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201802d gov jp

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The digital government in Japan
2018--2-14

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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201802d gov jp

  1. 1. Digital Government In Japan Government of Japan February, 2018 0
  2. 2. Contents 1 1. IT Strategy 2. Digital Government 3. Open Government 4. Open Data 6. Challenges Service for citizens IT governance Transparency Participation Collaboration Interactive service Transparency Participation Collaboration New Service Basic data 5. Platform
  3. 3. Transitions in Japan’s population 2 (Sources) Figures to 2015 taken from the “National Census,” MIC (excluding the age-indeterminate population); figures for 2020 and beyond taken from “Population Projections for Japan (estimated in January 2012),” (medium fertility and medium mortality assumption) National Institute of Population and Social Security Research
  4. 4. Transitions in household ownership rates for IT devices 3 (Source) “Communications Usage Trend Survey,” MIC
  5. 5. State of Internet usage 4 (Source) “Communications Usage Trend Survey,” MIC Transitions in the number of Internet users and the penetration rate among the general population Internet usage by device (at the end of 2015) (Note) Figures indicate the percentage of people who accessed the Internet using the corresponding device during 2015. (Source) “Communications Usage Trend Survey,” MIC Speed of Internet Home: Fiber optic service with up to 1 Gbps speeds(NTT (May 2017)) Mobile: The maximum data rates of 300 Mbps for receiving and 50 Mbps for sending are available. (NTT docomo (May 2017))
  6. 6. State of online expenditures 5 (Source) “Results of the Survey of Household Economy,” MIC
  7. 7. Methodology of expenditures in daily life 6 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 Cash Credit card e Money Others Cash Credit card e Money Others Cash Credit card e Money Others <1,000yen 1,000yen< <5,000yen 5,000yen< <10,000yen 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 http://www.shiruporuto.jp/public/data/survey/yoron/futari/2016/hist.html Note: Multiple(2) answers
  8. 8. 1. IT STRATEGY 7
  9. 9. Vision: Society 5.0(Super Smart society)  Society5.0, Super Smart Society, is a society vision in Japan.  It is necessary to aim at “systemization” of services and businesses, system advancement, and coordination between multiple systems.  Therefore, we will promote the measures needed to develop a common platform for this goal (called “Society 5.0 Service Platform”), through collaboration between industry, academia, and government and the relevant government ministries.
  10. 10. Society5.0 9  A human-centered society that balances economic advancement with the resolution of social problems by a system that highly integrates cyberspace and physical space.  Society 5.0 was proposed in the 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan in Japan.
  11. 11. Role of IT Strategic HQ  IT strategic HQ focus on the technology issues. 10 Prime Minister Economy Revitalization HQ Council for Regulatory Reform IT strategic HQ Ocean HQ Space HQ Health HQ … Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Economic Growth • Data Driven Economy • Regulatory reform • Regional revitalization • Open Innovation • etc. Social Solutions • Health • Agriculture • Transportation • Disaster risk management • Energy management • Work style • Education & human resources etc. Digital Government • National ID • Citizen-centric e-government services • IT investment reform • IT governance Society5.0
  12. 12. IT Act  Basic Act on the Formation of an Advanced Information and Telecommunications Network Society (Jan. 2001) 11 Principles • Realization of a society that allows every citizen to reap the benefits of information and telecommunications technologies • Promotion of economic structural reforms and Reinforcement of international industrial competitiveness • Realization of comfortable and affluent lifestyles for citizens • Realization of vital local communities and improvement in the welfare of residents
  13. 13. Data act  Basic Act on the Advancement of Utilizing Public and Private Sector Data (Dec. 2016) 1. Promoting ensuring of smooth circulation of information in combination with measures under the Basic Act on the Formation of an Advanced Information and Telecommunications Network Society, etc. 2. Contributing to the realization of a vigorous Japanese society by promoting the formation of self- reliant and unique local communities, creation of new businesses, reinforcement of international competitiveness, etc. 3. Contributing to the effective and efficient promotion of administration through planning and drawing of measures based on the information obtained through Public and Private Sector Data Utilization 12 Principles • In advancing Public and Private Sector Data Utilization, • Security and reliability must be ensured, and the rights and interests of the citizens, national security, etc. must be kept from being damaged • Further utilization of information and telecommunications technology in the fields that contribute to increasing convenience for citizens and administrative fields other than said fields • Development of the foundation to ensure appropriate utilization of Public and Private Sector Data while protecting the rights and interests of the citizens • Development of standards, securing of compatibility, and development of other foundations for ensuring coordination among a wide variety of actors • Utilization of AI, IoT, cloud, and other advanced technology
  14. 14. Legislations & Strategies IT Strategy • Declaration to be the World’s Most Advanced IT Nation (2017-5) Data Strategy • Basic Plan for the Advancement of Utilizing Public and Private Sector Data(2017-5) Digital Government Strategy • Policy for Digital government(2017-5) Open data Strategy • Policy for Open data(2017-5) Basic Act on the Formation of an Advanced Information and Telecommunications Network Society (Act No.144 of 2000) Basic Act on the Advancement of Utilizing Public and Private Sector Data (Act No.103 of 2016) IT ACT DATA ACT Others Privacy act Information disclosure act
  15. 15. E-Japan Strategy II (July 2003) New IT Reform Strategy (Jan2006) 2001– 2006– 2009 E-Japan Strategy (Jan 2001) Achieve an IT country on the cutting edge of the world by 2005 Achieve a society where anyone, can feel the benefits of IT anytime and anywhere in 2010 2010 Strive to create a citizen -driven reassuring & vibrant digital society i-Japan Strategy 2015 (July 2009) A New Strategy in IT (May 2010) Achieve transition to a citizen-driven society and a true knowledge -information society Transition of Japanese IT Strategy 2013 ~2020 Declaration to be the World’s Most Advanced IT Nation(June 2013, May 2017 revised) Achieve an IT country on the cutting edge of the world by 2020 Emphasis on IT utilization Driving forward the IT structural revolution Development of broadband infrastructure The benefits of digital technologies for all Establishment of a new society where the citizens hold sovereignty Eliminating Gridlock and Rejuvenating Japan 14 Basic Act for IT Basic Act for Data
  16. 16. IT Strategic Headquarters Prime Minister and All Ministers Government CIO Members from the Private Sector CIOs Council Government CIO Ministry CIOs A Ministry - CIO - Advisor to CIO B Ministry - CIO - Advisor to CIO C Ministry - CIO - Advisor to CIO ・ ・ ・ The Organization for Promoting Digital Government  The GCIO was established in 2012 and it’s become institutional position in 2013. 15 e-Government Minister Meeting Chief Cabinet Secretary eGov Related ministers Government CIO Committees Vice CIO Staffs Executive Advisors to the Government CIO Government CIO Information Security Policy Council National Strategy office of IT Chief Strategist Chief Architect
  17. 17. IT Strategy related Organization •Strategy, Planning •Governance(Investment) IT HQ(National strategy office of IT) •Governance(Technical) •Government-wide platform services MIC(Central government) •Local government-wide platform MIC(Local government) •Technical support •Advanced project METI •Security NISC 16 GovernmentCIO IPA J-LIS MIC : Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications METI: Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry NISC: National Information Security Center IPA : Information technology Promotion Agency (J-LIS is non-government organization)
  18. 18. DECLARATION TO BE THE WORLD’S MOST ADVANCED IT NATION 〈IT STRATEGY〉 June 14, 2013(May 30,2017 revised) Cabinet Decision 17
  19. 19. Vision and Key elements  Data – driven Society 1. Society which evolves for future • new legislations for accelerating IT utilization, rules for utilizing personal information, open data policy for problem-solving, etc. 2. Society with vigorous regions • promotion of the plan for regional revitalization through IT utilization, creation of IT start-up funds for regions, etc. 3. Society with security, safety • promotion of disaster risk management, etc.  Key elements Open data Digital culture Inclusive services National ID system Legislations and Rules for digital society Interoperability R&D and human resource management Central-Local government partnership 18
  20. 20. Government CIO & his team strongly promote the strategy  Transparency is one of the top priorities for the strategy. Based on the facts, we get a process going forward.  The GCIO held many hearings to the CIOs of all Ministries and program managers. Not only checking the progress of each program, we offer advice and help . 19
  21. 21. Disaster Industry Transportation HumanResource Rescue Robot Support Matching Stress Sensor Business Matching Factory Automation Business Support Robot Car Traffic Sensor Talent Management Mobile Work Agriculture eGov Service Search Temp. Sensor Agri. Robot Policy making Healthcare Standardization Open Data Personal Number , Corporate Number Personal Data Deregulation Search Sensor Global & Flexible Work Style Information Sharing Robot AI GIS Wearable Device Distributed Real Time Processing Vegetable FactoryMultilingual Guide Personal Health Data Bank Personalized web Service Smooth movement 3D Scanner/Printer Vigorous Old PersonLearning Everywhere Recognition IoT Big Data Analysis Agri. Data Vital Sensor Med. Robot Health Data Work Share How to coordinate projects IT Innovative Services Public SafetyCitizen-centric Public Services Society 20
  22. 22. Disaster Industry Transportation HumanResource Rescue Robot Support Matching Stress Sensor Business Matching Factory Automation Business Support Robot Car Traffic Sensor Talent Management Mobile Work Agriculture eGov Service Search Temp. Sensor Agri. Robot Policy make Healthcare Standardization Open Data Personal Number , Corporate Number Personal Data Deregulation Search Sensor Global & Flexible Work Style Information Sharing Robot AI Distributed Real Time Processing Vegetable FactoryMultilingual Guide IT Personal Health Data Bank Personalized web Service Smooth movement Vigorous Old PersonLearning Everywhere Recognition IoT Big Data Analysis Innovative ServicesCitizen-centric Public Services Agri. Data Vital Sensor Med. Robot Health Data Work Share Common Technology Cross-Domain Service How to coordinate projects GIS Wearable Device 3D Scanner/Printer Society Public Safety 21
  23. 23. eGov. Agriculture Healthcare Disaster Industry Transportati on Human Resource Open Data Personal / Corporate ID Personal Data - Service - Platform - Governance - National-Local - Open Gov. eGovernment working group IT staffs Data Support program info. Info. analysisUse Case IT Society ID Search Info. sharing Info. analysis AI Mobile Citizen-centric Seamless Agile Participation Collaboration Global Daily life Industry eGov is platform for Social, Economic and Environmental sustainability. 22
  24. 24. Technology Challenge in the strategy 23 Sensoring Technologies Networks Services Sensor Memo 「Caution! Car from the right side . Walker from the left side」 「Caution! Car and walkers!」 「 Caution! Car from the left side 」 Right turn Right turn Walker Walker Left Turn Go straight Go straight
  25. 25. Our Results (include ongoing action) Consolidate Information Systems • Government-wide office system was established Increase Transparency (IT dashboard) • IT dashboard provides all IT investments Information to citizens. Increase Interoperability • Japanese-character-set was completed. Terminology project Published framework and vocabulary. Reduce IT Investment • Budget interviews for IT investments was held Launch New Services • Data Catalog site was launched and web reform plan was conducted Change the mindset of the stakeholders • Citizen-centric approach Enhance PDCA • Gateway reviews 24
  26. 26. BASIC PLAN FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF UTILIZING PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR DATA 〈DATA STRATEGY〉 May 30, 2017 Cabinet Decision 25
  27. 27. Overview 26 Platform for harnessing data across industries (Data standardization (Data, Code, Character)、API、Authentication) Industries Inclusive services ・ R&D ・ Training・Promotion • Promotion of On-line application • Business Transformation Open data Collaboration between Central and Local government ID for citizens and enterprises Rules for harnessing data ・Information Bank ・Information Market Central GovernmentLocal government
  28. 28. Strategy / Policy Rule Organization Business Data harness functions Data Data broker function Asset Sensor, Actuator, Hardware, Network Gathering, Integration, Cleansing, Device management Data definition, Data model, Code Catalogue, Search, AI, Analysis Business process Business Rule Coordination Team Legislation Regulation Vision Priority domain Security/Authentication Lifecycle Society 5.0 Reference Architecture  Society 5.0 Reference architecture is the basic model for harnessing data. Society5.0(“Super Smart Society”) is a society vision in Japan.
  29. 29. 2. DIGITAL GOVERNMENT 28
  30. 30. History of e-Government actions 29 2018 Digital Government Action Plan
  31. 31. Past-Present-Future Implementation Master plan IT Governance Reform Acquisition reform Architecture Project management Human Resource Citizen-centric, Citizen-driven Open data Interactive service Web site reform Infra. reform Collaboration Sustainable Open Gov. Inclusive services APIs Emerging tech. CIO Government reform1 Government reform 2 2015 Government as a Platform 30 Digit al G Government reform3 Government as a service
  32. 32. ACTION PLAN FOR DIGITAL GOVERNMENT 31
  33. 33. Background: Sustainable Society Aging GlobalizationEconomy Digital Government is a Platform for Digital Society 32 Population Diversity Emerging Tech. Internet Cloud Services Design Thinking Mobile Tech. APIs Collaboration
  34. 34. Transform from old style to new one. 33 Proprietary Shared or Standard Service Central Government Central Government & Local Governments Paper Digital Human Digital Tech. Support Computer Device System Service Cost Reduction Public Value Non-Internet User Internet User Former baseline Target baseline
  35. 35. Concept & Vision  Government is like a road. It’s a infrastructure of social activities.  Before the GCIO, it was dart courses. Citizens couldn’t move fast. E- Government aimed to remove the burden. Our new target is a moving walkway. Government will support to accelerate citizen activities. 34 Sustainable and fulfilling Life. A world-class environment where workers and enterprises can fulfill their potential. Before the GCIO “Dart” Previous Target “Road” New Target “Moving walkway”
  36. 36. Digital government model  Trusted and Open Government [User Centric Government]  Transparency & Openness  Fairness  Participation  Collaboration  Community support  Evidence-based policy making  Service design & user experience  Digitized and Tech-driven Government [Innovative Government]  Digital data  Connected  Digital technology  Digital culture  Deregulation  Smart phone and Tablet  Government as a Platform  Gov. service-embedded Commercial service  APIs 35 Source:Fujieda-city Guide at the city hall Digital government workshop
  37. 37. Principals and Policies Service design • Business transformations • Customer experience • Citizen centric web services Platform • Openness • Open data • National ID service • Interoperability • APIs & data standard • Service platform & Cloud services • Government wide services • Public cloud services IT Governance •Innovation Team •IT management 36 Platform Services from Governments Services from third parties Start with user needs Understand facts data Think end to end service Inclusive services Make simple Focus on service value Fit in daily life Not over quality Open process Agile process Consistency Make service, not system Make it simple Interoperability Principals Policies
  38. 38. Digital first IT governance Platform Service design One stop Once only Law Support program Procurement License Online application Innovation team Digital master dataWorkstyle reform Data reference model Code From paper to digital No rewrite Notification Hands on support User-friendly service Web reform(UX) Use digital Tech. Trigger for new service Integrated portal Easy to gather the data! I have not known the useful information. My only action is to confirm it. I’m at home, today. Easy to use! Amazing solutions! Speed up! Hack it! It’s cool!! Everywhere Enterprises Data Mush up the data from industries Our Goal  Decrease inconvenient services  Increase business speed and service level.  Create innovative services 37
  39. 39. IT GOVERNANCE 38
  40. 40. The Expense for Government Information System 39 95 115 117 142 139 136 145 411 407 414 405 398 405 418 16 18 12 83 60 60 82 521 539 544 630 597 601 644 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 D&D O&M Others Billion yen Pension system’s renewal National ID
  41. 41. 【Prospect of the change of the number of the information system】 Information Systems (Except Consolidation) FY2012 FY2013 FY2014 FY2015 FY2016 FY2017 FY2018 Consolidation to Kasumigaseki Cloud The roadmap for renovating the government information systems  The Japanese government has the strategy to promote the renovation of the government information systems by consolidation and application of cloud technologies based on the IT strategy (June 14, 2013 / Cabinet Decision). 40
  42. 42. Architecture/Project Management The first guideline of architecture and project management was published in 2003. • Enterprise Architecture • PMBOK • Earned Value Management New Guideline was published in 2015 • IT capital management • Gateway review 41 Black box ↓ Documents Documents ↓ Management Interoperability by Architecture Interoperability by Interface
  43. 43. 44.6% 50.0% 54.0% 57.8% 61.2% 64.1% 66.2% 42.9% 46.8% 50.8% 55.7% 55.6% 57.0% 58.0% 1.4% 1.7% 2.7% 4.2% 5.7% 6.9% 8.9% 31.5% 31.8% 38.5% 41.2% 44.1% 45.4% 47.3% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 Note) The number of applications/reports, etc. and the rate of utilization of online systems in each field include the online procedures that were performed one million or more times and those that were performed less than one million times but companies and other parties continued to repeatedly use (5 procedures for registration, 15 procedures for national tax filling, 21 procedures for social and labor insurance). [Registration] [National tax filling] [Total] [Social and labor insurance]5.7% 32 million cases Number of applications/ reports, etc. (552 million) Registration 38.5% 213 million cases National tax Social and labor insurance 28.4% 157 million cases Others 27.4% 151 million cases Rate of Utilization of Online Systems for Administrative Procedures  The rate of utilization of online systems shows an upward tendency in each field. However, it is also important to increase the use of online systems in the social and labor insurance field to further promote the use of online systems. 42
  44. 44. IT Dashboard  IT dashboard show the progress of IT strategy and IT project Information. 43 Strategy System Overview Budget KPIs Projects Number of systems Type of system Type of Architecture Budget Top page Download & API Anyone can analyze the data and make other sites. Citizens can know the information of all systems. By Ministries
  45. 45. SECURITY 44
  46. 46. Security Information Security Policy Council, National Information Security Center (NISC) 45
  47. 47. Cyber security Strategy (Sep. 2015) 46
  48. 48. Cyber security Strategy (Sep. 2015) (cont.) 47
  49. 49. E-GOV BEST PRACTICES 48
  50. 50. The Government Portal Site “e-Gov” 49
  51. 51. 【Before】 Individual program A Basic software Hardware Facilities and equipment Facilities and equipment Basic software Hardware Individual program B Facilities and equipment Basic software Hardware Individual program C Facilities and equipment Basic software Hardware Individual program D Basic software Hardware Individual program E Facilities and equipment Facilities and equipment Basic software Hardware Individual program F System A (old (legacy) system) System B System C System D System E System F Hardware Common functions (user authentication function, clearing function, etc.)Common functions (user authentication function, clearing function, etc.) Basic software Basic software Basic software Individual program E Individual program B Individual program C Individual program F Individual program D Facilities and equipment Individual program A Basic software Hardware Facilities and equipment * Each government information system has been consolidated, operated and managed separately 【After】* Each government information system is consolidated and streamlined by the Government Shared PF Ministry A Operator Data Center B Data Center D 【System B】【System A】 User (Officer) 【System D】 Operator Capital Base Distributed Base (Under maintenance) Data Center (Kasumigaseki WAN) Ministry B Ministry C 【System C】 Operation/monitoring Personal Data Center C Operator User (Officer) User (Officer) Internet Operation/monitoring Personal User (Citizens and companies) In terms of cost-effectiveness, some systems should not be integrated. User (Officer) Ministry C Ministry B User (Officer) Government Shared Platform System Ministry A User (Officer) 【System A , B & D】 Internet User (Citizens and companies) Before consolidation of the Government Shared PFBefore consolidation of the Government Shared PF 【System C】 Operator Data Center C After consolidation of the Government Shared PFAfter consolidation of the Government Shared PF (Local government officer) (LGWAN) (Local government officer) (LGWAN) Server Server Server Server Server Server  To reduce the total operational costs of the Government Information System  To strengthen security measures against disaster and unauthorized access  Started operation on March 18, 2013. Government information systems Cloud government information systemsGovernment information systems Cloud government information systems ( Private Cloud ) The Government Shared Platform System 50
  52. 52. The Social Security and Tax Number System  The Social Security and Tax Number System is...  Social infrastructure to improve administrative efficiency, enhance public convenience, and realize a fairer and more just society.  This services start on Jan,2016. 51
  53. 53. Use case of Individual Number  Individual Number is required for administrative procedures related to social security, taxation, and disaster response. 52
  54. 54. Use case of Individual Number 53
  55. 55. Myna-portal (Portal site for citizens)  Myna-portal provide personalized services for all citizens.  Citizen can check the access log of their national ID card. 54 Support program information Web application Access log Centralgovernment Localgovernments
  56. 56. Corporate Information website  Government launched Corporation ID number program on Jan. 2016.  4million Legal entities had obtained unique ID. • Corporations, Governments, Local governments and NPOs  Government has great numbers of Corporate Information.  Applications, Awards, Contracts and Certifications 55 Corporation ID number Corporation Name Corporation Type Area Resource Search Government Registers Applications Gather the data by using IMI based data structure. IMI is government interoperability framework. Corporation Capital Number of Staffs The day of start up Business category Fiscal Year Ministry Certification
  57. 57. Benefit of the Corporate Information website CSV PDF RDF Open Data Other websites New ServicesAPI This site is a Knowledge base for all government department. The search result Corporation ID number Corporation Name Subsidies File download Capital Number of Staffs The day of start up Business category Ministry And Applications, Contracts, Certifications Address Name of CEO Awards 56
  58. 58. The character Information infrastructure  There are many character set in Japan.  Japanese use 60,000 characters in their name.  Government must use this infrastructure in new systems.  The citizen can use full-set Kanji characters for legal activity.  The citizen can use alternative Kanji character for daily life.  The citizen can balance convenience with keeping of identity.  The government reduces the cost of maintenance and operation. Kanji for public services(58,814) Kanji for legal name(55,270) Kanji for residents-card(19,563) Kanji for social activity(10,050) Kanji minimum set(2,136) The character Information infrastructure 渡 渡辺 Legal name Daily life Conversion table will be published on March 2015. 57 Government Prefecture City Enterprise NGO Exchange
  59. 59. Cooperation between the central and local governments  Government-wide network connects to the Local Government WAN  Cloud services.  Secure communication 58 Kasumigaseki WAN (G-net) Local Government WAN(LGWAN) Network system for basic residents’ register Local Government cloud Services Network in ministries Home Company Online services Ministry Prefecture City Town Village Agency
  60. 60. Local Government Cloud 59 DataCenter DataCenter (Shared by Prefectures) DataCenter City City Village Town
  61. 61. Providing Support Program Information Using website Citizens Government Ministries Local Governments Support Program Database ・edit & process the raw data to create user- friendly website (e.g.: the website in which data selected by area) ・reuse the raw data on Twitter ・smart phone app. Using API Consultation Desk Using private services Support Program Database A one-stop service site where users can search through a wide variety of support programs operated by the central and local governments. API to allow the use of support program information by external services is provided. Currently, a number of relevant services using such API is available. Standardized format 60
  62. 62. Support Program Database To FSnavi  NPO “ASKOE” collects the information on support programs which is provided in government portal site and combines them with relevant information provided by industry.  ASUKOE provides one-stop service where citizens can search thorough the support programs. 61 Government Local Government Consultation Search API Support Program Database (http://www.r-assistance.go.jp/) I need support!! Citizens Industry http://www.fsnavi.jp/ Information on Support Programs Information on Support Programs New service
  63. 63. Procurement portal site  Procurement portal site launched on August 1, 2014.  This is a one-stop service for people concerned with all procurement. 62 Result of search “Rain sensor” Procurement portal Rain sensor Search Central & Local government procurement information Detail information Link to the original information Enterprises Search tender information. Gather
  64. 64. SME support site : Mirasapo  Mirasapo is one-stop portal site for small and medium enterprises. It provide knowledge and Information of support programs.  SME can get government-wide information from this site.  SME exchange their information each other on this site. 63 News from SMA What’s new Log in Services Topics Support program search Professional search Ministries Prefectures Cities Professionals Industries Real community SNS Consultation Business matching
  65. 65. Pension-Net  “Pension-Net“ provides payment records and benefit estimates for each citizen. 64  Customized service for Japanese citizens  All Japanese citizens over 20 years old are covered (appx. 106 million)  Provide the benefit estimate, based on the payments in the past  Provide the payment record to each citizen  More Transparency in Pension System Payment records Benefit estimates Source: http://www.nenkin.go.jp
  66. 66. Provision of medical payment data  With its universal coverage of Health Insurance, Japanese government provides “big data” of medical payment records for academic purpose upon request. 65 Sources: “Summary of Health care system” (医療制度の概要) MHLW, data for 2010 http://www.mhlw.go.jp/seisakunitsuite/bunya/hokabunya/shakaihoshou/dl/02.pdf http://www.mhlw.go.jp/seisakunitsuite/bunya/kenkou_iryou/iryouhoken/reseputo/info.html#anchor05 Open data Request Potential Users Minister’s approval Academic institutions MHLW and Related authorities local governments Making evidence-based policy to improve quality of medical service MHLW Advisory Committee Review of policy Academic research Open data Request Purpose Approval  Almost all residents are covered (approx.113 million)  Provide Big Data for academic research and policy-making (open data)  Contribute to Evidence-Based Policy in public health
  67. 67. Mobile apps for visitors : Safety tips  This Application notifies a user with Earthquake Early Warnings, Tsunami Warnings, Eruption Alert and other special Weather Warnings issued in Japan. The Application provides various functions useful for both foreign tourists and foreign residents in Japan.  The application is available in four languages: English, simplified and traditional Chinese, and Korean. 66
  68. 68. Mobile apps for citizens : Iku-Navi  Yokohama-city provide personalized nursing information. 67 Personalized service Residence area Birthday More personalized info. Personalized notices - Vaccination - Health check - Event information Birth and Nursing Kindergarten Hospital Event Reconmmended place Disaster risk management Information from ZooInformation Latest events
  69. 69. Passport control  Citizen can pass the passport control quickly. 68 Show your passport Scan your finger print Go to the gate Major airport provide automatic passport control service in Japan.
  70. 70. Farm information database  Anyone can get farm information. 69 Selected Farms Detail information Basic information Address Purpose of the land Farm ID Farm Navigater
  71. 71. Road monitoring  Monitoring car gather the GPS and acceleration data automatically. 70 Acceleration Sampling Time Evaluation Criteria Monitoring car and Smart Phone Map View Staffs plan maintenance priority. Staffs easily explain the priority to citizens.
  72. 72. Flood simulator with global 3D mapping system  Flood simulator supports evacuation planning and education for disaster-prevention. For decision making ・Making hazard maps ・Forecasting flood risks ・Estimating economic damages Use Case ・Local governments ・Insurance companies ・Institutes/ Universities http://www.hitachi-power-solutions.com/en/products/product12/p028.html 71
  73. 73. Disaster Response HQ National Alerting System Weather alerts Road & River monitoring Shelter Info Citizen info Relief Supplies Request GatheringGathering Emergency Radio Speaker Cloud Data Center SNS Homepage Community FM Public Commons Citizen Disaster Management Information System Disaster Info Staff Info IntegrationIntegration DistributionDistribution E-mail Mobile Mail Multiple Mobile Types “One-touch” operation Map Integration Dashboard Morioka City Disaster Information System  Disaster information gathering / integration / “one touch” multi-channel distribution  Full leverage of mobile and tablet devices – anywhere and ease of use  Low running cost by IBM cloud capability – “pay-as-you-go” Source : IBM Japan 72
  74. 74. <Information provider> <Information provider> <Information communicator> Prefecturalinformationhighwaytec. Municipality Prefecture Traffic agencies Broadcasting company Broadcasting company Mobile service provider Mobile service provider Newspaper company Newspaper company Internet portalInternet portal National nodes National nodes National nodes (Collection, format change, transmission) LGWAN (Commons network) Lifeline recovery Train operation VPN Internet Lifeline Agencies * Nodes are equivalent to devices of computers or routers as these are individual elements which build the network. Notifications, evacuation orders etc. Area nodes (collection, format change, transmission) Disaster information, Rain information, notifications etc. NOC Digital TV FM Radio etc. AM Radio Internet Mobile phone Digital signage Vending machine River warnings Other local government Local residents VPN VPN Disaster Management System etc. Public Information Common Platform  Public information common platform is a system which have developed as integrated an information tool. The system support to collect and consolidate much information from various providers. And it can distribute more citizens through various medias. In case of emergency, the citizen can get more information which is reliable. 73Source : NEC Corporation
  75. 75. Bridge Monitoring System  Based on the sensor network and Business Intelligence, Bridge Monitoring System detects strain of the bridge and constantly assesses its structural health of bridges.  The system is developed and maintained through public-private collaboration. 74  Application of Real-time Business Intelligence  Help maintenance of public infrastructure by monitoring  Detect the weight of vehicles by picking up strain Optical fiber sensors Communi cation network Data center Communi cation network Management Authority Workers Citizens emergency ordinary times Prioritize crucial bridge Maximize cost-benefit Effective traffic control Prioritize check points Smooth recovery operations Prioritize check points Mitigate panic Understand necessity of control Move/slant detection Jolt detection Strain detection Beam monitor Real-time anomaly detection Early detection Jolt stress long- term analysis Vehicle wgt & type estimate Traffic volume statistics Open Speed limit Emergency vehicle only Closed Traffic status outcome outcome outcome processed processed processed Source: http://www.nttdata.com/jp/ja/lineup/brimos/
  76. 76. 3. OPEN GOVERNMENT 75
  77. 77. History of the Open Government Trial Open Government Projects Open Government Data Strategy Declaration to be the World’s Most Advanced IT Nation (National IT Strategy) Action plan for Open Government Infrastructure 76 Jun. 2013 Apr. 2014 2010 Earthquake Mar. 2011 The quake hit area Emerging Open Government projects Aug. 2012 This open government Initiatives was not a straight way. After the earthquake, we worked in real fields. Our open government initiative made use of the experience of the disaster management. Trial projects → Emerging projects → Strategy → Catalogue → Real projects Dec.2016 Data act
  78. 78. Time Series: Open Government &Data Policies 2008 2012 2009 2010 2011 2012.8 Under “IT fusion forum”, “Public Sector Information Working Group” was established at METI  Rules for the use of PSI and other fundamental discussed by experts. 2013.1 “Open DATA METI -βversion” was launched  First governmental data catalog site in Japan. Released public data in possession of METI. 2013.6 Report of the discussion at Public Data Working Group was released 2013 2012.1 “Recovery and Reconstruction Support Program Database” was launched  One-stop service site where users can search through a wide range of support programs by the central and local governments. 2011.10 Japanese character set (open data, API) was released. 2011.7 “Setsuden.go.jp” was launched. Real data on the actual electricity usage was uploaded on the website, many voluntary applications were developed. 2009.10 Discussion-board “Idea box” was opened to solicit ideas from public. 2010.7 Demonstration site “Open Government Lab” was launched. 2009.3 Open Government Project Plan was announced 2008.10 Public Sector CIO Forum started discussion of open data Open Government 2013.12 Government Open Data site “Data.go.jp” was launched 77 2014.5 Action plan for open government was released 2014.6 Government standard term & use was released. 2014 2013.6 Roadmap of Open Data was released Open Data 2016.12 Data act was released. 2017.5 IT and Data Strategy was released 2018.1 Digital government action plan was released
  79. 79. FY2008 FY2009 FY2010 FY2011 FY2012 FY2013 FY2014 FY2015- Committee of CIO100 Ideabox Ideabox2 Ideabox for Education Ideabox for National holiday Ideabox for Citizen’s opinion Twitter Ideabox for Open Gov. Local Ideabox Ideabox for recruting Guideline for sns Support program DB for disaster area Open data Chara..- set Public Acount Auth. service Portal site for Energy Saving Contest for Energy Saving apps. OpenDataMETI Ideabox for open data Vocabulary project “IMI” Support program DB for SME Ideabox forOpenGovernmen IT dashboard beta Japanese Character set SNS analysis for disaster info. Knowledge Connector Infographics “Tsutagura” OpenMETI LoD of chara.-set Facebook Data analysis for Disaster Risk R Public procurement information portal CIO site beta Knowledge portal for disaster Community to use open data Public CIO Forum IT fusion forum :Public data wg Committee for start up Hackthon for Disaster reconst. Hackthons Hackthon in local gov. Infographics “Tsutagra2” Guide for implimentation Business incubation meeting Venture incubation In public proc. Open Government Data Strategy National IT Strategy eGov Taskforce Ideabox for Enegy Saving Report box Mobile sns Open Government Lab. Databox Structured data project Text mining with ideabox Public sns account portal wiki Various Type of Ideabox Data catalogueData catalogue+BI Community and knowledge sharing Knowledge sharing Official report search Framework Open process Policy making with citizens Open infra. Collaboration Knowledge and experience portal Analysisofhugeopinion Knowledge and experience portal Time line(Green: Collaboration on network, Orange: Collaboration, Blue: Open Data, Purple: Analysis) G8 Open Data Charter 78 IT strategy promotion committee: E-Government wg Action plan for Open Gov. Infra. Open government data Executive Committee Transfer to Private sector IT dashboard Data.go.jp Public procurement information portal2 IMI field tests Open Government Lab2 CIO site Hackthon Ideathon Workshop Roundtable Corporate information portal
  80. 80. New Social Structure for the future. 79 Government NPO Civic Hacker Society Small Government + Empowerment area Industry
  81. 81. Maximizing the value Information Money (Budget) Person (Staff,Citizen) Potential of Open Government  Government as a Platform for maximizing the public value. Transparency Participation Collaboration Japan has huge potential for open government. Because there are high-potential human resources and Information Technologies. 80
  82. 82. Open government will make new value 81  Citizen-Government collaborations connect issues, data and technologies.  The spark of ideas will produce value. Issue /Needs Data Technology Spark Value ① How to create the innovative projects? Hackers ②How to launch new business? ③How to keep a sustainable mechanism?
  83. 83. 3 steps of Open Government 82
  84. 84. Open government architecture  Open government needs value chain in the government process  It’s based on the marketing view point 83 Collect Receive Analyze Use Open data Publish Store Information Sharing Environment Value Chain Citizens, Enterprises, NPOs EA (Architecture) Interoperability Smooth information flow Maximize value of information Vocabulary Message set Rule etc. Open Process Open Data + Open Mind
  85. 85. Case: Action plan for Digital Government  2016.3 Ideabox(Online discussion)  Request for ideas  2016.3- 2016.10 IT strategy promotion committee – eGov WG  Concept paper  2016.10 Workshop  Pre-discussion(Online)  Opinion & vote(On site)  Workshop  Opinion & vote(On site)  2016.11-2017.2 IT strategy promotion committee – eGov WG  Draft plan  2017.3 Ideabox(Online discussion)  Request for ideas and opinions about discussion of eGov wg  2017.5 IT strategy promotion committee – eGov WG  Digital government policy 84
  86. 86. OPEN-GOV BEST PRACTICES 85
  87. 87. Open Government Lab.  Open Government Lab is the experimental website to examine measures regarding open government specifically. By centralizing initiatives promoting open government including “idea box” which is interactive website opened to gather idea from people, “databox” which publishes public data, and “wiki”, the website contributes to promote increased access to information about government activities as well as centralize the accumulated know-how. The website recorded 140,000 page views until the end of December 2011.  In addition, the Open Government Lab team provides suggestion and consultation for public agencies seeking for initiatives to enhance open government.  For example, saving electricity website “setsuden.go.jp” was launched under our consultation in response to tighter electricity supply-demand balance due to the nuclear power situations. 86
  88. 88. Idea Box: Capturing public needs & ideas  Interactive website to solicit ideas from people  METI provided “Idea Box” as a platform to make public discussion on “Open Data. The participants can take part in the discussion in following ways.  post free ideas about the new administrative IT service  write a comment on postings by others  vote for or against postings by others  Great amount of ideas acquired from “Idea Box” will be actively referred in measures and projects to promote open data. 87 Discussion of National Holiday(METI&JTA) JTA:Japan Travel Agency GRU: Government Revitalization Unit Discussion of Citizens Opinion(GRU)
  89. 89. Idea Box: Recent action  Opendata Ideabox  Feb 1~28. 2013  Discussion topic • Ideas for effective use of public data • What data you want to get? • Rules & condition of the use • General topics about Open Data • Best practices  URL:http://opendata.openlabs.go.jp • The discussion was jointly hosted by METI, MIC, and the IT Policy Office of Cabinet Secretariat. 88 368人 #users  Open Government Ideabox 2014  Feb 1~Mar 20. 2014  Discussion topic • How to open the public information • Future of the open government • Japanese character-set • General topics about Open government  URL:http://opengov2014.openlabs.go.jp/ • The discussion was jointly hosted by METI and the IT Policy Office of Cabinet Secretariat. #ideas #comments #ideas #comments #users
  90. 90. - Variety of education in various themes - Since full-scale deployment(2011 June), 170 locations, 8,000 people participated - Deliberative leads to not only the policy making at the minister, also mid-term policy at government-designated cities, and School-building and City-building among the citizen. Open question from minister(MEXT) Request for opinion from vice minister wiki Comments Council Open Q. Social media Town meeting ICT In Education Text Analysis - Deliberative 20 theme about 3,000 subscribers in Japan and overseas . - Voices of 15,000 has been received (Approximately 2.3 million of page views) - Measures for improving the quality of teacher capacity, (as reported to the administrative agency proposal) prior to the study conducted Deliberative Council - To take advantage of a variety of ICT in the process of policy formation in parallel with the council etc. 89
  91. 91. Information Analysis  To find citizen's needs.  To maximize value of opinions 90 TextMining with IddeaboxMindMap with Ideabox
  92. 92. Information Analysis for Disaster Management 1500 Tweets that include the word ”Battery” Size Battery Mobile phone Light A AAAA Extract “what is really needed in the devastated area” Text Mining Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry API 3/12 3/13 3/14 3/15 3/16 1639-1702 3/18 1421 No. Word Word Word Word Word 1 Electric power Electric power Electric power Electric power Go ods Goods 2 In formation Information Food Goods Gasoline Battery 3 Fo od Food In formation Gasoline Food Tissue 4 Goods Gasoline Goods Food Information Bottle f 5 TV Disposable diaper Gasoline Water Fuel Flashlig 6 News Goods for baby TV Information Shelter Toilet p 7 Lighting Goods Place Fuel Oil-based product Light oi 8 Machine TV Map Disposable diaper Water Waterpr canvas 9 Shelter Water Water Plastic bag TV Nonper 10 Water News Disposable diaper Fleece Car Tank fo 11 Blood Shelter Fuel Cloth Shop Electric 12 Power supply Shop Exercise Shop Electric power Water “Shorting items”daily ranking Photo: MLIT 91 2011.3.11 East Japan great erthquake
  93. 93. “Shorting items”daily ranking  Extract “what is really needed in the devastated area”  Demand for “Information” ranked high along with electricity, food and drinking water. 3/12 3/13 3/14 3/15 3/16 1639-1702 3/18 1421-1441 3/19 1328-1404 3/20 1252-1331 3/22 1515-1600 3/23 1959-2050 3/26 2238-2348 No. Word Word Word Word Word Word Word Word Word Word Word 1 Electric power Electric power Electric power Electric power Goods Goods Goods Electric power Goods Electric power Electric power 2 Information Information Food Goods Gasoline Battery Gasoline Power generation Volunteer Gasoline Water 3 Food Food Information Gasoline Food Tissue Volunteer Goods Water Goods Gasoline 4 Goods Gasoline Goods Food Information Bottle for water Electric power Gasoline Sandbag Water Goods 5 TV Disposable diaper Gasoline Water Fuel Flashlight Energy Information Electric power TV Exercise 6 News Goods for baby TV Information Shelter Toilet paper Information TV Gasoline Food Car 7 Lighting Goods Place Fuel Oil-based product Light oil Doctor Volunteer Vegetables Bicycle Paper 8 Machine TV Map Disposable diaper Water Waterproof canvas Hericopter Shelter TV Milk Food 9 Shelter Water Water Plastic bag TV Nonperishables Internal Medicine Food Food Car Fuel 10 Water News Disposable diaper Fleece Car Tank for Gasoline Water Shop Information Toilet paper News 11 Blood Shelter Fuel Cloth Shop Electric power Blood donation Fuel Exercise Volunteer Vegetables 12 Power supply Shop Exercise Shop Electric power Water Rice ball Exercise Fuel Electric appliances Ink 13 Hospital Blood TelecommunicationMedical service Toilet paper Gasoline Nurse Water Car Fuel Information 14 Rescue Team Convenience StoreShop Disposable diaper Heating TV Exercise Car Toilet paper House Book 15 Shop Exercise Transportation TV Nourishment Disposable diaper Car Rice ball Doctor Shop Volunteer 16 Exercise Fuel Car Battery Diabetes Food Pre-washed rice Manpower Exercise Exercise Fish 17 Gasoline Medical service Convenience Store News Blood Rice-porridge Cloth Collection Food Parts News 18 Place Lighting Rescue Team Transportation Milk powder Goods for baby Disposable diaper Milk Fruit Train Road 19 Flashlight Car Blood Shelter blanket Inpatient Undergarment Disposable diaper Shop Information Cap of bottle 20 Mobile phone Place Goods for baby Mediclne Exercise Pre-washed rice Shelter Bicycle Water or Juice News Shelter 92
  94. 94. Area email Internet instruction Open data analysis simulation for disaster management  Purpose and overview:  Prevent crowded situation and avoid danger at major stations and terminals in emergency situation.  Analyze the information from SNS → Capture the real-time situation → Utilize in evacuation guidance → Accumulate knowledge & know-how Open data Situation Analysis Go around near the station!! Disaster countermeasures Office Twitter ※Instruction to the site and area mail were not conducted in this drill. Report 93
  95. 95. Combine data on crowed area with local voices ①Visualize the data to capture the real-time situation ②Capture trend and information in detail ③Capture the whole picture of the situation (local voices) ④Further information on specific situation ⑤Read text messages Grasp the real-time situation!! Ginza line of Tokyo Metro Ginza line started again.・・・・・・・ 94
  96. 96. Image: how it works 95 Over 40,000 Over 30,000 Over 20,000 Over 10,000 Over 5,000 Less than 5,000 fire blocked Evacuation center 山手線 埼京線 銀座線 半蔵門線 副都心線 東横線 田園都市線 井の頭線 バス 運休 cancelled 運休 cancelled ▲運転再開(22:50) 運転再開 resumption 運転再開 resumption ▲運転再開(22:30) ▲運転再開(22:30) ▲運転再開(22:10) 一部運行 Shibuya station is currently VERY crowded!! Shibuya station is currently VERY crowded!! Shibuya station is currently VERY crowded!! Shibuya station is currently VERY crowded!! Please go around!! Evacuation center is this way! Please go around!! Train& Bus/ Status Number of text message about “danger” Population density Area where increased 20% in population density compared with previous 1 hour.
  97. 97. Drill for disaster Information analysis drill of heavy snow situation was carried out. Information of Snow Population Density (250m mesh) Capture the whole picture of the situation Detail text messages There is an emergency patient. Public sector can grasp the situation. Mobile phones Rain sensors Tweets Photo: Zenrin Datacom, Plus Alph Consulting 96 Feb.6,2013
  98. 98. Social media  Government is using social medias. 97 Prime Minister’s office(Follower 300000) METI IT project office (Follower 72000)
  99. 99. Social media  Many local governments operate sns account for visitors and citizens. 98 Official Information Visitor’s Opinion Tweet Re tweet by city’s mascot character Message from city’s mascot character
  100. 100. Citizen’s reporting system : Chiba-repo  Chiba city gather their citizen’s report by using mobile app.  This service use a gamification.  Monthly user ranking  Special themes 99 Report View the reports My reports My Page Report Title Photo Report Mobile app for citizens Working CompletedRequest Total Road Park Garbage Others Yesterday A week ago A month ago 3months ago Anyone can check the progress A example of special theme: Citizen send photo reports of carb mirror’s root Corrosion!
  101. 101. 4. OPEN DATA 100
  102. 102. What’s open data.  The massive volumes of diverse data in the possession of the public and private sectors is a source of completely new knowledge and in management resource.  The use of digitized data that leads to the creation of new industries and services as well as the invigoration of existing industries, businesses, and communities is a central for achieving growth. 101 Open data are an untapped resource with huge potential to encourage the building of stronger, more interconnected societies that better meet the needs of our citizens and allow innovation and prosperity to flourish. G8 Open Data Charter Open Data is an enabler that will change social structure.
  103. 103. ACTION PLAN FOR OPEN DATA May 30, 2017 IT Strategic Headquarters, Japan 102
  104. 104. Significance and Objectives The significance and objectives of promoting the use of public data 103 Enhance Transparency and Confidence(3) Promote Participation by the Public and Collaboration between the Public and Private Sectors (2) Economic Stimulus and Higher Efficiency in Government(1) ・Raise the transparency of government ・Build confidence in government by the public ・Rapidly and efficiently provide public services that make use of creative innovations ・Respond to the diversification of needs and values. ・Provide stimulus to the entire economy of Japan ・Increase the efficiency of advance operations by the national and local governments
  105. 105. Principals Principals  Government should - actively release public data. - use the government standard term & use. - provide full set download and API functions. - release public data in machine-readable formats. - upload data in adequate timing. Approach  Open data by design  Citizen centric approach 104
  106. 106. Implementation Structures Implementation Structures :  The Cabinet Secretariat established a working group of open government data from the public and private sectors as the body for implementing open data policies 105 (1) Investigation of fundamental matters including the development of environments for the use of public data; (2) Investigation of policies to be implemented in the future and adoption of a roadmap; (3) Review and follow-up on policies. IT strategy promotion committee Working group of open government data (Cabinet secretariat) METI Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry MIC Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
  107. 107. METI:Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry  METI carry out many advanced projects and report to the committee. 106 DATA METI Strategy CommitteeCommittee Open Data METI Site projectOpen Data METI Site project Knowledge Infrastructure projectKnowledge Infrastructure project IT Dashboard projectIT Dashboard project Public Vocabulary Framework projectPublic Vocabulary Framework project Geographic Data projectGeographic Data project Japanese Character-set ProjectJapanese Character-set Project Support Program Database projectSupport Program Database project Disaster Information projectDisaster Information project Prototype Practical Service (On service) Practical Service (under evaluation) Practical Service (On service) Practical Service (On service)Methodology Experience Knowledge Report to the committee of open government data
  108. 108. Promotion of use of ICT Construction of ICT infrastructure Administration Medicalcare Education (Individualfield) ・・・ Environmental improvement for use of ICT PromotionofR&D,etc. Agriculture Establishment of information circulation and sharing platform Improvement of “open data circulation environment” through standardization of data format and provision of API, etc. Strengthened “cross-sectional” initiatives Comprehensive ICT strategy in the future MIC:Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications  Outline of measures  Demonstration tests are promoted for 1) establishment common API* (data model/data format, common vocabularies, etc.) for information circulation and sharing platform and 2) formulation of rules for secondary use of data (data governance method) necessary for effective circulation, sharing and use of data beyond the boundary of fields. 107 *Common API(Application Programming Interface): common data format and communication protocol which ensure interoperability of information and data
  109. 109. NPO & Group  There are various kinds and forms of activities to promote open data in Japan. 108 Open Knowledge Foundation Linked open data challengeOpen data promotion consortium Hackathon of Aging society Hackathon of weather data
  110. 110. Guides and Rules  Guide  Open data guide  Open data guide for local government  Social media guide  Information analysis guide  Web guide  Domain guide  Rule  Government standard Term of use for web site 109 Opendata 101 for Local Gov Opendata Guide Info. Analysis Guide
  111. 111. Approach to the big data Big data Technology RuleInfrastructure Sensor Analytics Storage Security Term & Condition Privacy Intellectual Open Data Interoperability Framework 110
  112. 112. OPEN DATA BEST PRACTICES 111Notes: Some projects provide only visual information without data.
  113. 113. Data.go.jp  Government data catalogue site launched on Dec. 2013.  It provides over 1200 datasets from all ministries. 112http://www.data.go.jp/ Cross-sectional searching for government data released by each ministry and agency. Opinions from users Links to Open data projects
  114. 114. e-Stat (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications )  The Portal Site of Official Statistics of Japan, e-Stat (the "Site"), launched on 1st April 2008, delivers the one-stop service for official statistics of the Japanese government, which is pursuant to "the Optimization Plan of Business Processes and Systems of Statistical Surveys and related work" (Ministries CIO Council decision, 31 March 2006). Under the Optimization Plan, which is promoted by the Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications with collaboration of Ministries and Agencies, the Site aims to gather information from statistical departments of Ministries and Agencies, and provides general public with statistical data, schedule of release, etc.  The Site is managed and maintained by the National Statistics Center. 113
  115. 115. E-Stat GIS service  E-stat provide GIS viewer. 114 Population Men Women Family
  116. 116. Small area data analysis system(jSTAT MAP)  We can analyze my own data-sets with statistical data on this service. 115 List of statistical data-sets List of layers How many citizens in this circle? We can put pins on this map.
  117. 117. VICS: Real time traffic information  Vehicle Information and Communication System(VICS) provides real-time traffic data to car-navigation system. The service is provided through public-private collaboration. 116 Japan Digital Road Map Association Geospatial Information Authority of Japan VICS Center (Vehicle Information & Communication System) Sources: http://www.drm.jp/english/drm/map/index.html http://www.vics.or.jp/about/history.html ・Creates map (1/25000) ・Based on GIA’s map, creates digital road map ・Digital map DB is subject to fees ・Creates Intelligent Transport Systems based on digital road map ・Transmit real-time traffic information for 24 hours, 365 days ・35 million car navigation systems are in use as of 2012 (cumulative)  Provide real-time traffic information  Transmit data from center to car-navigation system of each car  Serve to 35 million users  Include various data such as parking lot vacancy  Long time stable service since 1996Busy Flow Jam med
  118. 118. Making Spots Where Hard Braking Occurs Frequently Safer  In collaboration with the Saitama prefecture, Honda has devised a way to use Internavi data to detect spots where hard braking frequently occurs. 117  Historically, road safety measures have been directed only at places with a high incidence of collisions, while disregarding locations with a lower incidence of collision yet potentially dangerous. Data gathered from Internavi’s “Floating Car Data” service not only help locate potentially dangerous spots, but also provide a comparison basis to quantify the effect of each measure.  This intelligent use of Internavi data is now being expanded beyond Saitama prefecture. Data gathered in this way are also used in efforts to reduce traffic jams and in road planning to help improve the overall traffic environment.
  119. 119. Traffic and Road Closure Information after the earthquake  ITS Japan provides traffic and road closure information provided by GIA(Geospatial Information Authority) and four private films.  Honda, Toyota, Nissan, Pioneer  Mapion and Isuzu provide truck traffic information. 118 Blue points are traffic information. Red points are road closure points. Blue points are traffic information of big trucks. Green points are traffic information of small trucks. http://www.its-jp.org/saigai/ http://www.mapion.co.jp/feature/eq2011/traffic.html Traffic and road closure information Truck traffic information
  120. 120. Intelligent Transportation System Traffic Jams Maintenances Accidents Driving Data Traffic and road closure information Predicted Arrival time Private films. Honda, Toyota, Nissan, Pioneer ITS Japan Smooth driving Reduce Accident Speedy rescue & recovery VICS Center Driving data Data of Traffic jams, Maintenances and Accident Driving data (Hard braking) Data of Accident Driving data (Traffic history) Data of Maintenance (Closure) Photo: MLIT, Toyota, Honda, ITS Japan 119
  121. 121. Safety information  Government and private sector provide information for safety. 120 Map of Hard Braking point Citizens can send reports. (Source: Honda) Accident density map Car, Bike, Ageing citizens, Walker, Children, Bicycle Hard braking There are many accidents Government check the point by various view point. Density
  122. 122. Smart phone app“Yurekuru” Smart phone application with earthquake early-warning system. Earthquake early-warning system  Japan has the most advanced earthquake early-warning system in the world.  Brief advanced warnings to the public. (approx 80 seconds in advance)  TV  Internet  Text message  Mobile phone 121 Japan Meteorological Agency Big earthquake will occur after 10sec at Tokyo area. Hypocenter Sensor https://itunes.apple.com/jp/app/yurekurukoru/id398954883?mt=8 Action!!
  123. 123. Earthquake early-warning system: Shinkansen  Enable to slow down high- speed train“Shinkansen”  Case in the earthquake in 2011: Hayate, Yamabiko Hayate25 (245km/h) Hayate28 (unknown) Yamabiko59 (270km/h) Hayate27 (270km/h) Yamabiko63 (270km/h) Max Yamabiko144 (unknown) Hayate26 (270km/h) Yamabiko142 (238km/h) Hayate29 (270km/h) Nasuno259 (unknown) Yamabiko63 (270km/h) Seismometer Shinkansen 50 10 1 Damage Civil Eng. Electricity (Map & Photo: JR EAST) 122
  124. 124. Sinsai.info: GIS based disaster information  ”Sinsai.info” was voluntarily launched only four hours late after the earthquake  GIS & disaster supporting information as well as damage status.  Lifeline status, relief supply & shelter information, volunteer information, and medical facility information etc. with locations and details are available on the map All Categories Accurate Information Lifeline Status Transportation Relief Supply Shelter Request for volunteers Medical Facility Employment Information Icons are displayed on the map. Zoom into the local area for detail information. 123
  125. 125. Support civic participation in energy conservation after the earthquake  CAO and METI provide information & service for energy conservation . 124 Applications which provide information regarding the tight electricity supply- demand balance Declaration of household electricity saving ・Graph which shows Use of Electric Power (within TEPCO Service Area) ・the participation prizes and achievement prizes Group function Recognition of electricity use in previous year Electricity saving menu Portal site : http://setsuden.go.jp/ Data from TEPCO Gamification
  126. 126. Public appeal for greater public engagement in energy conservation  METI (IT Project Office) made a public appeal on its Twitter account for an application that transmit current energy usage data from TEPCO.  A great number of very imaginative applications were developed and considerable was gathered.  Over 50 applications Examples of the applications : 125 Signage
  127. 127. Book search service “Calil”  Users can search through the books across 5,200 libraries in Japan.  Using this service, users can know the status of the books if they are available or not. Additional information about the book posted on “Amazon.com” and link to the online bookstore are also displayed in the same page.  In case the books are not available in any libraries, users can go to online book store by clicking the link displayed. 126 CalilLibraries (5200) Amazon Wikipedia I want to read this book! Citizens http://calil.jp/
  128. 128. Tokyo Amesh, Protecting people from rain disasters.  Rain nurtures life and brings comfort to our life. It also provides us with drinking water. But, concentrated to downpours, rain inflicts great damage on our property and risks our life. Therefore, accurate rainfall information is essential for proper operation of a pumping station or a wastewater treatment center. Rainfall information system “Tokyo Amesh” was firstly introduced in 1988 and was renewed in 2001. Since 2007, Tokyo Amesh has taken in data from adjoining municipalities to enlarge observation scope and enhance precision and reliability. 127http://tokyo-ame.jwa.or.jp/en/index.htmlOperated by Tokyo metropolitan government Radar Sensor Tokyo Metropolitan Government
  129. 129. X-band radar information  “GO-U Detector” show us the detail real-time information of rain. 128 X-band MP radar network X-band radar Rain status in 5km Rain area with scenery (250m mesh) Vertical AR mode Horizontal mode https://itunes.apple.com/jp/app/id655469995?mt=8 Avoid the heavy rain!! Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
  130. 130. The outcome from weather information 129129 5km SituationARモード(250m mesh) Tokyo amesh https://itunes.apple.com/jp/app/id655469995?mt=8 X-band MP radar network X-band radar Radar Sensor Tokyo Metropolitan Government MLIT http://tokyo-ame.jwa.or.jp/ Go U! Rader 10 years ago Now
  131. 131. Environmental Information  The Environmental Information Department(EID) collects and manages information relating to the environment .  EID disseminates the information widely via media such as “Kankyo Tenbodai”&”Soramame-kun” (Environmental Observatory). 130 Kankyo Tenbodai (Waste) Soramame-kun(Air pollution)
  132. 132. Pollen information system  A lot of people in Japan are troubled by pollen allergies in spring.  This system provide the information every hours. 131 Area Sensor position Download About this service Library Mobile service Links
  133. 133. Forest information system  Sizuoka Prefecture provides the detail information of forest. 132
  134. 134. Safety map  Safety map shares the crime and risk information which is provided by police, city and citizen’s report. 133 Groper Pervert Stranger Theft Burglary Traffic Accident Accident about animal Radiation Other All Place Period Report http://www.ananmap.com/home.php
  135. 135. Dark Bright Street map  Local government provides the data of streetlamps.  NGY Night street advisor  Street lamp information (100,000) + Google map  Navigation function. Safety route! 134
  136. 136. Agri-note  Agri-note is an agriculture information management system.  This application use aerial photographs and many government data. 135 Government Aerial photographs Agricultural chemicals Process management April May June July Field1 Field2
  137. 137. Food access map  MAFF(Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) provides the distance to grocery stores. With this service, users can see the population of those who have difficulties to go shopping on their own feet.  The map shows 500m mesh information. 136 http://cse.primaff.affrc.go.jp/katsuyat/
  138. 138. 3D map data from GSI  The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI) provide 3D map data.  Anyone can make 3D model by using a 3D printer. 137 Decide an area Display the 3D map Download 3D data Make 3D model For urban planning, education and disaster management.
  139. 139. The nature of the soil and ground information database  Asahi Geo Survey edits and processes data on the nature of the soil and ground. 138http://www.asahigs.co.jp/gspace/dataservice.html Select the base map Select the overlay information Detail information Integrated geological map database (GeoMapDB) http://www.aist.go.jp/aist_e/aist_labor atories/5geology/index.html
  140. 140. KOKO-YURE(Here-shake)  KOKO-YURE predict the probability of earthquake level.  Daiwa-house provide this information to the house owner.  He can select the risk reduction structure and mechanisms. 139 Government Input the address (Analyze) Select the term(Year) Result Level5- 91.6% Level5+ 71.7% Level6- 38.9% Level6+ 8.7% In 20 years http://www.daiwahouse.co.jp/
  141. 141. Garbage day Information “Kamakura Gomi Busters”  Kamakura City and NPO ”kayac” provide a game for smart phones.  In this game, citizens report their good actions to their accounts and get points.  Kamakura city provides rules for garbage disposal.  Collection day, drop-off site, rules about trash separation and recycling 140https://itunes.apple.com/jp/app/id490897389?mt=8&ign-mpt=uo%3D4 Information about garbage collection Tommorow : plastics paper, clothes Mission Complete Thanks Item collection The rules about trash separation
  142. 142. Garbage day Information “5374.com”  The city provides rules for garbage disposal.  Collection day, drop-off site, rules about trash separation and recycling  Code for KANAZAWA made it and promote to the other local governments. 141 5374 =Go Mi Na Shi = No Garbage Burnable Resource Bottle Un-burnable Today Tomorrow 9 days Un-burnable I IH cooking heater IC recorder ・・・
  143. 143. Smart phone app “Fishing guide”  Fishing portal site for those who want to get relevant information on fishing.  Area guide, tide, weather information  Guidebook publisher provide value-added service by using public data. 142 Guide book Japan Meteorological Agency Guide Tide Weather $2
  144. 144. Where Does My Money Go?  “Where Does My Money Go?” show you your tax. 143 Over 150 cities in Japan UK model Japan model
  145. 145. Local tax transfer service  The cities of urban area have enough Tax income. But the cities of rural area don’t have them. There are special tax system that support to transfer their tax from a city to another city.  This service support the matching between citizen and city. 144 A city that she live. If she want, she can transfer a part of her residential tax to other cities. The other city The local government provide information of donation to this site. - Purpose - Gifts from local industries Citizen can select the target local government by area and gift. Urban area Rural area
  146. 146. Event information service : ASUTOMO  ASUTOMO gathers event leaflets from local government.  They add the category tag and make metadata.  Citizen can search event information. 145 Before this service: Local government made many leaflet. But they only distributed by city hall and station. After this service: Visitors can get information easily.
  147. 147. Fix my street  Report, view and discuss local problems 146 Report Solved Local governments Smart phone Submit report Detail Information Report
  148. 148. AED map  Automated External Defibrillator(AED) information map by local governments 147 Place Available Time Contact information
  149. 149. Public service guide to support your childbirth and child-raising  In “Kosodate Town”, you can easily understand and easily find the public services relating childbirth and child-raising through its WEB site.  This is because all the information is organized by “Universal Menu” which we ASUKOE developed as a Open Data information platform for public services. We also propose “Kosodate Town” as a public-private partnership project, to local governments.  As “Kosodate Town“ is a public-private partnership project utilizing Contents Alliance with Enterprises (reading material sponsored by those enterprises), it is possible to introduce without any cost of local government. 148 PR Tools(print materials)PR Tools(print materials) WebsiteWebsite QR-code is provided in each category, so you can refer the information directly! QR-code is provided in each category, so you can refer the information directly! Home Public Service Counseling Facility info. Topics Hospital Application Health Day service &Stay Health Application Day service &Stay Learning http://www.asukoe.org/static.php?page=english
  150. 150. RESAS: Regional Economy and Society Analyzing System  RESAS provide many information to analyze regional economy and society. (Population, Industry and trade Statistics) https://resas.go.jp/ 149 Tokyo Chiyoda Year Month Working day Holiday Area selector Mesh data Graph Population without residents Tama Zoo
  151. 151. RESAS: Regional Economy and Society Analyzing System PopulationValue(Industry)Tourist CommerceTouristPopulation 150
  152. 152. Government kids day  Every summer, All ministries and agencies have open house events. 都道府 県 主 催 者 タイトル 内容 サブタイ トル 内容 サブイベ ント 学ぶ ふれ る 体を 動か す 乗る 見る 作る 収 穫・ 採集 する その 他 産業 分類 集合 場所 建物 住所 開催日 開始時 間 終了時 間 その他 開催日 開始時 間 終了時 間 その他 開始日 終了日 開始時 間 終了時 間 備考 就学前 小学生3 年生以 下 小学生4 年生以 上 中学生 備考 募集人 数 事前登 録 申し込み 方法 申込 締切 申込み・問合せ先 ※リンク先に移行しない場合は、URLを コピー&ペーストして御利用ください。 料金種 別 金額 料金備 考 東京都 内 閣 官 房 遊んで・学んで・君 もITマスター! ITの友 達たくさ ん作っ ちゃお う! 「ITの力」ってこんなにすごい んだよ! みんなも知ろう、最先端のITの 力を!! 親子で楽しめる展示・体験イベ ントをやってるから、みんな来 てね!!! ○ ○ ○ 情報 通信 業 中央合 同庁舎8 号館5階 共用A 会議室 中央合 同庁舎8 号館 東京都 千代田 区永田 町 1-6 -1 7月27日 11:00 16:00 7月28日 11:00 16:00 ○ ○ ○ 不要 内閣官房情報通信技術(IT)総合 戦略室 郵便番号:〒100-0013 住所:東京都千代田区霞が関3- 3-1尚友会館2階 電話:03-5253-2111 https://www.facebook.com/itkod omoday 無料 東京都 内 閣 官 房 竹島、尖閣諸島っ て知ってる? ・日本の地図を書いてみよう! ・尖閣諸島ってどんな形をして いるの?ジオラマで確かめよ う! ・尖閣諸島にはかつお節工場 があったんだよ。かつお節を 削ってみよう! ・竹島にはアシカがいたんだ よ。竹島のアシカの絵本の読 み聞かせをやってるよ! ○ ○ ○ 国土 合同庁 舎8号館 1階講堂 中央合 同庁舎8 号館 東京都 千代田 区永田 町 1-6 -1 7月27日 10:30 16:00 7月28日 10:30 16:00 ○ ○ ○ 不要 担当部署:内閣官房 領土・主権 対策企画調整室 郵便番号:100-0014 住所:東京都千代田区永田町1- 6-1 代表番号:03-5253-2111 ホームページ: http://www.cas.go.jp/jp/ryodo/in dex.html 無料 東京都 人 事 院 楽しく学ぼう、国家 公務員! 試験! 面 接!! ちょっと ドキドキ してみ ません か? ・見学デー用のミニ試験問題を 解いて、国家公務員について 知ろう! ・面接ってどんな感じ?みんな でチャレンジ! ・人事院総裁ってどんな人? 質問しちゃおう! ※都合により、内容が一部変 更となる場合があります。 ○ ○ 公務 人事院 1階ロ ビー(中 央合同 庁舎第 5号館 別館) 中央合 同庁舎 第5号 館別館 東京都 千代田 区霞が 関1丁 目2−3 7月28日 13:00 15:00 ○ ○ ○ 15名程 度(保護 者を除 く) 必要 往復は がき (締切日 消印有 効) 7月8日 (金) 担当部署:人事院広報室 郵便番号:100-8913 住所:東京都千代田区霞が関1 -2-3 代表番号:03-3581-5311(内線 2110) 直通番号:03-3581-0651 URL: http://www.jinji.go.jp/pamfu/kids /kodomo28_moushikomi.htm 無料 東京都 内 閣 府 子ども災害対策本 部会議 ・発災時の政府の仕事を災害 対策会議を通じて学んでもらう ※河野防災担当大臣出席 ○ 公務 合同庁 舎8号館 1階講 堂 中央合 同庁舎8 号館 東京都 千代田 区永田 町1-6-1 7月28日 13:30 14:30 ○ ○ ○ 約15名 程度(保 護者を 除く) 必要 往復は がき(申 込締切 日必着) 7月13日 (水) 担当部署:内閣府大臣官房政策 評価広報課 郵便番号:100-8914 住所:東京都千代田区永田町1- 6-1中央合同庁舎第8号館 代表番号:03-5253-2111 直通番号: 03-6257-1297(広報課代表) 03-6257-1383(報道室代表) 内閣府HP: http://www.cao.go.jp/kanbou/kod omo/kodomo28index.html 無料 東京都 内 閣 府  「北朝鮮に拉致さ れた被害者の御家 族からお話しを聴こ う」 ・職員がパネルを用いて拉致 問題の概要を説明します。 ・続いて、アニメ「めぐみ」DVD (25分)視聴します。 ・被害者の御家族から、直接、 お話しを聴いた後、質疑応答を 行います。 ○ ○ 国際 合同庁 舎8号館 1階講 堂 中央合 同庁舎8 号館 東京都 千代田 区永田 町1-6-1 7月28日 14:00 15:00 ○ ○ ○ 20名程 度(保護 者を除 く) 必要 往復は がき(申 込締切 日必着) 7月13日 (水) 担当部署:内閣府大臣官房政策 評価広報課 郵便番号:100-8914 住所:東京都千代田区永田町1- 6-1中央合同庁舎第8号館 代表番号:03-5253-2111 直通番号: 03-6257-1297(広報課代表) 03-6257-1383(報道室代表) 内閣府HP: http://www.cao.go.jp/kanbou/kod omo/kodomo28index.html 無料 The program was provided as a open data Civic Hackers launched the program with search functions. - Subject - Abstract - Schedule - Building - Age 151
  153. 153. Historical map  Konjyaku map service provide special viewer that compare 2 maps. 152 Latest mapHistorical map User can select a map
  154. 154. Public service information cloud  Government made a data structure for tourism information. 153 1st step MIC provide information sheets to all local governments. 2nd step Local governments register their tourism information. Everyone can use the gathered tourism information. Area search Area code search
  155. 155. My City News  Most of cities publish a city news. It provide valuable information for residents.  Citizen can read various city news from this site. 154 City news in my city City news in my father’s city City news in my home town Mush up Festival Event Health care Single window Private sector provide this service.
  156. 156. Hackthon/Ideathon  International open data day(2015-2-21)  There were 62 events all over Japan. (221 event in the world) 155 Government Local government NGO Citizen
  157. 157. Innovation Contest  Open data idea contests (July,2011)  Government(METI) and a publishing company carried it out jointly.  Open data use case contest(METI Feb,2014)  NGY Night street advisor • Street lamp information (100,000) + Google map • Navigation function. Contest web site Committee Government provided energy supply data. Winners Submit 156
  158. 158. Knowledge connecter  There are many ideas and apps in hackthons/Ideasons.  But most of them disappear after the event.  Knowledge connecter provide a knowledge share platform. 157 Before After http://idea.linkdata.org/all
  159. 159. Knowledge connecter 158 5.2 Open Data Ideathons, Hackathons, Contests Ideas Codes Practices Tools National data catalogue site (Dec,2013) METI's data catalogue site (Jan. 2013) Knowledge Experience Data Data Data Share the idea that no one use. Share the code Practice map Make communities Start up in business Knowledge Connecter  METI launched Knowledge Bank to share the idea about open data.  There are a lot of unfinished good ideas after ideathon and hackathon.
  160. 160. 5. PLATFORM Web site reform IMI (Government Interoperability Framework) 159
  161. 161. GOVERNMENT WEB SITE REFORM 160 政府のWeb改革と政府CIOサイト
  162. 162. Web site reform  Citizens centric web site is required.  Government web site reform project started on April 2014.  Guideline • The guideline include design, contents and tag policy.  Kids page • We will launch a portal site and publish rules for kids pages. 161 5.1 Web site Reform Number of web site in government (2016.4) Go domain web site : 328 Other domain web site : 410 Kids page : 377 Local government web site : 1741 <
  163. 163. Government web reform Web site guides Design policy Site map Government web map Portal, web,DB and 3rd Party services Standard Terms of uses Domain reform Sample site → CIO.go.jp Innovation Lab. 162 5.1 Web site Reform
  164. 164. Design policy Simple Easy to search Cross border Mobile first Reusable & machine readable API 163 5.1 Web site Reform
  165. 165. Guidelines Guide for ministry's web sites Guide for Policy web sites Guide for English web sites Guide for kid’s page Guide for internet domain Guide for master data Guide for code Guide for web API Guide for Open Data Guide for web accessibility Guideline for security Guideline for government web services (revised) 164 5.1 Web site Reform
  166. 166. Navigation  User centric approach Web sites DBs Data catalogue Statistics Private sectors 165 Service design and UX 5.1 Web site Reform
  167. 167. Government of Japan Standard Terms of Us http://www.kantei.go.jp/jp/singi/it2/densi/kettei/gl_betten_1_en.pdf 166 5.1 Web site Reform
  168. 168. Domain reform  Government operates 1200 domains.  Government domain(“.go.jp”) 630  Non-government domain 570  Ministries will make plans to manage their domains.  The guideline is including management process and naming rule.  Local government domains(lg.jp) will be promoted. 167 go.jp or.jp .jp .com … go.jp or.jp .jp Consolidate Transfer 2014 2020 Ministries will change their domain structure from complicate to simple. URL Shortener Service will launch on Sep. 2015. Domain guideline(2015.5) - Principal Government provides a white list for non-go domains Simple & Secure 5.1 Web site Reform
  169. 169. Sample site: Government CIO portal web site  悩み  サンプルのため、データがないところが あり、不完全に見える 168 5.1 Web site Reform
  170. 170. Government Innovation Lab.  世界中の政府が政府内にWebデザイナーなどを入れて改革、実験を推進 169 Report box(https://cio.go.jp/report) Master Code List(https://cio.go.jp/codes) Domain List(https://cio.go.jp/domains) Kids page List(https://cio.go.jp/node/1359) ・・・ Idea box Ideathon Hackthon Service design http://openlabs.go.jp/ 5.1 Web site Reform
  171. 171. Future plan 1st stage: Usability stage • Web design policy • Contents design policy • Government domain reform and consolidation2nd stage : Service design stage • User experience • Personalize • API hub2020 • Complete this web reform project • Next Step : Government distribution 170 5.1 Web site Reform
  172. 172. CORE VOCABULARY PROJECT IMI: Infrastructure for Multilayer Interoperability 171
  173. 173. Strategy / Policy Rule Organization Business Data harness functions Data Data broker function Asset Sensor, Actuator, Hardware, Network Gathering, Integration, Cleansing, Device management Data definition, Data model, Code Catalogue, Search, AI, Analysis Business process Business Rule Coordination Team Legislation Regulation Vision Priority domain Security/Authentication Lifecycle Society 5.0 Reference Architecture Society5.0(“Super Smart Society”) is a society vision in Japan. It is necessary to aim at “systemization” of services and businesses, system advancement, and coordination between multiple systems. Therefore, we will promote the measures needed to develop a common platform for this goal (called “Society 5.0 Service Platform”), through collaboration between industry, academia, and government and the relevant government ministries. Society 5.0 Reference architecture is the basic model for harnessing data.
  174. 174. Data framework  The digital government action plan recommend the following data framework to all ministries.  The data framework will make an agile society. 173 Gov. Date exchange Std. Core vocabulary Templates Characters Code Service Data Touris m Date, Address, Phon … Sensor Data Data item (Data definition) Information (Data model) Design EBPM Open data Healthc are Transp ortatio n Disaste r Public service Infrastr ucture Manufa cture ・・・ Format
  175. 175. What is IMI?  IMI aims to enhance “semantic level” interoperability for various data by creating a reference dictionary of terms and as a result, serves as an infrastructure to facilitate cooperation between systems and use of open data. Search Open Data System Interoperability 三鷹市立第四小学校 ic:建物_所在 ic:場所_地名 ic:場所_地理識別子 ic:場所_住所 ic:住所_住所 東京都三鷹市下連雀1 丁目25−1 ic:住所_構造化住所 ic:構造化住所_国 ic:構造化住所_都道府県 東京都 ic:構造化住所_市区町村 三鷹市 ic:構造化住所_町名 下連雀 ic:構造化住所_街区符号 1 ic:構造化住所_住居番号 25 ic:構造化住所_地番 1 ic:構造化住所_方書 ic:方書_方書 ic:方書_ビル名 ic:方書_部屋番号 ic:構造化住所_郵便番号 181-0013 ic:構造化住所_住所ID ic:構造化住所_住所コード ic:場所_経緯度座標 ic:経緯度座標系_測地系コード ic:経緯度座標系_緯度 ic:緯度_度 ic:緯度_分 ic:緯度_秒 ic:経緯度座標系_経度 ic:経度_度 ic:経度_分 ic:経度_秒 ic:場所_UTM座標 ic:UTM座標系_UTM座標 ic:UTM座標系_UTM測地系ID ic:UTM座標系_東距 ic:UTM座標系_グリッドゾーンID ic:UTM座標系_グリッドゾーン格子 ID ic:UTM座標系_北距 ic:場所_MGRS座標 ic:MGRS座標系_MGRS座標 ic:MGRS座標系_MGRS座標格子ID ic:建物_施設情報 ic:施設_ID ic:証明_識別ID ic:証明_証明種類 ic:証明_発行日 ic:証明_失効日 ic:証明_発行者 ic:施設_名称 三鷹市立第四小学校 ic:施設_種別 小学校 ic:施設_商用区分 ic:施設_概要 小・中一貫教育校「連 雀学園」に属する小学 校。 項目名(Type/Sub-properties) 項目名(エントリー名) 英語名 データタイプ データタイプ(英語) cardinality 項目説明 項目説明(英語) サンプル値 Mapping to NIEM Mapping to ISA Joinup 人型 ic:人型 PersonType 人の情報を表現するためのデータ型。 nc:PersonType Person 氏名 ic:人_氏名 PersonName ic:氏名型 ic:PersonNameType 0..1 氏名 Name of a Person - nc:PersonName 性別 ic:人_性別 PersonSex <抽象要素> <abstract element, no type> 0..1 性別 Gender of a Person 1 nc:PersonSex gender Substitutable Elements: Substitutable Elements: 性別コード ic:人_性別コード + PersonSexCode codes:性別コード型 codes:GenderCodeType 性別コード Gender of a Person 1 nc:PersonSexCode 性別名 ic:人_性別名 + PersonSexText ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 性別の名称。 Gender of a Person 男 nc:PersonSexText 生年月日 ic:人_生年月日 BirthDate ic:日付型 ic:DateType 0..1 生年月日 Date of Birth of a Person - nc:PersonBirthDate dateOfBirth 死亡年月日 ic:人_死亡年月日 DeathDate ic:日付型 ic:DateType 0..1 死亡年月日 Date of Death of a Person - nc:PersonDeathDate dateOfDeath 現住所 ic:人_現住所 PresentAddress ic:住所型 ic:AddressType 0..1 現住所 - nc:PersonResidenceAssociationTyperesidency 本籍 ic:人_本籍 LegalResidence ic:住所型 ic:AddressType 0..1 本籍 - 国籍 ic:人_国籍 Citizenship <抽象要素> <abstract element, no type> 0..n 国籍 A county that assigns rights, duties, and privileges to a person because of the birth or naturalization of the person in that country. - nc:PersonCitizenship citizenship Substitutable Elements: Substitutable Elements: 国籍名 ic:人_国籍名 + CitizenshipText ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 国籍の名称。 A county that assigns rights, duties, and privileges to a person because of the birth or naturalization of the person in that country. 日本国 nc:PersonCitizenshipText 国籍コード ic:人_国籍コード + CitizenshipCode codes:国籍コード型 codes:CitizenshipCodeType 住民基本台帳で利用されている国籍コード。 A county that assigns rights, duties, and privileges to a person because of the birth or naturalization of the person in that country. 392 nc:PersonCitizenshipFIPS10-4Code ISO3166Alpha2 ic:人_ISO3166Alpha2 + ISO3166Alpha2 iso_3166:ISO3166Alpha2CodeTypeiso_3166:ISO3166Alpha2CodeType 国名コード。ISO3166Alpha2。2文字コード。 A county that assigns rights, duties, and privileges to a person because of the birth or naturalization of the person in that country. nc:PersonCitizenshipISO3166Alpha2Code ISO3166Alpha3 ic:人_ISO3166Alpha3 + ISO3166Alpha3 iso_3166:ISO3166Alpha3CodeTypeiso_3166:ISO3166Alpha3CodeType 国名コード。ISO3166Alpha3。3文字コード。 A county that assigns rights, duties, and privileges to a person because of the birth or naturalization of the person in that country. nc:PersonCitizenshipISO3166Alpha3Code ISO3166Numeric ic:人_ISO3166Numeric + ISO3166Numeric iso_3166:ISO3166NumericCodeTypeiso_3166:ISO3166NumericCodeType 国名コード。ISO3166Numeric。数字3桁コード。 A county that assigns rights, duties, and privileges to a person because of the birth or naturalization of the person in that country. nc:PersonCitizenshipISO3166NumericCode 出生国 ic:人_出生国 BirthCountry ic:場所型 ic:LocationType 0..1 生まれた国。 A location where a person was born. nc:PersonBirthLocation countryOfBirth 出生地 ic:人_出生地 BirthPlace ic:場所型 ic:LocationType 0..1 生まれた場所。 A location where a person was born. nc:PersonBirthLocation placeOfBirth 氏名型 ic:氏名型 PersonNameType 氏名を表現するためのデータ型。 nc:PersonNameType 姓名 ic:氏名_姓名 FullName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 氏名(姓、名)。 Full name of a Person 経済  太郎 nc:PersonFullName fullName カナ姓名 ic:氏名_カナ姓名 KanaFullName ic:カタカナテキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 氏名(姓、名)のカナ表記。 Full name in Katakana. ケイザイタロウ ローマ字姓名 ic:氏名_ローマ字姓名 RomanFullName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 氏名(姓、名)のローマ字表記。 Full name in Roman alphabet. Keizai Taro 姓 ic:氏名_姓 FamilyName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 姓。 Family name of a Person 経済 nc:PersonSurName familyName カナ姓 ic:氏名_カナ姓 KanaFamilyName ic:カタカナテキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 姓のカナ表記。 Family name in Katakana. ケイザイ ローマ字姓 ic:氏名_ローマ字姓 RomanFamilyName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 姓のローマ表記。 Family name in Roman alphabet. 名 ic:氏名_名 GivenName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 名。 Given name of a Person 太郎 nc:PersonGivenName given name カナ名 ic:氏名_カナ名 KanaGivenName ic:カタカナテキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 名のカナ表記。 Given name in Katakana. タロウ ローマ字名 ic:氏名_ローマ字名 RomanGivenName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 名のローマ字表記。 Given name in Roman alphabet. ミドルネーム ic:氏名_ミドルネーム MiddleName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 ミドルネーム。 Middle name of a person nc:PersonMiddleName alternativeName カナミドルネーム ic:氏名_カナミドルネーム KanaMiddleName ic:カタカナテキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 ミドルネームのカナ表記。 Middle name in Katakana. ローマ字ミドルネーム ic:氏名_ローマ字ミドルネーム RomanMiddleName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 ミドルネームのローマ字表記。 Middle name in Roman alphabet. 旧姓 ic:氏名_旧姓 MaidenName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 旧姓。 Maiden name. nc:PersonMaidenName birthName カナ旧姓 ic:氏名_カナ旧姓 KanaMaidenName ic:カタカナテキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 旧姓のカナ表記。 Maiden name in Katakana. ローマ字旧姓 ic:氏名_ローマ字旧姓 RomanMaidenName ic:テキスト型 ic:TextType 0..1 旧姓のローマ字表記。 Maiden name in Roman alphabet. Vocabulary Information Exchange Package (IEP) Establish cooperation between systems using Information Exchange Package. ・High-speed information linkage ・Improvement of efficiency of design Identify semantics with vocabularies, and extract information from Information Exchange Package. ・Improvement of efficiency of service design ・Stable information linkage Perform efficient search by having relationship between vocabularies organized. ・Improvement of convenience of search ・Achievement of effective PR 174 5.2 IMI
  176. 176. Vocabulary structure of IMI  IMI consists of core vocabulary, cross domain vocabulary and domain-specific vocabularies. 175 Core Vocabulary Domain-specific Vocabularies Vocabularies that are specialised for the use in each domain. Eg) number of beds, Schedule. Shelter Location Hospital Station Disaster Restoration Cost Cross Domain Vocabulary Key vocabularies among domain- specific vocabularies that are referenced in other domains. Eg) hospital, station, shelter. Core Vocabulary Universal vocabularies that are widely used in any domain. Eg) people, object, place, date. Geographical Space /Facilities Transportation Disaster Prevention Finance Domain-specific Vocabularies Cross Domain Vocabulary 5.2 IMI
  177. 177. 項目名 英語名 データタイプ 項目説明 項目説明(英語) キーワード サンプル値 Usage Info 人 PersonType 氏名 PersonName PersonNameType 氏名 Name of a Person - 性別 Gender <abstract element, no type> 性別 Gender of a Person - Substitutable Elements: 性別コード GenderCode CodeType 性別のコード Gender of a Person 1 APPLIC標準仕様V2.3 データ一覧 住民基本台帳:性別 引用 性別名 GenderText TextType 性別 Gender of a Person 男 現住所 PresentAddr ess AddressType 現住所 - 本籍 AddressType 本籍 - … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Image of IMI vocabulary  Vocabulary set and Information Exchange Package are defined in trial area. 176 項目名(Type/Sub-properties) 英語名 データタイプ … 氏名 PersonNameType 氏名 FullName TextType フリガナ TextType 姓 FamilyName TextType カナ姓 TextType … … … AED Location Address LocationTwoDimensional GeographicCoordinate Equipment Information Spot of Equipment Business Hours Owner Access Availability User Day of Installation Homepage AED Information Type of Pad Expiry date Contact Type Model Number SerialNumber Photo Note Information Source Sample 1 : Definition of vocabulary Sample 2 : Information Exchange Package 5.2 IMI
  178. 178. How to use IMI in the open data area?  CivicTech needs data standards for good applications.  Local governments need authorized formats for open data. They can use IMI vocabularies and data structures. - Event information, - Nursery information, - Tourism information and - Disaster risk management information - Others CivicTech community Local government Basic Act on the Advancement of Utilizing Public and Private Sector Data was issued on Dec. 7, 2016. It will accelerate the open data activities 177 5.2 IMI
  179. 179. How to implement IMI?  Core Vocabulary project is one of the priority projects in our IT strategy.  But, most of the ministries like legacy formats rather than an interoperability. Corporate Information • Social infrastructure model Event Information • High-value information for citizens Open Government of Local government • Cross-Local Governments, Cross-Sections model We chose 3 leading projects. 178 5.2 IMI
  180. 180. Corporate Information website  Government launched Corporation ID number program on Jan. 2016.  4million Legal entities had obtained unique ID. • Corporations, Governments, Local governments and NPOs  Government has great numbers of Corporate Information.  Applications, Awards, Contracts and Certifications 179 Corporation ID number Corporation Name Corporation Type Area Resource Search Government Registers Applications Gather the data by using IMI based data structure. IMI is government interoperability framework. Corporation Capital Number of Staffs The day of start up Business category Fiscal Year Ministry Certification 5.2 IMI CASE1

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