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The Social Use of Digital History (presentation)


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The Social Use of Digital History (presentation)

  1. 1. Our Past is in Bits the social use of digital history
  2. 2. digital history (Interchange: The Promise of Digital History, The Journal of American History, Vol. 95, No. 2 (Sept. 2008)) . to do digital history is to create a framework, an ontology, through the technology for people to experience, read, and follow an argument about a historical problem . digital history makes use of sources in digital form
  3. 3. Digital history is not only a direction in the historical scholarship: this term can describe also new forms of social connections to the past
  4. 4. knowledge & heritage outside the institution
  5. 5. Akademia Rzygaczy (The Gargoyle Academy): an association of amateur historians in Gdańsk, a grassroots and quasi scholary project., CC-BY-SA Jarod Carruthers
  6. 6. Citizen historians in action: online discussion with historical maps,
  7. 7. Akademia Rzygaczy offline: Measures of Gdansk on the day of uncovery its reconstruction (July, 2005) CC-BY Brosen
  8. 8. online community of citizen historians: . they are amateurs: they have knowledge, passion and time . they come from the internet and use it intensively . they operate in digital and real world, outside institutions . they share knowledge and resources for free, they do not care too much about the copyrights . their knowledge has a dynamic character
  9. 9. historical heritage and grassroots digitalization . independent actions without coordination and standards . outside the institutions of memory . the activity of local citizen historians . true angels of public domain . digital rescue history
  10. 10. the Digital Archives of Local Tradition (CATL) . network of social digital archives based on the local libraries . aim: to rescue local historical heritage, to support citizen historians by giving them knowledge, standards and tools . promoting the local heritage globally (Europeana) . use the potential of grassroots digitalization
  11. 11. the ontology of networked digital archive (James MacDevitt, The User-Archivist and Collective (In)Voluntary Memory: Read/Writing the Networked Digital Archive, in: Revisualizing Visual Culture, ed. Ch. Bailey and H. Gardiner, Farnham 2010, 109-123) . networked digital archive: open up for dispersal and aggregation . before: the Archivist produces the Archive, the User consumes it . now: User-Archivist – when you browse the digital archive, you create it
  12. 12. participatory archive (Isto Huvila, Participatory archive: towards decentralised curation, radical user orientation, and broader contextualisation of records management, Archival Science, 8(1), 2008, 15-36.) . decentralised curation - Users plan and produce the digital archive . radical user orientation (not only usability) . contextualisation of both records and the entire archival process - the importance of other than archival and organisational contexts of records . more than web 2.0
  13. 13. Participatory archive: towards decentralised curation, radical user orientation, and broader contextualisation of records management
  14. 14. Wikipedia is not only a resource for collating all human knowledge, but a framework for understanding how that knowledge came to be and to be understood; what was allowed to stand and what was not; what we agree on, and what we cannot. James Bridle, On Wikipedia, Cultural Patrimony, and Historiography,
  15. 15. new universality (Pierre Lévy, The Second Flood. Report on Cyberculture, Council of Europe, Paris 1996. ) . old universality: excluding the alternatives, total, connected with state, religion or ideology . cyberspace as new universality: rather acceptation than domination - because all can be published
  16. 16. commemoration new universality
  17. 17. commemoration as a process of unification, supporting a dominant narratives about the past
  18. 18. commemoration as a process of asking questions, identifying with people from history and discussing the dominant narratives of the past
  19. 19. new forms of commemorating . remix and convergence (Jenkins) . all can be discussed (new universality) . virtual monuments and memory places (Wikipedia) . participation and working in communities . niche interpretations of the past (conspiracy theories)
  20. 20. History (19th century) digital history (now) state institution of independent online memory community knowledge information monopol in ideology new universality (Lévy) historians citizen historians printed digital state locality witness / memory prosthetic memory / digital media
  21. 21. information about historical resources available online news about digital history trends and projects articles about connections between memory and popculture content published in CC-BY-SA
  22. 22. thank you