Codes and conventions of a horror


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Codes and conventions of a horror

  1. 1. Codes and Conventions of a Horror Subgenre research – Supernatural Horror
  2. 2. Horror definition Horror fiction is a genre of literature, which is intended to, or has the capacity to frighten its readers, inducing feelings of horror and terror Traditional Horror scene
  3. 3. History of Supernatural Horrors Supernatural horror has its roots in folklore and religious traditions on death, the afterlife, evil, the demonic and the principle of evil embodied in The Devil. These were manifested in stories of witches, vampires, werewolves, g hosts, and demonic pacts such as that of Faust. Traditional devil as a cartoon interpretation
  4. 4. Eighteenth century Gothic horror drew on these sources in such works as Vathek (1786) by William Beckford, The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794) and The Italian (1797) by Ann Radcliffe and The Monk (1796) by Matthew Lewis. A lot of horror fiction of this era was written by women and marketed at a female audience, a typical scenario being a resourceful female protagonist menaced by fiends in a gloomy castle. History of Supernatural Horrors continued… Gothic Horror
  5. 5. Supernatural in Film Supernatural Films tend to have themes including gods or goddesses, ghosts, apparitions, spirits, miracles, and other similar ideas or depictions of extraordinary phenomena. Traditional image of a ghost
  6. 6. Design of horror Horror films are designed too: •Frighten and panic its audience •Cause alarm and dread •Invoke its audiences hidden most/worst fears •Captivate and entertain its audience in a liberating manor •Often concludes in a shocking yet terrifying finale General reactions of audience watching horror films
  7. 7. Horrors create fears Depending on the audience watching, horrors can create different types of fear: •Vulnerability •Terror of the unknown •Nightmares •Alienation •Revulsions
  8. 8. Propp’s spheres of action – within a horror Lead character – can either be the victim or the villain Victim – often results as the survivor in the film Villain – Tends to have a trademark characteristic as to how they kill e.g. weapons used, who they kill Binary opposition – good vs. bad (conflict) Sticks to ‘Propp’s spheres of action’ by usually starting of with an equilibrium, followed by a disequilibrium then finishing with a new equilibrium (but can change due to certain circumstances)
  9. 9. Sound Sound used within supernatural horrors tend to base around: •Fast pace music for tense scenes or action scenes •Common use of choir singing •Common use of a beat in the time of a drum/heart •Piano/Organ music – whether it be fast or slow it has a spooky feel
  10. 10. Location Location used within supernatural horrors tend to be based in places such as: •Churches – huge relation to supernatural and Christ (main base for supernatural genre) •Barns/farms – deserted, dark, old (very traditional horror theme) •Fields, country roads – deserted, associated with creepy looking surrounds e.g. trees, animals and birds etc.
  11. 11. Other… •Credits – credits follow horror theme - font, title movement, images etc •Shots – many handheld camera shots; quick zoom ins and outs; birds eye for establishing shots; dirty shots