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Poetic Terms

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Poetic Terms

  1. 1. Poetry Vocabulary Free powerpoints at http://www.worldofteaching.com
  2. 2. <ul><li>Alliteration : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of initial consonant sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : Sister Suzy sat on the seashore until suddenly she was swallowed by a shark . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allusion : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>3. Ballad : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A song-like poem that tells a story </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Blank Verse : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poetry written in unrhymed, iambic pentameter. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concrete Poem : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A poem with a shape that suggests its subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : George Herbert’s Easter Wings and The Alter </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>6. Figurative Language : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing that is not meant to be taken literally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : He made me so mad I wanted to die . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>7. Free Verse : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or meter </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>8. Image : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lyric Poem : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Metaphor : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : He is such a pig when he eats! </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>11. Mood : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The feeling created in the reader by a literary work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>12. Onomatopoeia : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of words that imitate sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : The buzz of the bee was very loud. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personification : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : The tree waved excitedly in the wind. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>14. Repetition : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The use, more than once, of any element of language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>15. Rhyme : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of sounds at the end of words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example : Roses are red, violets are blue….. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>16. Rhyme Scheme : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>17. Rhythm : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>18. Simile : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>19. Stanza : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A formal division of lines in a poem considered as a unit </li></ul></ul>My love is like a red rose.
  9. 9. 20. Motif – Main or reoccurring theme. 21. Extended Metaphor – a comparison developed over several lines of poetry. 22. Pun – Double meaning
  10. 10. 23. Confessional poetry – confession of an activity or an emotion. 24. Elegy – Pays tribute to a person (usually dead) 25. Imagist poetry – uses lots of images to paint a picture for the reader.
  11. 11. Humor <ul><li>Humor in poetry can arise from a number of sources: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surprise </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exaggeration </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bringing together of unrelated things </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Most funny poems have two things in common: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rhyme </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Rhythm & Rhyme <ul><li>Using more spirited language makes humorous situations even more humorous </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Porcupine” </li></ul><ul><li>By Ogden Nash </li></ul><ul><li>Any hound a porcupine nudges </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t be blamed for harboring grudges. </li></ul><ul><li>I know one hound that laughed all winter </li></ul><ul><li>At a porcupine that sat on a splinter. </li></ul>
  13. 13. If you take away the rhythm and rhyme, the humor vanishes. <ul><li>Any hound that touches a porcupine </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t be blamed for holding a grudge </li></ul><ul><li>I know one hound that laughed all winter long </li></ul><ul><li>At a porcupine that sat on a piece of wood </li></ul>
  14. 14. Limericks <ul><li>A limerick is a poem of five lines </li></ul><ul><li>The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another. </li></ul><ul><li>The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another. </li></ul><ul><li>They are always light-hearted, humorous poems. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Limericks <ul><li>There once was a man with no hair. </li></ul><ul><li>He gave everyone quite a scare. </li></ul><ul><li>He got some Rogaine, </li></ul><ul><li>Grew out a mane, </li></ul><ul><li>And now he resembles a bear! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Limerick About a Bee <ul><li>I wish that my room had a floor, </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t care so much for a door. </li></ul><ul><li>But this walking around </li></ul><ul><li>Without touching the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Is getting to be quite a bore. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Another Limerick <ul><li>There once was a very small mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Who lived in a very small house, </li></ul><ul><li>The ocean’s spray </li></ul><ul><li>Washed it away, </li></ul><ul><li>All that was left was her blouse! </li></ul>
  18. 18. You will create a limerick similar to this one… <ul><li>There once was a man from Beijing. </li></ul><ul><li>All his life he hoped to be King. </li></ul><ul><li>So he put on a crown, </li></ul><ul><li>Which quickly fell down. </li></ul><ul><li>That small silly man from Beijing. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Fill in the blanks and create your own Limerick. <ul><li>There once was a _____ from _____. </li></ul><ul><li>All the while she/he hoped ________. </li></ul><ul><li>So she/he ____________________, </li></ul><ul><li>And ________________________, </li></ul><ul><li>That _________ from ___________. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The class Limerick: <ul><li>There once was a _____ from _____. </li></ul><ul><li>All the while she/he hoped ________. </li></ul><ul><li>So she/he ____________________, </li></ul><ul><li>And ________________________, </li></ul><ul><li>That _________ from ___________. </li></ul>

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