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  1. 1. Be responsible and practice birth control! Carla May Alcantara
  2. 3. History of Contraceptives <ul><li>It was the ancient Greeks who first realized  that male and female union caused pregnancy and since then, many methods have been used with varying degrees of success.  </li></ul><ul><li>Lemon juice and essence from mahogany husks, acacia tree and honey, oil of cedar and lead ointment, frankincense and olive oil, salt, cabbage or willow leaves, onion juice, peppermint oil and, soft wool.  </li></ul>
  3. 4. Types of Contraceptives <ul><li>Barrier type of  Contraceptives - These types of contraceptives are used to prevent pregnancy by blocking sperm from getting into the uterus.  </li></ul><ul><li>Hormonal type of Contraceptives - These types of contraceptives must be prescribed by a doctor (as they do require some degree of medical supervision), so you will have to make an appointment with your healthcare provider to discuss your medical history and have your blood pressure checked.  </li></ul>
  4. 5. Barrier type of Contraceptives <ul><li>Male condoms </li></ul><ul><li>Female condoms </li></ul><ul><li>Intrauterine Devices (IUD) </li></ul><ul><li>Diaphragm </li></ul><ul><li>Cervical Cap </li></ul><ul><li>Contraceptive Sponge </li></ul><ul><li>Spermicides </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Male condoms </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Female condoms </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>IUD </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Diaphragm </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Cervical Cap </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Contraceptive sponge </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Spermicides </li></ul>
  12. 13. Hormonal type of Contraceptives <ul><li>Oral contraceptive – “The Pill” </li></ul><ul><li>Injections </li></ul><ul><li>Implants </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal rings </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Oral Contraceptive – “The Pill” </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Injections </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Implants </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Vaginal rings </li></ul>
  17. 18. Pros and cons of Contraceptives that are being used in the Philippines. <ul><li>Male condom </li></ul><ul><li>Female condom </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Control Pills </li></ul>
  18. 19. Female Condom <ul><li>Female Condom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pros </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide protection against STDs (new product, so not clear how much protection given) and pregnancy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can be inserted well before intercourse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Male does not need to withdraw right after ejaculation, as he does with a male condom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May move, be noisy, or uncomfortable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can only use for one act of sexual intercourse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost about $2.50 each </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Male Condom <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowers risk of STDs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective against pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contraception that provides the most protection against sexually transmitted diseases (latex condoms are best) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't cost much (50 cents each), can buy at almost any drug store (don't need a prescription) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Last longer&quot; when using a condom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow men to have an active part in preventing pregnancy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have to use a new one every time you have sexual intercourse (can only be used once) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May disrupt/interrupt lovemaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women may be allergic to latex </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Birth Control Pills <ul><ul><li>Pros </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Very effective against pregnancy if used correctly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes menstrual periods more regular and lighter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decreases menstrual cramps and acne </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Makes you less likely to get ovarian and uterine cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts, and anemia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn't interrupt lovemaking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn't protect against STDs  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost or co-pays between $15-$50 per month </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to remember to take every day at the same time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can't be used by women with certain medical problems or by women taking certain medications </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can occasionally cause side effects such as nausea, increased appetite, headaches, and, very rarely, blood clots </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need a prescription </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Should use condoms to lower the risk of STDs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Benefits of using Contraceptives <ul><li>Contraceptives help in reducing the risk of ovarian as well as endometrial cancer. Birth control pills won't cure endometriosis but it may stop the disease from progressing. </li></ul><ul><li>They are also known to help women who have irregular periods, by getting their menstrual cycle to a regular routine. </li></ul><ul><li>They are also helpful in reducing breast diseases and breast cysts. 70 - 90% of patients see improvement in the symptoms of fibrocystic breast conditions with use of oral contraceptives. </li></ul><ul><li>Birth control pills can improve acne. For moderate to severe acne, which other medications can't cure, birth control pills may be prescribed. The hormones in the birth control pill can help stop acne from forming. </li></ul><ul><li>Does not interrupt foreplay or sexual intercourse. </li></ul>