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The Metamorphosis
Franz Kafka
“A book should be the axe to break the frozen sea within us”
-Franz Kafka
What is Metamorphosis
Metamorphosis refers to the way that certain organisms
develop, grow, and change form.
Metamorphosis...
EARLY LIFE
Born: July 3, 1883 in Prague
Upper middle class, German-speaking Jewish family
Eldest of 6
Attended German scho...
MAJOR INFLUENCES
Ovid and Ancient Mythology
The Metamorphoses (pg. 422)
Nietzsche
Darwin
WORKS
The Metamorphosis (1915)
The Trial (1925)
The Castle (1926)
Letters to His Father (1919)
Amerika (1927)
MODERNISM
Flourished between 1890 and 1940
Mainly concerned with the loss of traditional values
brought on by the major ad...
Magical Realism
Is when a realistic situation is combine with some magical,
supernatural or unrealistic occurrence.
Ex: Wh...
Magical Realism
characteristics
Stories with a strong narrative drive.
Dreams, fairy story and mythology combine with
ever...
Existentialism
Is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence,
freedom and choice. It is the point of view in which ...
Surrealism
Refers to having a dreamlike quality or, in literature,
producing fantasy. It is often present by combining
thi...
Gregor’s Father (Mr. Samsa)
Business failure leaves him in a lot of debt
Begins working once Gregor’s is transformed and c...
Grete
Gregor’s sister
Takes sole responsibility for Gregor’s care after he
turns into insect
Likes to play the violin
Gregor’s Mother (Mrs. Samsa)
Very weak women
Tries to help Gregor but is disgusted by him
Suffers most from Gregor’s trans...
File_1.3gp
THEMES FOUND IN
The Metamorphosis
Alienation/Isolation
Negative Father-son relationship
Existence
Morality
Class-conscious...
SYMBOLS
The insect
The framed picture of a woman in furs
Gregor’s desires (sex, wealth, humanity)
Father’s uniform:
Father...
Central Symbol of the Beetle/Vermin
A subjective fantasy that best describes Gregor’s self-
loathing:
Worthlessness
Useles...
Gregor as animal
Obsessed with work/family/official
In animal form, the self is superior over physical
existence
Ignores t...
The Reaction of Others
Clerk- self importance
3 lodgers- amused, self importance
mother- helpless, in denial, too weak to ...
The Metamorphosis of the
Family
Father
Mother
Sister
From _________ to _________
22
Decline and Death
Gregor seems to have been by far the most caring and
compassionate individual in the home. Now that h...
2 Choices in Life
INDIVIDUAL vs. SOCIETY
if a person chooses self, he will lose support of society
if a person chooses soc...
metamorphosis Kafka presentation
metamorphosis Kafka presentation
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metamorphosis Kafka presentation

  1. 1. The Metamorphosis Franz Kafka “A book should be the axe to break the frozen sea within us” -Franz Kafka
  2. 2. What is Metamorphosis Metamorphosis refers to the way that certain organisms develop, grow, and change form. Metamorphosis actually means "change".
  3. 3. EARLY LIFE Born: July 3, 1883 in Prague Upper middle class, German-speaking Jewish family Eldest of 6 Attended German schools Charles Ferdinand University Law Degree Worked at governor's insurance office Troubled father-son Relationship Letters to His Father
  4. 4. MAJOR INFLUENCES Ovid and Ancient Mythology The Metamorphoses (pg. 422) Nietzsche Darwin
  5. 5. WORKS The Metamorphosis (1915) The Trial (1925) The Castle (1926) Letters to His Father (1919) Amerika (1927)
  6. 6. MODERNISM Flourished between 1890 and 1940 Mainly concerned with the loss of traditional values brought on by the major advances and disasters of the early 20th century. Such literature focuses on the fragmentation and alienation perceived during this time. To battle this, modernists focused on exploring psychology than directly commenting on society. Use of stream of consciousness- James Joyce Use of surrealism to depict alienation- Franz Kafka
  7. 7. Magical Realism Is when a realistic situation is combine with some magical, supernatural or unrealistic occurrence. Ex: When in the story The Metamorphosis the main character turns into a big insect. Everything else in the story is pretty much realistic, except the transformation from a human being to an insect. “When Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from troubled dreams, he found himself change into a monstrous cockroach in hid bed”(Kafka 1204).
  8. 8. Magical Realism characteristics Stories with a strong narrative drive. Dreams, fairy story and mythology combine with everyday realistic events.
  9. 9. Existentialism Is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. It is the point of view in which humans see their own meaning in life and make decision according to it. Ex: In the story Gregor initially chooses society over himself, he was a hard working man almost slave to his boss and he also support all the member of his family After his physical transformation, he is forced to only focus on himself, and here is when family and society abandons him.
  10. 10. Surrealism Refers to having a dreamlike quality or, in literature, producing fantasy. It is often present by combining things that don't belong together. Ex: Gregor doesn't seem to care that he is a cockroach, his reaction is very dreamlike. It is also very unusual that knowing he is an insect he just cares about being late for work. “What to do now? The next train left at seven; to catch it meant hurrying like a madman, and his samples weren’t yet packed, and he himself didn’t feel exactly agile or vigorous”(Kafka1205).
  11. 11. Gregor’s Father (Mr. Samsa) Business failure leaves him in a lot of debt Begins working once Gregor’s is transformed and can no longer support the family Responsible for Gregor’s death
  12. 12. Grete Gregor’s sister Takes sole responsibility for Gregor’s care after he turns into insect Likes to play the violin
  13. 13. Gregor’s Mother (Mrs. Samsa) Very weak women Tries to help Gregor but is disgusted by him Suffers most from Gregor’s transformation
  14. 14. File_1.3gp
  15. 15. THEMES FOUND IN The Metamorphosis Alienation/Isolation Negative Father-son relationship Existence Morality Class-consciousness/Effects of Capitalism Family Communication Quest for understanding Examination of being Quest for escape Absurdity of human life Conflict between body and spirit
  16. 16. SYMBOLS The insect The framed picture of a woman in furs Gregor’s desires (sex, wealth, humanity) Father’s uniform: Father’s dignity (deteriorates) Food The way the family treats Gregor The Metamorphosis Personal alienation Effects of family’s demands Furniture Loss of hope/humanity The Window Longing Hospital imprisonment-keys, locks, cages music and distortion of time
  17. 17. Central Symbol of the Beetle/Vermin A subjective fantasy that best describes Gregor’s self- loathing: Worthlessness Uselessness Meaninglessness Awkwardness Ugliness
  18. 18. Gregor as animal Obsessed with work/family/official In animal form, the self is superior over physical existence Ignores true self and “unsettling dreams” which represent the conflict between the two selves Alienation of true self
  19. 19. The Reaction of Others Clerk- self importance 3 lodgers- amused, self importance mother- helpless, in denial, too weak to make her love effective- “temporary sickness” sister- closest in age and could be best understood by him- concerned with herself maid- a curious pet
  20. 20. The Metamorphosis of the Family Father Mother Sister From _________ to _________
  21. 21. 22 Decline and Death Gregor seems to have been by far the most caring and compassionate individual in the home. Now that he has gone, the fact that Grete is described more as animal than human being might cause us to wonder if there is any humanity left in the Samsas at all.
  22. 22. 2 Choices in Life INDIVIDUAL vs. SOCIETY if a person chooses self, he will lose support of society if a person chooses society, he lose individuality One must be productive in order to be valuable, and one must have leisure in order to be valuable to himself what is Gregor? when? you?

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