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Mapping human impacts to Papahanaumokuakea

HIGICC Annual Meeting June 24, 2009 Erik Franklin Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology

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Mapping human impacts to Papah ā naumoku ā kea ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object]
Talk Overview ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Unique and Valuable Resources
History of human use ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Current Day Impacts ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Orange = State Waters Green = Fish and Wildlife Blue line = Monument Yellow lines = EEZ Who’s Managing Impacts ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
A call for action: Ecosystem based management “ Prioritize and coordinate management of multiple activities within a specified ecosystem” 2004 ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mapping Cumulative Human Impacts
Mapping Cumulative Human Impacts ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Global map:  17 Different Stressors ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Global Cumulative Impact Scores 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Millions of km 2 41%  of the ocean  is orange or red less than 4% is blue How does Hawaii look?
Zoom in on Hawaii ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],NWHI Redo:
1. Mapping Habitat Ten ‘ecozones’ mapped from NOAA benthic cover satellite data  at 100m resolution
2. Vulnerability Weights ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Combined into a Vulnerability  Weight Five aspects quantified at order of magnitude scales for every stressor in every ecosystem: 25 scientific experts with personal experience working in the NWHI estimated the values (Selkoe et al. 2008)
Survey results: Selkoe et al. 2008   Human Stressors to NWHI Vulnerability  Weights Global origin Pacific-wide origin Local (NWHI) origin
Threat Rankings: 13 datasets included in NWHI map Human Stressors to NWHI Vulnerability  Weights
Ship Traffic Tracks based on reported vessel locations in the NWHI  from 1994 Data from Voluntary Observing System courtesy of NOAA
Acidification UV Temperature: Disease Temperature: Bleaching Climate Change Data
Bottomfishing Pounds all fish taken summed over 1996-2002 at 0.25 degree resolution, excluding <2 boats per cell. Dataset courtesy of Reggie Kokubun of the DAR
Final Map of Cumulative Impact
New Rankings
Atoll Close-ups Midway Maro Pearl & Hermes French Frigate Shoals 10 Km 10 Km 10 Km 10 Km P&H: Highest mean scores for both SST metrics Midway: Lowest mean impact score of atolls Maro: Highest mean impact score of atolls FFS: highest mean scores for UV, acid, sea level, shipping
Missing Threats ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Results are conservative!
Key uses for results ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Mahalo! Funding from the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Coral Reef Ecosystem Research Partnership & National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, UC Santa Barbara Photos courtesy NOAA & James Watts

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Mapping human impacts to Papahanaumokuakea

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  • 13. Global Cumulative Impact Scores 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Millions of km 2 41% of the ocean is orange or red less than 4% is blue How does Hawaii look?
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  • 16. 1. Mapping Habitat Ten ‘ecozones’ mapped from NOAA benthic cover satellite data at 100m resolution
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  • 18. Survey results: Selkoe et al. 2008 Human Stressors to NWHI Vulnerability Weights Global origin Pacific-wide origin Local (NWHI) origin
  • 19. Threat Rankings: 13 datasets included in NWHI map Human Stressors to NWHI Vulnerability Weights
  • 20. Ship Traffic Tracks based on reported vessel locations in the NWHI from 1994 Data from Voluntary Observing System courtesy of NOAA
  • 21. Acidification UV Temperature: Disease Temperature: Bleaching Climate Change Data
  • 22. Bottomfishing Pounds all fish taken summed over 1996-2002 at 0.25 degree resolution, excluding <2 boats per cell. Dataset courtesy of Reggie Kokubun of the DAR
  • 23. Final Map of Cumulative Impact
  • 25. Atoll Close-ups Midway Maro Pearl & Hermes French Frigate Shoals 10 Km 10 Km 10 Km 10 Km P&H: Highest mean scores for both SST metrics Midway: Lowest mean impact score of atolls Maro: Highest mean impact score of atolls FFS: highest mean scores for UV, acid, sea level, shipping
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  • 28. Mahalo! Funding from the Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Coral Reef Ecosystem Research Partnership & National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, UC Santa Barbara Photos courtesy NOAA & James Watts

Editor's Notes

  1. Some activities result in more changes than others because the ecological community is more sensitive to those threats. For instance, a ship grounding on a coral reef causes more long lasting ecological harm than a ship grounding in a muddy bottom. The term vulnerability captures this sensitivity.
  2. FFS: UV, acid, sea level, shipping