The Culture of Money (@Yonsei U.)


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2009년 봄학기 연세대학교 인류학과 수요콜로키움 경제인류학:
"사회경제를 위하여"(organized by 조한혜정+우석훈)
서울시대안교육센터연세대 간 동시 원격강의.

8강 권헌익 교수(에딘버러대) 강의자료

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The Culture of Money (@Yonsei U.)

  1. The Culture of Money & the Morality of Exchange Heonik Kwon (University of Edinburgh)
  2. Money in Anthropology • Premodern versus modern society • Stateless vs state society • Community vs Society (F. Tonnies) • Stone-age economics (M. Sahlins) • Gift economy vs commodity economy • Moneyless society vs monetary economy
  3. Kula ring
  4. Argonauts in the Pacific
  5. Solomon Islands
  6. Gift?
  7. Two views of Kula • Malinowski: Kula ring as network of gift exchange • Mauss: PNG shells as another form of money • Gift economy versus money economy, or money in the gift
  8. Money?
  9. Malinowski
  10. Mauss
  11. The Gift of the Magi
  12. Gift & Money • Money in the gift & the gift in money (O’Henry) • The spirit of exchange (Mauss) • Inalienability • Embeddedness • Total social fact • Parts and whole
  13. Parts and Whole • How different is anthropology from economics in approaching economy? • How different is economy in anthropology from that in economics? • Economics and kinship • Economics and religion • Economics and politics • Embeddedness of economics in society (and culture)
  14. Max Weber (1864-1920) Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism
  15. Georg Simmel (1858-1918) Philosophy of Money
  16. Weber • Ghost in the spirit of capitalism: “The tradition of medieval monastic asceticism prowls the culture of modern capitalist economic order.”
  17. Simmel Money in society: “[Modern] money is a pure instrument of human relations and freedom.” Money beyond society: “[Modern money], by virtue of its perfect mobility, forms the bond that combines that combines the largest extension of the economic sphere with the growing independence of persons.”
  18. Monetary exchange promotes the parallel process of previously independent communities becoming mutually dependent and dependent persons becoming independent from traditional communal bondage. J. Parry and M. Bloch, Money and the Morality of Exchange (1989)
  19. Two sides of the coin: State
  20. Seal of Authority
  21. Two sides of the coin: Market
  22. Trust of the Value
  23. Money’s two sides & the polarization of modern ideas • State & Markets • Political authority & Exchange value • Politics & Economy • Sovereignty & Universality • Keynesians & Monetarists (Keith Hart) • Statist side & Pro-market side • German & Anglo-saxon • Socialism & the free market ideology
  24. The end of the Cold War and Money’s pursuit of “absolute freedom”
  25. Ethnography of the money world • Once again the question of embeddedness (of money in society) • Mauss’ “total social fact” • Money in kinship, money in religion, and money in political life
  26. Chicago Mercantile Exchange after the Cold War
  27. Vietnam after the Cold War
  28. • “War is the most prodigal of all human activities.” Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations • “There is no enmity in cemeteries.” A Vietnamese proverb.
  29. Civil War and the politics of death
  30. Ancestor worship after the Cold War
  31. Domestic ancestral shrine – Kinship and Solidarity
  32. External shrine for ghosts – Anonymity & Hospitality
  33. Money for anonymous ghosts
  34. The gift of money
  35. Dollar votive money
  36. History of war, politics of memory and the morality of commemoration
  37. The spirit of money and the ethics of memory
  38. Money, culture and history • Weber and the cultural history of capitalism • Simmel and the instrumentality of modern money • Mauss and the morality of exchange • Money for the living and money for the dead • Two sides of the coin
  39. The Art of Money
  40. The Comedy of Value
  41. J. Boggs • Because money and art have no intrinsic value, they rely on our personal and collective trust to sustain the value we assign them. Our relationship to art is subject to the same societal conditioning as our relationship to money.
  42. Money?
  43. Art?
  44. Art?
  45. Gift?
  46. Money? or Gift?
  47. Gift? or Money?
  48. Gift?
  49. Afghan currency
  50. Useless money?
  51. International aid: Gift?
  52. Or Money?