13 august-2014 to-19_august-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue20

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13 august-2014 to-19_august-2014-hindu_sabhavarta_year38_issue20

  1. 1. fgUnwl Hkkvf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdkeq[ ki =k okrkZ l kIr kfgd Website : www.akhilbharathindumahasabha.org E-mail : editor.hindusabhavarta@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org i zfr vad ewY; 4 #i ; s fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d Hkknzi n d‘".kr ‘r h; kl sHkknzi n d‘".kuoehl Eor ~2071 r d ok£"kd ’ kqYd 100 #i ; s i ‘"B l a[ ; k12 o"kZ&38 vad&20 dYi kfn l Eor ~1972949114 l Ei knd eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ i ‘"B&3 i ‘"B&4 i ‘"B&5 i ‘"B&9 i ‘"B&12 Ethnic Violence In.. [ kk¡l hnwj dj usds--- l ko/kku j gus dht : j r -- i zR; sd cq/kokj dksi zdkf’ kr f’ ko ds vkHkw"k.k--- vf/kdkfj ; ksa usfnyk; k---  l aoknnkr k   l aoknnkr k  ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j eqt Qj uxj dsenj l sesaca/kd cukdj l kewfgd nq"deZvkSj t cj u /keZi fj or Zu dsvkj ksi egkHkkj r dsegkuk; d vkSj deZ; ksxh Hkxoku JhÑ".k dst Uefnol t Uek"Veh i oZi j vki l Hkh dks dksfV’ k%eaxy dkeuk; sa! JhÑ".kt Uek"Veh dh’ kqHkdkeuk; sa pUnzi zdk’ k dkSf’ kd ¼jk"Vªh; vè; {k½ ohj s’ kR; kxh ¼jk"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=kh½ eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ ¼jk"Vªh; egkl fpo½ ; wi hesat cj u dqcwy dj ok; kt kj gkgSbLyke l sesj Bds[ kj [ kkSnkdkekgkSy , dk, d xeZgksx; kAdbZfganw l axBuksausFkkusdk?ksj ko dj gaxkekdkVkvkSj j ksMt ke dj /kj ukfn; kAi qfyl l s>M+i saHkh gqbZAvkj ksi hç/kku l esr nksdks i qfyl usfgj kl r esaysdj xkao esar uko dksns[ kr sgq, i h, l ho i qfyl r Sukr dj nhgSA, l vks dksykbu gkft j dj fn; kgSA 29 t qykbZl sFkkuk{ks=kds, d xkao dh20 o"khZ; ; qor hyki r k FkhAi qfyl enj l ksai j i zfr cU/kyxs& fgUnwegkl Hkk vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkk] egkj k"Vªi zns’ kdsr Roko/kku easi w.ksfLFkr fr yd Lekj d eafnj easyksdekU; cky xaxk/kj fr yd dhi q.; fr fFkl ekj ksg dkvk; kst u fd; kr Fkki w.ks’ kgj easfofHkUu {ks=kksaeasi kydh; k=kkfudkyhAbl vol j i j vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkk dsj k"Vªh; egkea=khJheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ] j k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=kh vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl HkkusyksdekU; fr yd i q.; fr fFkl ekj ksg o i kydh; k=kkdkvk; kst u fd; k Jhohj s’ kR; kxh] egkj k"Vªi zns’ kv/; {kJhvfuy i okj ] i zns’ kdk; Zokgd v/; {kJhfr : i fr j sì h] j k"Vªh; mi k/; {kJhvt ; fl ag dqyd.khZ] ofj "B us=khJhefr fgekuhl koj dj l fgr l SdM+ksafgUnw egkl Hkk dk; Zdr kZo i nkf/kdkj hmi fLFkr FksA l ekj ksgksaeasl oZi zFke fr yd Lekj d eafnj fLFkr yksdekU; fr yd t hdhi zfr eki j ekY; ki Z.kfd; kx; kAr Ri ’ pkr l ekjksgdk’ kqHkkj aHkgqvkAegkj k"Vª i zns’ kv/; {kJhvfuy i okj ] i zns’ kdk; kZ/; {kJhfr : i fr j sì h] j k"Vªh; mi k/; {k Jhvt ; fl ag dqyd.khZusj k"Vªh; egkea=khJheqUukdqekj ’ kekZo j k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khJhohj s’ kR; kxhdksi xM+h i gukdj o vaxoL=ke i znku dj Lokxr fd; kAl ekjksgdksl Ecksf/kr djr sgq, j k"Vªh; egkea=khJheqUuk dqekj ’ kekZusdgkfd ; | +fi yksdekU; fr yd t hdkaxszl dsusr kFks] i j Ur qosj k"Vªoknho fgUnwoknh fopkj /kkj kdki zfr fuf/kRo dj r sFksAmudst hou dky easfgUnwegkl Hkkmudsl kFkdk; Zdj r hFkhA Lokr a=; ohj l koj dj t hHkhmul si szj .kkysr sFksAl oZi zFke fr yd t husghi w.kZLoj kt dhekax dh FkhAmUgksausLons’ khoLr qvksadksvi ukusr Fkkfons’ khoLr qvksadksR; kxusdk ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j
  2. 2. 2 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ i kBd okr kZ fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d l kIr kfgd j kf’ kQy i a0 nhukukFkfr okj h vueksy opu vi uhHkk"kkdsfy, v ar nZ‘f"V  xqLl kdj ukcqj kughaysfdu xqLl sdsckn vknehvi useu east kscSj i ky ysr kgS] og cqj kgS( xqLl kr kscPpsHkhdj r sgSa] ysfdu osvi useu eascSj ughai kyr sA  dke; kc O; fDr dhped r ksl Hkhdksfn[ kkbZnsr hgSysfdu ml usfdr usva/ksj ksadksi kj fd; kgS] bl sdsoy nwj n’ khZfnekx okysghns[ ki kr sgSaA  ; fn vki fdl hdhenn dj nsr sgksr ksvi usvgl ku dkvgl kl dHkher dj uk] cfYd Hkxoku dk/kU; okn dj r sj gukfd ml usr qEgsabl dkfcy cuk; kA  ?kM+hcUn dj nsusi j ?kM+hgh: d t kr hgSysfdu l e; ugha: dr k] >wBfNi kusl s>wB ghfNi r kgSysfdu l p ughafNi r kA  /kS; Z¼l cz½, d , sl hl okj hgSt ksvi usl okj dksdHkhHkhfxj usughansr h] u r ksfdl hds dneksaeasvkSj u ghfdl hdhut j ksaeasA  Nkr kckfj ’ kdksr ksughaj ksd l dr kysfdu ckfj ’ keas[ kM+kj gusdkgkSl ykvo’ ; nsr k gS]bl hrj gvkRe&fo’ okl l Qyrkdhxkj UVhr ksughansrkysfdu l Qyr kdsfy, l a?k"kZ dj usdhi zsj .kkvo’ ; nsr kgSA vkt vaxszt hdsdn dsvkxsfganhcscl gksdj vi uh i gpku [ kkst j gh gSA D; k dHkhfdl husl kspk Fkk fd ft l j k"Vªdhekr ‘Hkk"kkfganh gks] ogkaj gusokysyksx gh fganhl si j gst dj usyxsaxs bl vaxszt hfi z; l ekt usns’ k dksfQj l snksQkM+easckaV fn; kgSA, d vksj gSvaxszt h gqdwer c; kadj r hvaxszt hvkSj nwl j hvksj gSfganqLr ku dh nnZc; kadj r hygqyqgku i M+h fganhAvkSj ; snnZt qM+kgSmu r eke Nk=kksal st ksvkt bl l M+h&xyhO; oLFkkl svi us gd dsfy, ] vi uhekr ‘Hkk"kk dsvfLr Ro dkscpkusdsfy, vkj ; ki kj dhyM+kbZyM+us i j vkeknkgSaAl a?kyksd l sok vk; ksx dsfi NysdqN i j h{kk i fj .kkeksausfganhdket kd cuk j [ kk gSA 1122 p; fur Nk=kksaeasek=k 26 fganhHkk"kk Nk=kksadkp; u] ; gdSl kHkík et kd gS j kgqy fl ag gY) kuh ukxfj dksadsdÙkZO; ge usr kvksav kSj l j dkj l scgqr mEehn dj r s gSavkSj ; g f’ kdk; r Hkhdj r s gSafd t ksoknsmUgksausfd, Fks] osi wj sughagq, Aysfdu , sl s cgqr de ukxfj d gksaxs]ft Ugksaus ; g l kspk gksfd [ kqn mUgsa D; k dj uk pkfg, A os[ kqn dkuwuksadh fdr uhvuns[ kh dj r sgSavkSj l j dkj hl ai fÙk dksfdr ukvi ukekur sgSaA vkse i zdk’ kvkgwt k i hr ei qj k xanxhdsukys by kgkckn d k f=kos.khl axe ufn; ksadsl axe dk de vkSj l kewfgd guu dk T; knk cM+k i zek.k gSA vkxj k] eFkqj kvkSj fnYyhdh ; equkr ksfdUghaHkhdkj .kksal s unh ughadgh t k l dr hA nksuksaghufn; kaxanxh<ksus okysukyksal sT; knkdqNughaA xaxk]; equkdkrksbudsmn~xe dsckn ghyxkr kj gj ’ kgj vkSj xkaoksaeasvi eku gksrkpyk x; kA t c xaxk&; equk dks cpkus eas l k/kqv ksa l s ysdj &l kekft d dk; ZdÙkkZvksa dhgksM+dqN u dj l dhr ks vU; ufn; ksadsgkykr D; k gksasxs bl dhdYi ukdht k l dr hgSA l qchj nÙk fpr j at u i kdZ l cdkst qVukgksxk ; g r ; gS fd l j dkj h; kst ukvksao l j dkj dsek=kHkkxhnkj hdj usl sgh gekj hufn; ksadk Hkyk ugha gksusokykA vxj , sl k gksr k r ks ’ kk; n vHkh r d dqN fn[ kkbZnsr kAbUgsacpkusds fy, ge l cdksgh t qVuk i M+sxkAl j dkj hr a=kdki z; ksx r ksgksuk ghpkfg, i j cM+h Hkwfedkmu dj ksM+ksayksxksadh gSt ksi j ks{ko vi j ks{k: i eas ufn; ksadkykHkmBkj gsgSaA foosd t k; l oky ’ kdj i qj dM+ohl pkbZ xj hchj s[ kkdk t ks eki naMr ; fd; kx; k] ml i j dbZyksxksausl oky mBk, gSaA/; ku nssusokyhckr ; ggS fd j axj kt u desVhdsfgl kc l sns’ k eas36-3 dj ksM+yksx ¼2011&12½xj hch j s[ kk ds uhpsgSaAbl fgl kc l s; w, u dhfj i ksVZeascr kbZxbZxj hcksa dhl a[ ; k T; knk gksl dr h gSAbl dkdkj .kgSfd nksukssa dhdl kSfV; kavyx&vyx gSaA vkadM+ksaeasQdZHkysghgksi j xj hch] Hkq[ kej hvkSj dqi ks"k.k ns’ kdh, d dM+ohl pkbZgSA yksdl Hkkpquko 2-14 l si woZ eueksgu l j dkj usxj hch ?kVkusdk l sgj k vi usfl j cka/kr sgq, ns’ keasek=k21-9 dj ksM+xj hc gksusdknkokfd; k FkkA l j dkj usokLr fod l a[ ; k l sdj hc 10 dj ksM+ xj hc de fn[ kk, A l ehj kl Dl suk j kt kxkMZu  t hou Hkj fdl hvPNsfopkj i j vey dj ukvkSj ml hdsfy, ej uk] ; gh’ kgknr gSA fouksck  , sl sO; fDr t ksvki dsLr j l sÅi j ; kuhpsdsgSamUgsanksLr u cukvks] og r qEgkj sd"V dkdkj .kcusaxsAl eku Lr j dsfe=kghl q[ knk; d gksr sgSaA pk.kD; es"k&bl l Irkg dksbZubZ; kst ukdk’ kqHkkjEHkdj i kusesansj hgksxhft l dsdkj .keu mnkl hu gks l dr kgSAdke dsvf/kd cks> dsQyLo: i Hkhvki &vi usi fj okj dksl e; nsi kusesal {ke j gsaxsA ; fn vki dhr jQl sdksbZç; kl gksrkgS] rksfe=kksadsl kFkfcxM+sl EcU/kcsgr j gksl dr sgSaA o‘"k&dk; Z{ks=kesavki dsf[ kykQ"kM; U=kj pst kusdhl EHkkoukgSAvki Lo; adksvl qjf{kr egl wl dj saxs, oafu.kZ; ysusesansj hdj saxsAu; sayksxksal smfpr nwj hcuk; saj [ ksavU; Fkkçfr "Bkesadehvk l dr hgSA feFkqu &bl l Ir kg vki dhvkfFkZd fLFkfr ; ksaesal q/kkj gksxkvkSj foi j hr fLFkfr ; ka/khj s&/khj sde gkst k; saxhAvki dkHkkX; i {ket cwr gksusl sfdl hdfBu l eL; kvksal smcj saxsAi fj okj dsf[ kUu yksxksadkseukusdkl e; vkx; kgSA ddZ&vki dsi kl vol j r kscgqr vk; saxsfdUr qmudknksgu dj usesavki pwd t k; saxsAi woZesafd; s x; soknsvki dsfy, cks> cu l dr sgSavkSj vki m} sfyr j gsaxsAdk; Zdhvf/kdr kl sncko esau vk; savU; Fkkl a’ k; xzLr gksl dr sgSaA fl ag &; g l Ir kg vki dsfy, dqN pqukSfr ; ksaHkj kj gsxkAfe=kksal sut nhfd; kac<+saxhALok/; k; l s eu dks’ kkafr feysxhAvki dksi fj t uksadsl kFkr kyesy fcBkusesadfBukbZegl wl gksxhA/kS; Zl s fLFkfr ; ksaesal q/kkj gksxkAekSl e l sl EcU/khchekfj ; kavki i j vVSd dj l dr hgSaA dU; k&bl l Ir kg vki dqN , sl ku dj safd ft l l sfLFkfr ; kavki dsfu; U=k.kl sckgj gkst k; saA vuqi ; ksxhl EcU/kksal sNqVdkj ki kusdkekxZ[ kkst saAuo; qod vut kusl EcU/kksal svf/kd ut nhfd; ka u c<+k; savU; FkkNy dkf’ kdkj gksl dr sgSaA r qyk&bl l Irkg dk; ZoO; ol k; esapqukSr h, oadM+hçfr Li /kkZdkl keukdj ukgksxkAvki Lo; a dkst ks’ kl sHkj kegl wl dj ,oa=kqfV; ksadksl q/kkjdj u; saçxfr dsi Fki j vkxsc<+l dr sgSaAl Ur ku dsLokLF; dksysdj yki j okghu dj saA o‘f’ pd &bl l Ir kg vki dksvuq’ kkfl r gksdj dk; Zdjuki M+sxkAvf/kd HkkxnkSM+dhot gl svki r ukoxzLr o l a’ k; esaj g l dr sgSaAdk; Zesancko dkcks> c<+sxkA, sl hfLFkfr esa/kS; Zo vkRecy <ky dkdke dj saxsA /kuq&bl l Ir kg vi usgquj dkçn’ kZu dj uki M+sxk] D; ksafd gksusokyhi fj ?kVukvksal sr kyesy fcBkukgksxkAj kst ho j kst xkj esavM+pusao ck/kk; savk; saxhfdUr ql r r l a?k"kZl sl Qyr kt : j feysxhAi fj t uksal sr kyesy fcBkusesa[ kqn dksvki vl eFkZegl wl dj saxsA edj &l kekft d l j ksdkj ksadksysdj vki dkeu m} sfyr gksxkAvki dhdk; Z’ kSyhesaegRoi w.kZ i fj orZu gksl dr kgSft l l svki dsfnekx esar Cnhfy; ksadkr wQku mBsxkAl g; ksfx; ksadsvfu.kZ; dspyr sdk; ZyfEcr j gsaxsA dqEHk&bl l Ir kg vki dj ukdqN pkgsaxsvkSj gksxkdqN ft l dsdkj .keu O; fFkr j g l dr kgSA dk; Z{ks=kdk; Zuhfr esai fj or Zu Hkhdj uki M+l dr kgSAvi usekr gr deZpkfj ; ksai j i Suhut j j [ kukvko’ ; d gSA ehu &bl l Ir kg vki vl eat l okyhfLFkfr esaj gsaxsA[ kks; sgq; svol j çfr "Bkvkfn çkIr dj us dsl a?k"kZj gsaxsA/ku dsysu&nsu esafo’ ks"kl ko/kkuhcj r usdhvko’ ; dr kgSAvi uhdkcfy; r ds ne vki i fj ppkZdkdsUæcusj gsaxsA
  3. 3. fgUnwl Hkk okr kZfnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 rd vè; {kh; l Ei kndh; E-mail: chandraprakash.kaushik@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org E-mail : munna.sharma@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org l kal nksadsvki j kf/kd ekeyksadht Yn l quokbZds ckj sesal qçhe dksVZdk; g dgukl S) kafr d r kSj i j l ghgSfd , sl kdjusl s, d vyx Js.khcu t k, xhAysfdu vxj efgykvksa vkSj ofj "B ukxfj dksal st qM+sekeyksadht Yn l quokbZdh t : j r egl wl dht kj ghgSr ksfQj , sl kghl kal nksadsekeys j k"Vªh; vkg~oku eqUuk dqekj ’ kekZ j k"Vªh; egkl fpo , d fl ) kar gSfd nq’ eu dk nq’ eu nksLr gksr kgSA phu vkSj i kfdLr ku dsj oS; sfo’ okl dj us yk; d ughagSAeksnhdksbudsi qj kusO; ogkj l sl cd ysusdht : j r gSA1965 esat c i kfdLr ku Hkkj r ds gkFkksafi V x; kr c ml usphu l snksLr hdj yhAphu j k"Vªh; mn~cks/ku pUnzi zdk’ kdkSf’ kd j k"Vªh; vè; {k l ko/kku j gusdhgSt : j r dsfy, Hkh; g , d Lof.kZe l a; ksx FkkA1962 esaml usHkkj r dkscqj hr j g i j kLr dj fn; k FkkA i j Ur qml sges’ kk bl ckr dk Mj j gr k Fkk fd Hkkj r ml ds eqdkcys, f’ k; k esa, d l ’ kä j k"Vªcudj mHkj l dr k gSA phu usHkkj r ds fo: ) i kfdLr ku dhgj r j g dhenn dhvkSj vkt r ksnksuksans’ knw/k&i kuh dhr j g ?kqy fey x, gSaA ç/kkuea=khuj sUæeksnhusi kfdLr ku vkSj phu nksuksa l snksLr hdkgkFkc<+k; kgSvkSj ç; kl fd; kgSfd Hkkj r dsl kFkbu ns’ kksads l aca/kksaesau; k v/; k; t ksM+k t k, A bl h n‘f"Vdks.k l smUgksausi kfdLr ku ds ç/kkuea=khuokt ’ kj hQ dksvi us’ ki Fkxzg.kl ekj ksg esavkeaf=kr fd; kFkkvkSj mUgsavR; f/kd l Eeku dk LFkku çnku fd; k FkkA mEehn dht k j ghFkhfd ç/kkuea=kheksnhdhbl i gy l si kfdLr ku Hkkj r dsl kFku; sfl j sl snksLr h d k j oS; k v i uk, xkA i j Ur qHkkj r dh vk’ kkvksai j i kuh r c fQj x; k t c uokt ’ kj hQ ds i kfd Lr ku i gqapusdsckn i kfd Lr ku dhl sukyxkr kj fu ; a=k. k j s[ kk d k mYya?ku dj Hkkj r dhl heki j xksyhckj hdj j ghgSft l esaHkkj r dsdbZt oku ’ kghn gks x, gSaAHkkj r dsyk[ kfoj ks/kdsckot wn Hkhxksyh&ckj h#dhughagSAns[ kkt k, r ksi kfdLr ku dhl suki j uokt ’ kj hQ dkdksbZfu; a=k.kughagSvkSj i kfdLr ku dsdêj i aFkhl Sfud vQl j Hkkj r l snksLr hdj usdsi {kesaughagSaAHkkj r dh fons’ k l fpo l qt kr k fl ag i kfdLr ku dsfons’ k l fpo dsl kFk vkxkeheghus i kfdLr ku esaf} i {kh; l aca/kksadsckj sesackr phr dj ust kj ghgSaAvc ç’ u ; g mBr kgSfd t c i kfdLr ku dhr j Q l sxksyk&ckj h#d ghughaj ghgSr c bl r j g dhckr phr dkvkf[ kj D; kvFkZgSA ; g r ks, d r j g l sHkkj r h; t ur k dhvka[ kksaesa/kwy >ksadust Sl hckr gSA l oZfofnr gSphu pkj ksar j Q l sHkkj r dks?ksj j gk gSA cM+hgksf’ k; kj hl sog i kfdLr ku] Jhyadk] HkwVku vkSj E; kaekj esavi uht M+sat ekj gkgSAcM+hpkykdhl sml usi kfdLr ku dkXoknj canj xkg vi usdCt sesaysfy; kgSAphu dkdgukgSfd og bl cUnj xkg dkfodkl dj sxk ft l l si kfdLr ku dh vFkZO; oLFkk dkset cwr h çnku gksxhA i j Ur q i kfdLr ku dkvl yher yc bl cUnj xkg dksfodfl r dj ds[ kkM+hdsns’ kksa r d i gqapuk gSA l cl svf/kd fpUr k dh ckr r ks; g gSfd i kd vf/kd‘r d’ ehj esavkt dhr kj h[ kesa11 gt kj phuhQkSt ht oku mi fLFkr gSaaA ; g Hkh[ kcj gSfd ; sphuhQkSt ht oku i kfdLr kuhl Sfudksadksvkr adokn dh Vªsfuax nsj gsgSaA Hkkj r dhr Rdkyhu l j dkj usncht qcku l si kfdLr ku l s bl dk foj ks/k Hkhfd; k FkkA i j Ur qi kfdLr ku us; g dgdj bl foj ks/k dks Vky fn; kfd ; sphuhl Sfud ughagSaAcfYd phuhet nwj gSat ksi kd vf/kd‘r d’ ehj esal M+d vkSj i qy cukj gsgSaA phu ds; sl Sfud dksbZfuekZ.ket nwj ughagSa] cfYd ; si kfdLr ku dhl sukdksvk/kqfudr e gfFk; kj mi yC/kdj kdj ; q) dh Vªsfuax nsj gsgSaA ; g Li "V gSfd Hkkj h l a[ ; k esa; sphuhl Sfud i kfdLr kuhl Sfudksadkst ks; q) dhVszfuax nsj gsgSaml si kfdLr kuhl Sfud Hkkj r dsf[ kykQ ghyM+kbZesavkt ek, axsAi kd vf/kd‘r d’ ehj esafnuksafnu phuhQkSft ; ksadhl a[ ; kc<+j ghgSAbl esaHkhl ko/kkuhcj r uhgksxhfd dgha phu vi uhl Lr hmi Hkksä koLr qvksal sHkkj r dsckt kj dksughai kV nst Sl k fd og vkt r d dj r k vk j gk gSA phu /kks[ ksdsdkj .k gh okj k.kl h] Hkkxyi qj ] vl e vkSj caxykSj dkfl Yd m| ksx pkSi V gksx; kA phu usl Lr s j s’ keh/kkxksavkSj j s’ kehdi M+ksal sHkkj r h; eaMhdksi kV fn; kAur ht k; g gqvk fd vc dksbZ Hkkj r h; fl Yd dks[ kj hnusdsfy, r S; kj ughagSA LokHkkfod gSfd dksbZHkhmi Hkksä kmUghaoLr qvksadks[ kj hnsxkt ksl Lr hgksaxhAbl fn’ kk esaHkhHkkj r l j dkj dksl r dZj gusdhvR; Ur vko’ ; dr k gSA /kqysxk[ kknhdknkx esaD; ksaughal kspkt kl dr kAl qçhe dksVZj kt uhfr dsvi j k/khdj .ki j yxke yxkus dsfy, l al n l nL; ksadsf[ kykQ yafcr vki j kf/kd ekeyksads’ kh?kzfui Vkj sdsfy, r S; kj ughabl fy, vc ns[ kuk; g gksxkfd eksnhl j dkj bl fl yfl ysesaj kT; ksal s fopkj &foe’ kZdsckn dksbZçHkkohçLr ko r S; kj dj i kr hgS; kughaA; g l oky bl fy, D; ksafd T; knkr j j kt uhfr d nyksadhbl esafnypLi hughafd l al n l nL; ksads vki j kf/kd ekeyksadhl quokbZvkuu&Qkuu gksAmudsj oS; sdksns[ kr sgq, bl esal ansg gSfd osbl fo"k; i j dsaæl j dkj dsl kFkfopkj &foe’ kZdj usdsfy, vkxsvk, axsA l qçhe dksVZusl kal nksadsvki j kf/kd ekeyksadht Yn l quokbZdsekeysesaxsan u dsoy dsaæl j dkj dsi kysesaMky nhgSAfupyhvnkyr safdl r j g l al k/kuksadsvHkko l s t w> j ghgSaAbl vHkko dspyr svnkyr ksaesadj ksM+ksaeqdnesyafcr gSavkSj fQygky bl l oky dkt okc fdl hdsi kl ughafd mudkfui Vkj kdSl sgksxkA1 dj ksM+yafcr ekeysl q’ kkl u dhcqfu; knh/kkj .kkdsf[ kykQ gSaAns’ kokfl ; ksadksl e; i j U; k; u feyukyksdr a=kds cqfu; knhfl ) kar ksa dsHkh f[ kykQ gSA gkykafd , d yacs v l sZ l s y afcr eqdneksadkekeyk ckj &ckj mBr kgSA dHkh l j dkj dh vksj l svkSj dHkh U; k; i kfydk dh vksj l s] ysfdu , sl h O; oLFkk cuusds v kl kj vHkh Hkh ut j ughavkr s ft l l sU; kf; d çfØ; kdksxfr fey l dsvkSj vnkyr ksaesaeqdneksadscks> dksde fd; kt kl dsAl e; i j U; k; mi yC/kdj kusdsfy, Rofj r vnkyr ksadsxBu l sHkh vHkh"Vdhi wfr Zgksr hughafn[ kr hAfpar kt ud ; ggSfd j kT; l j dkj sabl dsçfr r fud Hkhl t x ut j ughavkr hafd fupyhvnkyr ksaesayafcr eqdneksadkfui Vkj kl e; i j gksAl al n vkSj fo/kkueaMyksadksvki j kf/kd pfj =kokysçfr fuf/k; ksal seqä dj kusdh çfØ; kvc t ehu i j nkSM+usyxhgSAyksdr a=kdsfy, ; g vk’ kkHkj h[ kcj gSAçns’ k dki qfyl egdekbu fnuksavki j kf/kd bfr gkl okysekuuh; ksadkC; ksj kt ekdj usesa yxkgSAmudsf[ kykQfdr usekeysnt ZgSa] fdr uksaesaekewyh/kkj kvksaesaeqdnesgSavkSj fdr uksaesal axhuAvkSj fdl ekeysesavkj ksi i =knkf[ ky gkspqdkgSA; g l c l qçhe dksVZdsfn’ kkfunsZ’ kksadsr gr gksj gkgSft l esaU; k; ky; usekuuh; ksadsf[ kykQ nt Z eqdneksadhl quokbZdj usdksdgkgSAbl dsfy, ft ykt t ksadhv/; {kr kesa, d l fefr cuhgSA; g , d Økafr dkj hdne gSvkSj ; fn l c dqN ea’ kkdsvuq: i j gkr ks bl dsur ht s, sfr gkfl d gksaxsAl qçhe dksVZus; g dne dsaæl j dkj dhml ea’ kkdks /; ku esaj [ kr sgq, mBk; kgSft l esaml usbu eqdneksadk’ kh?kzfui Vkj kdj usdhbPNk t r kbZgSAj kt uhfr dkvi j k/khdj .knksn’ kdksal sçns’ kvkSj ns’ kdspqukoksaesacM+keqík cur kj gkgS] ysfdu fi Nysyksdl Hkkpquko dsnkSj ku ; g , d cM+kpqukohoknkHkh cukAr c ; g mEehn ughaFkhfd ; g pqukohoknkHkhvke pqukohoknksal svyx gksxkA vc bl dkt ehuh’ kDy vf[ r ; kj dj ukmEehn t xkr kgSAt c l sbl esavki j kf/kd pfj =kds/kucyhvkSj ckgqcyhyksxksadhn[ ky c<+hgS] l ewphj kt uhfr ghnwf"kr fn[ kus yxhgSA , l ksfl , ’ ku QkWj MseksØsfVd fj QkeZdh, d fj i ksVZdseqr kfcd or Zeku yksdl Hkkds541esal s182 l kal nksausvi usf[ kykQvki j kf/kd ekeyksadkfooj .kfn; k gSAbl esa121l kal n , sl sgSaft udsf[ kykQ xaHkhj ço‘fr dsekeysgSaA53 l kal n , sl s gSafd ; fn bu i j vkj ksi l kfcr gq, r ksl qçhe dksVZdsvkns’ kdseqr kfcd mUgsamUgsa r qj ar l kal nhNksM+uhi M+sxhAnkxhl kal nksadhl a[ ; kdqy l kal nksadsvuqi kr esaHkysde gksysfdu budknkx l ewph[ kknhi j ut j vkr hgSAvc nkfx; ksadsU; kf; d çfØ; k l sxqt j usdsckn ; g nkx /kqy l dsxkA; g çfØ; kfl j sp<+sysfdu ; g okLr fod : i l sr Hkhi w.kZgksxht c vkxsl s, sl snkfx; ksal sj kt uhfr d ny i wj hr j g nwj hcukysaA
  4. 4. fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ LokLF; fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d 4  vkHkkt Su t kfu; sdqNegRoi w.kZokLr qfl ) kUr dks] HkykgksxkA  j l ksbZ?kj ] ’ kkSpky; o i wt kLFky l kFk&l kFkcuok; saA  j l ksbZ?kj eq[ ; } kj dsBhd l keusu cuok, aA  ?kj esaVwVsni Z.ko [ kj kc ?kfM+; kau j [ ksaA  fr t ksj h; kl sQ [ kksyr sl e; eq[ ki woZ; mRr j esagksukpkfg, A  >kMw+&i ksNk] dqM+knku vkfn eq[ ; } kj dsi kl u j [ ksaft l l svkr s&t kr sml i j ut j i M+saA  eq[ ; } kj i j ekaxfyd fpUg] ew£r yxokuk’ kqHkdkj hgksr kgSA  bZ’ kku dks.kf’ ko LFkku gS] ?kj dkeq[ kgSbl fy, bl sl nSo LoPN j [ ksaA  ?kj esai kS/kkyxkr sl e; i kuhesaued feykysar ks?kj dhudkj kRed Åt kZu"Vgkst k; sxhA  fo| kFkhZi <+r sl e; mRr j ; ki woZfn’ kkesaeq[ kdj dscSBsA  fdl h’ kgr hj che dsuhpsu cSBsa] u dksbZdk; Zdj savkSj u ghl ks, aA, sl kdj usl sLokLF; i zHkkfor gksr kgSa  ?kj esar qyl hdki kS/kkvo’ ; j [ ksaAr qyl hdhdksbZfo’ ks"kfn’ kkfuf’ pr ughagSA  ?kj esae: LFkyh; i kS/kkvFkokdSDV~l dHkhu j [ ksaA  ?kj l sckgj cgdj fudyusokysi kuhdkcgko mRr j &i woZfn’ kkesagksA  Hkou fuekZ.kdk; ks±esal nSo uohu l kexzhdki z; ksx dj sau fd i qj kuhA  Hkou esayxsi a[ kksa] ?kfM+; ksa] nj okt ksavkfn l sddZ’ kèofu ughavkuhpkfg, A  ?kfM+; ksadhxfr HkkX; i j i zHkko Mkyr hgSAcqf) eÙkkbl hesagSfd ?kj esa?kfM+; kl nSofuf’ pr l e; n’ kkZ, Ar kRi ; Z?kM+h vkxs&i hNs; kcan u j gusnsaA  ?kj dhnf{k.k&i f’ pehdhnhokj savU; nhokj ksal seksVhgksuhpkfg, A  x‘g&i zos’ kdsl e; oSfnd j hfr l sr ksi wt kgksgh] l e; &l e; i j ¼N%&N%eghusdsvar j ky i j o"kZesanksckj ½gou i wt ko czkgkz.kHkkst dj us&dj okusl sx‘gokfl ; ksadksl oZfo’ o l q[ k o , s’ o; Zdhi zkIr gksr hgSA  ?kj dkvkaxu ¼eè; fcUnq½czgkzLFkku dgykr kgSa; gkafdl hHkhi zdkj dkfuekZ.kughagksuk pkfg, A v{k; j kt ¼okLr q, oaT; ksfr fcan½ dSl scpsa?kEgkSfj ; ksal s j ksx dkbykt djusl scsgr j gksrkgSj ksxksl scpkoA vr%xehZmRi Uu dusokysdkj .kksal scpukpkfg, r Fkkvfèkd pk; &dkWQhi huk] vfèkd O; k; ke dj uk] xeZLFkku i j j guk] vfèkd i fj Je l scpdj j gukpkfg, ] D; ksafd budsl sou l s i l hukvfèkd vkr kgSAxehZdsekSl e esa<hys&<kysl wr hdi M+s ghi gusaAj s’ keh] uk; ykWu] fl aFksfVDl vkfn dsdi M+ksadksbl ekSl e esadnkfi u i gusa] D; ksafd bul s’ kj hj dki l hukl w[ k ughai kr k] ft l l s?kEgkSfj ; ksadsgksusdhl aHkkoukvfèkd gksr h gSAfnu esade l sde nksckj l qcg&’ kke ’ khr y t y l sLuku dj sa] bl t y esaj ksefNnzksadks[ kksyusokysi kmMj dki z; ksx ?kEgkSfj; ksadksl ekIr djr kgSALuku dsfy, uhe dsl kcqu dk i z; ksx vfèkd ykHkdkj hgksr kgSAbl l kcqu dsQsl ¼>kx½dks dqNl e; r d ’ kj hj i j yxkj gusnsaA, sl kdj usl s?kEgkSfj ; ksa l sNqVdkj k fey t kr k gSA ugkusdsckn MfLVax i kmMj ] fi zDyhghVi kmMj vFkokdksbZvPNki kmMj ’ kjhj i j yxk, aA ?kqVuksa, oadej nnZfeVkus okyh?kj sywfpfdRl k i pkl l ky dhvk; qdsckn t ksM+ksa&l afaèk; ksat Sl s ?kqVuksaesannZdhl eL; kvusd L=kh&i q: "kksaesans[ kht kr hgSA vk; qosZn esa; gokr jksxksadsvUr xZr gSAvk; qosZn esavusd uqL[ ks bl j ksx i j vl j dkj d gSaA; gkat ksuqL[ kkcr k; kt kj gkgS] ogvkl ku gS] ?kj sywl ekuksal sr S; kj gksrkgSrFkkt ksM+ksadsnnZ esa’ kh?kzykHkn’ kkZr kgSAl kSaB] esFkh¼nkukesFkh½vkSj gYnh&bu r huksapht ksadksfi l kgqvki kmMj l eku ek=kkesafeykdj j[ ksaA nokr S; kj gSAl qcg&’ kke xj e nwèk; kxeZi kuhl s5&5 xzke ¼1&1pEep½ysrsj gsaAt ksM+ksa?kqVuksadsnnZl fgr ; g vusd okr~ j ksaxksadsvykokdQ j ksxksaesaHkhcgqr Qk; nsean j gr kgSA ft u yksxksaesa?kqVuksaesannZdhot g l sl hf<+; kap<+us esavfèkd i js’ kkuhgksr hgSosbl esa’ kYydhxksan Hkhfeyk; sA; g i al kj hds; gka’ kYydhxkasn ; kl ybZxkasn dsuke l sfey t k; sxkAnqcZyr kegl wl dj usokysmi j ksDr uqL[ ksaesal eku ek=kkesav’ oxaèkpw.kZfeyk; sat cfd i sVesaxSl vfèkd cuusl s i j s’ kku yksx bl vkS"kfèkesal eku ek=kkesavt ok; u feykysaA oS| i añgfj ’ kadj f} osnh ekSl e cnyusdsl kFk [ kk¡l ht qdke i zk; %gkst kr kgS] [ kk¡l h; fn yEcsl e; r d j gs r ksuqdl kunk; d gS] vr %[ kk¡l h ’ kq: gksr sghml snwj dj usds mi k; fd, t kuspkfg,]vk; qosZn dsxzaFkl qJqr l afgr kesafy[ kk gS&eq[ k]dku vkSj xysesa/kq, ¡,oa mM+usokyh/kwj dsi gq¡pus]vf/kd O; k; ke dj ds: [ kkvkgkj xzg.k djusvk/kkj .khosx t Sl sNhad ds osx dksj ksdusvkSj Hkkst u dk t j kl kva’ kHkh’ ol u ufydk ; kuhfoi j hr ekxZesapyst kus l s[ kk¡l hdhmRi fÙk gksr hgS] l kekU; r kSj i j [ kk¡l hQsQM+ksaesa vf/kd l nhZ; kxehZdkvl j ] ut y k&t qd ke gks t kus] U; weksfu; k] Iywfj l h] czkWdkbfVl ] r i sfnd ¶yw] VkSafl Yl c<+t kus] mu i j l wt u vkt kus] xysesa [ kj k’ k gkst kus’ okal uyhesa /kwy] /kqvk¡] vkgkj ; knw/k] t y t Sl si s; i nkFkZpyst kus][ kV~Vh oLr qvksadsvf/kd l sou l sQsQM+ksa l sfdl hi zdkj dkt [ e gksusl s vkSj dQ dqfi r gksusl sgqvk dj r hgSA B.MkvkSj dksgj sokyk ekSl e Hkh[ kk¡l hdksmRi Uu dj us esal gk; d gksr kgS] xanht xg j gus oky s] v LokLF; d j okr koj .k] HkhM+HkkM+okysbykds] >ksi M+i V~Vhr FkkvkS| ksfxd {ks=k ; k vU; i znw"k.k okys{ks=kksaesa [ kk¡l hnwj dj usdsuqL[ ks j gusokysyksxksao cPpksadks; g l eL; kvf/kd jgrhgS]vr%, sl s {ks=k esaj gusokyksadksfo’ ks"k l ko/kkuhj [ kukpkfg, A ekSl e dsmr kj &p<+ko o l nhZdsekSl e esa’ kq: l sgh cpkodhdksf’ k’ kdj uhpkfg, ] l nhZdsekSl eesaxeZdi M+si guus pkfg, r Fkk fdl h i zdkj dk l aØe.k gksusi j r Rdky gh fpfdRl kdj okuhpkfg, ] l nhZ dk i zHkko cPpksao cw<+ksai j vf/kd gksrkgS] vr%mudhfo’ ks"k ns[ kHkky djuhpkfg,][ kk¡l hgksus i j dqN ?kj sywuqL[ ksvi uk, t k l dr sgSa%&  [ kk¡l hgksusi j vukj dsfNydsdk VqdM+k eq¡g esa j [ kdj pwl sa]bl dsvykokvukj dsfNydksadksl q[ kkdj pw.kZ cukdj l sou dj saA  Hkkst u dsckn nksuksa l e; vk/kkpEep l kSaBpckusl s l w[ kh[ kk¡l hesavkj ke feyrkgSA  HkquhgqbZfQVdj hvkSj phuhnksuksadksfeykdj fnu esa nksckj l sou dj sa] 4@5 fnu esa dkyh[ kk¡l hBhd gkst k, xhA  nghnsk pEep] phuh , d pEep] dkyhfepZdkpw.kZ 6 xzke feykdj pkVusl scPpksa dksdkyh[ kk¡l hvkSj cw<+ksadh l w[ kh[ kk¡l hBhd gkst kr hgSA  vk/kkpEep vnjd dk jl vkSj vk/kkpEep ’ kgn pkVus l s[ kk¡l hesavkj ke feyr kgSA  [ kk¡l h gksusi j ykSax cj kcj pwl r sj gsa] fl dsgq, ykSax vf/kd ykHknk; d j gr sgSa]bl ds vykokdkyhfepZeq¡gesaj[ kdj pwl saA  l w[ ksvk¡oysdk pw.kZ feJhdsl kFkysa] gYnhHkwudj ?kh; k’ kgn dsl kFkfeykdj ysaA  ewysBhdsVqdM+seq¡g esa Mkydj pwl r sj gsa] NksVscPpksa dkseqysBhdkl r nsaA j kr esa l ksr sl e; i kusesaeqysBhdkpw.kZ Mkydj [ kk,¡][ kk¡l hl sNqVdkj k fey t k, xkA  r qyl hdsi Ùks] dkyh fepZ] vnj d ; qDr pk; i husl s [ kk¡l hesa’ kh/kzvkj ke fey t kr k gSA  ; fn cPpkl w[ kh[ kk¡l h l si hfM+r gSr ksi ku dsj l esa ’ kgn dkfeJ.kdj dspVkbZ, ’ kh?kzykHkgksxkA  l w[ kh[ kk¡l hr Fkkdqdj [ kk¡l hl si js’ kku gksusi j i ku ds m".kj l l sykHkgskr kgS] , sl k fnu esa3&4 ckj dj saA  , d fxykl nw/kesa, d pEep fi l hgYnhMkydj vkx i j j [ kdj [ kwc mckysa] t c nw/k vk/kk’ ks"kj g t k, r ksmr kj dj B.Mkdj ysabl sj kr dksl ksr s l e; i husl s[ kk¡l h] l nhZo xys dh[ kj k’ kfeV t kr hgSA  ykSax ; k cgsM+k vFkok nksuksadks/khesr ydj j [ k ysa] budk1&1VqdM+keq¡gesaj [ kdj pwl usl s[ kk¡l hesavkjke feyr k gSA ’ ks"ki ‘"B 10 i j
  5. 5. 5 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ l cj ax fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d Hkkj r h; i j ai j k ds fo’ okl dkca/ku ghewy gSvkSj j {kkca/ku bl hvVwVfo’ okl ds ca/ku dhvfHkO; fDr gSAj {kk& l w=k ds: i easj k[ kh cka/kdj fl QZj {kkdkopu ghughafn; k t kr koj u~i sze] l ei Z.k] fu"Bko l adYi dst fj , ; g i oZân; ksa dks cka/kusdkHkhopu nsr k gSAJko.kekl dhi wf.kZekdks euk; k t kusokyk j {kkca/ku Hkkj r h; l H; r kdk, d i zeq[ k R; kSgkj gS]ft l fnu cgusavi uh j {kkdsfy, Hkkb; ksadhdykbZeas j k[ khcka/kr hgSaA xhr keasdgk x; kgSfd t c l al kj easuSfr d ewY; ksaeasdehvkusyxr hgS]r c T; ksfrZfyaxeHkxoku f’ koi zt ki fr czák} kj k/kj r hi j i fo=k/kkxs Hkst r sgSa]ft Ugsacgusaeaxydkeuk dj r sgq, Hkkb; ksadhdykbZi j cka/krhgSavkSj Hkxoku f’ komUgsa udkj kRed fopkj ksal snwj j [ kr s gq, nq[ k vkSj i hM+k l sfut kr fnykrsgSaA i gysj{kkca/ku i oZfl QZ cgu&HkkbZdsfj’rksard ghl hfer ughaFkk] vfi r qvki fÙkvkusi j vVwVfo’ okl dkca/ku gS&j k[ kh j {kkca/ku i j fo’ ks"k vi uhj {kkdsfy, vFkokfdl h dhvk; qvkSj vkj ksX; dho‘f) dsfy; sfdl hdksHkhj {kk&l w=k ¼j k[ kh½cka/kk; kHkst kt kl dr k FkkAykssd i j ai j keasj {kkca/ku ds fnu i fj okj dsi qj ksfgr } kj k j kt kvksavkSj vi us; t ekuksads ?kj t kdj l Hkh l nL; ksadh dykbZi j ekSyhcka/kdj fr yd yxkusdh i j ai j k gSA i qj ksfgr } kj k nj okt ksa] f[ kM+fd; ksar Fkk u; scr Zuksai j Hkhi fo=k /kkxk cka/kkt kr kgSvkSj fr yd yxk; k t kr kgSA; ghughacgu&Hkkat ksa } kj k, oaxq: vksa} kj kf’ k"; ksadks j {kk l q=k cka/kusdhHkhi j ai j k j ghgSA bfr gkl xokg gSfd fl adnj vkSj i ksj l us; q) l s i woZj {kk&l w=kdhvnykcnyh dhFkhA; q) dsnkSj ku i ksj l us t c fl adnj i j ?kkr d i zgkj gsr qvi uk gkFk mBk; k r ks j{kk&l w=kdksns[ kdj ml dsgkFk : d x, vkSj og canhcukfy; k x; kAfl adnj usHkhi ksj l dh j {kk&l w=k dhykt j [ kr sgq, ,d ; ks) kdhrj gO; ogkj dj rs gq, ml dk j kT; oki l ykSVk fn; kA j k[ kh us Lor a=kr k &vkanksyu easHkhi zeq[ kHkwfedk fuHkkbZA dbZ cguksausvi us Hkkb; ksadh dykbZi j j k[ kh cka/kdj ns’ kdhykt j [ kusdk opu fy; kA1605 eascax&Hkax vkanksyu dh’ kq: vkr , d nwl j s dksj {kk&l w=kcka/kdj gqbZA j {kkca/ku dk mYys[ k i qjk.kksaeasfeyrkgSft l dsvuql kj vl qj ksadsgkFk nsor kvksadh i j kt ; i ’ pkr vi uhj {kk ds fufeÙkl Hkhnsorkbanzdsusr ‘Ro easxq: c‘gLi fr dsi kl ] i gqaps r ks banz us nq[ kh gksd j dgk&^^vPNk gksxk fd vc eSa vi ukt hou l ekIr dj nwaA** banzdsbl uSjk’; Hkkodksl qudj xq: c‘gLi fr dsfn’ kk&funsZ’ ki j j{kk&fo/kku gsrqbanzk.khusJko.k i wf.kZekdsfnu banzl fgr l eLr nsor kvksadhdykbZi j j {kkl w=k cka/kkvkSj var r %banzus; q) eas fot ; i kbZA , d v U; ekU; rkuql kj jkt kckfy dksfn; s x; sopukuql kj Hkxoku fo".kq cSdq.B NksM+dj ckfy dsj kT; dhj {kkdsfy; spysx; sAr c y{eht husczkák.khdk : i /kkj .kdj Jko.ki wf.kZekdsfnu j kt kckfy dhdykbZi j i fo=k /kkxk cka/kk vkSj ml dsfy, eaxydkeukdhAbl l si zHkkfor gksj kt kckfy usy{eht hdks vi uhcgu ekur sgq, ml dh j {kkdhdl e [ kk; hAr Ri ’ pkr ~ nsohy{ehvi uhvl yh: i eas i zdVgksxbZvkSj mudsdgusl s ckfy usHkxoku fo".kql scSdq.B oki l ykSVkusdhfour hdhA egkHkkj r dky easHkxoku d‘".k dsgkFkeaspksVyxusl so fQj [ kwu /kkjkQwVi M+usi j nzksi nhus rRdky vi uhdapqdhdkfdukjk QkM+dj Hkxoku d‘".k ds?kko i j cka/k fn; kA dkykar j eas nq%’ kkl u } kj k nzkSi nhgj .k ds i z; kl dksfoQy dj mUgksausbl j {kk&l w=k ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j l kou esa’ kqDyi {kdh i apehukx&i wt u dhfof’ k"V fr fFkgksusdsdkj .kukxeapeh dsuke l st kuh t kr h gSA ukx&i wt k dk fo/kku Hkkj r h; l aLÑfr esal nkl si zpfyr j gk gSAosnksaesaueksLr ql i SH; Urk}kjk l i ksZadksueu dj r sgq, buds i wt u dksekU; rknhxbZgSabl l s ; g r F; Hkhfofnr gksr kgSfd Hkkj r o"kZesaukxi wt kdhi j ai j k vfr i zkphudky l sgSAukx ¼l i Z½ dksfo"k/kj gksusdsdkj .kHkkjr h; bUgsa’ k=kqr k; k?k‘.kkdhn‘f"Vl s ughans[ kr s] cfYd b uesansoRo dhHkkoukj[ krsgSaA,sl kbl fy, D; ksafd Hkkj r h; l aLÑfr dk l oksZi fj fl ) kar gSAi zR; sd i zk.kh f’ ko dsvkHkw"k.kgSaukxnsor k bZ’ oj dkva’ kgSaHkkj r h; fpar u i zkf.kek=kesai j ekRekdkn’ kZu dj r kgSA i qj k.kksaesaukxksadh mRi fÙkeg£"kd’ ; i vkSj mudh i Ruhdn~: l sekuhxbZgSaAmuds vuql kj ] uke vfnfr nsoh ds l kSr sysi q=kvkSj } kn’ kvkfnR; ksa dsHkkbZgSaAvr , o ; snsorkvksaesa i fj xf.kr gSAukxksadkfuokl LFkku i krky crk; kx; kgS]ft l s ukxyksd dgkt krkgSAukxyksd dhjkt /kkuhdkuke Hkksxor hi qjh crk; kt krkgSAl aLÑr l kfgR; dsdFkkl fj Rl kxj esaukxyksd dhdFkk,agSaAx#M+i qjk.k]Hkfo"; i qj k.kvkfn esaHkhdbZdFkkud feyr sgSaAvk; qosZn dsi zeq[ kxzaFkksa pj d l afgr k]l q’ or l afgrkrFkk Hkkoi k’ kesaHkhukxksal sl acaf/kr fofo/kfo"k; ksadkmYys[ kfeyr k gSAd’ ehj dst kus&ekusl aLÑr dfo dYg.k usvi uh i zfl ) i qLrd jkt rj afx.khesad’ ehj dh l ai w.kZHkwfe dksukxksadkvonku ekuk gSA ; gkads, d uxj vuar ukx dk ukedj .k bl dk , sfr gkfl d i zHkko gSA ns’ k ds vf/kdka’ k i aoZr h; {ks=kksaesa ukx&i wt k cM+hJ) k dsl kFk gksr hgSAbl dsvfr fj Dr j k"Vª dsvusd vapyksaesaHkhukx nsork ds: i esai wt st kr sgSaAcgqr l s xkaoksaesaukxksadksxzke nsorkekuk t kr kgSA /keZxazFkksaesa ukxi apehl sl acaf/kr t ksdFkk o£.kr gS] ml dk l kj &l a{ksi ; g gSfd nsor kvksa vkSj nSR; ksaust c l eqnz&eaFku fd; krc pkSng egkj Fkh esa mPpSUezpkuked , d nqyZHk v’ o ¼?kksM+k½ mi yC/k gqvkA bl ’ osr o.khZv’ o dks ns[ kdj eg£"kd’ ; i dhi fRU; ksa fourkvkSj dn~: esafooknmRi Uu gksx; kfd v’ o dsds’ kfdl o.kZdsgS four k usv’ o ds ds’ k ’ osr o.kZdscr k, i j ar q dn: usdqfVyr ko’ kdgkfd v’ o dsds’ k’ ; ke o.kZdsgSA dn~: usfour k dsl e{k ; g ’ kr Zj [ kh fd ft l dk dFku vl R; fl ) gksxk] ml snwl j sdh nkl hcuuk gksxkA vi usnkos dksl ghl kfcr dj usdsfy, ukxekr k dn~: usvi usi q=kksa ¼ukxksa½dkscky dsl eku l q{e cudj mPpSUJokv’ o ds’ kj hj i j fyi VusdkfunsZ’ kfn; kfdarq ukxksausckr ughaekuhA Øq) gksdj dn~: usukxksadks’ kki ns fn; k fd i kaMooa’ kh; j kt k t uest ; dsukx; K esaosl c HkLegkst k,axsAukxekr kds’ kki l sHk; Hkhr ukxksausokl qfd ds usr ‘Ro esal qf"VdÙkkZczgkekt hds i kl t kdj ’ kki l seqfDr dk mi k; i wNkrksmUgksauscr k; kfd ; k; koj oa’ k esat Uesr i Loh t j Rdkj r qEgkj scguksbZgksaxsA mudki q=kvkLr hd ghr qEgkj h ¼ukxksadh½j {kkdj sxkAxzaFkksads vuql kj Jko.kekl ds’ kqDyi {k dhi apehdsfnu cz’ kt husukxksa dks; g oj nku fn; kr Fkkbl h fr fFki j vkLr hd eqfu usukxksa dhj {kkdhFkhAvr %ukxi apeh dki oZukxoa’ kdsj {kkdsfy, l adfYi r gksusdsdkj.kegRoi w.kZ gSA ukxksadhegr k n’ kkZusds fy, ghHkxoku ’ akdj mUgsavkHkw"k.k dhr jg /kkj.kdj r sgSaAf’ koi q=k x.ks’ kukx dks; Kksi ohr dhHkkafr i gur sgSaAHkxoku fo".kq’ ks"kukx dh’ k¸; k i j foJke dj r sgSaA t c Jhgfj usJhj kepanzds: i esavor kj fy; k] t c ’ ks"kukx mudsvuqt ¼NksVsHkkbZ½y{e.k t hcusA ^^uk t kusdc r d** i h; w"kvj ksM+k ukt kusdc r d gekj kl ekt ¼fgUnwl ekt ½l axfBr gks i k,xk D; kf’ kokt ht Sl kdksbZi qu%t Ue ysi k, xk j k"Vªo l ekt dsfy, t kst hou ns&nst ksxq: xksfoUn fl ag t Sl kdksbZgksi k, xk l ks, gq, l ekt dkst xkus_ f"kn; kuUn t Sl kD; ki qu% vk,xk ukt kus&&&&&& r q"Vhdj .kuhfr dksdc r d pyk, axs eku fl ag t Sl sO; fDr dc r d i Snkgksr st k, axs l koj dj t hdsvgl kuksadksD; kHkwy i k, axs fut &LokFkZl sgV dj ge dc l ksp i k, axs
  6. 6. 6 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ j k"VªfpUr u fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j gekj kns’ kvfr i zkphu j k"VªgSAfo’ o easvkcknhdsfgl kc l s; g l cl scM+kns’ kFkk t cfd bl dsi kl fo’ o dhdsoy 2-2% ghHkwfe gSfdUr qbl dhvkcknh16-7% gSAHkwfe dsfgl kc l st ul a[ ; k17&18 dj ksM+ghgksuhpkfg, r HkhekSl e Bhd j gsxkAi znw"k.kughagksxkvkSj ns’ kdk pgqaeq[ khfodkl gksl dr kgSA, sl seast ul a[ ; k10&12xqukT; knkgSft l dsdkj .ki kuh] fct yh] ; kr k; kr east ke] chekj h] dqi ks"k.k] f’ k{kk&l aLFkkvksadkvHkko] >qXxh@>ksi fM+; ksadkQSyr kt ky] vi j k/k] cykRdkj vkfn dkj .kksal sns’ kdhfLFkfr l kekU; ughadght kl dr hgSAHkkj r easdsj y eas900o"kZi woZi gyhefLt n cuhvkSj dsj y easgh250o"kZi woZi gykppZcukAnksuksafgUnwj kt kvksa dhvfr mnkjr kdkdqQy ns’ kus1947easns[ kkvkSj Hkfo"; easHkhxEHkhj nq"i fj.kke ns[ kusdksfeysaxs D; ksafd fgUnwl sl ÙkkNhuusdsfy, eqfLye] bZl kbZfuf’ pr : i l s, d eap i j vkt k, axsAfgUnw dksohj l koj dj vkSj HkkbZi j ekuUn dkvuq; k; hcuukgksxkvU; Fkkml dkfouk’ kfn[ kkbZnsj gk gSD; kssafd ns’ kds1947 easgq, caVokj sl susg: ] xka/kht Sl sfo’ o Lr j dsvnwj n’ khZusr kvksausdqN ughal h[ kkvkSj Hkksyht ur kvc HkhmUgsaegku ekur hgSA ns’ kdsdbZfgUnwl axBu 14vxLr dksv[ k.MHkkjr fnol eukrsgSaA14vxLr dksi f’ pe r Fkki woZeasnksdêj bLykehj k"VªHkkj r dh3124 yk[ koxZehy Hkwfe i j vfLr Ro easvkx, Fks vkSj mu {ks=kksaeasj gusokysdj ksM+ksafgUnw, d >Vdseasghf} r h; {ks.khdsukxfj d ?kksf"kr dj fn, x, FksAmudkD; knks"kFkk mUgksasususg: &xka/khi j t : j r l sT; knkfo’ okl fd; k! xka/kht h usdgkFkkfd osr Fkkusg: Hkhr ksfgUnwgSavr %osmudk[ ; ky dj saxsAmudkvk’ okl u drbZi wj k ughagqvkAnqHkkZX; fgUnwdkgSALej .kj gsfd usg: r kseqxyoa’ khQSt qYyk[ kku dki ksr kgSft l us dRysvke l scpusdsfy, vi ukuke xaxk/kj j [ kfy; kFkkAvr%13vxLr dksghv[ kf.Mr Hkkj r fnol euk; kt kukpkfg, A v[ kf.Mr Hkkj r fnol 13 vxLr 1947 bZ0 j ke vor kj ; kno] cqyUn’ kgj Hkkj r foHkkt u fnol 15 vxLr 1947 16 i zfr ’ kr eqfLyeksadks24 i zfr ’ kr Hkwfe nsnhA/keZvkSj j kt uhfr dksvyx&vyx dgusokyhdkaxzsl us/keZdsvk/kkj i j ns’ kdkvi zkÑfr d foHkkt u eku fy; 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knkfey xbZA  dkaxzsl dsfgUnwusr kvksausdgkFkkfd dkaxzsl fgUnwfgr ksadhj {kk dj sxhfdUr qmudhvnwj n’ khZl ksp vkSj vfr mnkj r kl sfgUnw ?kkVsesaj gkvkSj vc Hkh?kkVsesagSA  ; fn fgUnwegkl Hkk’ kfDr’ kkyhgksrhrksdkaxzsl eupkgkQSl yk ughaysi kr hvkSj 16 i zfr ’ kr eqfLyeksadks16 i zfr ’ kr Hkwfe gh fgUnwegkl Hkknsusnsr hAvU; Fkkvkcknhdhvnykcnyhgks t kr hvkSj Hkkj r eqfLye foghu gkst kr kvkSj ns’ kdkuke fgUnqLr ku gksx; kgksr kA dkyhpj .kvk; Z Jhd‘".kdhvej nsu&Jhen~Hkkxon~xhr k fo’ o easJhxhr k gh , dek=kxzUFkgS] ft l dht ; Ur h egki oZds: i easi zfro"kZg"kksZYykl ds l kFk euk; h t kr h gSA egkHkkj r ds; q) dseSnku dq#{ks=keasfi rkegHkh"e]xq#t uksa , oavU; cU/kq&ckU/koksadks; q) dsfy; svi usl keus[ kM+kns[ kdj t c vt qZu ’ kksdl Ur ki ] fpUr k] Hk; vkSj fo"kkn~l sf?kj x; s, oa d ÙkZO; d eZ Hkwy d j fdadÙkZO; foew<+gksx; s] r c Jhd‘".kust u&t u dsfgr kFkZ vi usl [ kk vt qZu dksek/; e cukdj deZ; ksx] HkfDr ; ksx] Kku; ksx vkSj Lo/kekZpj.kdkt ks fnO; l Uns’ k&mi ns’ kfn; k]ogh Jhxhr k&xzUFk cu x; k] ft l s Jhen~Hkxon~xhr kdgr sgSaAbl i zdkj bl xzUFkj Ru dhmRi fÙk Lo; aJhd‘".kdsJheq[ kl sgqbZ gS&^; k Lo; a i nukHkL; eq[ ki nkf} fu%l ‘r kAA* ; g egkHkkj r dk ve‘r ksi e l kj egf"kZosnO; kl t h} kjkHkh"ei oZ dsvBkj g v/; k; ksaeasxzfFkr gSA Jhd‘".kdseq[ kl sfu%l ‘r bl vej Kku dk HkksDr k ’ kq) cqf) okyk Js"B euq"; gh gS] D; ksafd l c t hoksaeasl seuq"; ; ksfu gh, dek=k deZ; ksfu gS] ’ ks"kl c Hkksx; ksfu; k¡gSaA ; g ekuo&t hou ds fuekZ.kdkvej xzUFkgSAbl ds fl ) kUr l oZdkyhu] l koZt uhu , oal koZHkkSe gSa] t ksekuoek=kds dY; k.kdsfy; svfuok; Zghugha vi fjgk; ZHkhgSaAfo’ odsfofHkUu /keZxzUFkksaeasJhxhr kgh, dek=k , sl k xzUFk gS] ft l dk vuqokn vkSj Hkk"; l al kj dhgj , d i zeq[ k Hkk"kk easgqvk gS] D; kssafd  Jht xnh’ kpUnzt hesgr k ; g ekuo&t hou&fuekZ.k dk fo’ odks"kgSAbfr gkl l k{khgS fd ; wuku dsnk’ kZfud fo} ku vjLrwusfl dUnj egku~dksHkkjr l sJhxhr kxzUFkysdj vkusdks dgk FkkA dbZfons’ kh vkSj i k’ pkR; fo} kuksausJhxhr kds t hou&fuekZ.k&n’ kZu d s vk/; kfRed] oSKkfud vkSj O; kogkfj d i {k dkst hou eas vi uk; kgSAbl easl R; &vl R; ] /keZ&v/keZ] {ks=k&{ks=kK] i j k& vi j k] i zo‘fÙk&fuo‘fÙk] l qj & vl qj o‘fÙkvkSj l Ùo&j t &r e xq.kksadsl kFk&l kFk vkgkj & fogkj ]vkpkj &fopkj vkSj R; kx dhefgekof.kZr gSAfo} kuksaus vi uh&vi uh Vhdkvksa} kj k Jhxhrkdsekuoh; t hou&n’ kZu dksl e>k; kgSA Jhxhrkdk,d ’ yksd] , d i afDr ; k, d va’ k dk Hkh vFkZjfgr Lok/; k; ] i Bu&i kBu] euu] fpUr u d j us l s ekuo&t hou dksu; hfn’ kk]u; h n‘f"VvkSj u; hÅt kZfeyr hgSA t c yksdekU; cky xaxk/kj fr ydt hdksr Rdkyhu vaxszt l j dkj uscekZdhek¡Mysuxj dht sy easMky fn; kFkk] r c mUgksaus Jhxhr k i j , d vfr Js"B Vhdk^xhr kj gL; * uke l s fy[ kh Fkh vkSj ^deZ.; sokf/k& dkj Lr sek Qys"kqdnkpu* dk l Uns’ kvi uhVhdk, oavkpj .k ds} kj k ns’ k dst u&t u r d i gq¡pk; k FkkA ns’ k ds l Hkh ØkfUr dkfj ; ksavkSj vkt knhds nhokuksa, oaj kt usr kvksadsfy; s xhr ki szj .kkl zksr j ghgSAJhxhr k Jhd‘".k dk ’ okl gS] ân; gS r Fkk okM~e; h ewfr ZgSA ; g vkReks) kj vkSj Loi szj .kk ds vkRei zdk’ kdkxzUFk gSAft l i zdkj xk; dsnw/kdkscNM+sds ckn l Hkh yksx i ku dj r sgSa] ml hi zdkj ; g xhr k&xzUFkHkh l cdsfy; st houi kFks; Lo: Ik gSAl Hkhmi fu"knksadkl kj gh xksLo: i xhr k gSa] bl snqgus okysxksi ky Jhd‘".k gSa] vt qZu : i hcNM+sdsi husl sfudyus okysegku~ve‘r l n‘’ knw/kgh xhr ke‘r gS& l oksZi fu"knksaxkoksnksX/kk xksi kyuUnu%A i kFkksZoRl %l q/khHkksZDr k nqX/ka xhr ke‘r aegr ~AA l c xzUFkksadkl kj osn gS] osnksadk l kj mi fu"kn~gS] mi fu"knksadkl kj xhr kgSvkSj xhrkdkl kj ’ kj.kkxfr gSaAxhrk fdl h , d O; fDr ] l Ei nzk; ] t kfr ; k/keZdsfy; sughadgh x; h gS] cfYd ; g , d fo’ ot uh; xzUFkgSAJhd‘".kus vt qZudsek/; el sfo’ odsekuo dksl Uns’ kfn; kgS%& l oZ/kekZUi fj R; T; ekesds ’ kj .kaozt A vgaRok l oZi ki sH; ks eks{kf; "; kfe ek ’ kqp%AA ¼xhr k18A66½ vFkkZr ~l Ei w.kZ/keksZdks ; kuh
  7. 7. 7 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ Toyar fo"k; fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d ’ ks"ki ‘"B 10 i j v kt ns’ k esa, sl k okr koj .kcu pqdkgSfd ; fn cgql a[ ; d fgUnwvi us/keZdsi zfr dksbZdk; Zdj r sgaSr ksml s j kt uhfr l st ksM+fn; kt kr kgSSA vkt nqfu; kesafgUnw/keZdks[ kRe dj usdsfy, dfFkr udyh /keZfuj i s{kr koknhr Fkk l sdqyj ehfM; k t ksfd Hkkj r foj ks/kh ’ kfDr ; ksadsgkFkksadhdBi qr yh cukgqvkgSdksfpar kgkst kr hgS fd dghafgUnwl ekt ,df=kr u gkst k, vkSj ; fn, sl kgksx; k r ksmudh j kst h&j ksVh t ksfd dsoy fgUnwfoj ks/kdsdkj .kgh pyr hgSA dghafNu u t k, ] bl hfy, l c feydj fgUnwdks l ghxyr dhi fj Hkk"kkl e>kus yxr sgaSA vkt l cdksfgUnqvksads /kk£ed dk; ks± d ks y sd j vR; f/kd i j s’ kkuhgksj gh gSA pkgsbySDVªksfud ehfM; kgks; k fi azV ehfM; kl d bu dk; ks±dks ns’ kesa/kk£ed mUekn c<+kusokys dk; Zl kfcr dj usesayxsgq, gSaA Hkkj r o"kZt ksfgUnw/keZdht Ue LFkyhgSvkt ml ht Ue LFkku i j dksbZHkh/kk£ed dk; Zdj uk t Sl svi j k/kgksx; kgSAfgUnqvksa j kt uhfr dkl kEi znk; hdj .k] eqfLye dkr qf"Vdj .k ds/kk£ed dk; 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kt kr kgS vkSj bl vkr adoknhdksekj us okysns’ kHkDr i qfyl vf/kdkfj; ksa dkst sy esaMky fn; kt kr kgSA bl vkr adoknhdsfy, ns’ kdh xqIr pj l aLFkk o dsUnzh; t k¡p ,t sal hdksvki l esayM+k; kt krk gSAft l dsdkj.kns’ kdhl qj {kk dks[ krj kmRi Uu gksx; kgSA3 j kT; ksads?kksf"kr eqfLye l j xuk l ksgj kcqíhu dksej usdsckn Hkh funksZ"kl kfcr dj usdhHkj l d dksf’ k’ k t kj h gSa] [ kw¡[ kkj vkr adoknhfy; kdr vyht ks gksyhdsi fo=kR; kSgkj i j fgUnqvksa dk[ kwu cgkusdsfy, i kfdLrku l susi ky dsj kLr sHkkj r vkr kgS ml si quokZl uhfr dsvuql kj NksM+usdsfy, x‘gea=kky; i j nckocuk; kt krkgSrFkkbl dks i dM+usokysi qfyl okyksads f[ kykQdBksj dkj ZokbZdjusdh ek¡x dht krhgSAmÙkj i zns’ kds eq[ ; ea=kh[ kqysvke ?kks"k.kdj r s gSfd fl QZeqfLye yM+fd; ksadks 10ohai kl djusi j 30]000#i ; s fn, t k, axsfgUnwyM+fd; ksadks ughaAns’ kdsi z/kkuea=kh; kst uk vk; ksx dhcSBd esa?kks"k.kkdjr s gSafd ns’ kdsl al k/kuksai j i gyk gd eql yekuksadkgSAgt ; k=kk dsfy, vjcksa#i ; ksadhl fCl Mh nht krhgSfgUnqvksal svej ukFk] dSyk’ kekul jksoj ; k=kki j VSDl ol wykt krkgSAeqfLyem| fe; ksa dksde l sde C; t k nj i j l fCl Mhdsl kFk_ .kfn; kt krk gSfgUnqvksadksT; knkC; kt nj i j _ .kfn; kt kr kgSAeqfLye Nk=kksadksmPp f’ k{k.kl aLFkkuksa esadksfpax Hkq[ kej hvkSj dqi ks"k.k dhgkyr i j fuxkg j[ kusokyh Xykscy baMsDl dhbl j i V l s mRl kfgr ughagqvkt kl dr k fd Hkkj r esaHkq[ kej hl snks&pkj gksj gsyksxksadksl a[ ; kesadeh vo’ ; vkbZgS] ysfdu og bl ekeysesai kfdLr ku] ckaXykns’ k] JhyadkvkSj phu l sHkhi hNsgSA Hkkj r , sl sns’ kksadhl wphessa62osa LFkku i j gSvkSj 2012 ds eqdkcysegt pkj i k; nku vkxs c<+k gSA bl ekewyhdke; kch dksfdl hr j g dhmi yfC/kdh l aKk nsuk l gh ugh gksxk] [ kkl dj ; g l wphr S; kj dj us okysvar j k"Vªh; [ kk| uhfr ’ kks/kl aLFkku dhbl fVIi .khdks ns[ kr sgq, fd Hkkj r dhfLFkfr fpar kt ud gSAvxj i kap o"kZl s de vk; qds40 i zfr ’ kr cPps dqi ks"k.k dsf’ kdkj gSr ks; g ’ keZukd vkSj fpar kt ud ghgSA ; g dguk dfBu gSfd Hkkj r l j dkj vkSj ml dsuhfr &fu; ar k bl j i Vi j fdl r j g dker O; Dr dj r sgS osdqN Hkhdgs vkSj vi uscpko esafdl hHkh r j g dhnyhy nsa] ml sLohdkj ughafd; kt kl dr kAbl fy, vkSj HkhLohdkj ughafd; kt k ’ ks"ki ‘"B 11 i j ’ keZukd l PpkbZ l dr k]D; ksafd gekjsi M+ksl hns’ k bl ekeysesabl l scsgrj i zn’ kZu dj usesal {ke gSAphu usrksbl ekeysesa[ kkl mYys[ kuh; dke dj fn[ kk; k gSA og Hkkj r l s dghavf/kd vkxs] cfYd ehyksa vkxsNBosaLFkku i j gSAbl dk er yc gSfd ml usvk£Fkd fodkl dsl kFk ghl kekft d mRFkku i j Hkht ksj fn; kgS; gka xj hch] dqi ks"k.kvkfn nwj dj us dsekeysesacsi j okgghj gr sgSaA Xykscy gaxj baMsDl dh Li "V dseqr kfcd Hkq[ kej ht Sl s gkyr vksj dqi ks"k.k dsfy, l kekft d vl ekur kvkSj i ks"kd [ kk| kUu dhdehdsl kFk&l kFk efgykvksadh l kekft d , oa ’ kS{kf.kd fLFkfr Hkhft Eesnkj gSA vxj gekj suhfr &fu; ar k bl ’ keZukd fLFkfr esa okLr oesafpafr gSr ks fQj mUgsav i us r kSj &r j hd ksa esa O; ki d Qsj cny dj usdsfy, r S; kj j guk pkfg, A mUgsa [ kk| kUu l qj {kk dh fn’ kk esadqN Bksl ; g è; ku j gsfd phu usxj hch nwj dj usdsekeysesaHkhcsgr j dke dj fn[ kk; kgSAbl l anHkZ esa, sl kdksbZrdZdqr dZghgksxk fd njvl y phu esayksdr kaf=kd O; 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  8. 8. 8 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ bfr gkl fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d dgksxoZl s] ge fgUnwgSayksdekU; fr yd i q.; fr fFk l ekj ksg o i kydh; k=kkdhfp=kkoyh
  9. 9. 9 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r dIN FOCUS  PranjitAgarwala Unlikeearlier, the recent spate of violence in the Kokrajhar and Baksa districts of the Bodoland Territorial Au- tonomous District (BTAD) in Assam has been triggered by elec- toralpolitics and not over the control of land. In- creasing pressure on land brought the indig- enous Bodos and the Bengali Muslim immi- grants or the Bodos and the SanthalAdivasis into direct conflict resulting in widespread ethnic vio- lence which displaced whole communities and took hundreds of inno- cent lives. This time the violence has been re- stricted to the Kokrajhar Parliamentary Constitu- encywhereBengaliMus- lims have been targeted asthey are suspected to have voted against the Bodo Peoples’ Front’s (BPF) candidate. The BPF is a part of the Con- gress government in the State and administers the BTAD. Kokrajhar is a re- served Schedule Tribe (ST) Parliamentary seat. In the recent Lok Sabha elections for thefirst time in its political history the constituencywitnessed a multi-cornered contest because of a fractured Bodo community and a sharp dividebetween the Bodosandthenon-Bodo voters. Several heavy- weight Bodo candidates werein the frayincluding State Cabinet Minister ChandanBrahma(BPF), former Meghalaya Gov- ernor Ranjit Shekhar Mushahary (Trinamul Congress), sittingMP SK Bwiswmuthiary who fought asanindependent having been denied a ticket by the BPF and Former RajyaSabha MP UG Brahma also an in- dependent supported by thepowerfulAllBodoStu- dents Union (ABSU). With theBodo communi- Ethnic Violence InAssam’s Bodoland tiesvotes expected to be divided among these prominent candidates, the non-Bodo votes had become a crucial factor for winning. However an um- brella group of twenty- one non-Bodo organisations of the BTAD, whoare opposed to the formation of a separate State of Bodoland,undertheban- ner of JonogostiyaAikya Manch have lent their support to an indepen- dent candidate, Naba Kumar alias Hira Sarania, who was once the commander of ULFA’s dreaded709 bat- talion which wasactive in the lowerAssam districts. Thenon-Bodosincluding other tribes of which the Bengali Muslim commu- nityisamajor constituent havenever won this seat inspite of forming two/ thirds of the constituency’s popula- tion. Out of a total elec- torateof 14.5 lakh voters in the constituency only 3.20 lakh voters are Bodos. Therefore this timewith the numbers in their favour they expect to win. This has caused resentment among the Bodos particularly in the ruling BPF whose bas- tion is Kokrajhar. For the time be- ing theviolencehasbeen contained with area domination by the secu- rity forces. But there is every possibility that the simmering embers will berekindled andresult in a bigger conflagration which may not be re- stricted to one parlia- mentaryconstituency or the BTAD areas only. There is an imminent danger of indulging in political brinkmanship which successive gov- ernmentsbothattheCen- tre and in the State, mainly of the Congress, have been doing while handling issues in the in- surgency ridden North- east. The genesis of ethnic violence in Bodoland lies in the anti- foreigners movement of Assam in the1980s. The movement gave birth to a powerfulregional politi- calparty, theAsom Gana Parishad (AGP) which routed the Congress in the 1985 State elections. To destabilise the incum- bent AGP government and regain power the then Congress govern- ment headed by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi at the Centre encouraged the Bodos to agitate for a separate State and in- dulge in violent militancy to achieve their goal. Re- portedly the Research & Analysis Wing (RAW) even trained some batches of Bodo militants in the use of explosive devices. The Congress regained power in 1991 but were ousted by the AGP in 1996. The cam- paign of ethnic cleansing in Bodoland began soon after and has continued intermittentlydespite the efforts of successive Congress governments to control it. The Assam gov- ernment and police have blamed the anti-talk Songbijit faction of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB)for therecent kill- ings. Howeverthemilitant outfit has denied any in- volvement in the inci- dents. Locals in the af- fected villagesblame the BPF. The involvement of forest guards in the vio- lence havelent credence to these allegations. Many ex-cadres of the Bodo Liberation Tigers (BLT), once the militant wing of the BPF, have been rehabilitated as for- est guards. After Telengana the Bodos demand for a separate State has become more strident. But the demo- graphic equation in the proposed Statedoes not favour the Bodos. The Bodos and other tribals constitute only 20 per cent of BTAD’s popula- tion.Anoverwhelming 80 per cent are non-Bodos of which asizable section are Bengali Muslims many of whom are sus- pected to beillegal immi- grantsfrom Bangladesh. Though,therecan be no justification for the violenceperpetrated, the politicalbrinkmanship in- dulged in by successive governments, mainly of theCongress,intheinter- ests of vote-bank politics also deserves strong condemnation. In reality the Bodos and other in- digenous people are a minority in their own homeland. Unless this demographic imbalance is rectified and the prob- lem of illegal immigrants permanentlysolved, vio- lence and ethnic cleans- ing will continueto haunt Assam. vi usns’ kdkusr k vi usns’ kdkusr k ns[ kks! HkVd x; k t ur kdkl kj keky xVd x; k ; sxVd x; k------- vi usns’ kdkusr k Nqfj ; ksai j Nqfj ; kapykj gk cky dh[ kky fudky j gk ; suaxkgksdj ukp j gk---- vi usns’ kdkusr k l ekt okn dknsdj ukj k i ’ kqvksadkHkh[ kkx; kpkj k ; su dHkhdkuwu l sgkj k----- vi usns’ kdkusr k l kj st gk¡l sgScqj k i kfdLr ku l sges’ kkM+j k ; sdql hZi j cSB dj Hkhu j gk[ kj k---- eqds’ kdqekj ^_ f"koekZ*
  10. 10. 10 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ xfr fof/k; ka fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d dgksxoZl s] ge fgUnwgSadgksxoZl s] ge fgUnwgSadgksxoZl s] ge fgUnwgSa fgUnqRo foKku dhvkè; kfRed O; k[ ; kgS mfYV; ka] nLr odSal j t Sl h?kkr d chekfj ; akgksusdk[ kr jkcukjgr kgSA; g l ghgS fd feykoV[ kksjhdsbl nkSj esayksxksadkfeBkbZdsi zfr : >ku ?kVkgSAysfdu R; kSgkj dsekSdsi j feBkbZysukl kekft d r kSj i j vfuok; Zl e>kt kr kgSysfdu bruhi j[ k dksbZughadjrkfd t ksoLrq’ kqHkdkeuknsusdsfy, [ kjhnhxbZgSogl ghHkhgS; kughaA i zns’ kesayksxksadsi kl fl QZpkSdl hdsvykokvkSj dksbZpkjkughagSAbl dsfy, l j dkj t ksi zns’ kdsi zos’ k}kjksai j rkspkSdl hc<+kuhghpkfg, D; ksafd feykoVhoLr q,ai M+ksl h j kT; ksal sgh; gkavkrhj ghgSAl kFkghLokLF; foHkkx dsvf/kdkfj ; ksadksfeBkbZdh nqdkuksadhfuj ar j t kap dj rsjgukgksxkAl jdkj dkspkfg, fd ogyksxksadhl sgr dks ns[ kr sgq, vU; j kT; ksal si gqapusokys[ ksekvkSj vU; [ kk| i nkFkksZadht kap dsfy, vfHk; ku pyk,A; gdkj ZokbZi q"Vl s¶Vh, DVdsr gr gksr ksnqdkunkjksaesaHkhMj i Snk gksxkALokLF; 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dj j gsFksAdkaB easr ksX; kj g fnu r d ckt kj cUn j gsAl ghdgkgSfd dql hZcpkusds fy, @et cwr dj usdsfy, usr kcny t kr sgSaA  vMwl kdsi Ùkksadkj l , d pEep]vk/kkpEep ’ kq) ?khovk/kkpEep fi l h feJhr huksadksfeykdj fnu esa4&5 ckj pkVusl s[ kk¡l hesavkj ke feyr kgSA  l sc dkj l fudkydj FkksM+hfeJhfeykdj i husl sl w[ kh[ kk¡l hBhd gks t kr hgSA  vat hj dsl kFki qnhuk[ kkusl sdQ; qDr [ kk¡l hesaykHkgksr kgSA  i qj kuh[ kk¡l hesar kt kequDdsdsnkuksadksj kr dsl e; l kQ i kuhesafHkxks nsa] i zkr %dky 10 nkusadqN fnuksar d yxkr kj fu; fer [ kk, ¡A  cyxe [ kk¡l hesankspEep ’ kgn] vk/kkpEep fXyl j hu]de xeZdj dsuhcw dkj l feykdj l sou dj saA ’ ks"ki ‘"B 4 dk [ kk¡l hnwj dj usds------- bLykfed t sgkn l s>qyl j gkgS mÙkj çns’ kÞenj l ksai j i w.kZçfr cU/k yxk; sdsaæl j dkj ß %fgUnwegkl Hkk vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsjk"Vªh; v/; {kpUæçdk’ kdkSf’ kd] j k"Vªh; egkea=kheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khohj s’ kR; kxhus, d l a; qä oäO; t kj hdj dsmÙkj çns’ kl j dkj } kj kbLykfed t sgkn dksc<+koknsusdkvkj ksi yxk; kgSAxkSj r yc gSfd esj B ds[ kj [ kkSnkdLcsesa; qor hl sxSax j si vkSj t cj u bLyke dcwy dj okusdhokj nkr l keusvkusdsckn l kaçnkf; d fgal kdhvkx esa >qyl jgsi f’ pehmÙkj çns’ kesa, d u; kcoky [ kM+kgksx; kgSA10fnu i gysvxok dhxbZ; qor hj fookj dksi fj okj dsl kFkcngokl fLFkfr esaFkkusi gqaphvkSj t cj u bLyke /keZdcwy dj okusvkSj enj l sesaxSax j si dkvkj ksi yxk; kA; qor huscr k; k fd bl nkSj ku ml senjl ksaesaca/kd cukdj j [ kkx; kFkkA; qor hdsi sVi j vkWi j s’ ku dsfu’ kku l sml dhfdMuhfudkyst kusdhHkhvk’ kadkgSAjk"Vªh; v/; {kJhdkSf’ kd usdgkfd bl çdkj dh?kVuk, agesa; g l kspusi j et cwj dj r hgSafd mÙkj çns’ k esadksbZckcj ; kvkSj axt sc ’ kkl u dj j gkgSvkSj ml dh’ kg i j eql yeku yo&t sgkn NsM+sgq, gSa] ekj dkVepk; sgq, gSaAj k"Vªh; egkea=khJh’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=kh JhR; kxhusdsaædheksnhl j dkj l sbl ekeysesaRofj r dkj ZokbZdj usdksdgk] ft l l sbl çdkj dsd‘R; ksal sfgUnqvksadhcgq&csfV; kal qj f{kr gksl dsaAfgUnwegkl Hkk usr kbl ckr i j ,d er Fksfd eksnheql yekuksadkt sgkn j ksd l dusesal {ke gSavkSj bl dkçek.kmUgksausxqt j kr esafn; kgS] vr %eafnj ksaesai wt kdj usdsl kFk] og mÙkj çns’ kesaeql yekuksai j vadq’ kyxk, aAmÙkj çns’ kdht ur kusl hVsansdj uj saæeksnh dksç/kkuea=khdhdql hZr d bl hckr dsfy, i gq¡pk; kgSfd ogt sgkn dksj ksdsavkSj fgUnqvksadhcgqcsfV; ksadksgj gky esal qj {kkçnku dj saA; fn Hkkt i k] vf[ kys’ kl j dkj i j yxke ughadl r hgSr ksfgUnwegkl Hkkl Ei w.kZHkkj r esaml dsf[ kykQfgUnqvksadks t kx: d dj sxhA t uj y l qgkx dksu, l suk/; {kds dk; ZHkkj dsfy, c/kkbZ%fgUnwegkl Hkk vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsjk"Vªh; v/; {kpUæçdk’ kdkSf’ kd] j k"Vªh; egkea=kheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khohj s’ kR; kxhus, d l a; qä oäO; t kj hdj dsHkkj r h; l sukdsu, çeq[ knychj l qgkx dksc/kkbZnsr sgq, dsaæl j dkj l sl sukdhet cwr hdsfy, gj l aHko dne mBkusdhekax dhgSAxkSj r yc gSfd ysf¶VusaVt ujy nychj fl agl qgkx usvkt u, l sukçeq[ kdkdk; ZHkkj l aHkky fy; k gSAi woZ; wi h, l j dkj usebZesal qgkx dhfu; qfä dhFkhA59l ky dst uj y l qgkx us1987 esaJhyadkesabafM; u i hl dhfi ax Qksl ZvkWi j s’ ku esafgLl kfy; kFkkAt uj y l qgkx Hkkj rh; l sukds26osal sukçeq[ kcusagSaAl qgkx dksfi Nysl ky fnl acj esavkehZ LVkQdsokbl phQdhft Eesnkj hnhxbZFkhAbl l si gysos16t wu 2012l sbLVuZ vkehZdekaMj dhHkwfedkfuHkkj gsFksAj k"Vªh; v/; {kJhdkSf’ kd usu, l sukçeq[ k dsusr ‘Ro esal hekvksadhet cwr l qj {kkdsçfr vk’ kkO; ä dhgS] oghaj k"Vªh; egkea=kh Jh’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khJhR; kxhusdsaæl j dkj l sl sukdksvR; k/kqfud cukusesagj l aHko ; ksxnku nsusdhvi hy dhgSA mÙkj &çns’ kvc naxk&çns’ kcu pqdkgS] vf[ kys’ k l j dkj dksj k"Vªi fr c[ kkZLr dj sa%fgUnwegkl Hkk vf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsjk"Vªh; v/; {kpUæçdk’ kdkSf’ kd] j k"Vªh; egkea=kheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ,oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khohj s’ kR; kxhusmÙkj çns’ kesaj kst gksj gsnaxksai j d?hukjkt xhO; ä djr sgq, mÙkj çns’ kdhl ekt oknhi kVhZl jdkj dksc[ kkZLr dj usdhekax dhgS-xkSj ryc gSfd , d dsckn , d gksj gsyxkr kj naxksa usekuo vf/kdkj ksadksbl çns’ kesadqpy dj j [ kfn; kgSAvf[ kys’ kl j dkj naxksadks j ksd i kusesai wj hr j g fu"Qy l kfcr gksj ghgSAj k"Vªh; v/; {kJhdkSf’ kd usmÙkj çns’ kesagksj gh?kVukvksadksysdj i wjsns’ kesaruko mRi Uu gksusdhvk’ kadkO; ä djr s gq, dsaæl j dkj l snaxksai j rqj ar dkj ZokbZdj usdksdgkAj k"Vªh; egkea=kheqUukdqekj ’ kekZ, oaj k"Vªh; dk; kZy; ea=khohj s’ kR; kxhus, d fl j sl scgql a[ ; dksadsvf/kdkj ksa dsfy, vkokt mBkr sgq, mÙkj çns’ kl j dkj dsHksnHkkoi w.kZj oS; si j xgj hukjkt xh O; ä dhgSAfgUnwegkl Hkkusr kvksausLi "Vdgkfd ç’ kkl u dhHksnHkkoi w.kZuhfr l s cgql a[ ; dksaesavkØks’ k QSyr k t k j gk gS] t ksdHkhHkhQV l dr k gSvkSj bl ds i fj .kkeLo: i i wj sns’ k esal kEçnkf; d l n~Hkko fcxM+l dr k gSA fgUnwegkl Hkk i nkf/kdkfj ; ksausj k"Vªi fr ç.kc eq[ kt hZl smÙkj çns’ kdhv{ke l j dkj dksr qj ar c[ kkZLr dj j k"Vªi fr ’ kkl u yxkusdhekax dhgS] ft l l smÙkj çns’ kdsfuokl h ’ kkafr i w.kZt hou t hl dsaA vkbZ-Mh-xqykVh] cqyUn’ kgj
  11. 11. uksV %&dsoy LFkkuh; pSd Lohdkj fd; st kr sgSaA ok£"kd------------------------------------------------------------100/- #i ; s f} ok£"kd--------------------------------------------------------200/- #i ; s vkt hou l nL; ---------------------------------------------1500/- : i ; s &%r Rdky xzkgd cusa%& l nL; r k’ kqYd Mªk¶V; keuhvkMZj ^^fgUnwl Hkkokr kZ** dsuke Hkst saA i r k %& fgUnwegkl Hkk Hkou] eafnj ekxZ] ubZfnYyh&110001 11 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ l kj ka’ k fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d l kIr kfgd ozr &i oZ fnukad 20 v xLr l s 26 v xLr 2014 r d i oZ fr fFk fnu vt k, dkn’ kh 21 vxLr ohjokj i znks"kozr 22 vxLr ’ kqØokj l kseor hvekoL; k 25 vxLr l kseokj l kIr kfgd fgUnwl Hkkokr kZ ’ ks"ki ‘"B 5 dk vVwV fo’ okl dkca/ku----- ’ ks"ki ‘"B 8 dk Jhd‘".kdhvej nsu----- l kIr kfgd fgUnwl Hkkokr kZfo’ ks"kr k; sat ksvU; =kughafeyr h 1. i =kdkfj r kdsmPp j k"Vªfu"Bekudksadsfy, i zfr c) r k 2. j k"VªvkSj fgUnqRo dksgkfu i gq¡pkusokysdkj dksai j i Suhn‘f"V 3. l kEi znkf; d vkSj i ‘Fkdr koknhl ksp i j t edj i zgkj 4. j k"Vªh; vkSj vUr j kZ"Vªh; eqn~nksai j i kj n’ khZppkZ 5. l kekft d l j ksdkj ksadhr g r d t kdj l ekèkkui j d cgl 6. i zsj d i zl ax] egku~O; fDr ; ksal si zsj .kkysusdkekè; e 7. Hkz"Vkpkj ] vi j kèkvkSj vj k"Vªh; fpar u i j r h[ kkvkØe.k gekj kl adYi 1. ge , d , sl hl er keqyd j k"Vªh; O; oLFkkdsi {kèkj gSat gkafuèkZur k dkvfHk’ kki u gks] fdl hdk’ kks"k.ku gks] U; k; oui ’ kqvksadhpsj hu cus] l c l eku gksa] , d nwl j sdsl g; ksxhgksaA 2. ge , d , sl hl aLd‘fr d O; oLFkk dsi {kèkj gSaft l esafgUnqRo ds l koZHkkSfed vkSj l koZdkfyd fl ) kar ksadksi zfr f"Br fd; k t k l ds] ft l l sfd fgal k] i ki ] ’ kks"k.k] fo"ker kvkSj l aosnughur kdhdkfyek l sfo’ o dkseqfDr feysaA dsoy br ukghugh] vU; Hkhcgqr l ht houksi ; ksxhl kexzhA vki dkl kIr kfgd] vki dhHkkoukvksadkni Z.kA l kIr kfgd fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ ’ ks"ki ‘"B 1 dk ; wi hesat cj u dqcwy dj ok; k----- dhykt cpk; hAbl hi zdkj t c eqxy l ezkVgqek; w¡fpr kSM+i j vkØe.kdj usc<+kr ksj k.kk l kaxkdhfo/kokdeZor husgqek; w¡dksj k[ khHkst dj vi uhj {kkdkopu fy; kAgqek; w¡usbl s Lohdkj dj dsfpr kSM+i j vkØe.kdk[ ; ky fny l sfudky fn; kvkSj dkykarj easj k[ khdh ykt fuHkkusdsfy, fpr kSM+dhj{kkgsr qxqt jkr dsckn’ kkgl sHkh; q) fd; kA, sl sghu t kus fdr usfo’ okl ds/kkxksal st qM+kgqvkgSj k[ khdki oZAns’ kdsfofHké vapyksaeasj k[ khi oZdks HkkbZ&cgu dsR; kSgkj dsvykokHkhfHkUu&fHkUu r j hdksal seuk; kt krkgSAeqacbZdsdbZl eqnzh bykdksaeasbl sukfj ; y&i wf.kZek; kdksdksuVQqyewu dsuke l sHkht kukt kr kgSAbl fnu fo’ ks"k: i l sl eqnznsor ki j ukfj ; y p<+kdj mi kl ukdht kr hgSvkSj ukfj ; y dhr hu vka[ kksadksf’ kodsr hu us=kksadhmi eknht kr hgSAcqUnsy[ k.Measj k[ khdksdt j h&i wf.kZek; k dt j h&uoehHkhdgkt kr kgSAbl fnu dVksj seast kSo /kku cks; kt kr kgSr Fkkl kr fnu r d i kuhnsr s gq, ekaHkxor hdhoanukdht kr hgSA l Ei w.kZdÙkZO; deksZdksi zHkqeasR; kxdj rwdsoy , d eq>sl oZ’ kfDreku~l okZ/kkj i jes’ oj dhgh’ kj.keasvkt kArq>sl Ei w.kZi ki ksal seqfDr feysxhArw’ kksd er djAekuo dh okLrfod t houdh’ kj.kkxfr ; ghgSAJhxhrkdsl Ei w.kZl kr l kS’ yksd t houp; kZ&fuekZ.k dsfy; sekuo&’ kjhj dsdq.Myhdsl kr pØvkSj l kr Å/oZyksd dsegkeU=kgSa]ft udks vkRel kr~dj dseuq"; vi ukbgyksd vkSj i jyksd&nksuksal q/kkj l dr kgSAxhrk, d t hou&fuekZ.kdkxzUFkgS] bl easvkn’ kZt hou&’ kSyhdko.kZu fd; kx; kgS] l kFkgh i zR; sd o.kZvkSj vkJe ds/keZdksl e>kdj vUr easl Hkhdksvi us&vi us/keksZ&dÙkZO; deksZ easn‘<+j grsgq, HkxOr i zkfIr dj usdsfy; sdgkx; kgS& ^Lo/keZsfu/kuaJs; %i j /keksZ Hk; kogAA¼xhrk3A35½ vFkkZr ~vi us/keZesaej ukHkhdY; k.kdkj d gSvkSj nwl j sdk/keZHk; dksnsus okykgksr kgSA Js; kULo/keksZfoxq.k%i j /kekZRLouqf"Br kr ~A LoHkkofu; r adeZdqoZUukIuksfr fdfYc"ke~AA ¼xhr k 18A47½ vPNhi zdkj vkpj .kfd; sgq, nwl j sds/keZl sxq.kj fgr Hkhvi uk/keZJs"B gS] D; ksafd LoHkko l sfu; r fd; sgq, Lo/keZ: i deZdksdj r kgqvkeuq"; i ki dks ughai zkIr gksr kgSAekuo&t hou p; kZeasdeZdhegÙkkdki zfr i knu dj usdsfy; s Jhd‘".kusvt qZu usdgk& m) sj snkReukRekuaukRekueol kn; sr ~A vkReSo ákReukscU/kqj kReSo fj i qj kReu%AA ¼xhr k6A5½ vFkkZr~euq"; dkspkfg; sfd vi us} kjkvi ukl al kj easl eqnzl sm) kj djsvkSj vi usdksv/kksxfr easu Mkys] D; ksafd ; g euq"; vki ghrksvi ukfe=kgSvkSj vki gh vi uk’ k=kqgSAeuq"; vi usdeksZdsdkj .kghÅ/oZxfr vkSj v/kksxfr dksi kr kgSA; g ckr fuf’ pr gS]l R; gSAbl i zdkj euq"; 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  12. 12. i zkIr s"kqMkd i at hdj .kl a[ ; kD.L. (N.D.)µ11/6129/2013-14-15 j ft l a- 29007/77 ubZfnYyhi h-,l -vks- esai ksLVdhxbZ l kIr kfgd dfcj k[ kM+kct kj esa; g Hkhl p gS fgUnwl HkkokrkZ 12 fgUnwl Hkk okr kZ fnukad 13 vxLr l s19 vxLr 2014 r d LoRokf/kdkj hvf[ ky Hkkj r fgUnwegkl Hkkdsfy, i zdk’ kd ,oaeqnzd eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ}kj kLdSu ^,u* fi zUV] 115, dh£r uxj bUMLVªh; y ,fj ; k] fnYyh eqfnzr r Fkk fgUnwegkl Hkk Hkou] efUnj ekxZ] ubZfnYyh&110001 l si zdkf’ kr A nwj Hkk"k 011-23365138] 011-23365354 E-mail : akhilbharat_hindumahasabha@yahoo.com, editor.hindusabhavarta@akhilbharathindumahasabha.org l Ei knd %eqUukdqekj ’ kekZ] i zca/kl Ei knd %ohj s’ kdqekj R; kxh bl i =kesai zdkf’ kr ys[ ko l ekpkj ksadhl gHkkfxr k] l ai knd&i zdk’ kd dhughagSAl Ei w.kZfooknksadkU; kf; d {ks=kubZfnYyhgSA ubZfnYyhi h-, l -vks- esai ksLV dhxbZ j ft l a- 29007/77 fu"d"kZ Mkd i at hdj .kl a[ ; kD.L. 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