A Training Report
Department of Printing Technology
GURU JAMBHESHWAR UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Without any hesitation I can say that the training session which I had for period of 6 weeks could
not be complete successfully without the generous assistance of number of people. I have an
obligation to acknowledge these all people who gave valuable cooperation, assistance and
advices to success my training.
I am highly thankful to Mr. Satendra Katiyar, the Deputy Manager of printing department of
PAHARPUR 3P For giving me the opportunity to complete my training in their esteemed
I am extremely grateful to workers, engineers, and unit heads of Paharpur 3P industry for sharing
their valuable knowledge with me and other trainees.
I take this opportunity to express my gratitude towards Prof. Dharmender Kumar, Chairman,
Department of Printing Technology and Mr. Anjan Kumar Baral. Incharge, Mr. Pankaj
Kumar, Advisor, Training and Placement, Department of Printing Technology for allowing me
to do my training in the PAHARPUR 3P and for their timely help.
I am indebted to the entire teaching staff especially Mr. Ambrish Panday, Lecturer, Dept. Of
Printing Technology ,Mrs. Vandana Gupta and Mr. Arohit Goyat for sharing their knowledge
and experience with me and making the training pleasurable and memorable part of my life.
The final tribute and appreciation are reserved for my family members, my colleagues and my
senior students for the help they gave me in the preparation of this document.
Industrial training is the boom for the students as they expose the industry and get a chance to study
the working of most modern equipment and the methodology of doing jobs.
Forthebetter understandingofthepracticalsituationinindustry,theexperience gained fromtraining is vastlyimportant.
It is an extraordinary opportunity to experience practical industrial environment, work discipline, team work, time
management,qualitycontrollingandtoobtainaclear understandingofthe theoreticalknowledge whichwas gatheredat
I got my training in Paharpur 3P, Which is one of the most renowned industries in the field of
“Gravure” printing and Flexible Packaging.
Factory Manager: - Mr. Manoj Bisht
Deputy Manager: - Mr. Satendra Katiyar
Assistant Manager: - Mr. Raj Kumar Panday
I, Himanshu Ahuja student of B.Tech of GURU JAMBHESHWAR UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE
AND TECHNOLOGY ,Hisar hereby declare that I have completed my Six Weeks Industrial
Training at“ Paharpur 3P “.
It is my original Training Report and the same have not been submitted earlier for any academic
purpose. The information submitted is true and original to best of my knowledge.
‘What is Gravure Printing?’
Rotogravure printing or just simply gravure printing is a type of intaglio printing process which
uses a rotary printing press. It involves engraving an image onto a copper plated steel cylinder
The first step is to create a cylinder with an engraved image for each color that makes up the
design. The engraving process will create on the cylinder surface the cells that will contain the
ink in order to transfer it to the substrate (film or paper). Since the amount of ink contained in the
cells corresponds to different color intensities on the substrate, the dimensions of the cells must
be carefully set: deeper cells will produce more intensive colors whereas less deep cells will
produce less intensive ones.
A rotogravure printing press has one printing unit for each color, typically CMYK or cyan,
magenta, yellow and key (printing terminology for black), but the number of units varies
depending on what colors are required to produce the final image. There are five basic
components in each color unit: an engraved cylinder (AKA “Gravure cylinder”) whose
circumference can differ according to the layout of the job; an ink fountain or reservoir; a doctor
blade; an impression roller; a dryer.
‘How does it work?’
The ink is applied directly to the cylinder and from the cylinder it is transferred to the substrate.
While the press is in operation, the engraved cylinder is partially immersed in the ink fountain,
filling the recessed cells.
As the cylinder rotates, it draws ink out of the fountain with it. Acting as a squeegee, the doctor
blade scrapes the cylinder before it makes contact with the substrate, removing excess ink from
the non-printing (non-recessed) areas and leaving in the cells the right amount of ink required:
this tool is located quite close to the substrate so that the ink left in the cells does not have
enough time to dry.
Next, the substrate gets sandwiched between the impression roller and the gravure cylinder: this
is where the ink gets transferred from the recessed cells to the substrate. The purpose of the
impression roller is to apply force, pressing the substrate onto the gravure cylinder, ensuring
even and maximum coverage of the ink.
The capillary action of the substrate and the pressure from impression rollers force the ink out of
the cell cavity and transfer it to the substrate. Then the substrate goes through a dryer because it
must be completely dry before going through the next color unit and absorbing another coat of
4 Color PROCESS Printing / CMYK
The image is separated into 4 different color values
Cyan / Magenta / Yellow / Black
Individual colors are printed as dots at varying densities Individual dots combine to form
additional unique colors
In Packaging printing, 4 color process is typically combined with line colors to accurately
represent trademarks and logos and to maintain color consistency over large areas of solid
The number of final colors in a design is nearly limitless
Characteristics of Gravure Publication Printing
The simplicity of the process helps make Gravure the fastest of the printing processes, the web
runs at the greatest speed. The stability of the press makes it possible to print very wide webs.
Gravure Printing suffers less downtime, and there is less wastage in comparison to other printing
process. The combination of speed, width, and low downtime produces very high productivity
and compensates for the relatively high cost of preparing a cylinder. The cost of preparing a
cylinder is obviously less important on long runs and better print quality. The combinations of
speed, width, & low downtime have big/ volume publication produced to look as alternate for
high quality over long print runs
inline process possible
100 % seamless printing
excellent design reproduction
high quality of halftone image and gradation
excellent quality with metallic ink
combination of solvent and water-based ink
Suitable for various qualities of board / paper / foil.
About “Paharpur 3P”
In the late 80's and early 90's, the flexible packaging in industry was evolving and was driven
by the lubricant and tobacco industries. Paharpur 3P was the brainchild of Mahendra Swarup
(Founder Chairman of the group) who was looking for a sunrise sector and seeing the
opportunity and the growth rates (35- 40 percent annually) in the industry, decided to diversify
into flexible packaging with a start-up unit in Sahibabad Industrial Area. That is how Paharpur
3P originated in the year 1994, with a green field project having modern state of the art
technology imported from Europe. Since then Paharpur 3P has come a long way under the
visionary leadership of Gaurav Swarup, Chairman of the company.
Paharpur 3P is situated on an 18 acres plot on Delhi – Uttar Pradesh border wherein 33 percent
of the area is utilized for corporate office and manufacturing / storage facilities. And the balance
area is maintained under green cover reflecting the group's penchant for environmental safety
Company uses natural ventilators for air circulation in plant and storage areas and makes
effective use of natural light. Rain water harvesting system has been put in place and ground
water levels and quality of ground water are measured through PIZO meters. The water
discharged from cylinder making department is treated through effluent treatment plant and is re-
used for irrigation.
The manufacturing operations for flexible packaging in the plant includes pre-press, plating,
cylinder engraving, printing, lamination, extrusion coating, slitting, blown film plant, pouch
making, bag making and ink making.
Paharpur follows the ISO 9001: 2000-Quality Management System and the ISO 22000: 2005-
Food Safety Management System. It also complies with the requirements of Occupational Health
and Safety Management System - OHSAS: 18001.
Presence - National & International
“Paharpur 3P caters only to the organized sector of the Indian market,” says Anand. And how
does the company define the unorganized sector? “Well, products like Pan Masala, Gutkha fall in
that sector,” explains Anand. “The high ethical standards of our group restrict us from dealing in
those products,” he adds.
For Paharpur 3P, the buyers in the organized sector are major FMCG companies like Unilever,
Nestle, Cadbury, Pepsi, Britannia, Heinz, HLL, ITC, Dabur, Mother Dairy, JK, MRF, SKF,
Asian Paints, Heinz, Bayer, Tata Tea, Eveready, Parry, Britannia, Sara Lee, Novartis, Henkel,
Perfetti and others. The company is in the premier category of manufacturers of Flexible
Packaging and rated among the top five players in this field.
The company has its marketing branches in Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai and
Paharpur 3P is present in SAARC countries, Middle East, Africa and Europe. As far as imports
are concerned for the blown film plant, granules are imported from renowned suppliers like
Dow, Exxon Mobil and Ampacet.
The future plans of Paharpur 3P include increasing the plant capacity from the present 7,000 MT
to 12,000 MT per annum. That will also involve addition of new equipment at several stages of
The company has been acquiring technologies from abroad as also equipment to meet its goal of
moving up the profitable value added chain.
The company has another unit in Chennai that caters to the needs of customers in the southern
region like Hindustan Lever Ltd (HLL).
On the technology front, the company has tied up with Perfotec of the Netherlands to provide
competitive solutions for fresh produce.
The company is working closely with technology leader in polymers, US-based Dow Chemicals
and Toyo – a leader in food grade packaging inks.
Paharpur 3P has always been recognized by its customers for its innovative ideas, product,
quality, service and new developments. The company has several awards and recognitions to its
credit like the Indiastar Awards, Asia star Awards, WordStar Awards, PFFCA Star Awards, Best
HR Practices Award and the Eco-Friendly Company Award. Today 70% of products are
manufactured for food applications where we are committed to provide safe and hygienic
packaging for the food industry.
Various departments in Paharpur 3P
Quality control Department
All gravure cylinders are produced on site using a dedicated fully automatic engraving and
chroming line, which features two Max Daetwyler Gravostar 850 engraving heads.
The GS 850 packaging engraver is a value-oriented unit, which includes a layout workstation, an
engraver driver station and an engraver. It has a high frequency engraving head capable of
engraving screens at up to 175 l/cm. As well as features such as telescopic enclosures, automatic
lifting and lowering of the engraving head to prevent damage to the engraving head diamonds
and on-board diagnostics the GS 850 also offers Daetwyler's Vista cell sensing system.
The Vista system is used for head calibration and cell correction. Cells are measured on the fly,
cell widths compared with the required widths and corrections made until the engraved cell is the
right size. The system has a video monitor so that the user can see what the Vista camera sees
and an optional printer that will output hard copy prints of the final cells for quality control
Fully integrated, in-house, engraving facility to utilizing rotogravure cylinders .This gives an
edge in replicating the designer’s idea flawlessly on the substrate, consistently, timely while
ensuring utmost confidentiality.
Machine use a diamond stylus to cut cells. Each cell creates one printing dot later in the process.
They are fully computer-controlled and the whole process of cylinder-making is fully automated.
Today Paharpur 3P have the capacity to engrave in excess of 9000 cylinder per annum.
Web-fed gravure printing requires a gapless gravure cylinder, onto which the image is applied
directly, by means of etching or engraving. For this, the cylinder must be prepared in a costly
mechanical and galvanic process. In its basic design, the gravure cylinder consists of a thick-
walled steel tube with flanged steel journals. To increase the stiffness of this hollow cylinder,
some of the cylinder journals are drawn inwards and are supported inside the tube on additional
steel discs. All of these joints are welded during the manufacture of the gravure cylinder so that a
solid roller body is created, which still has to be balanced so that there are no vibrations when
running at high speed (typically up to 15 m/s) in the printing press.
The cylinder receives a base copper layer on its surface, which, among other things, serves to
achieve the specified diameter of the finished gravure cylinder.
For the application of another copper layer, which varies from print job to print job, there are
several methods that are described in the following sections (note: the top copper layer is twice
as hard (Vickers hardness approximately HV 200) as the base copper, so that this copper layer
has good cutting properties as regards the electromechanical engraving process):
The base copper layer is coated with an engravable copper layer (approximately 80 μm) in an
electroplating process as shown in the figure above. This thin layer only allows a one-time
engraving. The advantage of the thin layer technique is that all the gravure cylinders of one type
have the same diameter dimensions and less mechanical surface treatment is required after the
electroplating process than with thick layer processes (see below). The removal of the en-
graving (after dechroming) is achieved by dressing or milling the copper. After this, a new
copper layer is applied. (In the special process known as copper recycling, the copper layer is
removed in an electroplating reversal process. In this process, an additional nickel barrier layer
of approximately 25 μm between the base copper and engraving copper is necessary.) The thin
layer technique is used in some 35% of cases, whereby the copper recycling method only
accounts for some 5%.
The process sequence for preparing an engraving cylinder is generally as follows:
• removing the used gravure cylinder from the gravure printing press;
• washing the gravure cylinder to remove residual ink;
• removing the chrome layer;
• removing the copper image-carrying layer, either chemically, by means of electroplating, or
• preparing the copper plating process (degreasing and deoxidizing, applying the barrier layer if
the Ballard skin method was employed);
• surface finishing with a high-speed rotary diamond milling head and/or with a burnishing stone
or a polishing band;
• Etching or engraving (producing the image on the gravure cylinder);
• test printing (proof print);
• correcting the cylinder, minus or plus (i.e., reducing or increasing the volume of cells);
• preparing the chrome-plating process (degreasing and deoxidizing, preheating, and – if
necessary – sometimes polishing);
• Surface-finishing with a fine burnishing stone or abrasive paper;
• storing the finished cylinder or installing it directly in the gravure printing press.
Electromechanical Engraving (As Done In Paharpur 3P)
The operations involved in electromechanical engraving are significantly shorter compared to the
etching process. Nowadays, they are normally controlled directly with the data recorded in
prepress. In this way the mounting of a scanning original on a separate scanning drum that runs
synchronously with the engraving machine is also no longer needed. Hence, the engraving
machine only consists of a lathe-like device, into which the prepared gravure cylinder is
mounted. The engraving procedure is similar to a rotating cutting process, but the cut is
intermittent (stylus frequency).
The gravure cylinder rotates during engraving at a constant surface speed (depending on the
screen at approximately 1 m/s).At the same time the diamond stylus of the engraving head moves
at a high frequency (4–8 kHz). The diamond penetrates the copper at different depths and
produces the cell.
The cells are equidistant from each other in the circumferential direction (direction of engraving)
due to the continuous circumferential velocity and the engraving frequency. Engraving of
neighboring tracks is semi-staggered. The lateral repeat length corresponds to the forward
motion of the engraving head per cylinder revolution in the shaft direction of the gravure
Depending on the width of the web to be printed, up to sixteen engraving heads (typically eight)
with styli are used for publication gravure printing. The burrs on the copper surface are usually
removed by a scraper which is fixed to the engraving head during the engraving process. The
cylinder must therefore only be lightly polished before it is used for a test print in a proofing
press, corrected manually in accordance with this, and then finally chrome-plated.
Printing lines are equipped with the most modern facilities such as auto-registration controllers,
viscosity controllers and are capable of in-line cold seal specialty coatings. Department
Comprises of two High speed Machines.
Rotogravure Press FR300 Shaanxi Beiren Printing
Machinery Co., Ltd.
1. Double-working position disc-type Unwinder/Rewinder at high stable performance and the
machine has the humanism design; new-type safe chuck assures the operators safety; unwinding
cutter can complete up cutting or down cutting.
2. Indeed is at precise double-tension control.
3. Low-damping chill roller with good cooling effect prevents the web from being damaged at
high- speed machine performance.
4. Centralized lubricant system at dosing greasing makes the guide roller high-speed and flexible
5. Direct pressing mechanism makes the web performance without distortion, which can improve
register accuracy and reduce the waste.
6. New-type environment protection and energy-saving drying system controls the residual
7. Movable ink tray carriage shortens the auxiliary time and improves the productivity.
8. Straight-line cutter makes not only obverse/reverse cutting but also clearance-rewinding, and
the rewinding reel is very tidy.
9. MMI touch screen and vector varispeed control system have the good performances
Max web width 520-1220 ㎜
Print speed 250m/min、300m/min
Register accuracy ≤±0.10 ㎜
Unwind/rewind dia. Ф1000 ㎜
Plate cylinder diameter Ф420 ㎜-Ф940 ㎜
Drying method oil heating
ROTOMEC ROTOPAK 3000 -3R
Synthetic Roller used for impression has hardness of about 65 to 75 shore.
Number of colors 9
Web width (mm) 520-1220mm
Print repeat range (mm) 400-920
Drying specifications 1-8 printing units double drying; 2 to 8 Single Drying .
Drying heat source Oil
Unwinder type Auto splicing
Max reel diameter Unwinder (mm) 1000
Rewinder type Auto splicing
Max reel diameter reminder (mm) 1000
Video camera Web video “Super Handy Scan 4000″ from BST (2011)
Viscosity control Eltromat
Corona treatment Vetaphone treatment CP3/10kw
Dent can also due to synthetic roller on the poly as in dent in the rubber or synthetic will come on
different area on the poly but not side movement of that only up and down movement. As dent on
gravure cylinder will occur at that same place and same position.
• Defect can also occur due to oversized rubber roller in which ink from outside of gravure cylinder
comes on that impression or rubber roller and then ink from that roller comes on the poly film which
we are printing.
• So always rubber roller of size equal to poly width and lesser than gravure cylinder length is used.
• Misprint can also occur due imbalance of rubber roller as if a layer of ink keep on getting on that and
in the end the thickness of that ink layer become more than the thickness of poly film we are printing
so due to which rubber roller get imbalanced so at one end that roller is raised at one end due to
which at some area we get print and at some not or lighten.
• Diameter or circumference and length of the gravure cylinder are variable as according to the size of
image along length or width we can say.
• Here in Paharpur 3P gravure cylinder used are of same in length and circum but of different circum.
• Both cylinder and blanket cylinder moves at equal speed.
Here mainly electronic engraved cylinder with chromium plating is used.
• Doctor blade :-
• In this, it is made up of steel and is generally adjusted at an angle of 55 degree +- 5degree.
• Thickness of the doctor blade is about 0.15mm.
• Width of the doctor blade is about 45mm.
• The adjustment of doctor blade is done by keeping the blade just sharp edge above supporter and
pressing from one to other so that air filled between blade and supporter can be removed and then by
holding both blade and supporter we tight down it.
• Lamella: - It is the sharper edge of blade and its dimension is like this1.4/0.070mm here 1.4mm is
length of that sharp edge and 0.070mm is thickness of that sharper edge.
• DRYER: - This is the kind of system used for drying any applied chemical to polyfilm.
Dryers’ temperature for printed matter is kept approximately 37 degree Celsius.
For adhesive drying it is kept around74 to 76 degree Celsius.
• Pre-make ready operations :-
• Cleaning of the cylinder and blanket cylinder.
• Centering of the gravure cylinder.
• Web feeding and also tension control is done.
• Doctor blade adjustment is also done.
• Assembly plate is also adjusted according to the color gravure cylinder is in which unit placed.
At Paharpur 3P -lamination facilities include:
Solvent based lamination
Solvent less lamination
Water Based Lamination
NORD MECCANICA - Super Simplex SL
Technical Specifications Other Specifications
BOPP 12-80 my
PP CAST 20-150 my
ALU 7-40 my
LDPE-LLDPE 20-200 my
Coex 25-200 my
NYLON CAST 20-80 my
Petp 8-30 my
OPA 12-18 my
PAPER 40-150 g/m2
Type of laminator: Solventless
Working width: 1315 mm
Unwinder diameter: 1000 mm
Rewinder diameter: 1000 mm
Mechanical speed: 400 m/min
Model SUPER COMBI 2000
Application Duplex lamination
COMBI – SOLVENTLESS AND SOLVENT /WATER BASED
Working width (mm) 1300
Speed 300 m/min
First Unwinder type Single shaft less
Max diameter reel
Single shaft less
Max diameter reel
Rewinder type Single shaft less
Max diameter reel 1000
with interchangeable trolley; available 2 trolleys 1- Rotogravure trolley
for solvent and water based glue 2- Solvent less trolley
Drying 6M long drying tunnel; 2 independent hoods; 4 fans
pumping mixing unit 2 components solvent less
Coating rollers Approx. 15 rubber rolls
Additional information 3 temperature regulation units; cold seal unit. In running conditions
Laminated materials /secondary) Coatedmaterials (primary):
LDPE-LLDPE 60–20µm (solvent based);
LDPE, LLDPE 30–200µm (solvent less);
NYLON CAST 50–80µm (solvent based);
NYLON CAST 30–80µm (solvent less);
ALU 9–40µm (solvent based);
ALU 12–40µm (solvent less);
PP CAST 60–150µm;
CALANDERED PAPER 40–300g/m2
(solvent less only).
PP CAST 20–150µm;
LDPE, LLDPE 20–200µm;
NYLON CAST 20–80µm;
CALANDERED PAPER 40–300g/m2.
Tandem Co-Extrusion Lamination coating Machine
Place of Origin: Guangdong, China (Mainland)
Brand Name: Huilong
Model Number: EXC
Voltage: 220v, 380v, 415v
Power (W): 220-300kw
Dimension (L*W*H): 23m*12m*5m
2. Corona Treatment
3. Water Based Adhesive
4. 16micron Poly. (In Melted Form) + 10 Micron Matt applied via different rollers with applied
Heat and Pressure.
Extrusion Lamination Machine
1.EXC1350/ (90+90+90)-F-4 tandem co-extrusion
2. Thickness auto-control
Technical parameter: Product structure: laminating on single side 5 layers for one time: main
materials/extrusion layer A/sandwich layer materials/co-extrusion layers B-C.
Extruder: 3 sets HL-90 dynamic extruder, two of them formed into one HL-90S co-extrusion
machine which use special-made extrusion laminating screw and feed block. Motor power is
Extrusion: maximum 200kg/h for single machine.
Coating thickness: single layer T-die: 12-50μm; co-extrusion T-die: 12-60μm. (Single layer
thickness is 6-50μm.)
Production speed: maximum 150m/min.
Effective width: maximum 1100mm,1250mm,1350mm,1600mm.
Base materials: BOPP, BOPET, BOPA, Paper (50-200g/).
Sandwich materials: CPE, CPP, MCPP, MPET, Al-foil, Paper.
Used resins: coating resin such as LDPE, LLDPE, PP, EVA, EAA, EMA, EMAA etc.
Unwinder diameter: maximum 800mm or 1000mm.
Rewinder diameter: maximum 800mm or 1000mm.
Tension control: automatic tension control, maximum tension is 40kg.
Electrical control mode: operated by MMI, extrusion thickness automatically controlled by
computer, the whole machine is in linkage control state.
Workshop requirement: Length 23m×Width 12m×Height 5m.
SlittingDepartmentconsistsof 6High SpeedHi-Techmachines,whichare –
Mechanical Speed 450 Meter/Min**
Max. Web width 1300 mm & up to 1600 mm*
Max. Parent Reel Dia 1100 mm
Parent Core I.D. 3” (76mm) & 6”(152mm) Combi chucks
Max. Rewind Reel Dia 600 mm & Up to 800 mm*
Max. Rewind Reel Weight 225 Kg.(Shaft)
Min. Slit Width 50 mm
Rewind Core I.D. 3”(76mm) & 6”(152mm)*
Core Material Cardboard, Paper & PVC
Max. Trim Width 5mm to 20 mm
Web Guider Axial Motion +/- 50 mm / (+/- 100 mm)*
Type of Slitting:
Razor Cutter (Cut in Air & Cut in Groove)*
Shear Cut (Rotary Knives)*
Shaft less unwind section
Combi chucks 3” (76mm) / 6” (152mm)
Ground Floor Pick up
Automatic programmable tension control
Ultrasonic diameter sensor (for automatic diameter stop)
Digital Web Guiding System (Line/Edge/Contrast/Broken Lines)
Driven Bow (Banana) roller
Safety curtains at unwind*
Tension Isolation Section:
Servo Driven Pull/Draw roller (for accurate Length Stop) (Length Counter)
‘S-Wrap’ tension isolator
Cantilevered designed shaft for quick and easy changeover
Razor Cutter (Cut in Air & Cut in Groove), Shear Cut (rotary cutter)*
Safety Guards for knives
Trimming removal/suction blower with Venturi
Differential ball shaft technology
Automatic programmable tension control
Pneumatically controlled adjustable lay on (Linear Motion Technology)
Pneumatically controlled contact arms
Lay on Web clamp bar*
Programmable taper tension control
Servo Drive (for accurate Length Stop) (Length Counter)
Ultrasonic diameter sensor (for Automatic Diameter Stop)
Reel Ejector/Reel Removing System/Reel Thruster*
Pneumatic Swiveling type Take off arms (Reel Unloading Stand)
Safety Scanners at rewind*
Star Slit Conslit
Materials to be processed:
Plastic films made from PE, PP, PA, PET, PVC, Paper, and Laminates,
57, 69" 40, 57, 69, 80"
2,000 fpm 2,600 fpm
on the right side, seen in material running direction
Parent roll diameter:
40" 40" or 51"
hydraulic roll lifting in device
starting from 2" (50 mm) (optional 1" (25 mm))
scissor cut, razor blade cut
Finished roll diameter:
Max. 24" Max. 32"
Finished roll cores:
3" and 6" I.D. (with corresponding accessories)
Lay on rolls:
full width contact rolls
Max. 650 N Max. 650 N
Options (depending on model):
Eccentric contact roll
Air expanding shafts
Auto push off for finished rolls
Laser core guides
Motorized roll tree
Close loop feedback
Auto or manual aid for shear knife positioning
Titan ER610 compact slitter
It is available in 2 web widths – 1350 & 1650 mm (53 & 65 INS) – with a maximum rewind
diameter of 610 mm (24”). It also features a 10” touch screen control system and an integral
edge-trim extraction system. The pneumatically controlled braking system provides accurate
web tension control and a digital edge-guide system controls lateral movement of the unwind
reel to +/- 50 mm (2”). Slitting systems available include shear knives, rotary razor (burst) or
razor slitting in air or groove. Optional features include a static electricity control system, laser
(line) core positioning, EU safety guarding, and laser safety scanners and unwind roll loading
The Titan ER610 slitter will process a wide range of flexible materials including plain, printed,
coated or metalized film from 20 to 200 micron, a wide range of laminates and paper from 30 to
DCM - Panthere 4
PANTHERE is a slitter-Rewinder well known to many converters all over the world. It is highly
appreciated for its rewinding capacity of 800 mm diameters, its easy adjustment and the quality
of its production. This is due to accurate tension control and cutting precision.
- Built-in or separate Unwinder
- Unwinder with or without shaft
- Razor and rotary cutter cutting station
- Rewinding on air shafts or friction shafts
- Digital Pilot touch screen control
- Appropriate unloading system
- Width: 800 to 1600 mm
- Diameter at Unwinder: 1000 or 1300 mm
- Diameter at reminders: 2 x 800 mm
- Minimum cut: 20 mm
- Production speed: 600 m/min
Pouching Department consists of 12 Pouch making machines of GALAXY PACKTECH IND.
LTD. Of which 9 are “High Speed Bottom Fold & 3 Side SealPouch Making Machine”
and 3 are “Automatic High Speed standup & zipper Pouch Making Machine (GS-
20)”. This department also includes two “Automatic Pouch SpoutInserter”.
High Speed Bottom Fold & 3 Side Seal Pouch Making
This model can make double up folded & three side seal pouch.
This model can make different length pouch on same time.
In built Cooling Technology provides leak proof product at high operating speed.
Pouch length variation minimized to zero by servo driven Laminate Pulling
Three Side Seal
(W x L in mm)
Folded Side Seal
(W x L in mm)
Min. 75 x 75 Min. 75 x 75
Max. 300 x
Max. 300 x 300
Linear Speed * 22 Mtr./Min.
Max 10 KW. 3 ph, 415 V (A.C.), 50
Servo Motor : 11 N-M / 2000 RPM
Main Motor 3 Hp / 1440 RPM, 3 Ph.
8 CFM, 6 Bar Pressure (Water
Contain less than 0.01%)
10-12 Ltr. / min., 8-12°C at 2 Bar
Operational speed depends upon Laminate Thickness, Composition and Pouch Size.
Electrical Power Consumption depends upon application of machine.
Air Consumption depends upon optional attachments.
Automatic High Speed standup & zipper Pouch
Making Machine (GS-20) ( Waterline)
GS Series Advantage
The technology Ensures Excellent Pouch Seam even with High micron laminates.
In built Water Cooling Technology provides leak proof product at high operating
Stand up pouches from same laminate roll provides competitive advantage to end
Pouch length variation minimized to Zero by servo driven Laminate Pulling
Stand Up (W x L x G in
Three Side Seal (W x L in
(W x L in MM)
60 x 150 x
Min 150 x 160
Min 60 x
Max 500 x 500
Max 250 x
250 x 500 x
Min 75 x 60
Min 60 x
Max 250 x 500
Max 250 x
Min 60 x 70 x 30 3 Line Min 50 x 60
Min 60 x
Max 160x 500
Max 250 x
250 x 150 x
Min 50 x 60
Min 60 x
Max 125 x 500
Max 250 x
Upto 20 Mtr. / Min. Upto 22 Mtr. / Min.
Upto 20 Mtr. /
Main Unwind (mm) Bottom Unwind
Min. 300 Min. 60
Max. 1000 Max. 200
Main Unwind (mm) Bottom
Max. 600 Max.
Front & Back Eye mark Servo
Both Side Gusset Synchronization
Same Roll Stand Up Pouch Former &
D- Punch / Star Punch / Butterfly Punch
Secondary Film Roll unwinding Unit
Max. 35 KW, 3 ph, 415 (A.C.), 50 Hz
Servo motor: 26 N-M / 2000- RPM
Main motor 5 Hp / 1440 RPM, 3 Ph.
Unwind Motor (4 Nos.) 1 HP, 1440
RPM 220V AC , each 3 Ph.
8 CFM, 6 Bar Pressure (Water Contain
less than 0.01 %)
10 – 15 Ltr. / Min. 8-12 C at 2 Bar
Operational Speed depends upon Laminate Thickness, Composition and Pouch Size
Electrical Power Consumption depends upon application of machine
Air Consumption depends upon optional attachments
Name: NCA1620-30 Automatic Pouch Spout Inserter
Pouch size L×W（120-320）×（100-250）mm MAX: 300×250mm 320×200mm
Cutting angle 17°-45°
Spout type Short spout
Power AC 380V, 50HZ, 3P, 4.0KW
Compressed air 0.5Mpa 250NL/min
Cooling water 6L/min
Dimension L×W×H 35000×1800×1950mm
Main Technique Features:
● Angle of the spout-welding can be adjusted from 17°to 45°, the angle-cutting and the spout-
welding can be done at the same time.
● Max size of pouch can be 2200ml. (Special order is needed for the over size)
● Clear display, PLC control, easy operation.
● Double servo pouch supply guarantees the accurate position.
● Spout preheat and reduce the hot sealing temperature.
● Multi-hot sealing, cold sealing, ensure the sealing strength.
● Trouble alarm display.
QUALITY CONTROL DEPARTMENT
• TENSILE STRENGTH MACHINE - There are three types of tests are done that are:-
First of all in this strip of poly or substrate of about 1.5cmor 15mm in width we cut down.
After this we fold that strip along the length wise.
Than we seal folded mouth or end of that strip with pressure heating machine and we get
Now we put that strip with open mouth or end upper end of it in upper mouth and then
another end in the down holding mouth.
In the end we start the machine in which downward mouth will towards down till that we
seal breaks we note down the reading.
In this way we get seal strength and we can change according to that.
OperatingRange- NS40 to IT 500.
Pneumatic operated cylinders with
Specially designed heaters & reputed
Machine working capacity- approx. 300
Electricity Required- 7 KW, 3 Phases, and
415 V- AC,@ 50 Hz.
Machine Weight- app. 700 kg., Size- 5’L X 6’
b X 7’ h
AirRequired- 3-4c.f.m.@ 7kg/cm2
Operating temperature range is 350o
Tensile strength or Elongation strength:-
We have to measure the elongation or tensile strength along machine direction as well as cross
In this type we measure the elongation strength or stretch till poly or substrate breaks.
First of all we take a strip of width 2.5 cm or 25 mm and 10 cm or 100 mm in length
After that fixing it into both ends of the machine and then stretched until it breaks and in
this we note down the distance and load it can acquire or tolerate
The unit of both the test is calculated in manpower means force/area.
We also measure the adhesive strength of the poly films we use to adhere with each
This is done by splitting both layers of poly films.
Drop test or Dart impart test - it is also known as bursting strength.
In this test we measure out that how much pressure or load it can hold if any substance poly
pouch gets dropped from certain height.
First of all the substrate is tightened on hollow cylinder with some air pressure and then after
tightening again pressure of about 490mm Hg is applied to hold it tightly.
Than pendulum of some weight is set at the height of 66 cm and dropped from there.
We check it out whether the poly gets burst or not.
GSM and micron measuring machine
"LINUX" GSM TESTER - Electronic Model
The equipment is designed to measure/determine GSM of Paper, paperboard, fabric, PVC,
plastic and other materials. It measures 5 different sample sizes viz., 5x5cm, 10x10cm,
10x20cm, 20x20cm and 25x25cm. It displays Gsm of samples cut selected to size on a digital
indicator. Has printer port facility for printing and data transfer. The equipment comprises of an
electronic scale of 125 Gsm capacities and least count of 0.01 gm and templates. Two
templates are supplied with the equipment and other sizes are available on request.
There are two types of polyfilm are measured:-
• Non printed
• Printed poly film:-
First of all we cut out the sample
• For printed poly films, first of all we measure the GSM of the printed substrate or poly film
• Then we split out coated film and remove the ink from printed substrate or poly film with ethyl
acetate or toluene properly.
• After that we measure the GSM of both the film and then we find out the difference of both the
poly films (printed and cleaned).
• In the end we can measure out that GSM of the ink layer on the sample.
We can also measure the adhesive layer applied between poly films which are laminated by same
way as for printed we does.
Non printed polyfilm:-
• We cut out the poly film or substrate of size about 10*20cm and then we measure out the GSM of
• Than we divide that value by 2.
• After that we multiply it with 100.
• In this way we measure out the GSM of the substrate and we can know uniformity of poly films.
WE CAN ALSO MEASURE MICRON OR THICKNESS OF THE POLYFILM BY DIVIDING
THE GSM OF THE POLYFILM BY DENSITY OF THAT POLYFIM ONLY.
MICRON = GSM / DENSITY
• For poly tube type poly film we measure just GSM simply along width 20 cm.
• For different poly films we measure GSM separately along the width to cover the whole poly.
• GSM unit is in gm
• 38 to 42 dyne charge is given on the polyfilm through corona discharge method.
• In this we measure both static and dynamic friction of poly films.
• In this we just keep the wide strip of poly with treated side up and then we keep some solid slab on
• Than that solid slab is moved on that strip.
• Reading which comes on that meter we note it down.
• The purpose of the friction testing is check whether more or less force to be applied to move the poly
film to be printed for e.g. if there is more friction in the poly then it will not move to required or vary
speed so in this way it will not properly printed or laminated or slitted or if coefficient of friction is
less than required it will not be controlled over the rollers as it will slide more than required.
• Treated and non treated both side are checked as treated side is checked so that when we keep each
poly on each other should not slip for e.g. lamination needed two layers on each other and to cut it
properly so that it moves under rollers properly, non treated side is checked for filling material in it.
• Here only we take dynamic friction of more concerned as in printing movable is there more
important rather than static friction we don’t take so much.
• Its unit is in Newton/meter *meter.
Opacity testing machine:-
This is the machine used for measuring the amount of light is getting transmitted through poly film.
• In this, we take a strip of poly and put in frame and then light is passed, then we note the percentage
• In this it is measured in percentage.
In this test, we check out which is the treated side, meaning on which side of poly film we had
increased the surface energy or charge.
• We take strip of adhesive tape and adhere to both the side of poly and pluck off then.
• And on which side it makes less noise than it is treated side.
Puncture Resistance Tester
The Puncture Resistance Tester is used for determining the puncture resistance of corrugated
board by measuring the energy required to puncture it. Interchangeable weights supplied to cover
four energy ranges i.e. in new meter 0-5, 0-10, 0-20 & 0-36.
Electronic Box Compression Tester
It has single push button operation which activates an automatic test cycle, machine starts in fast
speed, detects the box, changes to standard test speed & performs compression test. Overload
protection. Acceptable and non acceptable limit set.
forced air circulation by quiet air
turbine, adjustable in 10 % steps
adjustment of pre-heated fresh air
admixture by air flap control in 10 %
vent connection with restrictor flap
adaptive multifunctional digital PID-
microprocessor controller with high-
definition TFT-color display
self-diagnostics for fault analysis
1 Pt100 sensor DIN class A in 4-
RAW MATERIALS USED EXTENSIVELY IN
As we knowthatany packagingthat isnot hard and bendsslightlywhile still holdingashape.Itcan be a
bag, envelope orpouchthatwhenfilledchangesshape.Liquidinksusedforprintingof these flexible
High quality inks of various prestigious companies like ”Sakata” and “DIC” are used In Paharpur 3P
Types of Inks, Their Uses and Properties.
High color strength
Good bond strengths
Almost instant adhesion
Low solvent retention
Reliable, high performance results
Free from migrating plasticizer resins.
Use:- High Mileage Jobs.
High color strength
Low solvent retention
Prints on wide range of plastic films
Reliable, high performance results
Does not contain pigments based on heavy metals.
Use:- Used in All Types Of Jobs.
Acrylic Inks are optimally pigmented and low viscosity inks, for Gravure Printing, high quality
reverse printing applications – directed at Shrink PVC film applications.
High HR properties
Good Printing Stability
Good Blocking resistance
Excellent adhesion on PVC films
Good scuff resistance & slip properties
Inks are highly pigmented inks, for high quality Surface printing
Good Printing Stability
Good Blocking resistance
Excellent adhesion on various filmic substrates
Good scuff resistance & slip properties
Use:- Used for High Quality Surface Printing
TRUMET FOIL Inks are for Gravure Printing
Good scuff resistance & slip properties
Use:- Mostly used in Food Packaging
• Polyester (pet) or polyethylene terephthalate:-
BoPET (Biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate), known in the industry as polyester (PET) is a versatile
film used in many flexible packaging applications including lamination. Available in either corona or
chemically treated options for print and conversion. Melior Film Converters also offer a heat sealable PET
film for flow wrap or lidding film applications.
The properties that make PET film ideal for packaging applications include:
High strength for high speed processes, higher tensions, and higher temperatures
Chemical surface treatment during manufacturing or post-manufacturing to enhance
characteristics, such as barrier, adhesion, printability, metal adhesion, and release
High clarity Strength and resistance to tear
Dimensional stability over a very wide range of temperatures and humidity
Resistance to attack by moisture and most common solvents
Excellent barrier to both oxygen and water vapor to extend shelf- life
It is a condensation polymer
Its density is about 1.40.
Its thickness is from 12micron to 15 micron.
Its temperature after printing for drying is 60degree to 70degree.
Only reverse printing can be done on the polyester.
Types of Polyester used in Paharpur and their Applications.
Type Of PET Application
Corona Treated Normal Bond Jobs
Chemically Coated High Bond
Acrylic Oil Jobs
Alox High Stanlization Jobs
Max Barrear High Retort ( Stanlization Jobs )
Biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP)
When polypropylene film is extruded and stretched in both the machine direction and across
machine direction it is called biaxially oriented polypropylene. Biaxial orientation increases
strength and clarity. BOPP is widely used as a packaging material for packaging products
such as snack foods, fresh produce and confectionery. It is easy to coat, print and laminate to
give the required appearance and properties for use as a packaging material. This process is
normally called converting. It is normally produced in large rolls which are slit on slitting
machines into smaller rolls for use on packaging machines.
Mostly used in Packaging of Biscuits, Snacks and chips.
For food and confectionery packaging
Suitable for single ply or lamination applications
Suitable for VFFS and HFFS packaging applications
Both sides heat sealable
One side (external) corona treated for conversion
Excellent ink adhesion for flexographic and rotogravure process
High whiteness and gloss
Used in Product Labels.
BON Biaxially Oriented Nylon
Biaxially Oriented Nylon film, also known as BOPA film, is made of polyamide resin, which can be used
for a wide range of applications especially where high barrier requirements to gas,fat and transmission of
aroma are necessary. High resistance to impact punctures and pin holing.
Mostly used in OIL jobs like Sundrop due to Puncture Resistance.
Polyethylene is the most produced plastic in the world, with which everyone daily comes into contact.
Polyethylene can be processed into soft and flexible as well as into tough, hard and strong products. It can be
found in articles of all kind of dimensions, from the simplest to the most complex shapes. It is used in
everyday appliances, packaging, pipes and toys.
Three main types
By making polyethylene more or less "dense” in the factory, there is a suitable type of material
available for every application. In practice one of the following types is used in 90% of the
LDPE: "low density” polyethylene
the oldest type. A soft, tough and flexible polyethylene type, used for strong, flexible consumer
items, like screw caps and lids. For a long time already, it is also used as insulation material. At
present the most popular application is foil, from which carrier bags, packaging material and
agricultural plastic are made. During the high water levels in Holland in the last years, the tough
strong LDPE foil served as an improvised reinforcement for the dikes.
HDPE: "high density” polyethylene
this is the sturdiest and most inflexible type. Its sturdy and somewhat tough character can be
used for a large range of applications. For example the well-known gft-container and a number
of everyday domestic products like bottles, clothes pegs and the handle of washing-up brush.
Although HDPE is quite heavy, it can also be used for paper-thin foil that is extremely light and
feels crispy. All of us use this type of foil daily; examples are sandwich bags, pedal bin bags or
packaging for vegetables, fruit or meats.
LLDPE: a mixture of both previous-mentioned types
with this polyethylene one can go into every direction. It has some features from both of the
previous-mentioned types. Both flexible and sturdy products are made from it. LLDPE is
generally used in mixtures with one of the previously mentioned materials. Amongst others, even
thinner foils can be produced. It is also used for multi-layer packaging. LLDPE is extremely
tough and inflexible. These features can be used for the production of larger items, like covers,
storage bins and some types of containers.
Its density is 0.89.
It is used as solvent to maintain the viscosity of the ink.
It is also used to clean the printed ink from poly in quality dept. to check the GSM of printed
It is used in reverse printing.
density is about 0.87.
It is used to maintain viscosity.
It is used for surface printing.
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone (MIBK)
Molecular weight 100.16
Boiling point 117.4°C
Vapor pressure 16 Torr at 20°C
Freezing point -84°C
Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA)
Molecular weight 60.09
Boiling point 82.26°C
Vapor pressure 32.4 Torr at 20°C