Chandra Gupta I Gupta Rulers r. 320 – 335 CE “Great King of Kings” Chandra Gupta II r. 375 - 415 CE Profitable trade with the Mediterranean world! Hindu revival. Huns invade – 450 CE
Fa-Hsien: Lifein Gupta India Chinese Buddhistmonk traveled alongthe Silk Road andvisited India in the5c. He was followingthe path of theBuddha.
He reported the people to be happy,relatively free of governmentoppression, and inclined towardscourtesy and charity. Other referencesin the journal, however, indicate thatthe caste system was rapidlyassuming its basic features, including"untouchability," the social isolation ofa lowest class that is doomed tomenial labor.
Mathematics Decimal System Concept of Zero Hindu-Arabic NumeralSystem Pi = 3.1416 The beginnings of Algebra
Literature Panchatantra- most famousstory book with 87 stories Many fables and folktales suchas the Tale of Sinbad the Sailorwere translated and becameknown in Persia and in EuropeKalidasa- often compared withShakespeare
Kalidasa The greatest of Indian poets. His most famous play was Shakuntala. During the reign of Chandra Gupta II.
Astronomy Solar CalendarCalculated thesize of the moonand Indianastronomerswrote ongravitation
Bhartrhari 5c India court poet and philosopher.Knowledge is mans crowning mark,A treasure secretly buried,The source of luxury, fame, and bliss,A guru most venerable,A friend on foreign journeys,The pinnacle of divinity.Knowledge is valued by kings beyond wealth---When he lacks it, a man is a brute.
The Decline of the Guptas Invasion of the White Huns in the 4csignaled the end of the Gupta Golden Age,even though at first, the Guptas defeatedthem. After the decline of the Gupta empire,north India broke into a number of separateHindu kingdoms and was not really unifiedagain until the coming of the Muslims in the7c.