1 MITCHELL C.E.A. GroRak Controlled Environment Agriculture Design, Consulting and Development GroRak AdvantagesThe GroRak tm Micro Climate System has these advantages over greenhouse grownhydroponic produce production: 60% Less Water Use 50% Less Nutrients Use 50% Less Labor Use 80% Less Heat Use 20% Fewer Days to Harvest 400 to 600% Increase in Utilization of CEA Space 550 to 650% Increase in production per year per sq. ft. No pesticides, fungicides or chemicals of any kind are used.
2 GroRak TM HIGH YIELD SELF CONTAINED Controlled Environment AgricultureGroRak systems are an environmentally sound, self contained and highly profitable innovation infresh locally-grown produce. These low cost, high yield systems are the new paradigm in superiorquality produce for restaurants, institutions and retail produce outlets serving health consciousconsumers and community health service organizations.People throughout the world deserve the opportunity to eat fresh, wholesome, locally-grown food.Continued growth of populations increases demand for high quality produce and increases de-mand for land and water for uses other than agriculture. The public demand for healthy, safe, con-tamination-free, top quality food has long passed the “fad” stage and has become the growingstandard now driving the whole foods and organic foods explosion across the US and Europe.Conventional agriculture faces continual increases in input costs from land, supplies, labor, fuel,transportation and availability of quality water. These factors have led to the decline of U.S. agricul-ture and to the importation of more than 60% of fresh produce. Although Controlled EnvironmentAgriculture (CEA) is not immune from production cost increases, the net effect can be much lessdue to efficient use of inputs, excellent pack-out rates, and high crop yields.Well managed CEA facilities can grow vast quantities of superior quality produce at a fraction ofthe cost of conventional agricultural systems.Market ResearchThe U.S. consumption of lettuce has grown 53% from 22.4 pounds per capita in 1970 to 34.4pounds per capita in 2005. Per capita consumption of Romaine and leaf lettuce has grown from 0pounds per capita in 1984 to 12.3 pounds per capita in 2005.Romaine accounts for 8.3 pounds per capita and leaf lettuce accounts for 4 pounds per capita. Theconsumption of head lettuce has decreased from a maximum of 29.7 pounds per capita in 1989 to20.1 pounds per capita in 2005. There are about 7 million people living in the San Francisco BayArea. A minimum of 30 million pounds of green leaf lettuce are consumed per year in the S.F. BayArea Counties. California consumes approximately 150 million pounds of green leaf lettuce peryear.
3Market opportunitiesFood SafetyRecent food-borne illness outbreaks associated with fresh spinach and lettuce has led to increasedgovernmental scrutiny of growing and handling methods of leafy greens. Produce buyers are in-creasing requirements for food safety standards. This heighten awareness of produce food safetygives Green Streets (GS) the opportunity to gain customers by promoting the GS strict food safetyprotocol. GS products and facilities will be HACCPcompliant and Third Party certified.Climate ChangeGrowing food crops in a protected and controlled environment the impact of climate change onfood production systems. Food grown outside is affected by too much or little precipitation, heat orcold, wind, storms, etc. CEA food production protects the growing crops from extremes in weatherand guarantees a high quality product throughout the year. The GS sustainable CEA system con-serves water, energy and labor while also capturing precipitation and generating energy from re-newable resource. The GS CEA system uses 1 gallon of water to grow each head of lettuce com-pared to 160 gallons used per head of field grown. As weather systems become more extremedue to climate change and field-grown lettuce availability becomes more variable, food produced inthe GS CEA system will become more valuable to produce buyers throughout the U.S. and theworld.Local and SustainableGrowing food sustainably and distributing them locally has become a very popular movement allover the world. As people become more concerned about their health and saving the environment,they want to eat food that was grown locally on a sustainable farm and not sprayed with harmfulchemicals. The benefits of food handled this way are getting constant media attention. Restau-rants and stores are labeling food “Local” or “Sustainably Grown”.
4 MITCHELL C.E.A. Controlled Environment Agriculture Design, Consulting and DevelopmentMicroGreen GroRack SystemThe MicroGreen GroRack System is approximately 10 ft. x 4 ft. x 7 ½ ft. high. The frame is con-structed of aluminum angle, which is bolted together with stainless steel hardware and includes eightNSF approved wheels. There are 14 – 20” x 116” growing channels, two on each level that createseven growing levels. These channels are made from F.D.A. compliant plastic. Each level is lit withwater resistant LED grow lights. The Irrigation system includes: 3’ x 3’ reservoir with lid; NSF tubing;fittings; fogging system; NSF ½ HP pump and timer. Also includes harvesting tools and equipment.The GroRaks comes pre-assembled and shipped to locations in shipping containers, eight GroRaksper 40’x 8’ container.Cost: $8,600.00 per GroRakLettuce GroRack SystemThe Lettuce GroRack is the same description as above except there are five levels and eight cov-ered channels 10’ long by 5” wide with 112 plant positions on each level, 560 plant positions total.This GroRack comes with 3 times as many LED lights as the MicroGreen GroRack. LED lights use80% less energy than conventional grow lights. Less than 1 gallon of water is used to grow eachhead of lettuce compared to 160 gallons per head in the field.Cost: $12,800 each per GroRack
5Micro Climate BuildingThis structure is quickly assembled on site to create a freestanding fully controlled microclimate in anexisting building. It is constructed like a greenhouse with steel tubing and plastic on the walls floorand ceiling. These buildings come in all sizes. A 2,000 sq. ft. building will support the growing andharvesting of 15 Racks. Environmental controls are fully automated using chilled water to cool therooms and to circulate and dehumidify the air. Chilled water is 20 times more efficient than air condi-tioning using 50% less energy. The Micro Climate Building creates the perfect climate for lettuceand MicroGreens to grow to their optimum potential.Complete Micro Climate building (warm climates) Cost: $22.50 per sq. ft.
7Products that can be grown in the MicroGreen Rack:Fast growing varieties (7-14 days)Borage, Broccoli, Buckwheat, Cress, Chives, Cabbage Red, Daikon Radish(Kaiware), Fennel, Garlic Chives, Kale Red Russian, Lemon Grass, Mizuna, MustardPurple, Kohlrabi Purple, Radish China Rose, Radish Hong Vit, Purple Radish, Rain-bow Mix, Tatsoi, Wasabi, Pop Corn Shoots (golden), Golden Mung Shoots, PeaShoots (green & golden), Sunflower Shoots, Wasabi, Wheat Grass, Barley Grass, OatGrass, etc.Slower growing varieties (15-24 days)Arugula, Amaranth Garnet, Basil, Celery, Cilantro, Mitsuba (Japanese Parsley), Onion(Scallion), Shungiku, Sorrel, Beets Bull’s Blood & Yellow, Chard Bright Lights & RubyRed, etc.1 MicroGreen Rack equipped with 14 – 20” x 116” growing channels will grow any ofthe products above. Some seeds produce different weights of finished product.These are some production numbers of popular MicroGreen products that can beproduced per Rack: 20 lbs. Broccoli microgreens per day @ $40/lb. Cost of Goods* - $5/lb. 23 lbs. Kaiware microgreens per day @ $40/lb. Cost of Goods* - $4/lb. 40 lbs. Snow Pea shoots per day@ $15-$20/lb. Cost of Goods* - $5/lb 70 lbs. cut Wheatgrass per day of @ $10-$20/lb. Cost of Goods* - $4/lb. Packaged Microgreens sell wholesale: $5 to $10 per 4 oz. box ($20-$40/lb.) * Cost of Goods to produce one pound includes: seed; nutri- ents; growing materials; labor; utilities; packaging.
8GroRack/Micro Climate facility is a portable, clean, sealed growing environment thathas these advantages over conventional farming practices: Food Safety – No con-tamination, HACCP compliant Locally Produced, High Yield Up to 99% less water used Year Round Organic Produce Absolutely Fresh – 100 - 200% Longer shelf life Consistent High Quality – Year Around Production Comfortable and Safe Work Environment
9Example:A 2,000 sq. ft. Micro Climate Building equipped with15 MicroGreen GroRaks canproduce 600 lbs. of Snow Pea Shoots every day, year round. This would generate$9,000-12,000 gross per day and $6,000-$9,000 per day after subtracting Cost ofGoods.The same building equipped with 15 Lettuce GroRak systems can produce 555 headsof Gourmet lettuce every day, year round. This would generate $1,110 gross per dayand $976 per day after subtracting Cost of Goods*.A 500 gallon micro-aquaponics system could be added to the lettuce scenario abovefor about $1,000 per 15 Lettuce GroRaks. This aquaponics system would provide allthe nutrients needed to grow top quality gourmet lettuce and have a periodic harvestof fish. Cost of Goods to produce one pound includes: seed; nutrients; growing materials; labor; utilities; packaging. Does not include distribution.
10 Products that can be grown in the MicroGreen GroRack:Fast growing varieties (7-14 days)Borage, Broccoli, Buckwheat, Cress, Chives, Cabbage Red, Daikon Radish (Kaiware), Fennel, Gar-lic Chives, Kale Red Russian, Lemon Grass, Mizuna, Mustard Purple, Kohlrabi Purple, Radish ChinaRose, Radish Hong Vit, Purple Radish, Rainbow Mix, Tatsoi, Wasabi, Pop Corn Shoots (golden),Golden Mung Shoots, Pea Shoots (green & golden), Sunflower Shoots, Wasabi, Wheat Grass, Bar-ley Grass, Oat Grass, etc.Slower growing varieties (15-24 days)Arugula, Amaranth Garnet, Basil, Celery, Cilantro, Mitsuba (Japanese Parsley), Onion (Scallion),Shungiku, Sorrel, Beets Bull’s Blood & Yellow, Chard Bright Lights & Ruby Red, etc.MicroGreens are larger sprouts that are grown straight and a few days older. Their nutritional valueis 50 times greater than if you allowed them to go to a full sized vegetable. Most seeds produce dif-ferent weights of finished product.
11 Production numbers of popular microgreens products that can be produced per GroRack20 lbs. Broccoli microgreens¹ per day @ $40/lb. Cost of Goods* - $5/lb. or23 lbs. Kaiware microgreens per day @ $40/lb. Cost of Goods* - $4/lb. or40 lbs. Snow Pea shoots per day@ $15-$20/lb. Cost of Goods* - $5/lb or70 lbs. cut Wheatgrass per day of @ $10-$20/lb. Cost of Goods* - $4/lb.Packaged Microgreens sell wholesale: $5 to $10 per 4 oz. box ($20-$40/lb.)* Cost of Goods to produce one pound includes: seed; nutrients; growing materials; labor; utilities;packaging. Does not include distribution costs.¹ In 1992, Dr. Paul Talalay and Dr. Jed W. Fahey of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medi-cine isolated a phytochemical in broccoli called sulforaphane glucosinolate. Their studies revealed thatthis compound, when broken down to its active form, sulforaphane, acts as a long-lasting antioxidantthat detoxifies carcinogens in the body. They discovered 1 ounce of broccoli sprouts contained asmuch of the photochemical sulforaphane glucosinolate (SGS) as 1 1/4 pounds of cookedbroccoli. Broccoli sprouts have grown in popularity ever since then.
12 Lettuce GroRakPopular lettuces that can be grow in the Lettuce GroRak:Oakleaf, Salad Bowl, Lollo Bionda, Red Sail, Lollo Rossa, Green Vision, Black SeedSimpson, Red Romaine and Grand Rapids.These are fast growing lettuces that can reach full maturity in 15 days from the timethe seedlings are planted in the GroRack.One Lettuce GroRack equipped with 40 – 10’ x 5” cannels can produce 560 heads offull grown gourmet lettuce every 15 days; 37 heads per day every day; 335 heads oflettuce per sq. ft. per year.These types of lettuce can sell for $1.50 to $2.50 per head wholesale, dependingon market prices. Cost of Goods* to produce $.24 per head.