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06-12-2015
1
AHMEDABAD
The metropolitan city……………………………………
Presented by Guided by
Himanshu Pipaliya Prof. Vivek Sonar
1
CO...
06-12-2015
2
 The city founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 AD, lies on the banks of
the Sabarmati river.
 The historic ...
06-12-2015
3
 GEOGRAPHY
 The city is situated on the western side of India.
 The city is located in a sandy and dry are...
06-12-2015
4
CONNECTIVITY
BY ROAD
 National highways connect cities like Vadodara, Rajkot, Jamnagar and
Mumbai.
 The Guj...
06-12-2015
5
 HISTORY
 The history of Ahmedabad stretches as far back as in the 11th
century and linking it self with ol...
06-12-2015
6
...................
 The city municipality was given the status of Municipal Corporation in 1950
when the ci...
06-12-2015
7
 The pols which comprise it: The grouping of houses into pols is typical of
Gujarat and especially of Ahmeda...
06-12-2015
8
 Major industries
There are around 422 medium and large scale industries based in
Ahmedabad district with to...
06-12-2015
9
POPULATION DENSITY17
 URBAN GROWTH
PHASES OF THE GROWTH OF AHMEDABAD
PHASE 1 PHASE 2
18
06-12-2015
10
PHASES OF THE GROWTH OF AHMEDABAD
PHASE 3 PHASE 4
19
20
06-12-2015
11
COMPARISON OF GROWTH BETWEEN AHMEDABAD , BANGLORE AND HYDERABAD21
 POLITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
AHMEDABAD URBAN...
06-12-2015
12
Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA)
 AUDA was constituted under the Gujarat Town Planning and Urba...
06-12-2015
13
 LANDUSE
 Spatial arrangements of land uses determine the
population distribution and infrastructure deman...
06-12-2015
14
27
LAND USE IN CITY AREA
As per existing land use (1997), more than one third (36%) of the total area is und...
06-12-2015
15
VARIOUS AMENDMENTS IN PROPOSED LAND USE PLAN
 There will be separate local area plans for central business ...
06-12-2015
16
31
Traffic Characteristics
 Infrastructure - Circular and concentrated around walled city/CBD by five
ring ...
06-12-2015
17
ROADS
 The city transportation system is predominantly dependent on roadway
systems
 The greater Ahmedabad...
06-12-2015
18
35
CG ROAD
36
06-12-2015
19
TRAFFIC VOLUME
Traffic Volume (PCUs)
(9.30-10.30 a.m. and 5.30-6.30 p.m.)
Derived From: Interim Report on ‘T...
06-12-2015
20
Existing/Proposed Flyovers in AMC39
Accident Rate in Ahmedabad
Derived From:
Safe Traffic Advocacy Cell,
Sch...
06-12-2015
21
41
42
06-12-2015
22
AHMEDABAD BRTS
• It is oprerated by Ahmedabad
Janmarg Limited, a subsidiary
of AMC.
• It is designed by CEPT...
06-12-2015
23
AHMEDABAD BRTS ROUTE MAP45
46
06-12-2015
24
PARKING
 On-street parking
reduces the effective carriage way of roads
observed along the major corridors, ...
06-12-2015
25
CONCLUSION
 Ahmedabad's traditional socio- economic set up was the most
important asset in its growth.
 Ci...
06-12-2015
26
THANK YOU51
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Ahmedabad,The Metropolitan city

it is the presentation of the urban transportation planning region of the metropolitan city Ahmedabad.

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Ahmedabad,The Metropolitan city

  1. 1. 06-12-2015 1 AHMEDABAD The metropolitan city…………………………………… Presented by Guided by Himanshu Pipaliya Prof. Vivek Sonar 1 CONTENTS  INTRODUCTION  GEOGRAPHY  HISTORY  TOURISM AND HERITAGE  DEMOGRAPHIC & ECONOMIC PROFILE  URBAN GROWTH &LAND USE  POLITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE  PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE  CONCLUSION  REFERENCE 2
  2. 2. 06-12-2015 2  The city founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 AD, lies on the banks of the Sabarmati river.  The historic city of Ahmedabad is amongst the major metropolitan cities in India. It's a city where history gently rubs its shoulders with modernity.  The city is the administrative headquarter of Ahmedabad district and is the judicial capital of Gujarat as the Gujarat High Court is located here.  With a population of more than 5.8 million and an extended population of 6.3 million, it is the 5th largest city and 7th largest metropolitan area of India.  With the increasing opportunities for trade and commerce and as a center for higher education, this heavy growth continues. ..…ahmedabad 3 ……...…..ahmedabad at a glance  Year of Establishment - 1411 A.D.  Commencement of the municipal works by ‘Town wall fund committee’ - 1834.  Establishment of Municipality - 1858.  Establishment of Municipal Corporation - 1950.  Area of the city - 464.16 sq. km.  Literacy Rate - 73.38 %, [78.34 %(Male), 67.72 %(Female)]  Religion(%) - 84.6 (Hindu),2.9 (Jain),11.4 (Muslim),0.7 (Christian)  Official Language-Gujarati, Hindi.  Languages spoken Gujarati, Hindi, English 4
  3. 3. 06-12-2015 3  GEOGRAPHY  The city is situated on the western side of India.  The city is located in a sandy and dry area. Except for the small hills of Thaltej Jodhpur Tekra, the entire city is almost flat.  Since, Ahmedabad lies on the western side in the state of Gujarat, which is basically a desert area; it experiences extreme type of climate.  There are 2 main lakes located in the city limits – the Kankaria lake, and the Vastapur lake.  Kankaria lake, located in Maninagar, is an artificial lake developed by Qutb-ud-din Aybak in 1451.  The Sabarmati bifurcates the city into eastern and western parts, connected by nine bridges, two of which were constructed after independence.  Though the river is perennial, it gets dried up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water flowing. ………….…. 5  Latitude - 22º 58 N  Longitude - 72º 35EN  Altitude - 49 Mts. above MSL SABARMATI RIVER FRONT 6
  4. 4. 06-12-2015 4 CONNECTIVITY BY ROAD  National highways connect cities like Vadodara, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Mumbai.  The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) runs express and luxury deluxe buses to the neighbouring towns and cities. One can reach the city by taxi from nearby cities. BY AIR  The Ahmedabad Airport is just 10 kms from downtown Ashram Road area.  It functions for both domestic and international purpose.  Domestic flights on Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and Gujarat Airways are available for Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Jaipur and several other destinations inside the country. 7 BY RAIL  Ahmedabad has a well maintained railway network connected to important destinations of the country.  Ahmedabad railway station is the largest railway station in the state of Gujarat.  Various express and super fast trains are available between Ahmedabad and important cities of the country. 8
  5. 5. 06-12-2015 5  HISTORY  The history of Ahmedabad stretches as far back as in the 11th century and linking it self with old towns of Ashaval and Karnavati about 1000 years ago.  In the year 1411 AD, Sultan Ahmed Shah built citadel and encouraged development of trade and commerce.  In 1456 AD, an enclosing wall was constructed defining a periphery to the city-limits.  The city within this wall got structured into wards, organized by 12 main roads each terminating at a gate in the wall.  In 1487, Mahmud Begada, the grandson of Ahmed Shah, fortified the city with an outer wall 10 km (6.2 mi) in circumference and consisting of twelve gates, 189 bastions and over 6,000 battlements. 9 Evolution of the city  With the coming of the railway around 1860, development began to spill over (beyond the city-limits) towards the northeast and southeast of the walled city.  The first textile mill was started in 1861 here by Ranchhodlal Chhotalal.  This also resulted in the industrial and residential development across the western side of Sabarmati River.  Construction of 5 bridges – Ellis Bridge, Gandhi Bridge, Sardar Patel Bridge, the Nehru Bridge and the Subhash Bridge accelerated this development.  But by and large the industrial development has remained concentrated on the eastern side and the walled city has continued to grow in density due to incorporation of fringe areas into the city limits. ………… 10
  6. 6. 06-12-2015 6 ...................  The city municipality was given the status of Municipal Corporation in 1950 when the city started growing rapidly eastwards and southwards.  In the later part of the century, the western part has developed rapidly.  The city is governed by Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC), established in July 1950.  Realizing the acute need for a holistic approach to the conservation and preservation of this valuable heritage resource, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) with assistance from CRUTA Foundation set up a heritage cell in 1996.  Its main objectives are to create basic awareness amongst the citizens, promote traditional built forms, support participatory action programmes and to co-ordinate efforts of different disciplines, stakeholders and authorities.  It is an advisory board to AMC essentially assisting the Corporation in its capacity building 11  TOURISM AND HERITAGE  The heritage resources in Ahmedabad can be looked at following three distinct levels:  The entirety of the walled city: ASI has a total of 52 Indo-Islamic monuments under protection. In addition, there are many Hindu and Jain temples, the Gaekwad’s Haveli enclave of Maratha period and several other institutional buildings and bungalows of the Colonial period. At the moment, these structures are in a state of disrepair except for the few Jain temples taken care of by the Jain community. The City Wall and its Gates are equally in dilapidated condition. 12
  7. 7. 06-12-2015 7  The pols which comprise it: The grouping of houses into pols is typical of Gujarat and especially of Ahmedabad Destruction and de-structuring caused by new buildings, the invasion of business and traffic point to a worrisome future for the pols.  The individual houses: The houses of Ahmedabad were traditionally built of carved wood and brickwork characterized by low, single family units, of which only some10,000 survive now. The gradual progression of the model gave way to the transplantation of forms, which were totally foreign to local traditions. The apartment buildings are of a mediocre quality heralding a decline in the know-how and technique. Realizing the acute need for a holistic approach to the conservation and preservation of this valuable heritage resource, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) with assistance from CRUTA Foundation set up a heritage cell in 1996. Its main objectives are to create basic awareness amongst the citizens, promote traditional built forms, support participatory action programmes and to co-ordinate efforts of different disciplines, stakeholders and authorities. It is an advisory board to AMC essentially assisting the Corporation in its capacity building. 13  ECONOMIC PROFILE  Industrial Aspects:- chemicals, textiles, drugs and pharmaceuticals and food processing  Investment and employment:- Textile and Chemical  21.5% of factories and employs 18% of workers in the state.  Over14% of the total investments in all stock exchanges in India and 60% of the total industrial productivity is contributed by the district  Industries Name:- Adani Group, Reliance Industries, Nirma Group of Industries, Arvind Mills, Claris Life Sciences, Cadilla Pharmaceuticals, Shell, Vadilal Industries Ltd., Rasna, BoschRexroth (Germany) ,Stork and Rollepaal (Netherland)  Most of The medium large scale industries are presence in the talukas of ahmedabad 14
  8. 8. 06-12-2015 8  Major industries There are around 422 medium and large scale industries based in Ahmedabad district with total investment of INR 5,45,988 crore (US$1,33,167 million) providing employment around 79,904 people  Small scale industries  The district has over 23,734 small scale industries generating over 95,591 jobs with total investment of INR 89,356.5 lakhs (US$ 21,794 million)  Ex. Engineering, textiles, chemical, and paper and paper products with an investment to the tune of INR 68,220 lakhs 15  DEMOGRAPHIC PROFOLE Literacy Rate MALE LITERACY-87.23 FEMALE LITERACY-70.73 • Total population of Gujarat :- 6.03 Crore • Literacy Rate :- 79.31% (as per 2011 population census.) male literacy :- 87.23% female literacy is at :- 70.73%. • Urban Population :- 42.6%, (37.4% in 2001.) • Rural population :- 57.4% from 62.6% in 2001. • Ahmedabad is the most populated District in the State, with 7.20 million people, up 11.94% from 2001, followed by Surat with 6.07 million people, up 10.07%, as per Gujarat’s Directorate of census operations. 16
  9. 9. 06-12-2015 9 POPULATION DENSITY17  URBAN GROWTH PHASES OF THE GROWTH OF AHMEDABAD PHASE 1 PHASE 2 18
  10. 10. 06-12-2015 10 PHASES OF THE GROWTH OF AHMEDABAD PHASE 3 PHASE 4 19 20
  11. 11. 06-12-2015 11 COMPARISON OF GROWTH BETWEEN AHMEDABAD , BANGLORE AND HYDERABAD21  POLITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE AHMEDABAD URBAN AGGLOMERATION (AUA) The Greater Ahmedabad Urban agglomeration is an amalgam covering an area of about 4200 sq. Km is an amalgam of 1. An area of 190 square kilometres is under the jurisdiction of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) 2. 150 villages in the periphery of the city are under the jurisdiction of Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA), 3. 9 Municipalities in the periphery of the city are under the jurisdiction of Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA), 4. Gandhinagar and the surrounding villages, 5. Chatral, Bopal and other surrounding villages adjoining AUDA limits. 22
  12. 12. 06-12-2015 12 Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA)  AUDA was constituted under the Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976 in 1978 to regulate and monitor the development in the periphery of the Corporation limits and the adjoining 300 villages and 9 municipalities.  Function of the authority :- Preparation of the development plan, Town planning schemes, regulate the development, collect the development charges in area of jurisdiction  In addition to the area falling under AMC’s limit, it also include 107 settlements around it, 4 towns , 103 villages of Ahmedabad district. The expansion of AUDA comes of 1,29,465 hectares (1,29,465 sq km) area which include Ahmedabad city (municipal corporation) of 44900 hectares. 23 Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) Ahmedabad municipal Corporation (AMC) was established in year 1950 The 190.84 sq km area within the AMC limits consists of :  The traditional city center within the fort walls with relatively high-density development, large concentration of commercial activities and narrow streets,  The eastern sector accommodating large and small industries and low income residential areas  A well planned western sector with wide roads accommodating major institutions and high-income residential areas. 24
  13. 13. 06-12-2015 13  LANDUSE  Spatial arrangements of land uses determine the population distribution and infrastructure demand patterns in the city.  This section briefly describes the land use patterns in the city.  The Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA) is responsible for land use planning within its jurisdictional limits. 25 LAND USE IN AUDA AREA  Total AUDA area:-1294.65 sq. km  Nearly 50 percent is built up.  Water bodies cover 12 percent and watershade cover 17 percent of area. Industries cover 9 percent of the area.  As per the State Government Policy, no major industrial development within 24 kms of AMC limit is permitted in AUDA area. Considering existing development conditions a certain area for industrial use is designated for light industry as well as for general industry, along with existing industries at Vatwa, Naroda and Odhav (all lying within AMC), which forms nearly 10.38 percent. 26
  14. 14. 06-12-2015 14 27 LAND USE IN CITY AREA As per existing land use (1997), more than one third (36%) of the total area is under residential use, followed by 15 percent of the area under the industries. Large tracts of land (23.44%) lying vacant, mostly in the newly acquired area of the AMC. Only 9.5 percent of the total area is under transportation network as against the norm of 15-18 per cent. as specified by UDPFI norms. 28
  15. 15. 06-12-2015 15 VARIOUS AMENDMENTS IN PROPOSED LAND USE PLAN  There will be separate local area plans for central business district (CBD), affordable housing zone, and transit-oriented development zone.  The development plan has also moved 134 hectares in Nana Chiloda from general agriculture zone to residential zone-2. This is to facilitate housing under Gujarat Rural Housing Development Board.  In Kathwada, keeping in the mind the expanding Kathwada-GIDC limits, the Auda has transferred 324 hectares from agriculture zone to industrial zone.  In Shela, the Auda has earmarked space for a sewage treatment plant near Enasani village.  In Kamodh village a total of 8.54 hectares has been reserved for a waste-pumping site and 27 hectares for a sewage treatment plant. 29  PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT 30
  16. 16. 06-12-2015 16 31 Traffic Characteristics  Infrastructure - Circular and concentrated around walled city/CBD by five ring and seventeen radial roads.  Movement - West To East in the Morning and East to West in the Evenings.  Major transport terminals (Railway stations, Airport) are situated on radial roads. 32
  17. 17. 06-12-2015 17 ROADS  The city transportation system is predominantly dependent on roadway systems  The greater Ahmedabad area roadway system is approximately 3478 Kms.  Other than the NHAI AMC and AUDA, are responsible for developing, operating and maintaining road infrastructure Distribution of Roads by Width (No. of lanes) 33 MAJOR ROADS AND ROAD WIDTHS34
  18. 18. 06-12-2015 18 35 CG ROAD 36
  19. 19. 06-12-2015 19 TRAFFIC VOLUME Traffic Volume (PCUs) (9.30-10.30 a.m. and 5.30-6.30 p.m.) Derived From: Interim Report on ‘Traffic Management Plan for Ahmedabad’, School of Planning, CEPT University: 2001, 37 BRIDGES Bridges across River Sabarmati Nehru Bridge 38
  20. 20. 06-12-2015 20 Existing/Proposed Flyovers in AMC39 Accident Rate in Ahmedabad Derived From: Safe Traffic Advocacy Cell, School of Planning, CEPT University, 40
  21. 21. 06-12-2015 21 41 42
  22. 22. 06-12-2015 22 AHMEDABAD BRTS • It is oprerated by Ahmedabad Janmarg Limited, a subsidiary of AMC. • It is designed by CEPT University Started on October 14, 2009 • System length - 66 KM ( Operational) + 22 KM (Underconstruction) • Number of lines - 7 • Number of stations - 92 • Daily ridership - 130000+ 43 AHMEDABAD BRTS  Dedicated central lanes the interference from the traffic was minimised  Location of Bus stops about 400 metres beyond crossroads so queues of buses do not create jams  increased bus frequencies reduced the waiting period to 2 minutes during peak hours and 8-10 minutes during off-peak hours. 44
  23. 23. 06-12-2015 23 AHMEDABAD BRTS ROUTE MAP45 46
  24. 24. 06-12-2015 24 PARKING  On-street parking reduces the effective carriage way of roads observed along the major corridors, in the old city area and the public parking places near the ST Bus stand, commercial centres.  Parking places are highly inadequate for the high vehicular population in the city 47 VEHICLES Composition of Vehicles in Ahmedabad 48
  25. 25. 06-12-2015 25 CONCLUSION  Ahmedabad's traditional socio- economic set up was the most important asset in its growth.  City governments have proven their efficiency in delivering services.  Business skills and enthusiasm of migrant Gujaratis account for image of city for investors.  New developments and expansion along with the old planning is a challenge.  Ahmedabad is one of the best city to live in India. 49 Refrence  http://www.ahmedabadonline.in  Ahmedabad - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN AHMEDABAD 2006-2012  ‘Traffic Management Plan for Ahmedabad’, School of Planning, CEPT University  MORTH, Gujarat 50
  26. 26. 06-12-2015 26 THANK YOU51

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