Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in Hawaii:  GIS applications for injury prevention                 Dan Galanis    EMS & Inju...
Overview of presentation   Overview of injuries          Importance of GIS for prevention of           motor vehicle cra...
Injuries……are the 4th leading cause of death in Hawaii (>700 per year)         …the leading cause of death for ages 1 to 4...
Causes of fatal injuries in Hawaii, 2006-2010                  suicide                                                    ...
Leading Causes of Injury Mortality and Morbidity           among Hawaii residents, 2006-2010        Fatal injuries        ...
Mapping of fatal crashes on the Big Island
North Hawaii Outcomes Project   Started efforts at motor vehicle crash reduction    in 2001, given high fatality rates in...
Fatality maps in Big Island media
Fatality maps in NHOP publications and strategic plans
Mapping of EMS-attended crashes on Oahu
HEMSIS data (EMS reports)   Advantages: Real time, detail on mode (car occupant vs.    motocyclist vs. pedestrian, etc.),...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in ...
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Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in Hawaii: GIS Applications for Injury Prevention

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Hawaii Pacific GIS Conference 2012: GIS for Environmental, Community and Public Health - Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in Hawaii: GIS Applications for Injury Prevention

  1. 1. Mapping Motor Vehicle Crashes in Hawaii: GIS applications for injury prevention Dan Galanis EMS & Injury Prevention System Branch Hawaii Department of Health
  2. 2. Overview of presentation Overview of injuries  Importance of GIS for prevention of motor vehicle crashes and drownings GIS applications in prevention of injuries from motor vehicle crashes  North Hawaii Outcomes Project • Mapping of fatal crashes on Big Island  Hawaii Emergency Medical Services Information System (HEMSIS) • Mapping of all motor vehicle crashes on Oahu Drownings in the state
  3. 3. Injuries……are the 4th leading cause of death in Hawaii (>700 per year) …the leading cause of death for ages 1 to 40; more than all other diseases combined …cause ~14% of all hospitalizations in Hawaii …cause ~88,000 emergency department visits a year …account for 33% of EMS emergency calls …~35,000 calls per year …ARE PREVENTABLE
  4. 4. Causes of fatal injuries in Hawaii, 2006-2010 suicide 155 falls seniors: 84 (12%) 108 (15%) (21%) poisoning 90 (12%) mvc*-occupant 73 (10%) drowning 64 (9%) suffocation 32 (4%) mvc*-motorcyclist 31 (4%) mvc*-pedestrian 29 (4%) assault 25 (4%) other-transport 6 (1%) mvc*-bicyclist 4 (1%) fire/burn 4 (1%)natural/environmental 2 (0%) machinery 2 (0%) undetermined intent 66 (9%) injury-other 33 (4%) 0 50 100 150 annual number (% of total)
  5. 5. Leading Causes of Injury Mortality and Morbidity among Hawaii residents, 2006-2010 Fatal injuries Hospitalizations EMS calls1 Suicide 155 21% Falls 2,674 49% Falls 10,112 35%2 Falls 108 15% Car occupant 471 9% Car occupant 5,332 18%3 Poisoning 90 12% Suicide 378 7% Assault 3,440 12% attempt4 Car occupant 73 10% Assault 302 6% Poisoning 2,073 7%5 Drowning 64 9% Motorcyclist 277 5% Struck by 1,201 4% object
  6. 6. Mapping of fatal crashes on the Big Island
  7. 7. North Hawaii Outcomes Project Started efforts at motor vehicle crash reduction in 2001, given high fatality rates in Hawaii County • 1st step was to identify locations of fatal crashes • Later published poster-sized maps, distributed to:  All middle and high schools, police stations, health facilites, etc.  Highlighting prevalence of drunk driving • Also shared with media to increase awareness • Web site: www.nhop.org
  8. 8. Fatality maps in Big Island media
  9. 9. Fatality maps in NHOP publications and strategic plans
  10. 10. Mapping of EMS-attended crashes on Oahu
  11. 11. HEMSIS data (EMS reports) Advantages: Real time, detail on mode (car occupant vs. motocyclist vs. pedestrian, etc.), protective factors (seat belts, helments), substance use, and street address/site of crash Problem is data entry/errors vs. geocoding: • "H1 WEST EAST OF LUNALILO OFF" • "swanzy beach park" • "91-1000 GEIGER RD." • "Frntg Waianae McDonalds 85-726 farrington hwy" • "879 Honalua St Hobo, HI 96826" Solution was to obtain 911 dispatch data from City & County • CAD interface captures 911 callers latitude and longitude • Re-merge with larger EMS database

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