Cause and Effect


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  • Open window (A) and fly kite (B). String (C) lifts small door (D) allowing moths (E) to escape and eat red flannel shirt (F). As weight of shirt becomes less, shoe (G) steps on switch (H) which heats electric iron (I) and burns hole in pants (J). Smoke (K) enters hole in tree (L), smoking out opossum (M) which jumps into basket (N), pulling rope (O) and lifting cage (P), allowing woodpecker (Q) to chew wood from pencil (R), exposing lead. Emergency knife (S) is always handy in case opossum or the woodpecker gets sick and can't work.
  • Cause and Effect

    1. 1. Cause and EffectA Method of Paragraph and Idea Development Meyer Minguillo Quiddaoen 10A
    2. 2. The Linking of EventsPulitzer prize-winning cartoonist Rube Goldberg was most famous for his ability to link one event to another — in outrageous fashion.
    3. 3. Cause and Effect A cause and effect paragraph analyzes the causes or effects of a certain situation. Although you can focus on one cause and effect, frequently you’ll find that a single cause generates many effects or that one effect is the result of multiple unrelated causes.
    4. 4. The erosion of the middle of the labor market is easyto misinterpret, because its roots are multiple. During the1970s, the entry into the work force of an unprecedentednumber of women and of young adults born during thebaby boom resulted in too many workers for the jobsavailable, and depressed wages. The decline of themiddle also has something to do with the explosivegrowth in world trade since 1960. As manufacturingtechnologies have become more mobile, andmultinational firms more footloose, production jobs havemigrated from the U.S. to countries where wages are low.In addition, technology itself has helped to provoke theshifts in the job market. For example, fewer Americanworkers would have been needed to make steel in 1980than in 1960 even if the pressures of global competitionhad not been a factor, because new machines havemade many of their tasks redundant. Finally, the high rateof unemployment caused by these trends has tended todrive wages down further, especially at the low end, since
    5. 5. Although demographic shifts, stepped-upworld trade, unemployment, and especially theadvancement of technology all have had an effecton the shape of the job market, middle-level jobshave been disappearing ultimately as a result ofthe ways in which technological gains are beingdistributed. When a machine replaces aproduction worker, both the firm and consumersas a group benefit. The loss falls mainly on theworker who is displaced. If that loss is generalizedto millions of high-paid workers, they suffer as agroup, and the economy as a whole suffers a lossof worker purchasing power. Thus the lack of amechanism to distribute some of the financialgains from technology to the work force comesback to haunt the entire economy.
    6. 6. Chain Reaction an effect is brought about by a cause-after-cause Smoking can cause emphysema. The deterioration ofthe lungs causes a person to slow down as he lacks oxygen.With fewer activities, he gains weight. Excess fats go to thebloodstream resulting into heart disease.
    7. 7. Transitional Expressions PresentingCauses the first cause (second, third) the first reason (second, third) yet another factor because is caused by results from
    8. 8. Transitional Expressions PresentingEffects one important effect another result a third outcome as a result consequently then Next Therefore Thus so
    9. 9. Avoiding Problems 1. Do not oversimplify 2. Do not confuse time order with causation 3. Do not confuse causes and effects
    10. 10. References htm