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High blood pressure


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High blood pressure

  1. 1. High Blood Pressure<br />Forevercare<br />Facts, Causes, Symptoms, Types, Tests, Treatments, and Daily Life <br />
  2. 2. Facts<br />What IS high blood pressure?<br /><ul><li>Also known as hypertension, it is most commonly found among middle-aged and older people. However, hypertension can also be found in even children and teens.
  3. 3. Blood pressureis the measurement of force against your arterial walls as the heart sends blood through the body.
  4. 4. Blood pressure readings are measured by two separate numbers. The top number is known as systolic pressure, and the bottom is diastolic pressure. </li></li></ul><li>Facts – cont. <br />Systolic –<br />It is considered high if it is over 140 usually. <br />It is considered normal if below 120 usually. <br />Diastolic – <br />It is considered high if it is over 90 usually.<br />It is considered normal if it is below 8O usually.<br />
  5. 5. Causes<br />The level of water and salt in the body.<br />The condition of the nervous system, kidneys, and blood vessels. <br />The levels of different body hormones. <br />As you age your blood vessels become stiffer, thus causing older people to be more likely to have high blood pressure. <br />
  6. 6. You are more likely to have high BP if you…<br />Are African American<br />Are Obese<br />Eat too much salt<br />Smoke<br />Have diabetes<br />Have a family history of high BP.<br />Are often stressed or anxious.<br />However most of the time no direct cause is found. This is called essential hypertension. <br />
  7. 7. Secondary Hypertension<br />Sometimes high BP is caused by medications or other medical conditions. This is called Secondary Hypertension. <br />This can be due to things such as….<br />Alcohol abuse<br />Cocaine abuse<br />Birth control pills<br />Migraine Medications<br />
  8. 8. SYMPTOMS!<br />Confusion<br />Ear noise or buzzing<br />Fatigue<br />Headaches<br />Irregular Heartbeat<br />Nosebleeds (epistaxis) <br />Vision changes<br />
  9. 9. Types of High Blood Pressure<br />Essential Hypertension<br />Secondary Hypertension<br />Isolated Systolic Hypertension – most common in people above the age of 65 and is caused by a decrease of elasticity within the arterial walls. Systolic Pressure is much more important for older people as this poses greater risk for cardiovascular disease. <br />Malignant Hypertension – only occurs in about 1 percent of people with hypertension. Often seen in younger adults, African American men, and women who have pregnancy toxemia. This is the onset of extremely rapid BP increase and is a medical emergency.<br />
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  11. 11. Tests<br />The only way to be tested for hypertension (high blood pressure) is to have your BP measured with a pressure cuff. However, a doctor can check eyes, urine, and blood for ocular damage, hormone levels, and excess electrolytes. <br /><br />
  12. 12. Treating Hypertension and Daily Life<br />Get checked regularly!<br />In most cases, high blood pressure can be helped by medication and some simple changes such as….<br />Avoiding smoking<br />A diet rich in fruits, veggies, and low-fat dairy (DASH)<br />Exercise regularly (30 minutes daily if possible)<br />If you have diabetes, keep blood sugar levels in control.<br />Try to manage stress effectively.<br />Lose weight if overweight. This can cause extra strain on the heart.<br />
  13. 13. In conclusion…<br /> THE BEST WAY TO HELP HYPERTENSION IS TO PREVENT IT FROM EVEN HAPPENING. <br /> Make the life changes, as these could save YOURS.<br />
  14. 14. sources<br /><br /><br />