Pakistan floods 2011

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2011 floods in Pakistan leave millions at risk

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Pakistan floods 2011

  1. 1. Complimentary - Early RecoveryNeeds AssessmentPreliminary Findings for Balochistan
  2. 2. Key Instruments: Focus Group Discussions Key Informant InterviewsOCHA Multi-Sector Needs Assessment
  3. 3. Sindh District Mirpur Khas Tharparkar Strata 1 Umerkot Sanghar Khairpur Strata 2 Larkana Jamshoro Strata 3 Matiari Shaheed Benazirabad Badin Tando Allahyar Strata 4 Tando Mohammad Khan Thatta Jaffarabad Kallat Strata 5 Killa AbdullahBalochistan Nasirabad Lasbela
  4. 4. • The greatest percentage of villages that are still flood are in strata 4 (57%) followed by strata 1 (46%)• Some of the areas affected this year were on average also affected last year (35% of the villages)• The greatest percentage of villages reporting floods last year were in strata 5 (88%)
  5. 5. SUMMARY Sindh Balochistan SUMMARY AFECTED POPULATION MULTI-CLUSTER (13 Affected (5 affected ASSESSMENT Districts) districts)Affected Population 4.82 million 0.332 millionWomen Affected (exclude children) 1.20 million 81,800Children Affected (0-17 years age) 2.40 million 165,000Estimated Total number people displaced (current) 660,000Total number people displaced (initial) 1.8 million 74,900Total number estimated in Rapid Assessment 5.44 million 387,000(from 16 districts in Sindh and 11 districts in Balochistan)
  6. 6. No. of Houses damaged 750,000 to 900,000Flood affected areas still under water in villages 33%% of families returned to their own homes (mostly 76%destroyed/damaged)Percentage of food insecure population (out of affected population) 43% (59% Female & 33% Male )Staple food crops lost 70%Livestock lost 49%Livestock sold 14%Latrines not present in settlements 80%Damages to health facilities across all strata on average 46%Unavailability of schools and teachers due to recent flooding 60%% of the households, post floods, that do not have important 8.5%civil documentation
  7. 7. Community Needs – Preliminary Key Findings for Sindh Q: What are the challenges faced by the male population after the floods? 60 27% 50Number of respondents 40 30 15% 12% 20 09% 09% 07% 07% 05% 06% 10 04% 0 Pyscho-Socio Livestock Houses Food Clean Water Agriculture Health Displacement Shelter Jobless Badin Jamshoro Khairpur Larkana Matiari MPKhas S.B.A Sanghar T.A.Y Tharparkar thatta TMK UmerKot
  8. 8. Community Needs – Preliminary Key Findings for Sindh Q: What are the challenges faced by the female population after the floods? 50 29% 27% 45 40 35Number of respondents 18% 30 25 11% 20 08% 15 07% 10 5 0 Sanitation Shelter Pyscho-Socio Safety Food & Nutrition Health Badin Jamshoro Khairpur Larkana Matiari MPKhas S.B.A Sanghar T.A.Y Tharparkar thatta TMK UmerKot
  9. 9. Community Infrastructure – Preliminary Key Findings for Sindh Q: How many of the following community facilities are partially or completely damaged? 120 34% 100 29% 80 21%Number of respondents 60 13% 40 20 03% 0 Bridges Culverts Irrigation Channels Access Roads Washing Pad Badin Jamshoro Khairpur Larkana Matiari Mirpur Khas Sanghar Shaheed Benazirabad Tando Allah Yar Tando Muhammad Khan Tharparker Thatta Umerkot
  10. 10. Governance – Preliminary Key Findings for Sindh Q: Which governance functions have been most affected by the floods? 60 28% 50 19%Number of respondents 40 18% 30 11% 10% 20 09% 06% 10 0 Education Health Revenue Agriculture Police Station Courts Others Sanghar T.A.Y T.M.K S.B.A Tharparker Badin Thatta Matiari Jamshoro Kahirpur Larkana Umer Kot MPKhas
  11. 11. Governance – Preliminary Key Findings for Sindh Q: What kind of documents the communities have lost during the floods? 80 53% 70 53% 60 50Number of respondents 40 20% 30 20 11% 10 04% 04% 01% 04% 01% 0 NIC Marriage Educational Domicile Land and House Vehicle and Arm Lisences Passports Documents Records Driving Lisence Umerkot Jamshoro Tharparkar Shaheed Benazirabad Tando Mohammad Khan Matiari Larkana Tando Allayar Khairpur Badin Thatta Mirpurkhas
  12. 12. Disaster Risk Reduction – Preliminary Key Findings for Sindh Q: What are the potential hazards in your area? 120 29% 100 80 18%Number of respondents 60 15% 14% 13% 40 07% 20 04% 0 Flas Floods Floods Soil Erosion Earthquake Cyclone Drought Others Badin Jamshoro Khairpur Larkana Matiari MPKhas S.B.A Sanghar T.A.Y Tharparkar Thatta TMK UmerKot
  13. 13. Disaster Risk Reduction – Preliminary Key Findings for Sindh Q: What particular measures should be taken to reduce the risk of disaster? 100 90 20% 19% 22% 80 70 15% 60Number of respondents 50 10% 40 08% 30 04% 20 03% 10 0 Flood Prtection Spurs Dikes Disaster Resilient Dewatering Drainage Cyclone Shelters Others Walls Retrofiting Badin Jamshoro Khairpur Larkana Matiari MPKhas S.B.A Sanghar T.A.Y Tharparkar Thatta TMK UmerKot
  14. 14. Community Challenges– Key Findings for Balochistan Q: What are the challenges facing the district after these floods (for male and female) population? Male Population Female Population 29% 29% 50 27% 60 45 79%Number of respondents 40 50 35 30 40 25 30 20 6% 15 20 5% 10 14% 2% 1% 10 3% 5 2% 2% 0 0 Livestock Shelter Health Food Protection Lasbella Nasirabad Killa Abdullah Jaffarabad Kalat Lasbella Nasirabad Killa Abdullah Jaffarabad Kalat
  15. 15. Governance– Key Findings for Balochistan Q: Which Government Offices were damaged/non- functional after floods? Government Offices Damage/not Functioning after Floods 40 37 35Number of Respondents 30 24 25 20 14 15 10 5 5 5 5 - Education building Health Facilities Local Govt Offices Police Station Road/other Infra Str Animal Hospital Kalat Nasirabad Lasbella Killa Abdullah
  16. 16. Governance – Key Findings for Balochistan Q: Which governance functions have been affected as a result of floods? Type of Governance Function most Affected by the Disaster 35 33Numbers of Respondents 30 25 20 15 9 10 6 7 4 5 2 0 Education Health Facility Revenue Agriculture Police Station Courts Lasbella Nasirabad Killa Abdullah Kalat Jafferabad
  17. 17. Community Infrastructure – Key Findings for Balochistan Q: How many of the following community facilities are partially or completely damaged? 30 27% 26% 25 24% 20Number of Respondents 17% 15 10 05% 5 0 Bridges Culverts Irrigation Channels Access Roads Washing Pad Jaffarabad Kalat Killa Abdullah Nasirabad
  18. 18. Disaster Risk Reduction – Key Findings for Balochistan Q: What are the potential natural hazards in your area? 40 46% 35 30Percentage Responses 25 27% 20 15 16% 10 9% 5 3% 0 Flash Flood Floods Soil Erosion Earthquake Drought Jafferabad Kalat Killa Abdullah Nasirabad
  19. 19. Disaster Risk Reduction – Key Findings for Balochistan Q: What are the potential natural hazards in your area? 40 46% 35 30Percentage Responses 25 27% 20 15 16% 10 9% 5 3% 0 Flash Flood Floods Soil Erosion Earthquake Drought Jafferabad Kalat Killa Abdullah Nasirabad
  20. 20. No. Indicative ER Activity1 Restoration/Rehabilitation of access/link roads and construction of related structures like culvers and small bridges2 Dewatering, restoration and de-silting of drains3 Construction of protection walls, spurs and dikes4 Repair and restoration of off-farm irrigation channels5 Income-generation through cash for work support6 Job hunting support through imparting market oriented skills and training7 Repair of government offices and support for restoration of their functions8 Support to communities and government for reissuance of lost documents specially NICs

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