How are norms around privacy and publicity reflected in online learning environments?
How are norms around privacy and publicity reﬂected in onlinelearning environments?
John Dewey: the school is a social institutionJohn Dewey pic by Underwood & Underwood NY https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/File:John_Dewey_lib.jpg; school pic from https://rhhr.wordpress.com/2009/11/24/the-regulators-the-school-system/
Learning is social• We construct knowledge through discussion, argument, debate, criticism, publication, public demonstration, dissemination, collaboration and teamwork.• But that doesn’t mean that all interactions are ‘public’ all the time.
Helen Nissenbaum: privacy can be infringed when“contextual integrity” of an information ﬂow is broken.Pic by Joe Hall CC BY http://www.ﬂickr.com/photos/71753172@N00/2385347167
norms of information ﬂow• we don’t expect that conversations we had while learning a subject when we are in a classroom will be persistently available forever;• we don’t expect that what goes on in the classroom will be visible to everyone all the time;• we don’t expect that others will ‘listen in’ to our team’s discussions.
norms technology dynamic static multiplicities binaryaudience for ‘public’ is audience for ‘public’ is deﬁned undeﬁnedmultiple roles beyond assumes only one role‘student’ and ‘teacher’ per user
Public 100 ‘open’ virtual 80 classroom 60 F2F classroom 40 20 ‘closed’ virtual classroomPrivate 0 Time Start of class In-class question In-class presentations Presentations to student body, parents, friends End of class Privacy and publicity in F2F versus‘open’ and ‘closed’ virtual classrooms
Lots more questions...• what roles do we play during a class and how do these roles changes over time?• do the terms ‘open’ and ‘closed’ education play any role in these decisions?• are there ways of designing technology to accommodate norms of information sharing that change over time?