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Theory of multiple intelligences


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Theory of multiple intelligences

  1. 1. Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences By Hilary Buckley Instructional Design, Curricula and Learning Theory DML 631-01 Fall 2011
  2. 2. Intelligence <ul><li>“ The capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural setting.” -Howard Gardner </li></ul>
  3. 3. Seven Intelligences <ul><li>-Gardner’s theory supports seven distinct intelligences, rather than one general ability to think and learn. </li></ul><ul><li>-Gardner asserts that the seven intelligences are very thinly connected, and do not rely on or occur as a direct consequence of one another, but can complement each other as individuals evolve </li></ul>
  4. 4. Linguistic Intelligence <ul><li>A heightened understanding or sensitivity to spoken and written word. </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>-Strong reader, writer, story-teller </li></ul><ul><li>-Ability to memorize words, dates, times </li></ul><ul><li>-Easily learns foreign languages </li></ul>
  5. 5. Spatial Intelligence <ul><li>Potential to understand and use wide space and small areas </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>-Ability to understand and solve puzzles </li></ul><ul><li>-Recognizes patterns in spaces </li></ul><ul><li>-Heightened spatial judgment </li></ul>
  6. 6. Logical Intelligence <ul><li>A heightened sensitivity to numbers, logic and patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>-Ability to analyze problems logically </li></ul><ul><li>-Mastery of mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>-Proficient at deductive reasoning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Musical Intelligence <ul><li>Sensitivity to sound, skill in performance, composition and appreciation of music and rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>-Recognizes musical pitch and tone </li></ul><ul><li>-Understands musical patterns </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bodily Intelligence <ul><li>Tendency to use one’s body to solve problems </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>-Handles objects confidently and skillfully </li></ul><ul><li>-Clear understanding of outcomes of physical action </li></ul><ul><li>-Ability to anticipate and learn through muscle memory </li></ul>
  9. 9. Interpersonal Intelligence <ul><li>Sensitivity to interaction with others </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>-Concerned with other people’s moods, feelings, motivations, desires and temperaments </li></ul><ul><li>-Works well and communicates effectively with others </li></ul>
  10. 10. Intrapersonal Intelligence <ul><li>Heightened understanding of oneself </li></ul><ul><li>Attributes </li></ul><ul><li>-Introspective and reflective on emotions, feelings and sensitivities </li></ul><ul><li>-Understanding of personal strengths and weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>-Ability to recognize and act on personal motivation </li></ul>
  11. 11. Additional Intelligences <ul><li>Gardner has explored two additional intelligences, but maintains evidence of these is not sufficient based upon his criteria denoting intelligence. </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalistic Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to natural surroundings </li></ul><ul><li>Existential Intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to spirituality or religion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Classroom Significance <ul><li>Challenges widely accepted view of logical/ linguistic intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Asserts students will thrive with a broad and varied curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages educators to provide opportunities for students to use and develop their individual intelligences </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Gardner, Howard. (1991) The Unschooled Mind: How Children Think and How Schools should Teach. New York: Basic Books. </li></ul><ul><li>Gardner, Howard. (1999) Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21 st Century. New York: Basic Books. </li></ul><ul><li>Kincheloe, Joe L. (2004) Multiple Intelligences Reconsidered Counterpoints v. 278. New York: Peter Lang. </li></ul><ul><li>Smith, Mark K. (2002, 2008) “Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences,” The encyclopedia of informal education , (25 August 2011) </li></ul>