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LHC for Students

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LHC for Students

  1. 1. The LHC and ATLAS Akira Shibata Queen Mary, University of London
  2. 2. The LHC and ATLAS Akira Shibata Queen Mary, University of London
  3. 3. Atom?
  4. 4. Electron Atom? Nucleus
  5. 5. neutron Electron proton n p Atom? Nucleus p n
  6. 6. neutron Electron proton n p Atom? Nucleus p n
  7. 7. E=MC2
  8. 8. The heaviest known fundamental particle, the top quark is as heavy as 10 water molecules.
  9. 9. The heaviest known fundamental particle, the top quark is as heavy as 10 water molecules. b
  10. 10. The heaviest known fundamental particle, the top quark is as heavy as 10 water molecules. top (mass comparison to Bottom) b
  11. 11. The heaviest known fundamental particle, the top quark is as heavy as 10 water molecules. top (mass comparison to Bottom) b W
  12. 12. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  13. 13. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  14. 14. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  15. 15. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  16. 16. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  17. 17. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  18. 18. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  19. 19. We need a lot of energy in a very high concentration to produce them, and need to observe their decay products precisely.
  20. 20. Proton Proton Beam Beam
  21. 21. Proton Proton Beam Beam Kinetic Energy of TGV trains squeezed into area smaller than human hair cross section.
  22. 22. LHC Facts
  23. 23. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km
  24. 24. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV
  25. 25. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c
  26. 26. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec
  27. 27. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec Project Started: 1984
  28. 28. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec Project Started: 1984 Budget: ~3.5 CHF (£1.5 billion)
  29. 29. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec Project Started: 1984 Budget: ~3.5 CHF (£1.5 billion) ATLAS Facts
  30. 30. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec Project Started: 1984 Budget: ~3.5 CHF (£1.5 billion) ATLAS Facts Size: 46m long, 25m diameter
  31. 31. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec Project Started: 1984 Budget: ~3.5 CHF (£1.5 billion) ATLAS Facts Size: 46m long, 25m diameter Weight: 7000 tonnes
  32. 32. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec Project Started: 1984 Budget: ~3.5 CHF (£1.5 billion) ATLAS Facts Size: 46m long, 25m diameter Weight: 7000 tonnes Countries Involved: 34
  33. 33. LHC Facts Radius: 4.3km Beam Energy: 7x1012 eV Beam Speed: 0.99999999101c Collisions: 800 million per sec Project Started: 1984 Budget: ~3.5 CHF (£1.5 billion) ATLAS Facts Size: 46m long, 25m diameter Weight: 7000 tonnes Countries Involved: 34 Physicists Involved: ~3000
  34. 34. Top quarks are produced VERY rarely So we need to look at many collisions.
  35. 35. Top quarks are produced VERY rarely So we need to look at many collisions.
  36. 36. Top quarks are produced VERY rarely So we need to look at many collisions.
  37. 37. Top quarks are produced VERY rarely So we need to look at many collisions.
  38. 38. Grid Computing Centre
  39. 39. Grid Computing Centre
  40. 40. LHC/ATLAS Data Facts
  41. 41. LHC/ATLAS Data Facts Event Per Second:109Hz
  42. 42. LHC/ATLAS Data Facts Event Per Second:109Hz Recorded Event Rate: 100 Hz
  43. 43. LHC/ATLAS Data Facts Event Per Second:109Hz Recorded Event Rate: 100 Hz Data Rate: 1PB (1015Bytes) per year (109 events)
  44. 44. LHC/ATLAS Data Facts Event Per Second:109Hz Recorded Event Rate: 100 Hz Data Rate: 1PB (1015Bytes) per year (109 events) Number of Machines: ???
  45. 45. ATLAS will start taking data this year and will continue for the next ten years. There will be lots of discoveries to be made!
  46. 46. ATLAS will start taking data this year and will continue for the next ten years. There will be lots of discoveries to be made!
  47. 47. We need a lot of physicists to analyse the data.
  48. 48. THE LHC

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