لماذا جوجل؟؟؟ ولماذا ليس جوجل؟؟؟ Why is Google? and why is not Google?

1,260 views

Published on

Why is google and why not google
Search in digital age

4 Comments
12 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,260
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
4
Likes
12
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

لماذا جوجل؟؟؟ ولماذا ليس جوجل؟؟؟ Why is Google? and why is not Google?

  1. 1. ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﻣﺎﺫﺍ‬‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫؟؟‬‫ﻟﻳﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻣﺎﺫﺍ‬‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫؟؟؟‬ ‫ﻫﻳﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺣﺎﻳﻙ‬ http://blog.naseej.com/ ‫ﺳﺑﺗﻣﺑﺭ‬2013
  2. 2. ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺩﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻛﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺟﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺎﺿﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ‬: ‫ﺃﺳﺭﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﺷﻛﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬, ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻫﺩﺍﻑ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺛﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻔﻌﺎﻟﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬, ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺿﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺻﻭﻝ‬.
  3. 3. ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺣﺗﺎﺟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ )‫ﺍﻹﻟﻛﺗﺭﻭﻧﻳﺔ‬( ‫ﺗﺭﺗﺑﻁ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺑﻁﺑﻳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺎﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻳﺣﺗﺎﺟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻳﺗﻁﻠﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻣﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺳﺗﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬. www.themegallery.com ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺭﺟﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻧﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺭﺟﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺑﻧﻅﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻟﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺃﻭﻟﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ .
  4. 4. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ؟‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻓ‬‫ﻬﺎ‬‫ﺯﻳﻥ‬‫ﻋﺑﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻬﺎﺩﻱ‬)2002(‫ﺃﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﺗﻌﻣﻝ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬‫ﺍﺳﺗﺭﺍﺗﻳﺟﻳﺎ‬‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻣﺣﺩﺩﺓ‬‫ﻣﺛﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﻁﻕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﻭﻟﻳﻧﻲ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺍﺳﺗﺭﺍﺗﻳﺟﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻣﻔﺗﻭﺣﺔ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬،‫ﻣﺛﻼ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺣﻘﻭﻝ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻕ‬،‫ﻧﺻﻳﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻛﺛﺭ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺃﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺑﻳﺔ‬،‫ﻣﺛﻼ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺣﻘﻭﻝ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻭﺛﺎﺋﻕ‬،‫ﻧﺻﻳﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻛﺛﺭ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺃﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﺃﺷﻳﺎء‬‫ﻛﺎﻟﺻﻭﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺧﺭﺍﺋﻁ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺷﻛﺎﻝ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﺭﻯ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬‫ﻣﺣﺩﺩﺓ‬‫ﻫﻲ‬‫ﺷﺑﻛﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﻳﻌﻧﻲ‬‫ﺃﻧﻬﺎ‬‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻣﻼﻳﻳﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﻭﻣﻠﻳﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻭﻗﺕ‬‫ﻣﺣﺩﺩ‬‫ﻭﺗﺗﻣﻳﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺳﺭﻋﺔ‬‫ﺍﻻﺳﺗﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬
  5. 5. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻳﻑ‬
  6. 6. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺟﺏ‬ ‫ﻟﻣﺎﺫﺍ‬‫؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺟﻳﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻛﺈﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻔﺿﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺭﺟﻌﻳﺔ‬‫ﻣﺭﺟﻌﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺧﺭﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺷﺎﺭﻛﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺟﻌﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺷﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺗﻼﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺗﺟﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬
  7. 7. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺟﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻳﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬‫ﻛﺎﻧﺕ‬‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺔ‬‫ﺗﺩﺍﻭﻟﻳﺔ‬‫ﻭﻣﺳﺗﻣﺭﺓ‬‫ﻟﺗﺣﺩﻳﺩ‬‫ﻛﺗﺏ‬ ،‫ﻣﻌﻳﻧﺔ‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻙ‬‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧﺩﺍﻡ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻣﻛﺗﺑﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﺷﺎﻭﺭ‬‫ﻣﻊ‬‫ﺍﺧﺗﺻﺎﺻﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻧﺎﻗﺷﺎﺕ‬‫ﻣﻊ‬‫ﺧﺑﺭﺍء‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬‫ﻭﺍﺳﺗﻛﺷﺎﻑ‬‫ﺩﻗﻳﻕ‬‫ﻟﺣﻘﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻧﺎﻗﺷﺎﺕ‬‫ﻣﻊ‬‫ﺧﺑﺭﺍء‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬‫ﻭﺍﺳﺗﻛﺷﺎﻑ‬‫ﺩﻗﻳﻕ‬‫ﻟﺣﻘﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬. ‫ﺗﻡ‬‫ﺳﺣﺏ‬‫ﻁﻼﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺟﺎﻣﻌﺎﺕ‬‫ﺗﺩﺭﻳﺟﻳﺎ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻘﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬‫ﺗﻘﺩﻡ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﻠﻳﻡ‬‫ﺍﻻﻟﻛﺗﺭﻭﻧﻲ‬.
  8. 8. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺟﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻳﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺩﺭ‬‫ﻣﺭﻛﺯ‬Pew Internet and American Life Project‫ﻣﺅﺧﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﻭﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﻫﻘﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺭﺍء‬ ‫ﻛﻳﻔﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻭﻝ‬ ً‫ﺍ‬‫ﺗﻘﺭﻳﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻘﺭﻳﺭ‬‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﻳﺭﻛﺯ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﻫﻘﻳﻥ‬‫ﻓﺣﺳﺏ‬‫ﻭﻟﻛﻥ‬‫ﺃﻳﺿﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻣﻳﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻘﺭﻳﺭ‬‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﻳﺭﻛﺯ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﻫﻘﻳﻥ‬‫ﻓﺣﺳﺏ‬‫ﻭﻟﻛﻥ‬‫ﺃﻳﺿﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻣﻳﻥ‬. ‫ﺍﺳﺗﻬﺩﻑ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺳﺢ‬2462ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻁﺎﻟﺑ‬‫ﺗﺗﺭﺍﻭﺡ‬‫ﺃﻋﻣﺎﺭﻫﻡ‬‫ﺑﻳﻥ‬)15-19(،‫ﺳﻧﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺩﺍﺭﺱ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺟﻣﻳﻊ‬‫ﺃﻧﺣﺎء‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﻻﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺗﺣﺩﺓ‬.
  9. 9. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻳﺟﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻛﻳﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ؟‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻅﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻁﺑﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻣﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻅﻬﺭ‬‫ﻋﻧﺩ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺟﺎﺑﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﻳﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺛﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻭﺻﻳﻑ‬ ‫ﻟﻁﻼﺑﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺛﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻬﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬. ‫ﺭﺑﻁﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻣﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺩﺕ‬‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﻳﺗﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻧﺩﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺑﻣﻔﻬﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺩﻳﺙ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺩﻳﺙ‬ ‫ﻓﻛﺄﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻗﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬!!!!!!
  10. 10. Why GGooooggllee?
  11. 11. ‫ﻧﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻣﺎﺫﺍ‬‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫؟‬
  12. 12. ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺗﺭﺷﻳﺢ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬Filtering‫ﻁﺭﻳﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬ Publish date Reading level Personal Reading level Verbatim searchVerbatim search Images Dictionary tool NearbyNearby Visited pages/Not yet visited Pages from a particular country
  13. 13. Google images
  14. 14. ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺑﺄﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺳﺧﺔ‬
  15. 15. Google Scholar ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﺁﺩﺍﺓ‬‫ﻋﻠﻣﻳﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬‫ﻹﺳﺗﻌﺭﺍﺽ‬‫ﺍﻟﻛﺗﺏ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺳﺎﺋﻝ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺳﺗﺧﻠﺻﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻧﻳﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻧﻁﺎﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﺳﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺣﺗﻭﻱ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻛﺛﻳﺭ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻔﺗﻭﺣﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺻﺩﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬‫ﻟﻡ‬‫ﺗﻁﺑﻊ‬‫ﺑﻌﺩ‬،‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﻗﺑﻝ‬ ،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺑﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻣﺳﺗﻭﺩﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺳﺳﻳﺔ‬
  16. 16. Google Scholar ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻳﻘﺔ‬‫ﺑﺳﻳﻁﺔ‬‫ﻳﺳﺗﻁﻳﻊ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺎﺣﺛﻳﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﻭﺻﻭﻝ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳﺗﺷﻬﺎﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺑﺣﺎﺛﻬﻡ‬‫ﺑﺈﺳﺗﺧﺩﺍﻡ‬‫ﺭﺳﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬‫ﺗﻭﺿﻳﺣﻳﺔ‬‫ﻭﻳﻣﻛﻥ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺧﻼﻟﻪ‬‫ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﺑﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺑﺣﺎﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻛﺗﺏ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺅﻟﻔﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺳﺎﺋﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺻﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺑﺎﺣﺙ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬‫ﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﺣﺩ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬.‫ﺍﻻﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬. ‫ﺭﺍﺑﻁ‬‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬‫ﻋﻳﻥ‬‫ﺷﻣﺱ‬‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬‫ﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬Google Scholar: eg/citations?hl=en&view_.com.google.//scholar:http op=search_authors&mauthors=ain+shams
  17. 17. ‫ﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻣﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ‬Google Scholar:
  18. 18. Microsoft Academic Search ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻛﺭﻭﺳﻭﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻝ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬‫ﺗﺭﻳﺩ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻣﺟﻼﺕ‬‫ﻣﻭﺍﺩ‬‫ﻗﺑﻝ‬‫ﻭﺑﻌﺩ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻁﺑﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭﻭﻗﺎﺋﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺗﻣﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻘﺎﺭﻳﺭ‬‫ﻭﺃﻭﺭﺍﻕ‬‫ﻋﻠﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻣﻛﻥ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺧﻼﻟﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻑ‬‫ﻓﺭﻭﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺷﺭﻳﺔ‬.‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬‫ﻳﻐﻁﻲ‬ 38.836.498،‫ﻋﻣﻝ‬‫ﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬19.160.075‫ﻣﺅﻟﻑ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺑﻁ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺗﺎﺡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺎﻟﻲ‬:http://academic.research.microsoft.com/
  19. 19. Microsoft Academic Search ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻛﺭﻭﺳﻭﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺁﺧﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺣﺛﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﻛﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻳﻭﻓﺭ‬: ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﺭﻳﻁﺔ‬"Academic Map":‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺅﻟﻔﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﻅﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺻﻔﺢ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻣﻛﻥ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟﻐﺭﺍﻓﻳ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺟﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬. ‫ﺗﻘﻭﻳﻡ‬CFP "CFP Calendar":‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺯﻣﺎﻥ‬ ،‫ﺑﺎﻟﻣﺟﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻟﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﻣﻛﻥ‬ CFP "CFP Calendar": ‫ﺍﻹﻫﺗﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺗﻣﺭﺍﺕ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﻅﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ‬"Organization Comparison":‫ﻣﺫﻳﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻧﺗﻘﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻣﻳﺔ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺃﺑﺣﺎﺛ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺩﻡ‬ ،‫ﻭﻣﻠﺧﺻﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺑﻠﻳﻭﺟﺭﺍﻓﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺑﻳﺎﻧﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬، ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻠﺧﺻﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻁﻼﻉ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﻛﺎﻧﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻅﻬﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻣﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺗﺷﻬﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ، ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺻﻭﺹ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺃﺣﻳﺎﻧ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬.
  20. 20. Microsoft Academic Search ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻛﺭﻭﺳﻭﻓﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺎﺩﻳﻣﻲ‬
  21. 21. ‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻣﺗﻘﺩﻡ‬:‫ﺃﻳﻥ‬‫ﻫﻭ‬‫؟‬
  22. 22. ‫ﻣﺗﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺣﺙ‬
  23. 23. Google ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﺛﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺑﺗﺿﻳﻳﻕ‬ ‫ﻗﻡ‬ ‫ﺛﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺩﺃ‬‫ﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺈﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻣﻔﺗﺎﺣﻳﻪ‬ keywords ‫ﺣﺫﺍﺭ‬–‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻣﻛﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬‫ﺍﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻁﺭﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﺄﺧﺫﻙ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻋﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺭﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬
  24. 24. ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ •‫ﺟﻣﻳﻌﻬﺎﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺩﻫﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬: ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻳﺎﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬book‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬learn‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻳﻬﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬: -book OR learn ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺑﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ OR •‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬.‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬:‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬book‫ﻭ‬earn‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻧﺟﻌﻝ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬: -book ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺑﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬‫ﻛﻠﻣﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬book‫ﻭ‬earn‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻧﺟﻌﻝ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬: -book and learn ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺑﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ And •‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﻣﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺗﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬book‫ﻭ‬learn‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬: -book +learn ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬+
  25. 25. ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ •‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬:‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬book‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻭ‬learn‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬ : -book -learn ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ - •‫ﺑﻧﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻛﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻧﺻﻳﺹ‬ ‫ﺑﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺭﺗﻳﺏ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺟﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬please learn me‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫"ﺍﻟﺗﻧﺻﻳﺹ‬‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺭﺗﻳﺏ‬:‫ﺍﻟﺟﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬please learn me‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺭﺗﻳﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﻧﻔﺱ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻛﺎﻣﻝ‬: - "please learn me" ‫"ﺍﻟﺗﻧﺻﻳﺹ‬ " •‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺻﺹ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻧﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺟﻣﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬google ‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬book‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻧﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬google ‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬: - intitle:book ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ intitle
  26. 26. ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ •‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺛﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻣﻛﻧﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺳﺎﺑﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻳﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺱ‬:‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬book‫ﻭ‬teacher‫ﻭ‬book‫ﺍﻟﻌﻧﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻅﺎﻫﺭ‬google‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬: - allintitle:book teacher book ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ allintitle •‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻧﻭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺟﻣﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬:‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬ book ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬book‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻋﻧﻭﺍﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬: -inurl:book ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ inurl •‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻛﺛﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻣﻛﻧﻙ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﻳﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺳﺎﺑﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻅﻳﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺱ‬:‫ﻟﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺣﺙ‬book‫ﻭ‬teacher‫ﻭ‬book‫ﻋﻧﻭﺍﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬: - allinurl:book teacher book ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ allinurl
  27. 27. ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻼﺕ‬‫ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ •‫ﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺗﻔﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺩﺓ‬google‫ﺍﻻﺷﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻛﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﺳﺣﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻛﻠﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ •‫ﻋﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﺭﺍﺑﻁ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺟﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ cache •‫ﺍﻟﺭﺋﻳﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺻﻔﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺫﻛﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻛﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺑﻁ‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺟﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬:‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺟﻭﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﻭﺍﺑﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺭﻳﺩ‬http://www.yahoo.com/ ‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺫﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬://www.yahoo.comhttprelated:-: ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ related
  28. 28. Why not GGooooggllee?
  29. 29. ‫ﻓﻘﻁ‬ ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬ ‫ﻟﻳﺳﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬!!! • Google • Yahoo Search • Bing Keyword Index • Yahoo Directory • Exalead Index Directory Category • Mamma • Forelook Meta
  30. 30. Google custom search engines http://www.google.com/cse/
  31. 31. Google custom search engines http://www.google.com/cse/
  32. 32. Google custom search engines http://www.google.com/cse/
  33. 33. ‫ﺃﻫﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺑﺣﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻘﻠﻳﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺭﺩﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺻﻭﺭ‬‫ﺳﺄﺫﻫﺏ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺑﻳﻧﺗﻳﺭﻳﺳﺕ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻓﻠﻳﻛﺭ‬‫ﺑﺩﻻ‬‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻭﻏﻝ‬‫ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺑﻧﺞ‬. ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻛﻧﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻳﺳﺑﻭﻙ‬‫ﺳﺄﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻋﻣﺎ‬‫ﺃﺭﻳﺩ‬‫ﻭﺃﺫﻫﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻳﻪ‬‫ﻣﺑﺎﺷﺭﺓ‬. ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻛﻧﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻳﺳﺑﻭﻙ‬‫ﺳﺄﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻋﻣﺎ‬‫ﺃﺭﻳﺩ‬‫ﻭﺃﺫﻫﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻳﻪ‬‫ﻣﺑﺎﺷﺭﺓ‬. ‫ﺍﺫﺍ‬‫ﻛﻧﺕ‬‫ﺃﺭﻳﺩ‬‫ﺍﻷ‬،‫ﺧﺑﺎﺭ‬‫ﺳﺎﺫﻫﺏ‬‫ﻣﺑﺎﺷﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻲ‬‫ﺗﻭﻳﺗﺭ‬‫ﻭﻣﻥ‬‫ﺛﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻔﺯ‬‫ﻣﺑﺎﺷﺭﺓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﺭﺍﺑﻁ‬
  34. 34. ‫ﺃﻫﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﻗﻝ‬ ‫ﺃﺻﺑﺣﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻘﻠﻳﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺭﺩﺕ‬‫ﺑﻳﺎﻧﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺇﺣﺻﺎﺋﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺳﺄﺫﻫﺏ‬‫ﺍﻟﻲ‬zanran
  35. 35. Topsy.com ‫ﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬com/.topsy.//www:httpTopsy‫ﻫﻭ‬‫ﺃﺣﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺗﺑﻁﺔ‬‫ﺏ‬‫ـ‬Twitter،‫ﻭﻫﻭ‬‫ﻳﻘﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬‫ﺧﻳﺎﺭﺍﺕ‬‫ﻟﻣﺳﺗﺧﺩﻣﻳﻪ‬: ‫ﺇﻣﻛﺎﻧﻳﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬‫ﻣﻭﺿﻭﻉ‬‫ﻣﻌﻳﻥ‬‫ﻋﺑﺭ‬‫ﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬،‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬‫ﻭﺗﺯﻭﻳﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺳﺗﺧﺩﻡ‬‫ﺑﺈﺣﺻﺎﺋﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﺗﺗﻌﻠﻕ‬‫ﺑﻌﺩﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺗﺗﺑﻌﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺿﻭﻉ‬‫ﻭﻣﺎ‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﻟﻪ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﺑﺎﻁ‬‫ﺑﺷﺧﺻﻳﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬Twitter،‫ﻭﻋﺩﺩ‬‫ﺭﺳﺎﺋﻝ‬Twitter‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬ TwitterTwitter ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ‬‫ﺑﻬﺫﺍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺿﻭﻉ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﺳﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻟﻳﻭﻡ‬‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬،‫ﺍﻷﺳﺑﻭﻉ‬‫ﻭﻓﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺷﻬﺭ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﺭﻑ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺃﻛﺛﺭ‬‫ﻋﺷﺭ‬‫ﻣﻭﺿﻭﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﺫﺍﺕ‬‫ﺷﻌﺑﻳﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬Twitter. ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺻﻭﻝ‬‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺻﻔﺣﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﺟﺩﻳﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬‫ﻳﺗﻡ‬‫ﺇﻧﺷﺎﺅﻫﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺟﻣﻳﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬‫ﺍﻻﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﻳﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬،‫ﺍﻹﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬‫ﻭﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻳﻧﻬﺎ‬YouTube،‫ﻭ‬Foursquare،‫ﻭ‬Twitpic،‫ﻭ‬The Apple Blog..
  36. 36. Topsy.com
  37. 37. whostalkin.com ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻙ‬‫ﻟﻠﻣﺳﺗﺧﺩﻣﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺳﻣﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺟﺗﻣﺎﻋﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﺎﺋﻝ‬ ‫ﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﻳﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﻅﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻭﺟﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﻧﺎﻗﺷﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺎﺩﺛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻣﻭﺿﻭﻉ‬
  38. 38. ‫ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻑ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻧﻳﻕ‬ ‫ﺑﺳﻳﻁ‬ ‫ﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻙ‬‫ﺍﻧﻭﺍﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺟﺎﻧﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻳﻘﻭﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻳﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺟﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺩﻭﻧﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺻﺩﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﻭﺍﻳﺿﺎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺟﻧﺑﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺻﻣﻳﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬..
  39. 39. • http://dir.yahoo.com/
  40. 40. ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺑﺻﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺳﻣﻌﻳﺔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺑﺻﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺳﻣﻌﻳﺔ‬ Audio VisualAudio Visual ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺗﻌﺩﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺳﺎﺋﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ Image ‫ﺻﻭﺕ‬ Sound
  41. 41. • Browsys http://www.browsys.com/search/
  42. 42. • Trovando http://www.trovando.it/
  43. 43. • Redzee http://redz.com/
  44. 44. • http://www.touchgraph.com/TGGoogleBro wser.html
  45. 45. • Trooker http://www.trooker.com/
  46. 46. • Soungle http://soungle.com/
  47. 47. • Tag Galaxy http://www.taggalaxy.de/
  48. 48. Why not GGooooggllee?
  49. 49. ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺭﻓﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻳﺎء‬ ‫ﺧﻣﺳﺔ‬Gooogle ‫ﻳﺷﺧﺻﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﻳﺷﺧﺻﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﺑﺣﺛﻙ‬‫ﺑﺣﺛﻙ‬ ‫ﻳﺷﺧﺻﻥ‬‫ﺃﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬: ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺎﺿﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺻﻔﺢ‬ ‫ﻧﺷﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺗﺻﻔﺣﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺛﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺑﻳﻝ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﻣﻧﺎﻁﻕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬YouTube, Google Reade ‫ﺍﻋﻁﺎء‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻣﺣﺗﻭﻯ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬‫ﺃﻭﻟﻭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺷﺧﺻﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺷﺑﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺻﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺑﻛﺎﺗﻙ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺭﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬‘liked’, g+1
  50. 50. ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺭﻓﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻳﺎء‬ ‫ﺧﻣﺳﺔ‬Gooogle ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﺑﺻﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺻﻁﻠﺣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻳﺔ‬‫ﻳﻬﻣﻝ‬‫ﻣﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﻳﺔ‬‫ﻳﻬﻣﻝ‬‫ﻣﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﻌﺽ‬
  51. 51. ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺭﻓﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻳﺎء‬ ‫ﺧﻣﺳﺔ‬Gooogle ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﻣﻭﺍﻗﻌﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻭﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻭﻡ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺻﻔﺣﺎﺗﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺃﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺃﻭﻝ‬‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ‬
  52. 52. ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺭﻓﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻳﺎء‬ ‫ﺧﻣﺳﺔ‬Gooogle ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﻳﻐﻳﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﺧﻭﺍﺭﺯﻣﻳﺎﺕ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺗﻣﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺳﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬‫ﺍﻟﺳﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺭﺍﺕ‬
  53. 53. ‫ﻓﺋﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺣﻥ‬Google‫ﺍﻟﺗﺟﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺟﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺭﻓﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺗﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﻳﺎء‬ ‫ﺧﻣﺳﺔ‬Gooogle ‫ﻓﺋﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺣﻥ‬Google‫ﺍﻟﺗﺟﺎﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻳﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺟﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬
  54. 54. ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻭﻟﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﺍ‬‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺭﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺷﻌﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﻁﺄ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﻳﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻧﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻔﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺧﺭﺟﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻛﺑﺩﺍﺋﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﺭﻯ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺟﺭﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣﺎﻭﻝ‬‫ﻟﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬‫ﻣﺛﻝ‬ )http://duckduckgo.com/(DuckDuckGo‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬ )http://duckduckgo.com/(DuckDuckGo‫ﻓﻬﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺗﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻳﺗﻌﺎﻣﻝ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺭﻙ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺗﺭﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺗﺧﺻﻳﺹ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺣﺭﻙ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺗﺧﺩﺍﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻧﺩ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺿﻝ‬ ‫ﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺩﻳﺩ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﺩﻣﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺗﺎﺋﺞ‬ ‫ﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺿﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻛﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺑﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺗﻲ‬‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬.‫ﺃﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺣﺭﻛﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺟﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺳﺗﺣﻕ‬‫ﺃﺧﺭﻱ‬
  55. 55. ‫ﻭﻣﻧﺎﻗﺷﺗﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺗﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻘﻠﻳﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺭﻕ‬"‫ﺍﻟﻭﻳﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺷﺭ‬web publishing ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﺳﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗﻭﺩﻋﺎﺕ‬Institutional repositories ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﻠﻳﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺳﻡ‬Comments section on articles ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻭﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﻌﻠﻳﻘﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺳﻡ‬Comments section on articles ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻧﻛﺩﻳﻥ‬Linkedin)‫ﺍﻟﻣﻬﻧﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺿﺎﻳﺎ‬( ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻳﺳﺑﻭﻙ‬Facebook)‫ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺗﻬﻼﻛﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺷﺧﺻﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﺭﻛﺯ‬( ‫ﺗﻭﻳﺗﺭ‬Twitter)‫ﻟﻼﺣﺩﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﺛﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺗﺎﺑﻌﻳﻥ‬(
  56. 56. ‫ﻭﻣﻧﺎﻗﺷﺗﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻌﻠﻭﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺑﺎﺩﻝ‬ ‫ﻳﺗﻡ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﺱ‬ ‫ﺟﻭﺟﻝ‬+Google)‫ﻭﺍﻟﻣﺟﺗﻣﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺗﺟﺎﺭﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻋﻣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺷﺧﺻﻲ‬( ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺩﻭﻧﺎﺕ‬Blogs ‫ﻳﻭﺗﻳﻭﺏ‬YouTube ‫ﻳﻭﺗﻳﻭﺏ‬YouTube ‫ﻓﻠﻳﻛﺭ‬Flickr ‫ﺑﻳﻧﺗﻳﺭﻳﺳﺕ‬Pinterest ‫ﻣﻧﺎﻗﺷﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻭﺣﺎﺕ‬Discussion boards
  57. 57. Research information and open access
  58. 58. ‫ﺍﻟﺣﺭ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻭﺻﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻔﺗﻭﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺻﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻔﺗﻭﺡ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﺻﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻧﺷﻭﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺃﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺅﻟﻔﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗﻭﺩﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻣﺅﺳﺳﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺟﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺿﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺟﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺿﻣﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺭﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﻧﻔﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻣﺟﻼﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺗﺭﻧﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﺑﻛﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻧﺎﺷﺭﻳﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬
  59. 59. ‫ﻣﺅﺳﺳﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻣﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗﻭﺩﻋﺎﺕ‬Institutional Digital Repository BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine http://www.base-search.net/ CORE (COnnecting Repositories) http://core.kmi.open.ac.uk/search DART-Europe E-theses Portal http://www.dart-europe.eu/basic- search.php Institutional Repository Search (IRS) http://irs.mimas.ac.uk/ Open DOAR http://opendoar.org/ RIAN - Pathways to Irish Research http://rian.ie ROAR - Registry of Open Access Repositories http://roar.eprints.org/
  60. 60. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺗﺧﺻﺻﺔ‬ A selection can be found at http://www.rba.co.uk/search/links.shtml#research ArXiv http://arxiv.org/ BioMed Central http://www.biomedcentral.com/ Chemistry Central http://www.chemistrycentral.com/ ChemSpider http://www.chemspider.com/ Deep Web Technologies Mednar http://mednar.com/ Science.gov http://www.science.gov/ Science Research http://scienceresearch.com/ WorldWideScience http://worldwidescience.org/
  61. 61. ‫ﺍﻟﺑﺣﺙ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻣﺗﺧﺻﺻﺔ‬ Europe PubMed Central http://europepmc.org/ Mendeley http://www.mendeley.com/ Open Biology http://rsob.royalsocietypublishing.org/ PhilPapers: Online Research in Philosophy http://philpapers.org/ PubMed Central http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ Scirus http://www.scirus.com/ TechXtra http://www.techxtra.ac.uk/
  62. 62. ‫ﺗﻧﺳﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻻ‬....‫ﺍﻟﺗﻘﻳﻳﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﻭﺍﻗﻊ‬
  63. 63. ‫ﻟﻛﻡ‬ ً‫ﺍ‬‫ﺷﻛﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻳﺎﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺣﺎﻳﻙ‬ http://blog.naseej.com/http://blog.naseej.com/

×