Personalilty final


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Personalilty final

  1. 1. You can make more friends in two months by becoming interested in other people than you can in two years by trying to get other people interested in you - Dale Carnegie Men acquire a particular quality by constantly acting in a particular manner -AristotleSunday, February 17, 2013
  2. 2. Learning Objectives 1. Identify the determinants personality. 2. Explain the Big Five personality model. 3. Explain the major personality attributes influencing OB 4. Explain the relation between personality and behavior 5. Explain the impact of job and organization on the personality.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  3. 3. • The word "personality" originates from the Latin “persona”, which means mask. • In the ancient theatre the mask was used to represent the character.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  4. 4. Personality CONCEPT • The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others. - SP Robbins • Personality is the relatively stable set of psychological attributes that distinguish one person from another. -Moorhead & GriffinSunday, February 17, 2013
  5. 5. Determinants of PersonalityA. Nature B. Nurture1. Biological Factors 2. Cultural Factors 1. Heredity 3. Family and Social 2. Physical Features Factors 4. Situational FactorsSunday, February 17, 2013
  6. 6. The Big Five Model of Personality Dimensions1. Extroversion Sociable, Outgoing, and Talkative2. Agreeableness Caring, cooperative, and trusting.3. Conscientiousness Careful, dependable, self-disciplined.4. Emotional Stability Calm and self-confident Openness to Experience5. Imaginativeness, artistic, curious, and intellectualism. Sunday, February 17, 2013
  7. 7. How Do the Big Five Traits Predict Behavior?1. Certain traits have been shown to strongly relate to higher job performance: 1. Highly conscientious people develop more job knowledge, exert greater effort, and have better performance. Other Big Five Traits also have implications for work. 2. Emotional stability is related to job satisfaction. 3. Extroverts tend to be happier in their jobs and have good social skills. 4. Open people are more creative and can be good leaders. 5. Agreeable people are good in social settings.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  8. 8. Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB• Locus of control• Machiavellianism• Self-esteem• Self-monitoring• Risk taking• Personality TypeSunday, February 17, 2013
  9. 9. Locus of Control Locus of Control The degree to which people believe they are masters of their own fate. Internals Individuals who believe that they control what happens to them. Externals Individuals who believe that what happens to them is controlled by outside forces such as luck or chance.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  10. 10. Machiavellianism Machiavellianism (Mach) Degree to which an individual is practical, logical, maintains emotional distance, and believes that ends can justify means. Derived after the name of Niccolo Machiavelli, who wrote in 16th century on how to gain and use powerSunday, February 17, 2013
  11. 11. Self-Esteem and Self-Monitoring Self-Esteem (SE) Individuals’ degree of liking or disliking themselves. Self-Monitoring A personality trait that measures an individuals ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  12. 12. Risk-Taking• High Risk-taking Managers – Make quicker decisions – Use less information to make decisions – Operate in smaller and more entrepreneurial organizations• Low Risk-taking Managers – Are slower to make decisions – Require more information before making decisions – Exist in larger organizations with stable environments. Sunday, February 17, 2013
  13. 13. Personality Types Type A’s 1. are always moving, walking, and eating rapidly; 2. feel impatient with the rate at which most events take place; 3. strive to think or do two or more things at once; 4. cannot cope with leisure time; 5. are obsessed with numbers, measuring their success in terms of how many or how much of everything they acquire. Type B’s 1. never suffer from a sense of time urgency with its accompanying impatience; 2. feel no need to display or discuss either their achievements or accomplishments; 3. play for fun and relaxation, rather than to exhibit their superiority at any cost; 4. can relax without guilt.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  14. 14. Personality and Behavior B = f(P, E) The person (P) The environment (E) Key personal biographical Key environmental factors: factors: Economic conditions, political Sex, age, education, abilities, situations, Socio-cultural material status etc norms and values etc. Psychological factors: Organizational factors: Attitudes, values, beliefs, Physical facilities, motivation, perception, organizational structure and personality etc. design, leadership styles, reward system etc.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  15. 15. Linking Personality to the Workplace Personality-Job Fit Theory (John Holland) Identifies six personality types and proposes that the fit between personality type and occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  16. 16. Holland’sTypology ofPersonalit y andCongruentOccupatio ns Sunday, February 17, 2013
  17. 17. Linking Personality to the Workplace Person-Organization Fit: – The employee’s personality must fit with the organizational culture. – People are attracted to organizations that match their values. – Those who match are most likely to be selected. – Mismatches will result in turnover. – Can use the Big Five personality types to match to the organizational culture.Sunday, February 17, 2013
  18. 18. Relationships among Occupational Personality Types Sunday, February 17, 2013
  19. 19. Tips for enhancing personality• Smile a lot.• Think positive• Dress Sensibly• Be soft-spoken• Leave your ego behind• Avoid Backbiting• Help others• Be Confident.• Be Patient listenerSunday, February 17, 2013
  20. 20. Sunday, February 17, 2013