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Videogame Genres


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Accompany a lecture in Mass Media at Montana Tech.

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Videogame Genres

  1. 1. VIDEOGAME GENRES & Auteurs MontanaTech
  2. 2. What is Genre <ul><li>Genre is a set of criteria for a category of composition; the term is often used to categorize literature and cinema, but is also used for videogames. </li></ul><ul><li>Genres are formed by sets of conventions, and many works cross into multiple genres by way of borrowing and recombining these conventions. </li></ul><ul><li>A video game genre is defined by a set of gameplay challenges. For example, an action game is still an action game, regardless of whether it takes place in a fantasy world or outer space. </li></ul>
  3. 3. In Cinema Studies <ul><li>Includes: </li></ul><ul><li>Action Adult Adventure Biography Children's Comedy Crime Disaster Documentary Drama Foreign Espionage Family Fantasy Gay & Lesbian Horror Musical Mystery Period Piece Romance Sci-Fi Short Sport Suspense Teen Thriller War Western </li></ul>
  4. 4. In Videogame Studies <ul><li>We will look at these and their various subgenres: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Action game | 2. Shooter game </li></ul><ul><li>3. Action-Adventure game |4. Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>5. Construction Simulation game | 6. Life Sim </li></ul><ul><li>7. RPG Game | 8. Strategy game </li></ul><ul><li>9. Vehicle Simulation </li></ul><ul><li>10 Others (Fitness, Music, Sports, Casual, Social) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Action Games <ul><li>Requires players to overcome obstacles by using quick reflexes and timing. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting Games (eg Street Fighter II - IV) </li></ul><ul><li>Maze Games (eg Pac Man) thx Remi Gaillard. </li></ul><ul><li>Pinball Games </li></ul><ul><li>Platform Games (eg Donkey Kong) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Shooter Games <ul><li>Focuses on combat involving weaponry. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include </li></ul><ul><li>First Person Shooters (FPS) (eg Halo 3) and Doom. </li></ul><ul><li>MMOFPS (eg Unreal Tournament) </li></ul><ul><li>Shmup Arcade Shooter (eg Space Invaders) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Action-Adventure <ul><li>Tend to focus on exploration and involve some item gathering, puzzle solving and combat. </li></ul><ul><li>An example is the world’s best selling videogame and that would be ….. </li></ul><ul><li>This game? The Legend of Zelda </li></ul><ul><li>By the great videogame auteur Shigeru Miyamoto </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shig Miyamoto <ul><li>Donkey Kong (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Mario Bros. (1983) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Bros. (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Bros. 2 (1986) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda (1987) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Bros. 3 (1988) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past (1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Kart (1992) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario 64 (1996) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time (1998) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Smash Bros. Melee (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Sunshine (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Metroid Prime (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>The Legend of Zelda: The Wind Waker (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Galaxy (2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Smash Bros. Brawl (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>New Super Mario Bros. Wii (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Super Mario Galaxy 2 (2010) </li></ul>Auteur
  9. 9. Adventure <ul><li>Unlike adventure films, adventure games are not defined by story, but rather by manner of gameplay. Is considered a “purist” genre. </li></ul><ul><li>An example is the world’s best selling PC game and that would be ….. </li></ul><ul><li>MYST. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Robyn and Rand Miller <ul><li>Robyn and Rand Miller developed the games Myst and Riven through Cyan Worlds, a Spokane, Washington-based studio, and published and distributed by Brøderbund. The Millers began working on Myst in 1991 and released it for the Macintosh computer on September 24, 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Remakes and ports of the game have been released for Microsoft Windows, Windows Mobile, Sega Saturn, PlayStation, Jaguar CD, AmigaOS, CD-i, 3DO, PlayStation Portable, Nintendo DS, and the iPhone OS by publishers Midway Games, Sunsoft, and Mean Hamster Software. </li></ul>Auteurs
  11. 11. Construction Simulation <ul><li>In these games one builds or manages communities and projects with a set of resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>City building games (eg Sim City Classic) </li></ul><ul><li>God Games (Spore) </li></ul><ul><li>Both these games were designed by Will Wright. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Life Simulation <ul><li>Life simulation games can be about individuals or allow one to experiment with ecosystem sims. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>Biological Simulations ( Jurassic Park: Op Genesis ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pet-raising Simulations ( Tamagotchi ) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Simulations ( Will Wright ’ s The Sims ) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Will Wright <ul><li>Cofounder of Maxis, now part of Electronic Arts. In 2009 he formed the &quot;Stupid Fun Club&quot;, an entertainment think tank. </li></ul><ul><li>SimCity brought him to prominence and he built on the theme of computer simulation with SimEarth and SimAnt. </li></ul><ul><li>Wright's greatest success is The Sims which, as of 2009, is the best-selling PC game in history. His latest work, Spore , was released in 2008 and features gameplay based loosely upon the model of evolution and scientific advancement. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Auteur
  14. 14. Role-Playing Game <ul><li>Players get to play characters through a story narrative. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>Original Game Dungeons and Dragons. </li></ul><ul><li>MMORGs: WOW and Second Life. </li></ul><ul><li>A Thriller-a-thon </li></ul><ul><li>Tactical RPGs : Final Fantasy Tactics </li></ul>
  15. 15. Strategy Game <ul><li>Players use skill and careful thinking to achieve a victory condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>4X – Xplore, Xpand, Xploit, Xterminate. </li></ul><ul><li>(eg Civilization ) auteur Sid Meir. </li></ul><ul><li>Realtime Tactics (eg Empire Total War ) machinima </li></ul><ul><li>Turn-based Strategy Games ( Battle For Wesmoth ) for iPhone!. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sid Meir <ul><li>Canadian Programmer/Designer of Strategy Games (Firaxis): </li></ul><ul><li>* Spitfire Ace (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>* HellCat Ace (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>* Floyd of the Jungle (1982) </li></ul><ul><li>* NATO Commander (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>* Solo Flight (1984) </li></ul><ul><li>* Kennedy Approach (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>* F-15 Strike Eagle (1985) </li></ul>Auteur
  17. 17. Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Silent Service (1985) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Pirates! (1987) </li></ul><ul><li>* F-19 Stealth Fighter (1988) </li></ul><ul><li>* F-15 Strike Eagle II (1989) </li></ul><ul><li>* Covert Action (1990) </li></ul><ul><li>* Railroad Tycoon (1990) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization (1991) </li></ul><ul><li>* Pirates! Gold (1993) </li></ul><ul><li>* Colonization (1994) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization II (1996) </li></ul>Continued
  18. 18. Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Magic: The Gathering (1997) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Gettysburg! (1997) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Antietam! (1998) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri (1999) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization III (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's SimGolf (2002) </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Pirates! (2004) </li></ul><ul><li>* Civilization IV, Designed by Soren Johnson 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Railroads!, released October 17, 200608 </li></ul>Continued Further!
  19. 19. Sid Meir, Videogame Auteur <ul><li>* Civilization Revolution, announced on June 28, 2007 and released on June 13, 2008. A seventh generation console edition of Civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Civilization IV: War of Two Cities, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Pirates! Mobile 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Railroad Tycoon Mobile, 2008 mobile version </li></ul><ul><li>* Sid Meier's Civilization IV: Colonization, is a 2008. </li></ul>ACK EVEN MORE WHOA!! What a body of work!
  20. 20. Vehicle Simulation <ul><li>Provide the player with realistic interpretations of operating vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Subgenres include: </li></ul><ul><li>Racing Games (eg Simpsons Hit and Run) Booze Cruise </li></ul><ul><li>Flight Simulators ( Flight Simulator X ) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Other Notable Genres <ul><li>Corporeal Games ( Wii Sports ) </li></ul><ul><li>Music Games ( Guitar Hero ) </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Games ( NHL ) </li></ul><ul><li>Casual Games (Puzzle Games – Tetris ) performance creator Guillaume Reymond </li></ul><ul><li>Social Games ( Mafia Wars on Facebook) </li></ul>