number of beliefs making them religiously acceptable. </li></ul><ul><li>His texts were very powerful in dealing with possible objections or highlighting any mistakes. </li></ul><ul><li>The wealth of his texts and size of them made him able to have a huge influence. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tasks <ul><li>Answer the questions on the sheet provided – see this link </li></ul>