Mormons Revision


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Mormons Revision

  1. 1. The Mormons Revision
  2. 2. Who were the Mormons? <ul><li>A religious group founded by Joseph Smith </li></ul><ul><li>Claimed to have seen a vision of an angel which led to discovery of gold plates </li></ul><ul><li>Translated into Book of Mormon </li></ul><ul><li>It told that Jesus visited America after the Resurrection and that 3 lost tribes of Israel came to America </li></ul>
  3. 3. What did the Mormons believe? <ul><li>That they should convert others to their faith </li></ul><ul><li>Their leaders should have political power over Mormons and others </li></ul><ul><li>The church held property - there was no right to individual ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience would make Mormons God’s chosen people in heaven and on earth </li></ul>
  4. 4. Polygamy <ul><li>Brigham Young had 27 wives </li></ul><ul><li>Set Mormons apart as immoral outcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Enabled every woman to be taken care of </li></ul><ul><li>Larger population </li></ul>Having more than one wife.
  5. 5. Why were they persecuted for their faith? <ul><li>Polygamy was seen as scandalous </li></ul><ul><li>Their success at converting people raised fears of rapid expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Smith’s political ambitions made none believers fear a Mormon state </li></ul><ul><li>The Danites used violence </li></ul><ul><li>Claims to be God’s chosen offended </li></ul><ul><li>Working as a community made them wealthy and this threatened American culture </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why were they driven from place to place? <ul><li>Kirtland Ohio - Smith was tarred and feathered in 1832. Driven out after collapse of Mormon bank in 1837 </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri - their anti-slavery views offended and Danites were suspected of plotting with Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Nauvoo, Illinois - Smith announced he would run for President. He and his brother were arrested after trouble over a printing press. Murdered. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why did they settle in Salt Lake Valley? <ul><li>They left Nauvoo after violence </li></ul><ul><li>In 1847 Brigham Young led them across the Plains like an army </li></ul><ul><li>Young chose Salt Lake because of its harsh conditions (similar to Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>When they set off it was in Mexico not the USA </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Mormons Come West Why did they go west?
  9. 9. Why leave Nauvoo then? <ul><li>Nauvoo was a great city </li></ul><ul><li>The Mormons worked together to build homes,businesses, and a temple </li></ul><ul><li>Many people didn’t like the Mormons’ success and were afraid </li></ul><ul><li>They persecuted the Mormons </li></ul><ul><li>They killed the Mormon leader, Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum Smith in June of 1844 </li></ul><ul><li>The Mormons were forced to leave their homes again </li></ul>
  10. 10. What did they do then? <ul><li>Brigham Young and other leaders decided to go west </li></ul><ul><li>They felt that the Rocky Mountains might provide a safe place </li></ul><ul><li>They gathered all the provisions they could and began leaving Nauvoo in 1846 </li></ul><ul><li>They only got to around Council Bluffs, Iowa before they stopped for the winter </li></ul><ul><li>They named their camp Winter Quarters </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hardships <ul><li>There was a hard winter </li></ul><ul><li>Many people died </li></ul><ul><li>Also, 500 men said good bye to their families and were enlisted to fight in the War with Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>This group became known as the Mormon Battalion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Moving out again <ul><li>In the Spring of 1847, Brigham Young and a group of mostly men left Winter Quarters heading west </li></ul><ul><li>After a long journey, they arrived in the valley of the Great Salt Lake </li></ul><ul><li>Brigham Young said, “This is the right place.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why did the Mormons Manage to survive Salt Lake City?
  14. 14. The Geographical Position of Utah
  15. 15. Brigham Young <ul><li>Prior Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Mormons had faith in their leader </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up supply depots and workshops </li></ul><ul><li>No land ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Persuaded the U.S. Government to elect him Governor of Utah territory </li></ul>
  16. 16. How did they build Salt Lake City? <ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Strict discipline and team work </li></ul><ul><li>Land allocated on a need basis </li></ul><ul><li>Perpetual Emigration Fund brought across new Mormons </li></ul><ul><li>Deseret </li></ul>
  17. 17. Self Sufficiency and the Railway <ul><li>Mormons were farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation system </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat production triplede between 1850-1860 </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone contributed </li></ul><ul><li>Railway ran through Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Made travelling easier </li></ul><ul><li>Made trade a possibility – especially as a way of increasing income </li></ul>
  18. 18. Perpetual Emigrating Fund <ul><li>Set up by Brigham Young </li></ul><ul><li>Helped Mormons travel from anywhere to Utah </li></ul><ul><li>Money to be paid back once settled </li></ul><ul><li>4225 Mormons had reached Utah using thi </li></ul>
  19. 19. What problems did they have with the US Government? <ul><li>Young wanted to create a Mormon state called Deseret </li></ul><ul><li>In 1848 Salt Lake Valley was handed over to the USA by Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Young was Governor and he ignore US laws </li></ul><ul><li>The Danites suppressed opposition and attacked US officials </li></ul>
  20. 20. Conflict continued <ul><li>In 1857 the US appointed a non-Mormon governor who arrived with 2500 troops </li></ul><ul><li>The Mountain Meadow incident in which some non-Mormon settlers were massacred, probably by Danites. Indians were blamed </li></ul><ul><li>Young died in 1877 </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure was put on Mormons to give up polygamy, agreed to do so in 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Utah became a state in 1896 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Brigham Young and some of his wives!