Globalization in Philadelphia


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  • Globalization in Philadelphia

    1. 1. Globalization in Philadelphia hannah feldman
    2. 2. migration
    3. 3. migration Across the globe, people are always moving. Migration is constant, as people from one country seek to move to another to improve opportunities. Philly is home to many immigrants, from all over the world. Many of these immigrants are refugees. Civil conflicts in various countries have come to affect the US and all countries, as citizens of turbulent nations migrate elsewhere. Migration causes countries to become more connected through globalization, as migrants share their stories with their new neighbors, and people become educated on different regions of the world. Migration also enriches the culture of a region, as shown in this clip. Immigrants bring along their languages, and add to the diverse environment. In cities, one can hear many different languages, and this adds to the global flavor. According to the Brooking Institute, in Philadelphia, over 9 percent of city residents are foreign-born. Philadelphia also has a very diverse immigrant population, with incoming Philadelphians hailing roughly equally from Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
    4. 4. politics and international law
    5. 5. politics and international law According to the website of the Romanian embassy to the US, "The Consulate works to foster relations between the two countries, recognizing the necessity for countries to work together and collaborate in a globalized world." This sums up global politics fairly nicely. But, I shall elaborate. Since economies are globally tied, when something bad happens in one country, it affects others. Governments recognize this, and send representatives to countries and regions to keep the relations friendly. In the interest of foreign travel, embassies also deal with keeping track of their citizens in the host country. Embassies also play into migration, helping hopeful migrants fill out paperwork and granting visas and permits.
    6. 6. environment and energy
    7. 7. environment and energy The introduction of the Empress Paulownia tree to North American would not have been possible without globalization. Sally McCabe, of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, reports that this tree originates in China, and has fruit that, when dried, makes a lovely packing material. In the 1830s, the Dutch East India Company recognized this potential and packed their imports in Paulownia pods. Some of these pods were not fully dried and retained their seeds, which then sprouted in Europe, and later North America, after being unpacked. Global trade and the opening of markets led to this plant traveling to other continents. There are many of these trees in Pennsylvania, and they have spread from the ports with foreign imports all across the Eastern and Southern US (National Parks Service).
    8. 8. science and technology
    9. 9. science and technology The internet is a great center for globalization. All countries (excusing state firewalls) have access to the entire internet. The United States is not limited to websites with URLs ending in an American address. BBC News online is a great example. It has news from around the world, published from the UK. However, it also includes links in each article to relevant articles from other news sources, from various countries. It brings together world news. The internet is also becoming more globalized, like the world. Until recently, internet URLs had to be in the Latin alphabet. Language Log reports that the first non-Latin URL has just been rolled out. Egypt’s Ministry of Communications and Information Technology has the first Arabic URL, ‫.ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ-ﺍﻷﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ.ﻣﺼﺮ‬
    10. 10. economy
    11. 11. economy In 2008, the global economy collapsed. In America, small businesses were heavily affected. The recession caused consumers to cut back on spending, and small businesses do not have unlimited ability to cut prices, so sales suffer. As sales go down, revenues go down, and small businesses go out of business, like the empty store pictured. An article from CBS traces the effects of one business’ decreased profits. An American business uses supplies from other American businesses, as well as overseas businesses. If the beginning business has downed revenue, so will the others. Because the economy is so globally intertwined, the recession affects all economies.
    12. 12. trade
    13. 13. trade Petroleum is a large trade market. The refined petroleum coming from this pump could have originated from one of multiple sources, and probably passed through various stations along the way. The US does not produce much petroleum, and therefore has to import large quantities. Luckily, globalization has provided a global commodities market, among others, and petroleum-producing countries export their product, to the benefit (some would say) of oil-poor countries. The United States imports much of its oil from neighboring countries, namely Mexico and Canada. It also imports oil from the Middle East. According to the Energy Information Administration, “there is more trade internationally in oil than in anything else.” Regional wealth versus poverty in oil along with high demand for the resource have combined to create a gigantic global trade.
    14. 14. health
    15. 15. health Global tourism has led to a constant flow of people around the globe and back. Much travel is also done in airplanes, confining a group of people together in a small space. This leads to easily spreadable diseases. There have been many scares involving sick people on airplanes, who then infect the other on the flight. One such scare was in 2007, when a man infected with a drug-resistant strain of tuberculosis flew to multiple countries, causing some panic as to further infections from contact with the man. This case is unusual in that the disease was uncommon. Twice in the past decade, the scare has been with an extremely contagious disease: influenza. First with avian flu, then with swine/H1N1. H1N1 originated in Mexico, but quickly spread around the world through tourists, who were visiting Mexico when it started.
    16. 16. development
    17. 17. development Fair Trade is the advocacy of a business practice that is sustainable in all facets. According to the World Fair Trade Association, it promotes environmental sustainability, economic development in the local community, and transparency, among other practices. The Eighth Standard of Fair Trade is Capacity Building. This is increasing “positive developmental impacts for small, marginalised producers.” Interest in Fair Trade products has increased in America, as evidenced by this poster on the community bulletin board advertising a Fair Trade Sale. People in America are interested in and funding development efforts in other countries, mainly Third World, because the global donation systems and non-profits are in place.
    18. 18. culture
    19. 19. culture French café culture is legendary. Paris is dotted with sidewalk cafés and people sitting, drinking coffee, and catching up. As migration moves people around the globe, they inevitably bring their culture with them. The café pictured, Café Lutecía, was started by a woman who immigrated to America from France. Cafés such as these are becoming more popular in America, along with the advent of French cooking in America. As travel became more common and affordable, food connoisseurs from America could travel to France and other countries to master the foreign cuisine. French cuisine became popular in America, and cafés are an affordable manifestation of that new craze.
    20. 20. works cited “10 Standards of Fair Trade.” World Fair Trade Organization. 18 Nov. 2009. Web. 10 May 2010. Demiguel, Melissa. “Café Culture.” French Culture Site. BellaOnline, 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. “Honorary Consulates of Romania in the US.” Embassy of Romania, 2004. Web. 10 May 2010. McCabe, Sally. Personal Interview. 3 May 2010. “Recession Hits Small Businesses.” CBS Evening News. 17 June 2009. Web. 10 May 2010. Singer, Audrey and David Park, Michael Katz, and Domenic Vitiello. “Recent Immigration to Philadelphia: Regional Change in a Re-Emerging Gateway.” Brookings Institute, 13 Nov 2008. Web. 4 May 2010. “Trade.” US Energy Information Administration. DOE. Web. 10 May 2010. United States. Department of Health and Human Services. HHS, 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. Zimmer, Ben. “‫ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ-ﺍﻷﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ.ﻣﺼﺮ‬leads the non-Latin charge.” Language Log. University of Pennsylvania, 6 May 2010. Web. 6 May 2010.