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Software Product Line

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Software Product Line

  1. 1. Dr. Himanshu Hora SRMS College of Engg. & Tech., Bareilly INDIA
  2. 2. Definition A set of software-intensive system sharing a common, managed set of features that satisfy the specific needs of particular market segment or mission and that are developed from a common set of core assets in a prescribed way.
  3. 3. Introduction  A product line consists of :  multiple systems, which have the same architecture and share common core assets  variability among systems  The three main goals of a software product line are to reduce cost, improve delivery time, and improve quality  It is a family of products designed to take advantage of their common aspects and predicted variabilities
  4. 4. Introduction Contd.. Market strategy/ Application domain Architecture Components concern to share an are built from is satisfied by used to structure Products CORE ASSETS Product lines take economic advantage of commonality bound variability
  5. 5. Things which Make Software Product Line Work  Reuse of followings:  Requirements  Architectural design  Elements  Modeling and analysis  Testing  Project planning  Processes, methods and tools  People  Exemplar systems  Defect elimination
  6. 6. Scoping  A product’s line scope is statement about what systems an organization is willing to build as a part of its line  Represents the organization’s best prediction about what products it will be asked to build in future  Lack of commonalities can be a problem in defining the scope
  7. 7. Architectures for Product Lines  A product line architecture captures the architectures of many related products simultaneously  Generally employs explicit variation points in the architecture indicating where design decisions may diverge from product to product  A product line architect needs to consider 3 things:  Identifying variation points  Supporting variation points  Evaluating the architecture for product line suitability
  8. 8. Identifying Variation Points • Variations discovered during requirement process :  Features, user interface, qualities, and target markets • Variations points discovered during architecture design process :  Either options for implementing the variations identified during requirement process or normal variations during design
  9. 9. Supporting Variation Points  Inclusion or omission of elements  Inclusion of different number of replicated elements  Selection of versions of elements that have the same interface but different behavioral or quality attribute characteristics
  10. 10. Evaluating the Architecture for Product Line  Architecture is evaluated for its robustness and generality  Evaluation process focuses on :  What to evaluate  How to evaluate  When to evaluate
  11. 11. Adoption Strategies  Top-down :  Manager orders to that the organization will use the product line approach  Bottom-up :  Designers and developers begin to share resources and develop generic core assets
  12. 12. Product Line Growth Models  Proactive product line :  Organization defines the family using comprehensive definition of scope by taking advantages in the application area  Reactive product line :  Organization builds the next member or member of product family from earlier products
  13. 13. Evolving a Product Line  As time passes, the product line must evolve Sources driving the product line evolution :  External sources :  Externally created element may be added to the product line  Internal sources :  New functions may be added to the product and product line may be updated
  14. 14. Benefits  Reduced Cost  Improved Time to Market  Flexible Staffing and Productivity  Increased Predictability  Higher Quality
  15. 15. Thank You Dr. Himanshu Hora SRMS College of Engg. & Tech., Bareilly INDIA
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