North-Eastern Indian States
The North-East India (located between 87 32′E to 97 52′E latitude and
21 34′ N to 29 50′N latitude) comprises of 8 states commonly known as
the “Seven Sisters”. With a common population of around 43-44 million,
they are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram,
Sikkim, Nagaland and Tripura.
It has over 2000 km of border with Bhutan, China, Myanmar and
Bangladesh and is connected to the rest of India by a narrow 20 km
wide corridor of land.
North-East India contributes only 2.66% in GDP of Indian Economy.
It account for about 8 % of the country's geographical area and roughly 4
% of its population. The region is known for its ethnic, linguistic, cultural,
religious and physiographical diversity.
Northeast plays a negligible role in the overall percentage of tourist arrivals in India,
constituting one per cent.
Growth potential of hill agriculture has remained under-exploited due to lack of
system-specific production technologies, poor infrastructure (transport, markets,
processing) and underdeveloped institutions (credit, extension, information, insurance.
Security is also a major concern, with insurgency, extortion and agitations continuing to
exist in the region.
Poor power supply, inadequate transport facilities, lack of higher educational
institutions with no support of state government.
Exploring the huge potential of north-eastern states
• Rich in mineral and water resources
• Facilitates power generation
• Makes industrialisation easier
• Boost to agriculture
• Alternative mode of cheap passenger and cargo transport
• Fertile Soils
• Mountainous terrain
• Facilitates generation of hydel power
• Non-extreme climatic conditions
• Gives a boost to cultivation of valuable cash crops such as tea
• High literacy
• Great potential for tourism
• Rich natural resources-Oil, Gas, Minerals, Medicinal plants
• Gateway to South-East Asia
Assam, the Jewel of the North East
A land of fertile Valleys, dense forest , and the mighty river Brahmaputra and Barak
river, it is also the gateway to South East Asia.
Minerals in the state mainly comprises of petroleum (crude), natural gas (utilised), coal,
limestone and minor minerals.
Assam OIL Company was established in 1899, and is the oldest Oil Industry in india.
Various Industrial Infrastructure Growth Centers , IID Projects, Industrial Parks etc have
been already established in almost all districts of Assam.
Assam produces 51% of the tea produced in India and about 1/6 of the tea produced in
Assam produces about 10% of total natural silk of India.
Arunachal Pradesh, the gateway to South East Asia
Arunachal Pradesh shares its borders with the neighbouring countries of Bhutan in the
West, China (Tibet) in the North and Northeast, Myanmar in the East and Southeast
Geographic location of the state provides immense opportunities for international
trade with the South Asian countries.
State also offers some exquisite tourist destinations such as Parasuram Kund (Lohit),
the Namdapha National Park (Changlang), the Ita Fort and Jawaharlal Nehru Museum
(Itanagar), the Tawang Monastery (Tezpur) and the Sela Lake (Bomdila).
The gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Arunachal Pradesh grew at a compound
annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14 per cent between 2004-05 and 2011-12
Deemed as 'paradise unexplored', North East India is still a virgin territory.
The Vision 2020 document released by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2008
earmarks infrastructure-led tourism development as one of the primary hopefuls for
revenue generation .
Manipur, Tripura and Nagaland have notched 20%-29% more foreign tourist arrivals
while Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland are celebrating 36%-41% increase in domestic
A very rich variety of unexplored plants and trees with engulfing ranges of hills and
Eco-Tourism, with around 500 pieces of medicinal plants alone in Arunachal Pradesh.
With rich land, abundant water and a favourable climate, India's north-eastern region
has considerable potential to grow and contribute towards improving farm incomes,
enhancing food and nutrition security, reducing rural poverty and accelerating the
overall economic growth of the region.
Shifting Cultivation, locally known as jhum, is the predominant agricultural practice for
most communities in the hilly regions. About 400,000 families practice jhum cultivation
covering land area approximately 386,300 ha annually.
Out of 355 known cultivated crops, 132 are found in this region.
Out of 14.6 per cent total geographical area under cultivation in the region, the
plantation crops cover only 8.97 per cent, of which tea alone covers 7.5 per cent (2.79
lakh ha), rubber 1.20 per cent (4419 ha) and coffee only 0.27 per cent (10.1 thousand
Gateway to the Eastern Asia:
The North East India surrounded by China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal and Bhutan
acts as the nerve centre for trade and commerce with these countries.
Woollen clothes and spices from Bhutan, jute from Bangladesh, gems, jewellery and
food items from Myanmar are been imported to India
The North East Federation on InternationalTrade (NEFIT) is a nodal trade body of
exporters and importers of North East India.
Look East Policy by govt. of India provided a new dimensions of trade opportunities
from its neighboring countries.
How can North-Eastern region rise
Allocation of Rs 2,030 crore in the Union Budget, which is an increase of Rs 101 crore as
against last year's outlay of Rs 1,929 crore.
Look East Policy
Vision 2020 which widely aims at sustainable development with commitment of
developing roads, railways, airports, schools, hospitals and academic institutions.
Encouragement of private investors, with a substantial improvement in the law and
Formation of Governmental institutions like education, tourism, trade with promotion
of local products like tea, silk, carpet and many more
Improving transportation, electricity and communication facilities
entrepreneurial motivation on the part of the local people.
TheTimes of India