Conservatism• The preservation of the status quo or the current state-of-affairs• Gives more importance to the tried and tested traditions of the past generations than to the new system of the present period• Basic principles include political order, nationalism, morality, and loyalty• Elite are the rightful and deserving leaders of the government and other institution of society• Places importance on morality
Liberal Conservatism• A political ideology which combines liberal economic or social theory with a classic-conservative regard for Tradition.• The Irish politician Edmund Burke (1729– 1797) is normally held to be the father of liberal conservatism.
Conservative Liberalism• A political ideology which still practices conservatism while embracing the assumptions of liberalism e.g. commercialism, progressivism and radical individualism
Fiscal Conservatism• People who are fiscal conservatives are hesitant to increase spending as a way to spur the economy• Belief that the best way to promote a healthy economy is to cut taxes, reduce government waste and curtail frivolous federal programs
Libertarian Conservatism• Conservative libertarians are conservative in political nature while strictly interpreting the constitution as it states• A political position that deals with morality and ethical beliefs, based that all people are created equal• A position that does not allow religious beliefs to get in the way of allowing all people the promises of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Green Conservatism• Favors the preservation of the environment.• Is pro-science, pro-technology and pro- innovation• Believes that green prosperity and green development are integral to the successful future of the human race• Believes that economic growth and environmental health are compatible in both the developed and developing world
National Conservatism• A political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism as well as upholding cultural and ethnic identity, while not being outspokenly nationalist or supporting a far-right approach.
Social Conservatism• According to Sieglinde Rosenberger, "national conservatism praises the family as a home and a center of identity, solidarity and emotion• "Many national conservatives are social conservatives, as well as in favour of limiting immigration and enacting law-and- order policies
Cultural Conservatism• Often confused with social conservatism. They believe strongly in traditional values, traditional politics and often have an urgent sense of nationalism• Cultural conservatives support the preservation of the heritage of one nation, or of a shared culture that is not defined by national boundaries
Traditional Conservatism• Describes a political philosophy emphasizing the need for the principles of natural law and transcendent moral order, tradition, hierarchy and organic unity, agrarianism, classicism and high culture, and the intersecting spheres of loyalty
Religious Conservatism• Is a movement that holds that people should interpret the holy book or books of the religion literally• It adheres to the traditions and teachings of the early founders of the religion• It does not accept the "progressive" or "liberal" views of those who claim to be followers of the religion but who try to introduce teachings that contradict or fly in the face of those written in the holy books and those taught by the founders of the religion
Progressive Conservatism• Progressive conservatism is a conservative ideology that incorporates progressive policies alongside conservative policies• It stresses the importance of a social safety net to deal with poverty, support of limited redistribution of wealth along with government regulation to regulate markets in the interests of both consumers and producers