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Introduction to Forest Gardening


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Introduction to Forest Gardening

  1. 1. Introduction to Forest Gardening<br />Designing Regenerative Perennial Agriculture<br />Thanks to: Ethan Roland, Jonathan Bates, Kat Anderson, Dave Jacke<br />
  2. 2. A Vision of Forest Gardening<br /> here it is<br />
  3. 3. The Roots of Forest Gardening<br />
  4. 4. Tending the Wild Across North America<br />Kat Anderson spent 17 years interviewing native elders from around California. <br />Their stories illustrate whole-ecosystem caretaking based on agroforestry and managing wild plant and animal populations for harvest. <br />Analagous patterns are found in the history (and sometimes present day) of every inhabited ecosystem in North America.<br />
  5. 5. Soaproot – Chlorogalum spp.<br />A “wild” plant physiologically <br />adapted to human harvesting<br /> and use.<br />
  6. 6. Pseudo-Domesticates in the Northeast?<br />
  7. 7. Desired Conditions for FG’s<br />Overyielding Polycultures<br />Self-Renewing Fertility<br />Sustainable Water Demand<br />Minimal Herbivory<br />Healthy Plants<br />Directed Succession<br />Minimal Competition<br />
  8. 8. Forest Garden Design<br />
  9. 9. Potential FG Products<br />Food<br />Fuel<br />Fiber<br />Fodder<br />Fertilizer<br />“Farmaceuticals”<br />FUN<br />(and more…)<br />
  10. 10. Ecological Functions<br />Nitrogen Fixers<br />Dynamic Accumulators<br />Beneficial Insectaries<br />Aromatic Pest Confusers<br />Cross-Pollination Clusters<br />Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat<br />Microclimate Contributors<br />
  11. 11. Polyculture Design<br />Food<br />Tea/<br />Medicine/<br />Insectary<br />Ground<br /> Cover/<br />Nitrogen<br /> Fixer<br />Food/Medicine/<br />Insectary<br />
  12. 12. Food/Medicine/Insectary<br />Food/<br />Aromatic<br />Pest <br />Confuser<br />Ground<br />Cover/<br />Medicine/<br />Fertilizer/<br />Insectary/<br />Beneficial<br />Habitat<br />Food/Insectary<br />Food<br />
  13. 13. Larger-Scale Forest Garden Design<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Forest Garden Design Process<br />Goals<br />Assessment<br />Design<br />Reality Checking<br />Implementation<br />Evaluation<br />Re-Envisioning….<br />
  16. 16. Or….just start planting!<br />
  17. 17. A Radical Idea: STEP INTO ACTION<br />“You Have FullAuthorityto Improve Creation!” – Geoff Lawton<br />…no matter how small <br />your wheelbarrow!<br />
  18. 18. Humans are Keystone Species<br />There’s a learning curve in all phases of design.<br />There’s an unlearning curve in how we relate to our habitat – cultural views of people and nature as separate.<br />As permaculture designers, we are building relationship with our role as ecosystem managers.<br />
  19. 19. Forest Gardening Resources<br />
  20. 20. References on Ecology and Reading the Landscape<br />Reading the Forested Landscape – Tom Wessels<br />Sierra Club Naturalist’s Guide to your region<br />Peterson’s Field Guide: Ecology (Eastern or Western)<br />Northern Woodlands magazine<br />Local old-timers: farmers, foresters, maple tappers, herbalists, hunters…<br />
  21. 21. References on Indigenous Land Use<br />Tending the Wild – M. Kat Anderson<br />1491 – Charles Mann<br />Changes in the Land – William Cronon<br />Enduring Seeds – Gary Paul Nabhan<br />The Voice of the Dawn – Frederick Matthew Wiseman<br />…and ultimately, the elders themselves.<br />