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Conformation And Selection Of Horses (Anderson)


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Conformation And Selection Of Horses (Anderson)

  1. 1. Please note: This presentation is intended for users with high-speed internet connections. Unfortunately, we cannot offer support for dial-up users at this time. Welcome you to MHU’s live web presentation featuring Kathy Anderson!
  2. 2. Conformation and Selection of Horses Kathy Anderson University of Nebraska Extension Horse Specialist
  3. 3. Conformation and performance ability <ul><li>“Form to Function” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conformation Evaluation <ul><li>Balance </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and refinement </li></ul><ul><li>Breed and sex characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Travel, way of going </li></ul>
  5. 5. Conformation Evaluation: Balance <ul><li>Horse is in proportion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Length of shoulder = length of back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>= length of hip </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Balance <ul><ul><li>Neck is equal to or longer than </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulder, back and hip </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 to 1 ratio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top of neck to bottom </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>2 1
  7. 7. Conformation Evaluation: Balance <ul><ul><li>Head is equal to or shorter than </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulder, back and hip </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Balance <ul><li>Back is shorter than underline </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conformation Evaluation: Balance <ul><li>Heart girth is equal to distance below belly to ground </li></ul>
  10. 10. Evaluation of Balance
  11. 11. Evaluation of Balance
  12. 12. Conformation Evaluation: Muscle <ul><li>Evaluate from side </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate from front </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forearm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>V in front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pectorals </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Conformation Evaluation: Muscle <ul><li>Evaluate from rear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider through stifle than point of hip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inner and outer gaskin </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Muscling
  15. 15. Muscling: Moderate
  16. 16. Muscle : Light
  17. 17. <ul><li>How the horse is put together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Head </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throat latch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neck </li></ul></ul>Conformation Evaluation: Structure
  18. 18. Structure: Head
  19. 19. Structure: Throatlatch, Neck, and Shoulder
  20. 20. Conformation Evaluation: Structure <ul><li>How the horse is put together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shoulder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Withers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legs </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Hoof Pastern Axis
  22. 22. Evaluation of Structure: Hip
  23. 23. Structure: Top line, Hip, and Hock <ul><li>Strong top line </li></ul><ul><li>Hip shape </li></ul><ul><li>Hock placement </li></ul>
  24. 24. Conformation Evaluation: Structure
  25. 25. Structure
  26. 26. Structure
  27. 27. Foot Flight
  28. 28. Conformation Evaluation: Quality and Refinement <ul><li>Overall general appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Head and neck </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of bone/muscle </li></ul>
  29. 29. Conformation Evaluation: Breed and sex characteristics <ul><li>Female/Male </li></ul><ul><li>Breed characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stock horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arabian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morgan </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Conformation Evaluation: Way of going <ul><li>How travel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Straight, pick up feet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow/wide/average </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From rear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Straight, pick up feet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow/wide/average </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Length of stride </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tracking up with hind legs </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Quality
  32. 32. Personality/Trainability <ul><li>Critical </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to get along with </li></ul><ul><li>“ Likeable” </li></ul>
  33. 33. So you want to buy a horse? <ul><li>Key’s to getting what you want! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is it for? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How experienced are they? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do they want to do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where to keep it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the price range? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where will you find it? </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Horse Buying <ul><li>Green + Green = Black & Blue! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be honest with the level of ability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young horse + Young rider = trouble! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all “older” horses are “quiet” horses </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Horse Buying <ul><li>What do you want to do with the horse? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trail ride </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Show </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each horse has a purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be honest with what the purpose is </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Horse Shopping <ul><li>Be patient </li></ul><ul><li>Be honest </li></ul>
  37. 37. Thanks for your time!!
  38. 38. Thank you for attending MHU’s Live Web Presentation. For more information about our program, please visit: Email: [email_address] | Phone: 517-432-4540