Environmental Science Merit Badge - requirement 1, 2, 3a and 3b

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Environmental Science Merit Badge - requirement 1, 2, 3a and 3b

  1. 1. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE MERIT BADGE
  2. 2. Make a timeline of the history of environmental science in America: Environmental Science Merit Badge 1. TIMELINE
  3. 3. BEFORE EUROPEAN SETTLERS ARRIVED IN NORTH AMERICA, AMERICAN INDIANS USED FORESTS AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES FOR CENTURIES. AT TIMES, TRIBES OVERUSED CERTAIN FORESTED AREAS. IF A FOREST BECAME OVERUSED OR TOO HEAVILY DAMAGED TO SUPPORT A TRIBE, THE GROUP WOULD MOVE ON AND THE FOREST, LEFT ALONE , WOULD RECOVER. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE AS MORE SETTLERS ARRIVED IN NORTH AMERICA, THEIR NEED FOR NATURAL RESOURCES GREW. WHEN THEY RAN OUT OF NATURAL RESOURCES IN A SETTLED AREA, PEOPLE MOVED WESTWARD AND BEGAN THE CYCLE AGAIN. SETTLERS BELIEVED THEY COULD ALWAYS MOVE FARTHER WEST TO FIND MORE SPACE AND MORE RESOURCES.
  4. 4. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE 1626 Plymouth Colony passed a law to control the cutting and sale of timber. 1639 Newport Rhode Island Restricted deer hunting to six months of the year. 1681 William Penn decreed that one acre must be left forested for every five acres of forest that were cleared.
  5. 5. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: ENVIRONMENTAL TIMELINE
  6. 6. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  7. 7. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  8. 8. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  9. 9. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  10. 10. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  11. 11. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  12. 12. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  13. 13. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE DDT was a pesticide used on crops to kill mosquitoes. At the time people where afraid of getting malaria from mosquitoes. People thought DDT did not hurt any animals because it did not effect humans, but they were wrong.
  14. 14. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  15. 15. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  16. 16. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  17. 17. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  18. 18. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  19. 19. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  20. 20. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  21. 21. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  22. 22. Environmental Science Merit Badge REQUIREMENT 1: TIMELINE
  23. 23.  1910  The Boy Scouts of America was incorporated  1914  First tree-planting project was held in New York  Planted 12,000 Boy Scout war gardens  1938  Philturn Rocky Mountain Scout Camp established  35,857 acres of land near Cimarron, New Mexico (conservation)  1940-1949  Philmont Scout Ranch established  Additional gift from Waite Phillips, 1941  Contiguous to former Philturn Rocky Mountain Scout Camp  Total combined acreage: 127,000  Councils and campsites by 1949  543 councils  831 campsites  288,545 acres  1970-1979  Scouting Keep America Beautiful Day  June 5, 1971  Scouts collected more than a million tons of litter  1980-1989  First Scouting for Food National Good Turn, 1988  More than 60 million food items were collected  2000-2009  ArrowCorps5, 2008  In cooperation with the U.S. Forest Service  3,600 Scouts and adult volunteers participated  $5.6 million worth of improvements made to national parks  The Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve, 2009  Present Day  Thousands of Eagle Scout projects, service days, etc Environmental Science Merit Badge BSA CONTRIBUTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
  24. 24. Outdoor Code As an American, I will do my best to - Be clean in my outdoor manners. Be careful with fire. Be considerate in the outdoors. Be conservation minded. Environmental Science Merit Badge BSA CONTRIBUTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
  25. 25. The Principles of Leave No Trace 1. Plan Ahead and Prepare 2. Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces 3. Dispose of Waste Properly (Pack It In, Pack It Out) 4. Leave What You Find 5. Minimize Campfire Impacts 6. Respect wildlife 7. Be considerate of other visitors Environmental Science Merit Badge BSA CONTRIBUTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
  26. 26. Nature study is the key activity in Scouting. The aim in Nature study is to develop a realization of God the Creator, and to infuse a sense of the beauty of Nature." Environmental Science Merit Badge BSA CONTRIBUTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
  27. 27.  Met Lord Baden-Powell in 1906 and shared ideas  LBP read Seton’s book The Birch Bark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians  Early fascination with wolves. Hunted Lobo in New Mexico  Co-founded BSA through merger of YMCA, Sons of Daniel Boone, and Woodcraft Indians in 1910  Seton’s work is in large part responsible for the American Indian influences in the BSA  One of America’s earliest and most influential conservationists Environmental Science Merit Badge BSA CONTRIBUTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
  28. 28. Define the following terms in your workbook: Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. DEFINE TERMS
  29. 29.  Population  Community  Ecosystem  Biosphere  Symbiosis  Niche  Habitat  Conservation  Threatened species  Endangered species  Extinction  Pollution prevention  Brownfield  Ozone  Watershed  Airshed  Nonpoint source  Hybrid vehicle  Fuel cell Environmental Science Merit Badge ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE TERMS
  30. 30. Population -a group of the same organism in an area. Community -many populations living and interacting together. Ecosystem -the interaction between all living and non-living things in an area. Environmental Science Merit Badge ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE TERMS
  31. 31. Our living world where all trees, bugs, and animals live. The biosphere extends to any place that life (of any kind) can exist on Earth. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. BIOSPHERE
  32. 32. A close and often long- term interaction between two or more different biological species. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. SYMBIOSIS
  33. 33. The way of life and the particular area within a habitat occupied by an organism. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. NICHE
  34. 34. A place where plants and animals naturally live. It provides what the animals and plants need to survive like food, water and shelter. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. HABITAT
  35. 35. Practices that protect animals, plants and the environment. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. CONSERVATION
  36. 36. Any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are “likely” to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future. THREATENED SPECIES
  37. 37. An animal or plant species in danger of “extinction” throughout all or a significant portion Of its range. ENDANGERED SPECIES
  38. 38. The end of an organism or species. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. EXTINCTION
  39. 39. Activities that reduce the amount of pollution generated by a process, whether it is consumer consumption, driving, or industrial production Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. POLLUTION PREVENTION
  40. 40. Brownfield sites are abandoned or underused industrial and commercial facilities available for re-use. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. BROWNFIELD
  41. 41. Atmospheric Ozone is produced when ultraviolet radiation interacts in the stratosphere. Ozone in the atmosphere is naturally produced and destroyed at a constant rate. Ozone protects the earth from harmful UV radiation which damages skin, eyes, and the immune system of life forms. Ozone makes life on earth possible. Ground-level Ozone is a major pollutant and green house gas. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. OZONE
  42. 42. A watershed is the area of land where all of the water that is under it or drains off of it goes into the same place. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. WATERSHED
  43. 43.  An airshed can be compared to a watershed. an airshed is a geographic area where air pollutants from sources "upstream" or within the area flow and are present in the air. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. AIRSHED
  44. 44. Nonpoint source (NPS) a source of pollution, discharged over a wide land area, not from one specific location such as a pipe discharge. Example: rainwater runoff Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. NONPOINT SOURCE
  45. 45. A vehicle that uses two or more distinct power sources to move the vehicle. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. HYBRID VEHICLE
  46. 46. A device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Environmental Science Merit Badge 2. FUEL CELL
  47. 47. Describe An Ecosystem in your workbook 3. A. ECOLOGY
  48. 48. Environmental Science Merit Badge 3. A. ECOLOGY (3) DISCUSS WHAT IS AN ECOSYSTEM, TELL HOW IT IS MAINTAINED IN NATURE AND HOW IT SURVIVES.
  49. 49. An ecosystem is a community of living organisms (plants, animals and microbes) in conjunction with the nonliving components of their environment. Environmental Science Merit Badge 3. A. ECOLOGY (3) DISCUSS WHAT IS AN ECOSYSTEM, TELL HOW IT IS MAINTAINED IN NATURE AND HOW IT SURVIVES.
  50. 50. Acidity is a property measured on a scale called the pH scale with a range of 0 to 14. Pure water has a pH of 7. Rain is naturally slightly acidic, with a pH of about 5.6, this is because carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reacts with water vapor to become carbonic acid. Environmental Science Merit Badge 3. B. AIR POLLUTION (3) EXPLAIN WHAT IS ACID RAIN.
  51. 51.  Sul f ur di oxi de and ni t r ogen oxi des ar e t he pr i mar y causes of aci d r ai n.  When vehi cl es and power pl ant s t hat bur n f ossi l f uel s emi t sul f ur di oxi de and ni t r ogen oxi des i nt o t he ai r , t hese gases i nt er act wi t h wat er vapor t o f or msul f ur i c and ni t r i c aci ds.  These acids then mix with rain and fall to Earth’s Environmental Science Merit Badge 3. B. AIR POLLUTION (3) EXPLAIN WHAT IS ACID RAIN. Acid rain can deplete the soil of the nutrients that plants need to grow. When acid rain falls, it filters down through the soil and dissolves soil nutrients and other materials, moving them down to layers out of reach of plant roots.
  52. 52. Plants and Trees  Reduces crop production, damage to seeds  Reduces quality of crops  Plants may die from acid rain or be weakened so that they are more easily harmed by other kinds of stresses in the environment, such as cold temperatures, insect damage, or droughts. Aquatic Ecosystems  Acid rain damages aquatic ecosystems by changing the pH of the water and depleting nutrients.  Many aquatic organisms may die when acid rain falls into lakes and ponds.  Affects marine food chain, damage to fisheries result Materials • corrosion of metals (such as bronze) and the deterioration of paint and stone (such as marble and limestone). • These ef fects significantly reduce the societal value of buildings, bridges, cultural objects (such as statues, monuments, and tombstones), and cars. Environmental Science Merit Badge 3. B. AIR POLLUTION (3) TELL HOW ACID RAIN AFFECTS PLANTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT.
  53. 53.  Acid rain is a worldwide problem because the gases that make it may be produced in one state or country and be blown to another state or country by winds. Environmental Science Merit Badge 3. B. AIR POLLUTION (3) TELL HOW ACID RAIN AFFECTS PLANTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT.
  54. 54. Environmental Science Merit Badge 3. B. AIR POLLUTION (3) WHAT ARE THE STEPS SOCIETY CAN TAKE TO HELP REDUCE THE EFFECTS OF ACID RAIN?

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