Hsu, H.-H. & Wang, S.-K. (2007, Oct). The Effectiveness of Using Weblogs Portfolio to Assist English Language Learning, Pa...
<ul><li>English Language Institute </li></ul><ul><li>22 International students </li></ul><ul><li>Placement tests </li></ul...
<ul><li>Teaching methods (two-fold): in-class ( and at-home oral practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In-class: using CD audio ...
<ul><li>Instructional Problems: Evaluation Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time spent on playing cassettes back and forth </...
<ul><li>New technologies with multimedia elements that provide: </li></ul><ul><li>Easier way for Individualized oral feedb...
<ul><li>Blogs features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast and easy publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronologically archived ...
<ul><ul><li>Pinkman (2005): EFL motivation for writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloch (2007): ESL academic writing skill...
<ul><li>Tsutsui (2004, p374) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive: immediate / time limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intrusiv...
<ul><li>Ease of use </li></ul><ul><li>Easy archiving of assignments for evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Close evaluation </li...
<ul><li>Explore whether or not audioblog technology can feasibly meet the instructor’s instructional needs </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Step 1: setup of the blog (blogger.com) </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: online audio recording system (Evoca.com) </li><...
<ul><li>Evoca ( http://www.evoca.com ) </li></ul><ul><li>Blog ( http://www.blogger.com ) </li></ul><ul><li>Setup student b...
<ul><li>Participants: 22 </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed-methodology (Tashakkori & Teddlie, 1998)  </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collecti...
<ul><li>Survey:  Ease of use audioblog (N=17) </li></ul>Likert-scale (1-5) SD 1 D 2 N 3 A 4 SA 5 Mean Std. Deviation Doing...
<ul><li>Survey:  satisfaction </li></ul>Findings SD 1 D 2 N 3 A 4 SA 5 Mean Std. Deviation Teacher’s review and critiques ...
<ul><li>Accessed the instructor's log </li></ul><ul><ul><li>58% of students once or twice a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to interact with the instructor and receive individualized feedback in a tim...
<ul><li>How blog facilitate language learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students listened to the assigned materials and to the...
<ul><li>Students who completed assignments regularly and constantly improved their speaking abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Au...
<ul><li>Class size was too big  </li></ul><ul><li>Student compliance: Pass/Fail system cannot encourage on-going effort </...
<ul><li>It is feasible to integrate audioblogs into an EFL course </li></ul><ul><li>The instructor confirmed that the tech...
<ul><li>Adopt more strategies for audioblog use </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the multimedia resources on the Internet to stim...
Hui-Yin Hsu  [email_address] Shiang-Kwei Wang  [email_address]   http://languageaudioblog.blogspot.com/
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The Effectiveness of Using Audioblogs to Assist English Language Learning: Language Learning e-Portfolio

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This presentation introduces a study using audioblogs to facilitate English Language Learners’ (ELLs) language development. We use audioblogs as language learning e-portfolio. Students use mobile technology (cellular phone) to record entries on their audioblogs for the instructor to review. Instructor can interact with the students on their audioblogs.

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The Effectiveness of Using Audioblogs to Assist English Language Learning: Language Learning e-Portfolio

  1. 1. Hsu, H.-H. & Wang, S.-K. (2007, Oct). The Effectiveness of Using Weblogs Portfolio to Assist English Language Learning, Paper presented at the 2007 Annual Conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Anaheim, CA. New York Institute of Technology
  2. 2. <ul><li>English Language Institute </li></ul><ul><li>22 International students </li></ul><ul><li>Placement tests </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced English Conversation Class </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to improve students’ English speaking and listening abilities. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Teaching methods (two-fold): in-class ( and at-home oral practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In-class: using CD audio clips for pronunciation exercises, formal speeches, and group conversation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At-home: listen and respond to assignments using cassette tapes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Instructional Problems: Evaluation Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time spent on playing cassettes back and forth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficulties in repeating learner’s oral performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t allow written feedback or response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People rarely use cassettes any more due to new technologies advancement </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>New technologies with multimedia elements that provide: </li></ul><ul><li>Easier way for Individualized oral feedback on oral performance, especially with pronunciation corrections </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Blogs features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast and easy publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronologically archived posts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatible with multimedia elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two way communication between author and readers (Lowe & Williams, 2004) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Pinkman (2005): EFL motivation for writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloch (2007): ESL academic writing skills (immigrant learner case study) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Huffaker (2005): literacy learning and development through dialogues & storytelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Godwin-Jones (2003): collaborative writing skills, writing for real contexts </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Tsutsui (2004, p374) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive: immediate / time limit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intrusive: interruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delayed: difficult to connect the feedback to their performance due to time lag </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Criteria of selecting technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily record oral feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide individualized feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor learning progress </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Ease of use </li></ul><ul><li>Easy archiving of assignments for evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Close evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Self-monitoring learning progress </li></ul><ul><li>Allowing multiple instructional strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Extended interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Individualized feedback </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Explore whether or not audioblog technology can feasibly meet the instructor’s instructional needs </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate EFL students’ perception of audioblogs’ contribution to improve oral English performance </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Step 1: setup of the blog (blogger.com) </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: online audio recording system (Evoca.com) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microphone connected to the computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP (Skype) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual voice recorder </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Step 3: distribute and complete the assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: assessment audioblog assignments </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Evoca ( http://www.evoca.com ) </li></ul><ul><li>Blog ( http://www.blogger.com ) </li></ul><ul><li>Setup student blog </li></ul><ul><li>Setup instructor’s blog (link with student blogs) </li></ul><ul><li>Record from cell phone </li></ul><ul><li>sample instructor’s blog: http://languageaudioblog.blogspot.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Training materials are listed on the sample blog </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Participants: 22 </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed-methodology (Tashakkori & Teddlie, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection and Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student attitude survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student open-ended questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student blog analysis </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Survey: Ease of use audioblog (N=17) </li></ul>Likert-scale (1-5) SD 1 D 2 N 3 A 4 SA 5 Mean Std. Deviation Doing my homework with blog is not difficult for me. 0 0 23.5% 41.2% 35.5% 4.12 .781 I faced a lot of problems when creating audio recording entries on my blog. 17.6% 35.3% 35.3% 11.8% 0 2.41 .939 Blog is a great tool to archive my works. 5.9% 17.6% 52.9% 23.5% 3.94 .826 I prefer using audio tape rather than using audio blog. 17.6% 58.8% 5.9% 5.9% 11.8% 2.35 .122 Greater sense of control of portfolio blog vs. tradition 0 5.9% 17.6% 64.7% 11.8% 3.82 .729
  15. 15. <ul><li>Survey: satisfaction </li></ul>Findings SD 1 D 2 N 3 A 4 SA 5 Mean Std. Deviation Teacher’s review and critiques on my blog is more interesting than a written document 0 0 11.8% 52.9% 35.3% 4.24 .664 Interacting with my instructor on my blog is helpful because of individualized feedback 0 0 5.9% 52.9% 41.2% 4.35 .606 Blog is a good language learning tool 0 0 17.6% 41.2% 41.2% 4.24 .752 I have stronger confidence in using English now 0 5.9% 29.4% 41.2% 23.5% 3.82 .882
  16. 16. <ul><li>Accessed the instructor's log </li></ul><ul><ul><li>58% of students once or twice a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23% of students at least three times a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17% of students everyday </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Created entries on their blogs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>82% of students once or twice a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12% of students at least three times a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6% of students rarely or never </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to interact with the instructor and receive individualized feedback in a timely manner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s an efficient process to complete oral assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for practice and for repeated listens to assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fun to use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of cell phone ease the assignment completion process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showcase their learning performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs basic computer skills </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>How blog facilitate language learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students listened to the assigned materials and to the feedback on a regular basis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audioblogs enabled students to relate the instructor’s feedback to the mistakes that they had made in an assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt more comfortable in carrying out conversation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suggestions to improve the implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use more multimedia-format materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students record audio clips on a variety of topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students upload self-recorded video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller class size </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Students who completed assignments regularly and constantly improved their speaking abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Audioblog facilitated fast and two-way communication </li></ul><ul><li>It provided an easy method to evaluate oral assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to provide individualized feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Audioblog technology helped the instructor manage instruction efficiently and concentrate more on monitoring students’ learning progress over a period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Audioblog archived all students’ oral assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Students were motivated to use audioblog </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Class size was too big </li></ul><ul><li>Student compliance: Pass/Fail system cannot encourage on-going effort </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>It is feasible to integrate audioblogs into an EFL course </li></ul><ul><li>The instructor confirmed that the technology met the instructional needs </li></ul><ul><li>A successful implementation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopting the right strategies to integrate needs-based technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing constant professional feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running a class of a reasonable size, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivating students with multi-formats tasks </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Adopt more strategies for audioblog use </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the multimedia resources on the Internet to stimulate motivation </li></ul><ul><li>More blog-based interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Develop rubrics </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller class size </li></ul><ul><li>Enable an RSS function </li></ul>
  23. 23. Hui-Yin Hsu [email_address] Shiang-Kwei Wang [email_address] http://languageaudioblog.blogspot.com/

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