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English presentation (listening and speaking skills)

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English presentation (listening and speaking skills)

  1. 1. Listening and Speaking Skills
  2. 2. Definition of Listening: The active process of receiving and responding to spoken messages.
  3. 3. Difference between Listening and Hearing Hearing:  Hearing is simply the act of perceiving sound by the ear.  Hearing occurs with or without your consent. Listening: Listening is an action where you choose to actively concentrate on what you hear and your brain processes the information into knowledge.
  4. 4. Global and Discrete Listening There are two ways of listening:  Global Listening:  known as extensive listening  means wide or general  the reader only wishes to get the main point of a conversation  frequently done by native speakers
  5. 5. Discrete Listening  known as intensive listening  more widely used form of listening  instructions or important announcements made
  6. 6. SPEAKING SKILL Definition of Speaking:  "Speaking" is the delivery of language through the mouth.
  7. 7. Stress in English  In linguistics, stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence.
  8. 8. TWO TYPES OF STRESS 1. Word Stress 2. Sentence Stress
  9. 9. WORD STRESS  In single words, stress is placed on syllables.
  10. 10. Cont…  Stress is a characteristic of speech  It is comparatively a greater amount of force that is used in the pronunciation of a particular syllable.
  11. 11. STRESS IN SENTENCES  In sentences, we place the stress on words. Sentence stress is accent on certain words within a sentence.
  12. 12. INTONATION IN ENLISH  The rise and fall of the voice in speaking.
  13. 13. Cont..  Structure of Intonation:
  14. 14. STRUCTURE OF INTONATION  Falling Tones: Falling tones are used for statements or for questions which are usually not answerable by ‘yes’ or ‘no’.  Rising Tones: Rising tones are used for questions that can be answered with ‘yes’ or ‘no’ and for tagged questions.
  15. 15. Cont… 3. Fall-Rise Tones: These tones are usually used to show surprise. 4. Rise-Fall Tones: These tones are used for being surprised.

Editor's Notes

  • Discrete means individually distinct more wid
  • Use of extra force in uttering some syllable or syllables in a word is called stress.
  • In nouns, stress the first syllable while in verbs, stress is on the second syllable
  • Two classes of words: content words as in words carrying the meaning e.g main verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs and all question words are stressed.. However, structure words showing grammatical relationship are not stressed. E.g pronouns, prepositions, conjuctions, auxiliary verbs are not stressed.
  • He is an old man. Where do you live? Rising tones.. Have you cleaned the cupboard? He is an old man. Isn’t he?
  • She has got a new car. Really! Rise fall tones.. Really, she is very lucky
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