What are phrases? What are gerunds? What are appositives? Can a gerund phrase be an appositive phrase at the same time?
Phrases are collections of words that containnouns and verbals but they do not have a subjectdoing a verb. Examples: eating ice cream Freddy, the neighbors cat, is fat
Gerunds are nouns which are mistaken to beverbs because like verbs in present progressive theyalso end in “–ing.” The only difference is that they are nouns.Hence, they may function as subjects, subjectcompliments, direct objects, indirect objects, andobjects of the preposition.
SUBJECT VERB SCSwimming on Saturdays has been his passion S LV SC His first love is Swimming S VERB DO He enjoys swimming
An appositive is a noun renaming anothernoun. This is to give further information onsomething or someone we have said already.* Always remember that appositives areseparated from the other words in the sentencedby commas
Example:Keith, the most hardworking student, is highest academic honoree.Theresa and Jerry, the couple from Bacolod, is going back to the Philippines next week.
Example: Her job, journalizing, is not easyThe skills, reading and writing, were taught to us by our teachers since we were in kindergarten
I. Identify the gerund and its function in each sentence1. Drinking while driving is dangerous.2. Jearim’s hobby is dancing.3. Chico felt like eating.
II. Punctuate the following sentences to distinguish the appositives1. Jerry the mouse is running away.2. Sir Davila our mentor is writing on the board3. Hienrick the guitar player was singing a while ago