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Digital government for urban planning and management in Japan

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  1. 1. Digital Government for Urban Planning and Management Government of Japan October, 2018 0
  3. 3. Vision: Society 5.0(Super Smart society)  Society5.0, Super Smart Society, is a society vision in Japan.  It is necessary to aim at “systemization” of services and businesses, system advancement, and coordination between multiple systems.  Therefore, we will promote the measures needed to develop a common platform for this goal (called “Society 5.0 Service Platform”), through collaboration between industry, academia, and government and the relevant government ministries. Digital Government
  4. 4. Society5.0 3  A human-centered society that balances economic advancement with the resolution of social problems by a system that highly integrates cyberspace and physical space.  Society 5.0 was proposed in the 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan in Japan.
  5. 5. Role of IT Strategic HQ  IT strategic HQ focus on the technology issues. 4 Prime Minister Economy Revitalization HQ Council for Regulatory Reform IT strategic HQ Ocean HQ Space HQ Health HQ … Council for Science, Technology and Innovation Economic Growth • Data Driven Economy • Regulatory reform • Regional revitalization • Open Innovation • etc. Social Solutions • Health • Agriculture • Transportation • Disaster risk management • Energy management • Work style • Education & human resources etc. Digital Government • National ID • Citizen-centric e-government services • IT investment reform • IT governance Society5.0
  7. 7. Objectives 6 Land Management Service Reform • Lands of unknown owners Infrastructure Management • There are many old infrastructure in Japan Smart Mobility • Autonomous car 3D Modelling • 3D model for simulation Disaster Risk Management • Earthquake, fire
  8. 8. MAP AND GIS 7
  9. 9. The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI) Land and geographic Information  The whole land of Japan is covered by about 4,300 sheets of national base map at a scale of 1:25,000. Preparation and updating of these topographical maps are essential for understanding the topography of the land as it is.  Map data are also compiled and made available as digital maps for ready use on the computer in DVD to be fed as the base information in Geographic Information System (GIS). The digital maps are increasingly indispensable as information infrastructure to the IT society of today and tomorrow. 8
  10. 10. Digital map from GSI 9
  11. 11. Globe(3D map) from GSI 10
  12. 12. National land data  MLIT provide numerical information of POIs and facilities. 11
  13. 13. 3D map data from GSI  The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI) provide 3D map data.  Anyone can make 3D model by using a 3D printer. 12 Decide an area Display the 3D map Download 3D data Make 3D model For urban planning, education and disaster management.
  14. 14. GIS in local governments 13 Prefectures City, Town and Village In operation No plan Under construction Planning In operation No plan Under construction Planning 2017
  15. 15. Universal design map developer kit from MLIT  MLIT provide tool and data. 14 Facility DataPedestrian area network data Facility data - Geo coordination - Type - Toilet - Elevator Facility data Node Link Node Link Node data - Geo coordination - Barrier Link data - Structure - Width - Trim - Step
  16. 16. Historical map  Konjyaku map service provide special viewer that compare 2 maps. 15 Latest mapHistorical map User can select a map
  17. 17. Historical map apps  Stroly provide special map apps with historical map. 16 Landmark Information RecommendationYour point Kanda Festival
  19. 19. Land and Home registration Service  MoJ operates National Land and Home registration Service 18
  20. 20. Farm information database  Anyone can get farm information. 19 Selected Farms Detail information Basic information Address Purpose of the land Farm ID Farm Navigater
  21. 21. Agri-note  Agri-note is an agriculture information management system.  This application use aerial photographs and many government data. 20 Government Aerial photographs Agricultural chemicals Process management April May June July Field1 Field2
  22. 22. Forest information system  Sizuoka Prefecture provides the detail information of forest. 21
  23. 23. Building Confirmation and Inspection and Related Activities  All new building should be checked the structure, size and materials by an authority. 22 Design Inspection Construction Inspection
  24. 24. i-Construction  MLIT will use technologies for all construction process. 23 Inspection Maintenances Re-construction ConstructionDesignPlanning Survey 3D CAD Sound-base Scanning (Buildings under water) GNSS rover Laser scanner 3D survey points data Narrow multi-beam ICT-controlled machineICT-controlled machine Monitoring by Air laser survey OwnerConsultant Construction company Construction company Consultant Survey company
  26. 26. The nature of the soil and ground information database  Asahi Geo Survey edits and processes data on the nature of the soil and ground. 25 Select the base map Select the overlay information Detail information Integrated geological map database (GeoMapDB) atories/5geology/index.html
  27. 27. KOKO-YURE(Here-shake)  KOKO-YURE predict the probability of earthquake level.  Daiwa-house provide this information to the house owner.  He can select the risk reduction structure and mechanisms. 26 Government Input the address (Analyze) Select the term(Year) Result Level5- 91.6% Level5+ 71.7% Level6- 38.9% Level6+ 8.7% In 20 years
  29. 29. Road monitoring  Monitoring car gather the GPS and acceleration data automatically. 28 Acceleration Sampling Time Evaluation Criteria Monitoring car and Smart Phone Map View Staffs plan maintenance priority. Staffs easily explain the priority to citizens.
  30. 30. Bridge Monitoring System  Based on the sensor network and Business Intelligence, Bridge Monitoring System detects strain of the bridge and constantly assesses its structural health of bridges.  The system is developed and maintained through public-private collaboration. 29  Application of Real-time Business Intelligence  Help maintenance of public infrastructure by monitoring  Detect the weight of vehicles by picking up strain Optical fiber sensors Communi cation network Data center Communi cation network Management Authority Workers Citizens emergency ordinary times Prioritize crucial bridge Maximize cost-benefit Effective traffic control Prioritize check points Smooth recovery operations Prioritize check points Mitigate panic Understand necessity of control Move/slant detection Jolt detection Strain detection Beam monitor Real-time anomaly detection Early detection Jolt stress long- term analysis Vehicle wgt & type estimate Traffic volume statistics Open Speed limit Emergency vehicle only Closed Traffic status outcome outcome outcome processed processed processed Source:
  31. 31. Citizen’s reporting system : Chiba-repo  Chiba city gather their citizen’s report by using mobile app.  This service use a gamification.  Monthly user ranking  Special themes 30 Report View the reports My reports My Page Report Title Photo Report Mobile app for citizens Working CompletedRequest Total Road Park Garbage Others Yesterday A week ago A month ago 3months ago Anyone can check the progress A example of special theme: Citizen send photo reports of carb mirror’s root Corrosion!
  33. 33. Tokyo Amesh, Protecting people from rain disasters.  Rain nurtures life and brings comfort to our life. It also provides us with drinking water. But, concentrated to downpours, rain inflicts great damage on our property and risks our life. Therefore, accurate rainfall information is essential for proper operation of a pumping station or a wastewater treatment center. Rainfall information system “Tokyo Amesh” was firstly introduced in 1988 and was renewed in 2001. Since 2007, Tokyo Amesh has taken in data from adjoining municipalities to enlarge observation scope and enhance precision and reliability. 32 by Tokyo metropolitan government Radar Sensor Tokyo Metropolitan Government
  34. 34. X-band radar information  “GO-U Detector” show us the detail real-time information of rain. 33 X-band MP radar network X-band radar Rain status in 5km Rain area with scenery (250m mesh) Vertical AR mode Horizontal mode Avoid the heavy rain!! Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
  35. 35. Environmental Information  The Environmental Information Department(EID) collects and manages information relating to the environment .  EID disseminates the information widely via media such as “Kankyo Tenbodai”&”Soramame-kun” (Environmental Observatory). 34 Kankyo Tenbodai (Waste) Soramame-kun(Air pollution)
  36. 36. Pollen information system  A lot of people in Japan are troubled by pollen allergies in spring.  This system provide the information every hours. 35 Area Sensor position Download About this service Library Mobile service Links
  37. 37. ITS & MOBILITY 36
  38. 38. Intelligent Transportation System Traffic Jams Maintenances Accidents Driving Data Traffic and road closure information Predicted Arrival time Private films. Honda, Toyota, Nissan, Pioneer ITS Japan Smooth driving Reduce Accident Speedy rescue & recovery VICS Center Driving data Data of Traffic jams, Maintenances and Accident Driving data (Hard braking) Data of Accident Driving data (Traffic history) Data of Maintenance (Closure) Photo: MLIT, Toyota, Honda, ITS Japan 37
  39. 39. VICS: Real time traffic information  Vehicle Information and Communication System(VICS) provides real-time traffic data to car-navigation system. The service is provided through public-private collaboration. 38 Japan Digital Road Map Association Geospatial Information Authority of Japan VICS Center (Vehicle Information & Communication System) Sources: ・Creates map (1/25000) ・Based on GIA’s map, creates digital road map ・Digital map DB is subject to fees ・Creates Intelligent Transport Systems based on digital road map ・Transmit real-time traffic information for 24 hours, 365 days ・35 million car navigation systems are in use as of 2012 (cumulative)  Provide real-time traffic information  Transmit data from center to car-navigation system of each car  Serve to 35 million users  Include various data such as parking lot vacancy  Long time stable service since 1996Busy Flow Jam med
  40. 40. Making Spots Where Hard Braking Occurs Frequently Safer  In collaboration with the Saitama prefecture, Honda has devised a way to use Internavi data to detect spots where hard braking frequently occurs. 39  Historically, road safety measures have been directed only at places with a high incidence of collisions, while disregarding locations with a lower incidence of collision yet potentially dangerous. Data gathered from Internavi’s “Floating Car Data” service not only help locate potentially dangerous spots, but also provide a comparison basis to quantify the effect of each measure.  This intelligent use of Internavi data is now being expanded beyond Saitama prefecture. Data gathered in this way are also used in efforts to reduce traffic jams and in road planning to help improve the overall traffic environment.
  41. 41. Traffic and Road Closure Information after the earthquake  ITS Japan provides traffic and road closure information provided by GIA(Geospatial Information Authority) and four private films.  Honda, Toyota, Nissan, Pioneer  Mapion and Isuzu provide truck traffic information. 40 Blue points are traffic information. Red points are road closure points. Blue points are traffic information of big trucks. Green points are traffic information of small trucks. Traffic and road closure information Truck traffic information
  42. 42. Dynamic Map  Smart mobility need real-time and high-precision maps 41
  43. 43. Crowd density map  Yahoo provide real-time crowd density map.  They gather the mobile devices information. 42 7:00 10:00
  44. 44. SAFETY TO CRIME 43
  45. 45. Safety information  Government and private sector provide information for safety. 44 Map of Hard Braking point Citizens can send reports. (Source: Honda) Accident density map Car, Bike, Ageing citizens, Walker, Children, Bicycle Hard braking There are many accidents Government check the point by various view point. Density
  46. 46. Safety map  Safety map shares the crime and risk information which is provided by police, city and citizen’s report. 45 Groper Pervert Stranger Theft Burglary Traffic Accident Accident about animal Radiation Other All Place Period Report
  47. 47. Dark Bright Street map  Local government provides the data of streetlamps.  NGY Night street advisor  Street lamp information (100,000) + Google map  Navigation function. Safety route! 46
  49. 49. Mobile apps for visitors : Safety tips  This Application notifies a user with Earthquake Early Warnings, Tsunami Warnings, Eruption Alert and other special Weather Warnings issued in Japan. The Application provides various functions useful for both foreign tourists and foreign residents in Japan.  The application is available in four languages: English, simplified and traditional Chinese, and Korean. 48
  50. 50. Smart phone app“Yurekuru” Smart phone application with earthquake early-warning system. Earthquake early-warning system  Japan has the most advanced earthquake early-warning system in the world.  Brief advanced warnings to the public. (approx 80 seconds in advance)  TV  Internet  Text message  Mobile phone 49 Japan Meteorological Agency Big earthquake will occur after 10sec at Tokyo area. Hypocenter Sensor Action!!
  51. 51. Earthquake early-warning system: Shinkansen  Enable to slow down high- speed train“Shinkansen”  Case in the earthquake in 2011: Hayate, Yamabiko Hayate25 (245km/h) Hayate28 (unknown) Yamabiko59 (270km/h) Hayate27 (270km/h) Yamabiko63 (270km/h) Max Yamabiko144 (unknown) Hayate26 (270km/h) Yamabiko142 (238km/h) Hayate29 (270km/h) Nasuno259 (unknown) Yamabiko63 (270km/h) Seismometer Shinkansen 50 10 1 Damage Civil Eng. Electricity (Map & Photo: JR EAST) 50
  52. 52. Traffic and Road Closure Information after the earthquake  ITS Japan provides traffic and road closure information provided by GIA(Geospatial Information Authority) and four private films.  Honda, Toyota, Nissan, Pioneer  Mapion and Isuzu provide truck traffic information. 51 Blue points are traffic information. Red points are road closure points. Blue points are traffic information of big trucks. Green points are traffic information of small trucks. Traffic and road closure information Truck traffic information
  53. 53. Drill for disaster Information analysis drill of heavy snow situation was carried out. Information of Snow Population Density (250m mesh) Capture the whole picture of the situation Detail text messages There is an emergency patient. Public sector can grasp the situation. Mobile phones Rain sensors Tweets Photo: Zenrin Datacom, Plus Alph Consulting 52 Feb.6,2013
  54. 54. BIG DATA ANALYSIS 53
  55. 55. Small area data analysis system(jSTAT MAP)  We can analyze my own data-sets with statistical data on this service. 54 List of statistical data-sets List of layers How many citizens in this circle? We can put pins on this map.
  56. 56. RESAS: Regional Economy and Society Analyzing System  RESAS provide many information to analyze regional economy and society. (Population, Industry and trade Statistics) 55 Tokyo Chiyoda Year Month Working day Holiday Area selector Mesh data Graph Population without residents Tama Zoo
  57. 57. RESAS: Regional Economy and Society Analyzing System PopulationValue(Industry)Tourist CommerceTouristPopulation 56
  59. 59. Strategy / Policy Rule Organization Business Data harness functions Data Data broker function Asset Sensor, Actuator, Hardware, Network Gathering, Integration, Cleansing, Device management Data definition, Data model, Code Catalogue, Search, AI, Analysis Business process Business Rule Coordination Team Legislation Regulation Vision Priority domain Security/Authentication Lifecycle Society 5.0 Reference Architecture Society5.0(“Super Smart Society”) is a society vision in Japan. It is necessary to aim at “systemization” of services and businesses, system advancement, and coordination between multiple systems. Therefore, we will promote the measures needed to develop a common platform for this goal (called “Society 5.0 Service Platform”), through collaboration between industry, academia, and government and the relevant government ministries. Society 5.0 Reference architecture is the basic model for harnessing data.
  60. 60. Data framework  The digital government action plan recommend the following data framework to all ministries.  The data framework will make an agile society. 59 Gov. Date exchange Std. Core vocabulary Templates Characters Code Service Data Touris m Date, Address, Phon … Sensor Data Data item (Data definition) Information (Data model) Design EBPM Open data Healthc are Transp ortatio n Disaste r Public service Infrastr ucture Manufa cture ・・・ Format
  61. 61. Vocabulary structure of IMI  IMI consists of core vocabulary, cross domain vocabulary and domain-specific vocabularies. 60 Core Vocabulary Domain-specific Vocabularies Vocabularies that are specialised for the use in each domain. Eg) number of beds, Schedule. Shelter Location Hospital Station Disaster Restoration Cost Cross Domain Vocabulary Key vocabularies among domain- specific vocabularies that are referenced in other domains. Eg) hospital, station, shelter. Core Vocabulary Universal vocabularies that are widely used in any domain. Eg) people, object, place, date. Geographical Space /Facilities Transportation Disaster Prevention Finance Domain-specific Vocabularies Cross Domain Vocabulary
  62. 62. 項目名 英語名 データタイプ 項目説明 項目説明(英語) キーワード サンプル値 Usage Info 人 PersonType 氏名 PersonName PersonNameType 氏名 Name of a Person - 性別 Gender <abstract element, no type> 性別 Gender of a Person - Substitutable Elements: 性別コード GenderCode CodeType 性別のコード Gender of a Person 1 APPLIC標準仕様V2.3 データ一覧 住民基本台帳:性別 引用 性別名 GenderText TextType 性別 Gender of a Person 男 現住所 PresentAddr ess AddressType 現住所 - 本籍 AddressType 本籍 - … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … Image of IMI vocabulary  Vocabulary set and Information Exchange Package are defined in trial area. 61 項目名(Type/Sub-properties) 英語名 データタイプ … 氏名 PersonNameType 氏名 FullName TextType フリガナ TextType 姓 FamilyName TextType カナ姓 TextType … … … AED Location Address LocationTwoDimensional GeographicCoordinate Equipment Information Spot of Equipment Business Hours Owner Access Availability User Day of Installation Homepage AED Information Type of Pad Expiry date Contact Type Model Number SerialNumber Photo Note Information Source Sample 1 : Definition of vocabulary Sample 2 : Information Exchange Package
  63. 63. Basic Registries  Basic Registries and platform are essential infrastructure for the digital society. 62 Base Registries Data standard Service Catalogue Service UX Digital first Once only One stop Findability Reusability Connectivity Usability Data sharing platform & Tools Network, eID ・・・ Service ・・・ Service PoC Digital Government Digital Society (Society5.0)
  64. 64. CHALLENGES 63
  65. 65. Robot for infrastructure maintenance  There are many old infrastructure in Japan.  150 thousands bridges that are over 15m.  9 thousands tunnels 64 Wire inspection robot for bridges Sewer inspection robot Cracks Repaired hole Spring water Drone Car mounted Robot Hanged Robot Sucker Robot Pole type Robot Dam inspection robot
  66. 66. Robot car for rural area  There are many ageing citizens in rural area. The aging citizens can go out by robot cars.  This project aims to make community model. 65 Hospital Municipality service Robot car Station Robot car Control center Call from smart phone Course guide For winding road and unclear road Mountain area“Michinoeki” Community station Shop
  67. 67. THANK YOU 66 Visit Japan! and Check our achievement!