Unique Identification_Public Distribution System(UID_PDS)

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Assimilating Unique Identification(UID) and Public Distribution System(PDS) in India

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Unique Identification_Public Distribution System(UID_PDS)

  1. 1. UID & PDSA Synergetic Partnership
  2. 2. Table of Contents1 UID – Introduction and Background2 UID – Synopsis3 Public Distribution System(PDS) in India4 Integrating UID and PDS5 Benefits of integrating UID and PDS6 Key challenges in incorporating UID into PDS
  3. 3. UID Introduction and BackgroundUID: An initiative that would provide identification for each resident across the countryand would be used primarily as the basis for efficient delivery of welfare services Project Empowered Unique Mr. Nandan First UID approved group of Identification Nilekani number distributing ministers Authority of joined as Issued 6 Unique (EGoM) India (UIDAI) UIDAI Identification merge UID was chairman s(UID) to project with constituted families national 600 below population million poverty line register 5 UIDs to be issued 4 in the 1 2 3 next 4 years Mar Dec Jan Jul Sep 2006 2006 2007 2008 2010 Source: http://uidai.gov.in/
  4. 4. UID Synopsis • Single source of identity verification • Elimination of frauds • Prevention of creating duplicate Identity and eliminate the existing ones Why UID ? • Accuracy of data • Effective monitoring of government projects and schemes • Possible both with and without proper documentation • Based on biometrics to avoid duplication Enrolment • Different strategies for rural and urban India • Focused efforts to enroll marginalized groups • Process audits for verification of data • Regular updating of UID data • Enrollment of maximum population under UID • Integrating UID with other NeGP’s (National E- Governance programs)Way forward...
  5. 5. Public Distribution System In IndiaPDS: The Indian Public Distribution System (PDS) is a national food security systemthat distributes subsidized food to Indias poor Key Objectives • Providing food grains and other essential items to vulnerable sections of the societyat reasonable prices • To put Indirect check on open market prices Operations • Controlled and managed by Ministry of consumer affairs for procurement and State goverments for distribution • Network of 478K fair price shops across India • Largest Distribution network of its kind Challenges • PDS Leakages (Bogus ration cards, pilfrages, red-tape, Insufficient and inaccurate data etc. ) • Scale and quality Issue • System Tranceparency and Accountability • Ensuring food security
  6. 6. Integrating UID and PDSAs per UIDAI, Implementing authentication at every exchange point using UID would enable governments to trackthe movement of food entitlements across the PDS chain, and identify bottlenecks and diversions inreal-time. In the case of centralized procurement, such authentication would begin at the FCI warehouses throughState and District FCS and to the Fair Price Shops(FPS) Information Flow Individual UID Card Stock State level District level UID tracking, Maintenance State Stocks and District Stocks and (Allocated FCI FPS (Reaching Resident at National FCS Distribution FCS Distribution individuals amount of Level Data Data ration) not families) Material Flow
  7. 7. Benefits of incorporating UID into PDS Higher penetration: It will be a win-win situation for both UID and PDS program, sharing each1 others database and reaching the maximum population Data Updating: UID data can be updated regularly with the help of changes and updating in2 the PDS data(which is a continuous process) and vice versa Transparency in the system: Better Identification of individuals through UID will lead to better3 targeting and transparency into the PDS system Improved Infrastructure: Integration with UID will lead to up gradation and computerization of4 PDS system, Better It infrastructure will help in controling pilfreges, and better management of food5 grain inventory Elimination of duplicate and bogus ration cards67 Expansion to other schemes – ICDS / Mid-day Meal Scheme
  8. 8. Key Challenges in Incorporating UID into PDS Since UID is an optional card, making it compulsory for PDS may keep1 away the needy people from PDS benefits For successful integration of UID into PDS, the success of UID is very2 important Huge expansion in infrastructure is required for making more than 478K fair price shops and3 food grain warehouses IT enabled Trained and Educated manpower required to operate advanced PDS supply chains and fair4 price shops UID is a central government driven project, for incorporating it into PDS state governments5 are also involved, there could be challenges involved in arranging finances at state levels
  9. 9. References• http://uidai.gov.in/UID_PDF/Front_Page_Articles/Documents/Strategy_Overveiw-001.pdf• http://uidai.gov.in/UID_PDF/Working_Papers/Circulated_Aadhaar_PDS_Note.pdf• http://uidai.gov.in/images/FrontPageUpdates/uid_and_pds.pdf• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_Distribution_System• http://planningcommission.nic.in/plans/planrel/fiveyr/10th/volume2/v2_ch3_4.pdf
  10. 10. THANK YOU!

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