Making Good Decisionso We are shaped by our choiceso Every moral choice we make reveals the kind of person we are and forms the kind of person we becomeEX.1. From the choice to throw our garbageproperlyin the trash can– our choice of vocation or career in life.
Making Good DecisionsSometimes, good choice may seem so clear hat we pursueit without much deliberationOther times, good choice may not be so clear becausethere are important factors to consider: - circumstances of our decision-making - possible short-term or long-term consequences - other people’s guidance - our values formed with the guidance of moral norms
Why do we need to make moral decisions more carefully? - The choices before us involve conflicting values - There is uncertainty or doubt - Peer pressure - Possible negative consequences What values do we need to choose, what is good ?
Making Good Decisions Different ways by which people make moral decisions “toss coin” decisions “bahala na” “ene-minie-mienimo”
St. Ignatius Loyola(Patron of retreats and prayers) Developed a manual or guide for the Spiritual Exercises for prayer and discernment in the context of a30-day retreat
Making Good Decisions Bible cutting/ randomly opening the bible to a verse and interpreting its message as God’s will – it isolates the written text of Sacred scriptures from its stages of formation, its intended purpose, its proper use and interpretation and the over-all Christian message
Making Good Decisions1.Extreme individualities – only consider their self-centeredperspective without listening to thewisdom of the moral norms, Churchteachings and others - danger of “rationalizing away”(excusing) even clearly morally evil acts Ex. A student may rationalizehis resolve to cheat in the exam bydwelling on his need to pass
Making Good Decisions2. Passive conformist - leave the decision-makingto his/her barkada or otherauthority figures , sometimesdisregarding the very promptingof his/her own conscience.
How can we develop theskill of makingHOLISTIC DECISIONS ?
How can our personal, loving knowledge of Jesus shape the way we make our everyday moral decisions? Jesus’ life and teachings allow us to discern what is goodfor us as well as for others 1. Jn. 8:12= “ i am the light of the world.Whoever follow me will notwalk in darkness, but will havethe light of life.
2. Acts 2:1-4 = “christs spirit of love, the holy spirit, gives us the courage to choose the good. The same spirit empowered the fearful disciples at Pentecost
3. Acts 9: 1-19 = instrumental in Pauls conversion4. Lk 22: 39-46 = “ christs’ own crossroads –in the garden of gethsemanewhere he confronted thecertainty of his suffering anddeath with such agony”
5. Mt. 20:28 = “jesus prayed to the father, embraced what was good and lovingly entrusted himself to the father’s will so that his life may be offered as a ransom for many”
6. 1 Jn 3:1 = “jesus is our model of fortitude and true freedom. Selflessly offering his life to fulfill the fathers will that we may be called the children of god.
7. James 14:6 = “ christ beckons us to follow him for he IS THE WAY, THE TRUTH and the life.”
Important Elements in Making Moral DecisionsA.Investigate the facts of the Moral Act 3 Dimensions of every Moral Act:1. The object or nature of the act - “What is the act involved ?”Example:a. The act involved in maligning the good reputation of a classmate by spreading gossip is lying, or SLANDERb.A person who takes another person’s possession is guilty of STEALINGc. A married person who has intimate relations with someone other than one’s spouse commits ADULTERY
2. Intention of the act ( subjective aspect) – why are you doing it? Why did you commit the act? “ A good end does not justify a morally evil means”Example: When a student lets a friend copy from his own paper during an exam, his goal is to help a friend pass the subject.3. Circumstances of the act - “What are the important factors involved in the act? “ It is necessary to understand the particulars of the moral act in order on facts rather than on whim mere sentimentally.
A.Inquire about the moral norms affecting your actB.Imagine alternativeness and consequencesC.Introspect: Listen to your emotionsD.Implore God’s help in prayer - reading and praying using Bible - visiting the Blessed sacrament - Exercising the examine of consciousness - journalizing
GROWING IN VIRTUE, GROWING IN CHRISTA.Cardinal Virtues1.PRUDENCE - the virtue of good moral judgment or wisdom.Example: A prudent person/teenager is someone who makes moral decisions carefully and intelligently, knows his/her priorities, and clearly distinguishes between what is good and true from what is evil and false
2. FORTITUDE - the virtue of moral strength or moralcourage, the capacity to resist temptation andpursue what is good despite obstaclesExample: Someone who possesses the virtue offortitude has the ability to endure, overcomedifficulties and sacrifice to do what is good.
3. JUSTICE - the firm will to give persons their dueExample: A truly just person is one who genuinely respect all persons, acts compassionately towards all those in need, and has a firm sense of responsibility towards others and the whole community
4. TEMPERANCE - the virtue of moderation or self-mastery.Example: A person who exemplifies temperance manager his/her emotions, drives, and impulses and expresses them appropriately