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Critical thinking in elementary education by Evgeniya (Jane) Borisova

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This is the presentation given for the SNUE interns.

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Critical thinking in elementary education by Evgeniya (Jane) Borisova

  1. 1. By Evgeniya “Jane” Borisova
  2. 2.  Introduce the concept of Critical Thinking  Discuss the importance of developing Critical Thinking skills  Bloom’s Taxonomy and Critical Thinking  Hands on! Samples of Critical Thinking lessons  Try it out! Design of content area lessons incorporating Critical Thinking
  3. 3. Critical thinking is an ability to recognize if a certain notion/concept/idea or claim is always true, partly true, or false. The concept of Western Critical Thinking comes from ancient Greece and represents Socratic school of thought.
  4. 4.  Do they have a 4th of July in England? Yes No Maybe I don't know  There are 3 apples and you take away 2. How many do you have? One... Two... ...Three... ...Four
  5. 5. According to Facione (2013) the following abilities form critical thinking:  Ability to interpret information  Ability to analyze and synthesize information  Ability to evaluate information  Ability to infer (identify elements/signs to draw conclusions)  Ability to explain phenomena  Ability to self-regulate (understand one’s own thinking process)
  6. 6. Source: 2013. Facione, PA, “Critical Thinking: What It is and Why it Counts”
  7. 7. Why is it especially important to start developing ct skills in elementary students?
  8. 8.  Due to the current educational reform NCLB students are required to memorize enormous amounts of information to just be able to reproduce it on the test.  The assumption is that once that information is memorized the students will always remember it.  CT instruction allows to build upon existing knowledge and develop independent judgment of important concepts.  By developing CT in elementary students teachers reinforce their ability to transfer content knowledge from across the curriculum. Source:2005. Published by The Critical Thinking Co.
  9. 9. What do students think about CT?
  10. 10. Bloom’s Taxonomy is a system developed in 1956 by Benjamin Bloom to categorize intellectual skills and behavior important for learning. Bloom distinguished six cognitive levels: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation, with the level of difficulty rising from basic knowledge-recall skills to the highest level, evaluation.
  11. 11. Now it’s your turn to…
  12. 12.  Create at least 5 lesson objectives  Use Bloom’s taxonomy verbs to help formulate the objectives  Design several CT activities for your lesson  Plan for the lesson delivery

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