Ch. 7 notes


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ch. 7 notes

  1. 1. The Church and the Empire<br />Chapter 7<br />
  2. 2. St. Augustine and the Kingdom<br />St. Augustine—Roman monk<br />Video biography<br />Queen Berta—Queen of Kent, a Christian<br />King Ethelbert—Berta’s pagan husband<br />Read scene on page 114<br />
  3. 3. St. Augustine cont’d<br />Not the same Augustine as St. Augustine of Hippo<br />St. Augustine needed the support of a leader to spread Jesus’ message of love<br />Queen Berta is open to change and positive about the mission<br />King Ethelbert is resistant but believes Augustine’s sincerity<br />What does Augustine mean when he says, “True faith cannot be forced”?<br />What was Pope Gregory’s advice to Augustine?<br />
  4. 4. Pope Gregory and the Empire<br />Pope in 590 AD<br />Negotiated for peace with barbarians, converted to Christianity<br />Barbarians used symbols to worship pagan gods, Christians used symbolism as well<br />Celebrating feasts<br />Honoring saints<br />Rituals<br />Traditions<br />Barbarians encouraged <br />by the parallel of practices<br />
  5. 5. Leadership of the Church<br />Byzantine emperor Justinian created civil laws<br />Ruled 527 AD<br />Canon Law—collection of laws of the Catholic Church<br />Church as a leader<br />Education<br />Music<br />Art<br />Political<br />Spiritual <br />Christendom—growth in authority of the church<br />
  6. 6. Pope Leo III<br />8th century, Charlemagne helped stop attacks<br />Charlemagne, king of the Franks, united much of Western Europe<br />800 AD, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo<br />How does this act differ from the society in which we live today?<br />
  7. 7. Christianity and Authority<br />Church and government were one<br />Natural law—foundation of moral life for everyone, allows us to know the difference between good and evil<br />God’s law written upon the heart<br />Just laws arise from natural law<br />
  8. 8. Daily Struggle to be Christian<br />In America we have separation of church and state<br />Some American values conflict with Christian principles<br />Examples:<br />How can you stay true to your faith amongst these struggles?<br />
  9. 9. Daily Struggle cont’d<br />When we persist through struggles, we bear our own cross as Jesus carried the cross during the Passion<br />Jesus predicted his Passion when asking his disciples to carry their own cross<br />“If you try to save your life, you will lose it. But if you lose your life for my sake, you will save it.”<br />What does this quote mean?<br />We must follow both civil laws and God’s laws/Jesus’ example<br />
  10. 10. Beowulf<br />8th century story <br />Uses both pagan and Christian elements <br />story where Beowulf killed a monster, his mother and dragon to defend a kingdom<br />Pagan elements<br />Sacrificing to idols<br />Relying on omens<br />Believing in fate<br />Taking revenge<br />Christlike<br />Battled evil monsters as Jesus battled the evils of sin<br />Beowulf gave up his life to save others<br />
  11. 11. Our Church Teaches<br />Natural Law is the most important law<br />Civil Law should promote virtue, equality, justice, freedom and common good<br />Right to public property<br />God created the world for all people<br />All decisions from the authority should work to protect the common good of the society<br />God’s law always comes first, even if we must disobey an immoral civil law <br />
  12. 12. More on Charlemagne<br />Holy Roman Emperor as appointed by Pope Leo III<br />Brought Christianity to a mostly pagan northern Europe<br />Great organizer, moved with precision and speed<br />By 800AD, ruled all of western Europe<br />Protective of the Church<br />Sympathetic of peasants, began reforms to improve their lives<br />Christianity<br />Education<br />Improved farming methods<br />Standard system for money to help merchants<br />
  13. 13. Charlemagne (cont’d)<br />Perpetual student himself<br />Inspected local government to ensure justice<br />Revived music and art<br />Aachen, Germany<br />After his death in 814 AD, the empire was divided between weak kings<br />Beginning of great conflict between kings and popes<br />
  14. 14. Mother Teresa<br />Lived in Calcutta<br />Worked for “poorest of the poor”<br />Teacher of love<br />Trip to Las Vegas<br />Crown of Thorns<br />“I thirst”<br />