WRITING SIMPLE,COMPOUND, AND COMPLEX SENTENCES COMPILED BY: HERY THE WIZIQ ONLINE CLASS JULY 30, 2011
AGENDA:1. Advanced searching for online learning resources2. Review: simple sentences3. Compound sentences4. Complex sentences5. From simple sentences to complex sentences6. Information about my free online classes
REVIEW: SIMPLE SENTENCESReview checklist (Kirszner & Mandell, 2000):Writing Simple Sentences ● A sentence express a complete thought. The subject tells who or what is being talked about in the sentence. ● Prepositions connect words and group of words in a sentence. They are combined with nouns or pronouns to form prepositional phrases. ● The object of a preposition cannot be the subject of a sentence. ● An action verb tells what the subject does, did, or will do ● A linking verb connects the subject to a word or words that describe or rename it. ● Many verbs are made up of more than one word. The complete verb in a sentence includes the main verb plus any helping verbs.
EXAMPLES: SIMPLE SENTENCES ● Kaleo met his girlfriends at my grandmothers house. (-prepositional phrases) ● Tiger Woods plays golf. (-action verb-) ● Riana dances and sings at the stage. (-more than one verb-) ● Mother has gone to her office. (-helping verb-)Remember !A simple sentence has only one clause.A clause is one set of subject-verb elements.
COMPOUND SENTENCES: COORDINATINGCONJUCTIONS● A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses joined by a coordinator.● The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. [FANBOYS]● Examples: ○ Father and I are novel writer. ○ My father is a Sociologist, but he enjoys teaching Philosophy. ○ Either you like it or not, you must do it!
COMPOUND SENTENCES: CONJUNCTIVEADVERBS● Another way to make a compound sentence is with a conjunctive adverb.● The conjunctive adverbs that frequently used are: also instead still besides meanwhile then consequently moreover therefore furthermore nevertheless thus however otherwiseExamples: ● Statistics show that test score in total is higher among males students than among females; therefore, it can be believed that males students are perform better to females in this test. ● I have a lot to do tonight; also, I have to wait my moms call.
COMPOUND SENTENCES: TRANSITIONALEXPRESSIONSYou can also link two simple sentences into one compoundsentence by using transitional expressions: as a result in comparison at the same time in fact for example on the contrary for instance on the other hand in addition that isExamples: ● He drunk too much and he drove; as a result, he got a ticket. ● My brother is a liberal activist; on the contrary, my sister is a democrat activist.
COMPLEX SENTENCES: INTRODUCTION● A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses.● A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who,or which.Examples: ● Andy forgot to write his name when he handed in his final test. ● My brother is allowed to watch a TV tonight because tomorrow is Sunday. ● The subject that we discussed was how to increase the student test performance.
FROM SIMPLE SENTENCE TO COMPLEXSENTENCE● Peter is a man.● He is a famous artist.● He owned a private island.● The island is beautiful.Complex sentence:Peter, the man who owned abeautiful private island, is afamous artist.
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