"A global strategy to optimize the use of Africa's resources for the benefit of all Africans"
Email from the Future, By Nkosazana Clarisse Dlamini Zuma
Date:		 24 January 2063
To:		 Kwame@iamafrican.com
From: 		 Nk...
In fact, if Africa was one country in 2006, we would have been the
10th largest economy in the world! However, instead o...
mention but a few such hubs.
My friend, Africa has indeed transformed herself from an
exporter of raw materials with a d...
economy as ours. We lit up Africa, the formerly dark continent,
using hydro, solar, wind, geo-thermal energy, in additio...
diseases, to provide access to health services, good nutrition,
energy and shelter, our people indeed became and are our...
trying to do that in one month would have been impossible!
But, the African Express Rail now connects all the capitals
Dear Reader,
Happy New Year 2014, and welcome to this first issue of
the African Agenda 2063 Newslet...
through their 50th
Anniversary Sole...
n their 50th Anniversary
Summit of 26 May
2013, the AU Heads of
State and Government
while acknowledging past
(COMESA), East African
Community (EAC), Economic
Community of Central
African States (ECCAS),
Economic Community Of Wes...
Agenda 2063: Progress to date
A draft Agenda 2063 Framework Document
has been prepared in close collaboration
with the ...
frican Aspirations for 2063 - an
outcome of stakeholder consultations
on Agenda 2063, these are:
A Prosperous Africa ...
To realize African Aspirations presented
above, Stakeholder Consultations identified
also drivers and enablers as well ...
Agenda 2063 Preparation: Way Forward
In order to consolidate the progress made so far leading to the
finalization of Ag...
Simataa urges proactivity in defining
African agenda - The Namibian
NEWS - NAMIBIA | 2013-10-18
Simataa urges proactivi...
presente-se pessoalmente – Quem é a Senhora?
hamo-me Maria Eugénia Neto, viúva do Dr. António
Agostinho Neto, Fundado...
histórias sobre heróis do MPLA que circulavam como
materiais de denúncias da guerra colonial, as quais, depois
da Indep...
do Porto com mais 55 jovens progressistas portugueses que
lutavam contra o fascismo e o fim da guerra colonial. Valeu-
Mas a África, nas suas vitórias e derrotas, está descobrindo
o caminho para a sua afirmação no contexto global da
mulher no Continente?
Eu penso que as mulheres podem ter e, algumas já têm,
um papel muito importante no Continente, al...
Sep.12.2013 - Sep.14.2013: Consultation with the Private Sector on the African ...
Sep.30.2013 - Oct.02.2013 Consultation with the Civil Society Stakeholders on the African
Union Agenda 2063. Dakar, Sen...
Nov.01.2013 - Nov.03.2013 Consultation with the Youth on Agenda 2063, Hammamet,
Dec.12.2013 - Dec.13.2013 Consu...
With the aim of brainstorming and
exchanging ideas on critical issues
relating to...
the Africa we want and the milestones we
must set towards this end”, specially that the
Agenda 2063 is coming after a y...
The Bahir Dar Ministerial Retreat of theA1.	
Executive Council, hosted by and under the
That by 2063 Africa’s population is projectedC2.	
to reach 30% of the world’s population, Asia
50%, however our share o...
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5

African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final


Published on

The newsletter of the African Union. Our plans for 1.4 Billion people of the African Union and our allies. We will publish each issue here.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

African Union Agenda 2063 newsletter issue final

  1. 1. "A global strategy to optimize the use of Africa's resources for the benefit of all Africans"
  3. 3. 2 Email from the Future, By Nkosazana Clarisse Dlamini Zuma Date: 24 January 2063 To: Kwame@iamafrican.com From: Nkosazana@cas.gov Subject: African Unity My dear friend Kwame, Greetings to the family and friends, and good health and best wishes for 2063. I write to you from the beautiful Ethiopian city of Bahir Dar, located on Lake Tana, as we finalize preparations for the Centenary celebrations of the Organisation of African Unity, which became the African Union in 2002 and laid the foundation for what is now our Confederation of African States (CAS). Yes, who would have thought that the dream of Kwame Nkrumah and his generations, when they called in 1963 on Africans to unite or perish, would one day become a reality. And what a grand reality. Atthebeginningofthetwentyfirstcentury,weusedtogetirritated with foreigners when they treated Africa as one country: as if we were not a continent of over a billion people and 55 sovereign states! But, the advancing global trend towards regional blocks, reminded us that integration and unity was the only way for Africa to leverage its competitive advantage. Date:Le24janvier2063 À:Kwame@iamafrican.com De:Nkosazana@cas.gov Objet:Unitéafricaine MoncheramiKwame, Mes salutations aux parents et amis, et mes meilleurs voeux de bonne santépour2063. Je vous écris de la belle ville éthiopienne de Bahir Dar, aux environs du lac Tana, alors que nous finalisons les préparatifs des célébrations du Centenaire de l’Organisation de l’unité africaine devenue l’Union africaine en 2002, qui a jeté les bases de ce qui est maintenant notre ConfédérationdesÉtatsdel’Afrique(CAS). Oui,quiauraitpenséquelerêvedeKwameNkrumahetdesagénération, lorsqu’en 1963 ils ont appelé les Africains à s’unir ou périr, deviendrait unjouruneréalité?Etquelleréalitégrandiose! Au début du XXIe siècle, nous nous irritions de ce que les étrangers considéraient l’Afrique comme un pays : comme si nous n’étions pas un continent de plus d’un milliard d’habitants et constitué de 55 États souverains!Mais,l’évolutiondelatendancemondialeenfaveurdesblocs régionaux nous a rappelé que l’intégration et l’unité sont le seul moyen pourl’Afriquedetirerpartidesonavantageconcurrentiel. A WORD FROM THE AU CHAIRPERSON During the Ministerial retreat of the Executive Council of the African Union held in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, from 24th to 26th January 2014, the Chairperson of the AU Commission, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma outlined her vision for Africa in 50 years’ time, through “an email from the future”. Written to a hypothetical Kwame in the year 2063: Au cours de la Retraite ministérielle du Conseil exécutif de l’Union africaine qui s’est déroulée à Bahir Dar, Éthiopie, du 24 au 26 janvier 2014, la Président de la Commission de l’UA, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma a exposé sa vision pour l’Afrique dans 50 ans, à travers “L’email du Futur”. Adressé en l’an 2063, à un ami fictif nommé Kwamé.
  4. 4. 3 In fact, if Africa was one country in 2006, we would have been the 10th largest economy in the world! However, instead of acting as one, with virtually every resource in the world (land, oceans, minerals, energy) and over a billion people, we acted as fifty-five small and fragmented individual countries. The bigger countries that should have been the locomotives of African integration, failed to play their role at that time, and that is part of the reasons it took us so long. We did not realize our power, but instead relied on donors, that we euphemistically called partners. That was the case in 2013, but reality finally dawned and we had long debates about the form that our unity should take: confederation, a united states, a federation or a union. As you can see, my friend, those debates are over and the Confederation of African States is now twelve years old, launched in 2051. What was interesting was the role played by successive generations of African youth. Already in 2013 during the Golden Jubilee celebrations, it was the youth that loudly questioned the slow progress towards integration. They formed African Union Clubs in schools and universities across the continent, and linked with each other on social media. We thus saw the grand push for integration, for the free movement of people, for harmonization of education and professional qualifications, with the Pan African University and indeed the university sector and intelligentsia playing an instrumental role. We were a youthful continent at the start of the 21st century, but as our youth bulge grew, young men and women became even more active, creative, impatient and assertive, often telling us oldies that they are the future, and that they (together with women) form the largest part of the electorates in all our countries! Of course this was but one of the drivers towards unity. The accelerated implementation of the Abuja Treaty and the creation of the African Economic Community by 2034 saw economic integration moved to unexpected levels. Economic integration, coupled with infrastructure development, saw intra-Africa trade mushrooming, from less than 12% in 2013 to almost50%by2045.Thisintegrationwasfurtherconsolidatedwith the growth of commodity exchanges and continental commercial giants. Starting with the African pharmaceutical company, Pan African companies now not only dominate our domestic market of over two billion people, but they have overtaken multi-nationals from the rest of the world in their own markets. Even more significant than this, was the growth of regional manufacturing hubs, around the beneficiation of our minerals and natural resources, such as in the Eastern Congo, North-Eastern Angola and Zambia’s copper belt and at major Silicon valleys in Kigali, Alexandria, Brazzaville, Maseru, Lagos and Mombasa, to En fait, si l’Afrique était un pays en 2006, nous aurions été la 10e puissance économique du monde ! Cependant, au lieu de nous unir dans l’action, alors que nous possédions pratiquement toutes les ressourcesdumonde(lesterres,lesocéans,lesminéraux,l’énergie)et avions une population de plus d’un milliard d’habitants, nous avons agi comme cinquante-cinq petits pays individuels fragmentés. Les plusgrandspaysquiauraientdûêtreleslocomotivesdel’intégration africaine n’ont pas joué leur rôle à ce moment-là, et c’est une des raisons qui explique tout le temps pris pour arriver où nous sommes aujourd’hui.Nousn’avonspasusédenotrepuissance,maisnousnous sommes plutôt appuyés sur les bailleurs de fonds qui nous appellent pareuphémismepartenaires. C’était le cas en 2013. Maintenant, nous avons enfin pris conscience de la réalité et avons eu de longs débats sur la forme que nous voulions donner à notre unité : une Confédération, des États unis, unefédérationouunsyndicat. Comme vous pouvez le voir, mon ami, ces débats ont pris fin et la ConfédérationdesÉtatsd’Afriqueaétélancéeen2051,ilyadouze ans. Leplusintéressantétaitlerôlejouépardesgénérationssuccessivesde jeunesafricains.Déjàen2013,lorsdescélébrationsduJubiléd’or,ce sont les jeunes qui ont exprimé leur impatience face à la lenteur des progrèssurlavoiedel’intégration.IlsontformédesClubsdel’union africaine dans les écoles et les universités à travers le continent et ont créé des liens les uns avec les autres par le biais des médias sociaux. Nous avons donc assisté à un important mouvement en faveur de l’intégration,delalibrecirculationdespersonnes,del’harmonisation de l’éducation et des qualifications professionnelles. L’Université panafricaine et le secteur universitaire et l’intelligentsia jouent un rôledéterminantdansceprocessus. Nous étions un continent jeune au début du 21e siècle, mais avec l’explosion démographique de jeunes, les jeunes hommes et les jeunes femmes sont devenus encore plus actifs, créatifs, impatients et sûrs d’eux-mêmes, nous disant souvent à nous, plus âgés, qu’ils représentent l’avenir, et qu’ils (conjointement avec les femmes) formentlaplusgrandepartiedel’électoratdetousnospays! Bien sûr, ce n’était là qu’un des moteurs de l’unité. La mise en oeuvre accélérée du Traité d’Abuja et la création de la Communauté économique africaine en 2034 ont entrainé une progression spectaculairedel’intégrationéconomique. L’intégration économique, associée au développement des infrastructures, a vu la multiplication des échanges intra-africains qui sont passés de moins de 12 % en 2013 à près de 50 % en 2045. Cette intégration a été davantage renforcée par la croissance des échanges de produits de base et la présence de géants commerciaux africains. Commençant par l’entreprise pharmaceutique africaine, les entreprises panafricaines dominent non seulement notre marché intérieurdeplusdedeuxmilliardsdepersonnesàprésent,maiselles ont dépassé les multinationales du reste du monde sur leurs propres marchés.
  5. 5. 4 mention but a few such hubs. My friend, Africa has indeed transformed herself from an exporter of raw materials with a declining manufacturing sector in2013,tobecomeamajorfoodexporter,aglobalmanufacturing hub, a knowledge centre, beneficiating our natural resources and agricultural products as drivers to industrialization. Pan African companies, from mining to finance, food and beverages, hospitality and tourism, pharmaceuticals, fashion, fisheries and ICT are driving integration, and are amongst the global leaders in their sectors. We are now the third largest economy in the world. As the Foreign Minister’s retreat in Bahir Dar in January 2014 emphasised, we did this by finding the balance between market forces and strong and accountable developmental states and Regional Economic Communities (RECS) to drive infrastructure, the provision of social services, industrialization and economic integration. Let me recall what our mutual friend recently wrote: “The(African)agrarianrevolutionhadsmallbeginnings.Successful business persons (and local governments) with roots in the rural areas started massive irrigation schemes to harness the waters of the continent’s huge river systems. The pan-African river projects - on the Congo, the Nile, Niger, Gambia, Zambezi, Kunene, Limpopo and many others – financed by Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) that involved African and BRIC investors, as well as the African Diaspora, released the continent’s untapped agricultural potential. By the intelligent application of centuries-old indigenous knowledge, acquired and conserved by African women who have tended crops in all seasons, within the first few years bumper harvests were being reported. Agronomists consulted women about the qualities of various grains – which ones survived low rainfalls and which thrived in wet weather; what pests threatened crops and how could they be combated without undermining delicate ecological systems. The social impact of the agrarian revolution was perhaps the most enduringchangeitbroughtabout.Thestatusofwomen,thetillersof the soil by tradition, rose exponentially. The girl child, condemned toafutureinthekitchenorthefieldsinournottoodistantpast,now has an equal chance of acquiring a modern education (and owning a farm or an agribusiness). African mothers today have access to tractors and irrigation systems that can be easily assembled. The producers’ cooperatives, (agribusinesses) and marketing boards these women established help move their produce and became the giant food companies we see today.’ We refused to bear the brunt of climate change and aggressively moved to promote the Green economy and to claim the Blue Leplusimportantdetouscesprogrès,c’estlacroissancedescentresde fabricationrégionauxpourlavalorisationdenosressources minérales et naturelles, comme dans l’est du Congo, au nord-est de l’Angola et danslaceinturedecuivredeZambieetlesgrandesvalléesdesilicium de Kigali, d’Alexandrie, de Brazzaville, de Maseru, de Lagos et de Mombasa,pourn’enciterquequelques-uns. Monami,l’Afriques’esteneffettransformée,passantd’unexportateur dematièrespremièresavecunsecteurmanufacturierendéclinen2013, à un exportateur de produits alimentaires, une plateforme mondiale de production industrielle, un centre de connaissances, en valorisant nos ressources naturelles et nos produits agricoles comme moteurs de l’industrialisation. Les Entreprises panafricaines, allant de l’extraction, des finances, des produitsalimentairesetdesboissons,del’hôtellerieetdutourisme,des produitspharmaceutiques,delamode,delapêcheetdesTIC,stimulent l’intégrationetfontpartiedesleadersmondiauxdansleurssecteurs. Nous sommes à présent la troisième puissance économique mondiale. Comme le soulignait la retraite des ministres des Affaires étrangères à Bahir Dar en janvier 2014, nous y sommes parvenus en trouvant l’équilibre entre les forces du marché, des États développementistes forts et responsables et des CER, pour donner une impulsion aux infrastructures, à la prestation de services sociaux, à l’industrialisation etàl’intégrationéconomique. Permettez-moi de rappeler ce que notre ami commun a récemment écrit : « la révolution agraire (africaine) a eu des débuts modestes. Des entrepreneurs connaissant la réussite (et les gouvernements locaux) ayant des racines dans les zones rurales ont lancé de vastes programmes d’irrigation afin d’exploiter les eaux des vastes systèmes hydrographiques du continent. Les projets panafricains de bassins fluviaux - sur le Congo, le Nil, le Niger, la Gambie, le Zambèze, le Kunene, le Limpopo et bien d’autres - financés par les PPP avec la participation de l’Afrique et des investisseurs BRIC, ainsi que de la diaspora africaine, ont libéré le potentiel agricole inexploité du continent.Grâceàl’applicationintelligentedesconnaissancesindigènes séculaires acquises et conservées par les femmes africaines qui se sont, de tout temps, occupées des cultures, des récoltes exceptionnelles ont été signalées dès les premières années. Les agronomes ont consulté les femmes sur la qualité des différentes graines – celles qui ont survécu aux faibles chutes de pluie et celles qui ont bien poussé par temps pluvieux ; les types de maladies qui ravagent les cultures et comment lescombattresansnuireàl’équilibredessystèmesécologiques. L’impactsocialdelarévolutionagraireasansdouteétélechangement le plus durable qu’elle a suscité. Le statut des femmes, des travailleurs delaterrepartraditions’estaméliorédefaçonexponentielle.Lafillette condamnée à passer sa vie dans la cuisine ou dans les champs dans un passé pas trop lointain, a maintenant, comme le garçon, la possibilité d’acquérir une éducation moderne (et de posséder une ferme ou une entreprise agroalimentaire). Aujourd’hui, les mères africaines ont accèsauxtracteursetauxsystèmesd’irrigationpouvantêtrefacilement assemblés.
  6. 6. 5 economy as ours. We lit up Africa, the formerly dark continent, using hydro, solar, wind, geo-thermal energy, in addition to fossil fuels. And,whilstI’montheBlueeconomy,thedecisiontoformAfrica- wide shipping companies, and encourage mining houses to ship their goods in vessels flying under African flags, meant a major growth spurt. Of course the decision taken in Dakar to form an African Naval Command to provide for the collective security of our long coastlines, certainly also helped. Let me quote from our mutual friend again: ‘Africa’s river system, lakes and coast lines abound with tons of fish. With funding from the different states and the Diaspora, young entrepreneurs discovered… that the mouths of virtually all the rivers along the east coast are rich in a species of eel considered a delicacy across the continent and the world. Clever marketing also created a growing market for Nile perch, a species whose uncontrolled proliferation had at one time threatened the survival of others in Lake Victoria and the Nile. TodayNamibiaandAngolaexploittheBenguelacurrent,teaming with marine life, through the joint ventures funded by sovereign funds and the African Development Bank.” On the east coast, former island states of Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mauritius are leading lights of the Blue economy and their universities and research institutes attract marine scientists and students from all over the world. Dear friend, you reminded me in your last e-mail how some magazine once called us ‘The hopeless continent’, citing conflicts, hunger and malnutrition, disease and poverty as if it was a permanent African condition. Few believed that our pledge in the 50th Anniversary Declaration to silence the guns by 2020 was possible. Because of our firsthand experience of the devastation of conflicts, we tackled the root causes, including diversity, inclusion and the management of our resources. If I have to single out one issue that made peace happen, it was our commitment to invest in our people, especially the empowerment of young people and women. By 2013 we said Africa needed a skills revolution and that we must change our education systems to produce young people that are innovative and entrepreneurial and with strong Pan African values. From early childhood education, to primary, secondary, technical, vocational and higher education – we experienced a true renaissance, through the investments we made, as governments and the private sector in education and in technology, science, research and innovation. Coupled with our concerted campaigns to eradicate the major Les coopératives de producteurs (agro-industries) et les offices de commercialisation créés par ces femmes ont permis d’accroitre leur production et sont devenus les géants alimentaires que nous voyons aujourd’hui. Nous avons refusé de faire les frais des changements climatiques et avons activement fait la promotion de l’économie verte, faisant de l’économie bleue notre cheval de bataille. Nous avons éclairé l’Afrique, continent autrefois sombre, au moyen de l’énergie hydraulique, solaire, éolienne, géothermique,enplusdescombustiblesfossiles. Parlant de l’économie bleue, la décision de former des compagnies maritimes à l’échelle continentale et d’encourager les sociétés minières à expédier leurs marchandises par des navires battant pavillon africain signifiait une importante poussée de croissance. Bien sûr, la décision prise à Dakar de créer un Commandement des forces navales africaines afin d’assurer la sécurité collective de nos longues côtes y a certainement égalementcontribué. Permettez-moi une fois de plus de citer notre ami commun : « Le système des bassins fluviaux africain, les lacs et les côtes abondent de poissons. Grâce au financement des différents États et de la diaspora, les jeunes entrepreneurs ont découvert que les embouchures de pratiquement toutes les rivières de la côte Est sont riches en espèces d’anguilles considérées commeunedélicatesseàtraverslecontinentetdanslemonde. Un marketing adroit a également créé un marché en croissance pour la percheduNil,uneespècedontlaproliférationincontrôléeeu,àunmoment, menacélasurvied’autresespècesdanslelacVictoriaetdansleNil. La Namibie et l’Angola exploitent aujourd’hui le courant de Benguela regorgeant d’espèces marines, à travers des projets communs financés par desfondssouverainsetlaBanqueafricainededéveloppement». SurlacôteEst,lesanciensÉtatsinsulairesdesSeychelles,desComores,de MadagascaretdeMauricesontchefsdefileenmatièred’économiebleueet leursuniversitésetinstitutsderechercheattirentlesspécialistesdessciences delameretlesétudiantsdumondeentier. Cher ami, vous m’avez rappelé dans votre dernier e-mail qu’un magazine nous a une fois appelé « Le continent sans espoir », citant les conflits, la faim et la malnutrition, la maladie et la pauvreté comme si c’était un état permanent de l’Afrique. Peu de personnes croyaient en notre engagement pris dans la Déclaration du cinquantième anniversaire de faire taire les armes en 2020. En raison de notre expérience directe de la dévastation résultant des conflits, nous nous sommes attaqués aux causes profondes, notammentladiversité,l’inclusionetlagestiondenosressources. Sijenedevaisreleverqu’uneseulequestionquiafaitdelapaixuneréalité, ce serait notre engagement à investir dans nos peuples, en particulier l’autonomisation des jeunes et des femmes. Nous avons dit en 2013 que l’Afrique avait besoin d’une révolution en matière de compétences et que nous devions changer nos systèmes éducatifs pour former des jeunes qui ont le sens de l’innovation et l’entreprise et possèdent de fortes valeurs panafricaines. Del’éducationdelapetiteenfance,àl’enseignementsecondaire,technique, professionnel et supérieur - nous avons connu une véritable renaissance,
  7. 7. 6 diseases, to provide access to health services, good nutrition, energy and shelter, our people indeed became and are our most important resource. Can you believe it my friend, even the dreaded malaria is a thing of the past. Of course this shift could not happen without Africa taking charge of its transformation, including the financing of our development. As one esteemed Foreign minister said in 2014: Africa is rich, but Africans are poor. With concerted political determination and solidarity, and sometimes one step back and two steps forward, we made financing our development and taking charge of our resources a priority, starting with financing the African Union, our democratic elections and our peacekeeping missions. The Golden Jubilee celebrations were the start of a major paradigm shift, about taking charge of our narrative. Agenda 2063, its implementation and the milestones it set, was part of what brought about this shift. We developed Agenda 2063 to galvanize and unite in action all Africans and the Diasporaaroundthecommonvisionofapeaceful,integratedand prosperousAfrica.Asanoverarchingframework,Agenda2063 provided internal coherence to our various sectoral frameworks and plans adopted under the OAU and AU. It linked and coordinated our many national and regional frameworks into a common continental transformation drive. Planningfiftyyearsahead,allowedustodream,thinkcreatively, and sometimes crazy as one of the Ministers who hosted the 2014 Ministerial retreat said, to see us leapfrog beyond the immediate challenges. Anchored in Pan Africanism and the African renaissance, Agenda 2063 promoted the values of solidarity, self-belief, non-sexism, self-reliance and celebration of our diversity. As our societies developed, as our working and middle classes grew, as women took their rightful place in our societies, our recreational, heritage and leisure industries grew: arts and culture, literature, media, languages, music and film. WEB du Bois grand project of Encyclopedia Africana finally saw the light and Kinshasha is now the fashion capital of the world. Fromtheonset,theDiasporainthetraditionsofPanAfricanism, played its part, through investments, returning to the continent withtheirskillsandcontributingnotonlytotheirplaceoforigin, but where the opportunities and needs were found. Let me conclude this e-mail, with some family news. The twins, after completing their space studies at Bahir Dar University, decided to take the month before they start work at the African SpaceAgencytotravelthecontinent.Myoldfriend,inourdays, grâceauxinvestissementsquenousavonsfaits,entantquegouvernements et secteur privé, dans l’éducation et dans la technologie, la science, la rechercheetl’innovation. Associés à nos campagnes concertées pour éradiquer les principales maladies,fournirunaccèsauxservicesdesanté,àunebonnealimentation, à l’énergie et au logement, nos peuples sont en effet devenus et restent notreressourcelaplusimportante.Pouvez-vouslecroiremonami,même lepaludismeredoutableestdel’histoireancienne. Bien sûr, ce changement ne pouvait se faire sans l’appropriation par l’Afrique de sa transformation, notamment le financement de son développement.Commel’ontdéclarélesministresdesAffairesétrangères en2014:l’Afriqueestriche,maislesAfricainssontpauvres. Avec une détermination politique et une solidarité communes, et faisant parfois un pas en arrière et deux pas en avant, nous avons fait du financement de notre développement et de l’appropriation de nos ressources une priorité, en commençant par le financement de l’Union africaine, de nos élections démocratiques et de nos missions de maintien delapaix. Les festivités du Jubilé ont marqué le début d’un changement radical de paradigmeconcernantl’appropriationdenotrehistoire. L’Agenda2063,samiseenoeuvreetlesétapesqu’ilafixéesontpermisce changement. L’Agenda 2063 a pour objectif de mobiliser et d’unir tous les Africains et la diaspora dans l’action autour de la vision commune d’une Afrique pacifique, intégrée et prospère. Comme cadre global, l’Agenda 2063 a permis la cohésion interne de nos différents cadres et plans adoptés sous l’égide de l’OUA et de l’UA. Il a relié et coordonné nos nombreux cadres nationaux et régionaux dans une dynamique de transformationcontinentalecommune. La planification à l’horizon des 50 ans nous a permis de rêver, de penser de façon créative, et de devenir parfois fous comme l’a déclaré l’un des ministres qui a accueilli la retraite ministérielle 2014, en nous voyant franchirlesobstaclesimmédiats. AncrédanslepanafricanismeetlaRenaissanceafricaine,l’Agenda2063 a promu les valeurs de solidarité, de confiance en soi, de non-sexisme, d’autonomieetdecélébrationdenotrediversité. Au fur et à mesure que nos sociétés se développaient, que nos classes ouvrièresetmoyennesaugmentaient,quelesfemmesprenaientleurplace dansnossociétés,notrehéritageetnosindustriesdeloisirsontaugmenté, de même que nos arts et notre culture, notre littérature, nos médias, nos langues, notre musique et notre cinéma. Le grand projet d’Encyclopédia AfricanadeWEBduBoisdevintenfinréalitéetKinshasaestaujourd’hui lacapitalemondialedelamode. D’entréedejeu,ladiaspora,danslestraditionsdupanafricanisme,ajoué son rôle grâce aux investissements, en revenant sur le continent, dotée de ses compétences et apportant sa contribution non seulement au lieu d’origine,maislàoùilyavaitdesbesoinsetdesopportunités. Permettez-moi de conclure cet e-mail, avec quelques nouvelles de la famille. Les jumeaux, après avoir achevé leurs études spatiales à
  8. 8. 7 trying to do that in one month would have been impossible! But, the African Express Rail now connects all the capitals of our former states, and indeed they will be able to crisscross and see the beauty, culture and diversity of this cradle of humankind. The marvel of the African Express Rail is that it is not only a high speed-train, with adjacent highways, but also contains pipelines for gas, oil and water, as well as ICT broadband cables: African ownership, integrated planning and execution at its best! The continental rail and road network that now crisscross Africa, along with our vibrant airlines, our spectacular landscapes and seductive sunsets, the cultural vibes of our cities, make tourism one of our largest economic sectors. Oureldestdaughter,thelinguist,stilllecturesinKiSwahiliin Cabo Verde, at the headquarters of the Pan African Virtual University. KiSwahili is now a major African working language, and a global language taught at most faculties across the world. Our grand children still find it very funny how we used to struggle at AU meetings with English, French and Portuguese interpretations, how we used to fight the English version not in line with the French or Arabic. Now we have a lingua franca, and multi-lingualism is the order of the day. Remember how we used to complain about our voice not being heard in trade negotiations and the Security Council, how disorganized, sometimes divided and nationalistic we used to be in those forums, how we used to be summoned by various countries to their capitals to discuss their policies on Africa? How things have changed. The Confederation last year celebrated twenty years since we took our seat as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, and we are a major force for global stability, peace, human rights, progress, tolerance and justice. My dear friend, I hope to see you next month in Haiti, for the second round of unity talks between the Confederation of African States and the Caribbean states. This is a logical step, since Pan Africanism had its roots amongst those early generations, as a movement of Africans from the mother continent and the Diaspora for liberation, self-determination and our common progress. I end this e-mail, and look forward to seeing you in February. I will bring along some of the chocolates from Accra that you so love, which our children can now afford. Till we meet again, Nkosazana. l’UniversitédeBahirDar,ontdécidédeprendreunmoisdevacancespour parcourir le continent avant de commencer leur travail à l’Agence spatiale africaine. Mon vieil ami, il aurait été impossible de le faire en un mois à notreépoque! Mais, l’African Express Rail relie maintenant toutes les capitales de nos anciens États, et ils pourront en effet sillonner et voir la beauté, la culture et la diversité de ce berceau de l’humanité. La merveille de l’African ExpressRail,c’estquec’estnonseulementuntrainàgrandevitesseavecdes autoroutes adjacentes, mais il contient également des pipelines pour le gaz, le pétrole et l’eau, ainsi que des câbles TIC à large bande : la propriété, la planificationetl’exécutionintégréesafricainesàleurmeilleurniveau! Les réseaux routiers et ferroviaires continentaux qui sillonnent maintenant l’Afrique, nos compagnies aériennes dynamiques, nos paysages spectaculairesetnosmagnifiquescouchersdesoleil,lesinitiativesculturelles de nos villes, font du tourisme l’un des secteurs les plus importants de notre économie. Notre fille aînée, la linguiste, donne des conférences en kiswahili au Cap-Vert, siège de l’Université virtuelle panafricaine. Le Kiswahili est maintenant l’une des principales langues de travail de l’Afrique, et mondialement enseignée dans la plupart des facultés à travers le monde. Nos petits-enfants rient encore des difficultés que nous rencontrions avec les interprétations en anglais, en français et en portugais lors des réunions de l’UA, comment nous dénoncions le manque d’harmonisation entre la version anglaise et la version française ou arabe. Maintenant, nous avons unelinguafranca,etlemultilinguismeestàl’ordredujour. Rappelez-vous comment nous nous plaignions que notre voix ne soit pas entendue dans les négociations commerciales et au Conseil de sécurité, comment nous étions désorganisés, parfois divisés et nationalistes dans ces forums, comment nous étions convoqués par les différents pays dans leurs capitalespourdiscuterdeleurspolitiquessurl’Afrique? Comme les choses ont changé ! L’an dernier, la Confédération a fêté vingt ans depuis que nous avons un siège de membre permanent du Conseil de sécuritédesNationsunies,etnoussommesunpôlemajeurpourlastabilité, la paix, les droits humains, le progrès, la tolérance et la justice dans le monde. Mon cher ami, j’espère vous voir le mois prochain en Haïti pour le second cycle des pourparlers d’unité entre la Confédération des États de l’Afrique etlesÉtatsdesCaraïbes.Ils’agitd’uneétapelogique,carlepanafricanisme tire son origine des premières générations en tant que mouvement de libération, d’autodétermination et de progrès communs des Africains du continentmèreetdeladiaspora. Je conclus cet e-mail et me réjouis de vous voir en février. J’apporterai quelques-uns des chocolats d’Accra que vous aimez tant et que nos enfants peuventmaintenants’offrir. Aurevoiretàlaprochaine! Nkosazana.
  9. 9. 8 BY MANDLA MADONSELA Dear Reader, Happy New Year 2014, and welcome to this first issue of the African Agenda 2063 Newsletter! This issue, which coincides with the beginning of the second 50 years since the establishment of the Organization of African Unity and subsequent launching of the African Union in 2002, casts an eye on the future of Africa in 50 years. It comes at the back of a successful 2013 that resonated throughout the continent with Golden Jubilee celebrations that paved the way for Africans to interrogate their Africa in the next 50 years. Highlights in this issue include a report on the Agenda 2063 consultative process, especially on people’s view about theAfrica they want in 2063, how they will build this Africa and the role they will play ‎towards the realization of this dream. We may not be tempted to condense all the outcomes of consultations in this issue. We, however, will concentrate on the main findings coming through these consultations. This newsletter, which will be issued every six months, will provide readers with progress made on the preparation, implementation and evaluation of the Agenda 2063. As Africa reflected on its successes, challenges and lessons of the past 50 years, it brought about an impetus in them to focus on their Africa in 2063, and begin to reclaim, take charge of the African narrative and Africa’s rightful place in the global arena. The Agenda 2063 provides that chance. It also provides a great opportunity to galvanize and unite in action all Africans on the continent and in the Diaspora around a common vision of a peaceful, integrated and prosperous Africa. In her imaginary e-mail to a hypothetical Kwame delivered at a Ministerial retreat of the Executive Council of the African Union in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia on January 24, 2014, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Her Excellency, Dr Nkosazana Dhlamini Zuma, reminded the participant of how important the Agenda 2063 helped consolidate AU Vision. She justified that planning 50 years ahead allowed Africa to dream, think creatively, sometimes crazy. Indeed Africa needs to think big, begin to do things differently however crazy it may seem. The Agenda 2063 is the African renaissance, which is people centered and will continue to promote ideals of Pan Africanism. Voices of the people will be heard loud and far and their aspirations integrated in the Agenda 2063. As an overarching framework, the Agenda 2063 will, for the first time, provide an internal coherence of Member States, regional and continental plans and frameworks, both current and those developed during the OAU days into a common continental transformative drive. It comes at a time when Africa is registering unprecedented growth rates, coupled with improving governance, bulging working and middle class, young population and stronger regional institutions. These and others provide a solid foundation for the Agenda 2063 to take shape. Recognizing this importance, the Heads of State and Governmentintheir50thAnniversarySolemnDeclaration signed during the crescendo of celebrations in May 2013, reiterated their commitment to make progress in eight areas of: • African Identity and Renaissance. ‎ • Continue the struggle against colonialism and the right to self-determination of people ‎still under colonial rule. ‎ • The Integration Agenda‎ • Agenda for Social and Economic Development‎ • Peace and Security Agenda • Democratic Governance • Determining Africa’s Destiny • Africa’s Place in the World They further pledged that while these ideals form part of the Agenda 2063 development process, they will also be integrated in their national development plans. It is therefore up to us readers to be inspired into taking part in the development of the Agenda and take charge and own our aspirations. It is time Africans change their mentality about themselves in the world and people around them. Destiny is ours. This issue also provides interviews with African citizens, selected press releases and papers in addition to a road map of what lays ahead in the development of the Agenda 2063. In this connection, and finally, I would like to seize this opportunity to thank all those who made various contributions to this maiden edition; and invite all our esteemed readers to continue making such invaluable gestures in order to make the Agenda 2063 a successful story! Get connected, Have your say, Discuss Africa, Vote, Share a multimedia and Become a Partner by logging on www.agenda2063.au.int EDITORIAL AN EYE ON THE FUTURE OF AFRICA IN 50 YEARS
  10. 10. 9 Inthecontextofcelebrating50yearsofthefoundingoftheOAU,theAUHeadsofStateandGovernment through their 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration adopted in May 2013, while acknowledging past successes and challenges, rededicated themselves to the continent’s development and pledged their commitment to make progress in eight key areas: African Identity and Renaissance.o Continue the Struggle against Colonialism and the Right to Self-determination of Peopleo still under colonial rule. The IntegrationAgenda: Implement the Continental Free TradeArea to ultimately establisho a united and integrated Africa; Agenda for Social and Economic Development:o Peace and Security Agendao Democratic Governanceo Determining Africa’s Destinyo Africa’s Place in the Worldo The AU Heads of State and Government pledged to integrate these ideals and goals in regional and national development plans as well as in the development of the Continental Agenda 2063, through a people-driven process for the realization of the vision of the AU for an integrated, people-centered, prosperous Africa, at peace with itself. The African Union Commission, working closely with the NEPAD Coordinating Agency (NPCA) and supported by the African Development Bank (AfDB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), is developing this continental agenda as requested by the 21st Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union, at Addis Ababa, 26 May 2013. Full text of the Declaration on page 42 CELEBRATION OF THE 50TH OAU/AU ANNIVERSARY, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA SUMMARY OF THE 50TH OAU/AU SOLEMN ANNIVERSARY DECLARATION
  11. 11. 10 I n their 50th Anniversary Summit of 26 May 2013, the AU Heads of State and Government while acknowledging past successes and challenges, rededicated themselves to the continent’s development and envisioned “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena.” The Summit instructed the African Union Commission, working closely with the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) CoordinatingAgency(NPCA) and supported by theAfrican Development Bank (AfDB) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) to develop Agenda 2063. What? Agenda 2063 represents the aspirations of Africans for a better future, anchored in achievements, objective assessments of obstacles and lessons learned over the past half century, and premised on a desire to achieve inclusive growth, socioeconomic trans- formation and sustainable development. Aims to develop an Action Plan for the realization of the AU Vision of a prosperous, integrated and peaceful Africa. It is a call to action to all segments of African society to work together to build a common future and destiny based on the AU Vision. It also takes account of the Solemn Declaration made during the Golden Jubilee anniversary of the founding of the OAU/AU in May 2013. Builds on Africa’s strategic frameworks, e.g., the Abu- ja Treaty, New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), Comprehensive Af- rica Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), Accel- erated Industrial Development of Africa (AIDA), Minimum In- tegration Programme (MIP), Program Infrastructure Devel- opment for Africa (PIDA), AU/ NEPAD Science and Technol- ogy Consolidated Plan of Ac- tion, and Agribusiness And Agro-Industries Development Initiative (3ADI), Agenda 2063. Takes full cognizance of Africa’s diversities and endowments and promotes efficient management of diversities and respects each AU member’s sovereignty and offers the necessary political and policy space. The choice of a 50 year time must be understood for its significance in the context of the Golden Jubilee of the establishment of the OAU; and the need for Africa to take stock of past achievements and challenges and set its 50 year goals to be realized when the AU will be marking centenary celebrations. Why? The preparation of Agenda 2063 is both important and timely for a number of reasons: Changing global context. Globalization and the information technology revolution have provided unprecedented opportunities for countries and regions with the right policies to make significant advances and lift huge sections of populations outofpoverty,improveincomes and catalyze economic and social transformation. Building on the NEPAD experience. National, regional and global efforts made to implement NEPAD, unseen during the Lagos Plan of Action (LPA) and the Abuja Treaty, have enabled AU to build institutions (e.g., African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), etc.), demonstrate unprecedented commitment to implementing agreed agenda, and generate valuable lessons that present strong foundation for Agenda 2063. Indeed, Agenda 2063 is a logical and natural continuation of NEPAD and other initiatives. AmoreunitedandstrongAfrica. Africa today is more united, a global power to reckon with, capable of rallying support around a common agenda and speaking with one voice with demonstrated strong capacity to negotiate and withstand the influence of forces that would like to see it divided. Strong and well-functioning regional institutions. Africa’s regional institutions have been rationalized and the eight officially AU recognized Regional Economic Communities Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN- SAD, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa AGENDA 2063: KEY FEATURES, RATIONALE AND VALUE ADDED
  12. 12. 11 (COMESA), East African Community (EAC), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Southern African Development Community (SADC) and Arab Maghreb Union (UMA) are today strong development and politicalinstitutionsthatcitizens’ can count on andAgenda 2063 can stand on. New development and investmentopportunities.Africa todayisfacedwithaconfluence of factors that present great opportunity for consolidation and rapid progress. These include: Unprecedented positive• and sustained growth trajectory of many African countries; Significant reduction in• violent conflict, increased peace and stability, coupled with advances in democratic governance; A rising middle class,• coupled with the youth bulge, which can act as catalyst for further growth, particularly in the consumer sectors and services; Changes in international• finance architecture, with the rise of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) and improved flows of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). The need to align continental frameworks, improve coherence and synergy. At the continental level, the AU has endorsed several frameworks to advance the integration agenda, promote social and economic development, peace and security and democracy. In many cases, these remain isolated from each other and sectoral in approach. Agenda 2063isanimportantopportunity to harmonize these continental frameworks, improve coherence and synergy and lay strong foundation for their full implementation. A long-term strategy The need for Africa to develop its own long-term strategy to regain own destiny. Several regions and countries reflecting on their long-term strategies see Africa as an important continent for their future prosperity and security. Africa must therefore develop its own long-term strategy based on African aspirations as well as its people’s ingenuity, creativity and hard work to regain its own destiny. The factors outlined above constitute a unique opportunity for Africa to capitalize upon. However, success depends upon acting in unity, transparency, willingness and capability to assess performance and correct mistakes and build on successes, placing citizens’ first, and sound governance and values. The desire to chart a new chapter inAfrica’s development and the realization of the aspirations for a better future must be matched by renewed and sustained political commitment as exemplified by the 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration. This can be further strengthened through: Participation and inclusion of all key stakeholders in the conception, design, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of Agenda 2063 as a critical success factor, which will enhance awareness, ownership of Agenda 2063 and strengthen collective commitments; A results-based approach with concrete targets that are measurable and can be tracked and monitored; Tailoring actions to suit the circumstances of different countries; while providing a general framework and a common set of goals and targets, Agenda 2063 also takes cognizance of Africa’s diversity, and addresses issues related to this diversity; and Ensuring that Agenda 2063 is an integral part of the African Renaissance which calls for changes in attitudes, values and mindsets to inculcate the right set of African values of pan Africanism, self-esteem, hard work, entrepreneurship and collective prosperity. Agenda 2063 Preparation Process and Methodology: It involves a two pronged approach: A people driven process anchored in an extensive consultation process with key stakeholders at the continental, REC and national levels, the general public online based, and AU organs; and A technical process: evidence based anchored in rigorous situational analysis, review of planning and policy making experiences and undertaking trend analysis and scenario planning.
  13. 13. 12 Agenda 2063: Progress to date A draft Agenda 2063 Framework Document has been prepared in close collaboration with the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency, the African Development Bank and the UN Economic Commission for Africa. This Framework Document has been considered by the PRC and Ministerial Council; and decisions of Council are presented below. In preparing the Framework Document, the Commission undertook the following: setting up of technical support; stakeholder consultations; reviewofnationalmediumtermplansandvisions; preliminary indicators and base line information; national and regional level consultations; and development of a Communication Strategy for Agenda 2063 Technical Support: A small Technical Team was established from early September 2013 drawing upon existing Commission staff and other support. Additional support is envisaged from collaborating institutions in specialized areas – financing, trends analysis & scenario planning, among other tasks. Stakeholder Consultations: Agenda 2063 consultations commenced in September 2013 with the primary objectives of providing participants the forum to share their vision of the Africa they want in 2063 and propose goals, milestones, key drivers and enablers as well as priority actions to be taken. The meetings were organized in the following parts: Part I involved learning from the• past through a review the African development experience at the national,sub-regionalandcontinental levels Part II dealt with looking into the• future through a discussion of the type of Africa participants want, key goals, milestones, priorities and actions they propose. Part III involved a discussion of how• to make it happen through exploring and proposing a broad Agenda 2063 implementation, monitoring and evaluation framework, as well as strategies for financing Agenda 2063. To date the following consultations have been held: Private sector (12-14 September 2013); African Academics / Think Tanks (16- 18 September 2013; Planning Experts & Development Specialists (27-28 September 2013); Civil Society Organizations (30 September – 2 October 2013); Diaspora (8-10 October 2013); RECs and AU Organs (21-23 October 2013); Youth (1-3 November 2013); Media (9-10 December 2013); Women (12-13 December 2013); and Web based consultations (continuous and interactive) Outputs of these consultations include: African aspirations for 2063’ drivers and enablers; proposals on “how to make it happen” as well as risks, threats and mitigation strategies. Technical analysis and review, which included: Review of National Plans, Regional• and Continental Frameworks: So far, plans from 20 member states have been reviewed with a plan to cover all 54 member states in the coming few months. Lessons from the review of national medium and long term plans, as well as those of RECs and AU Organs including continental frameworks, for example, PIDA, CAADP, IADA, Africa Mining Vision (AMV), African Media Initiative (AMI), constitutes a major building block of Agenda 2063. Preliminary indicators and base line• information: This aims to establish a baseline for Agenda 2063 to facilitate comprehensive situational analysis, trends analysis, target setting and monitoring. It involves unpacking the eight ideals stated by the AU Heads of States and Governments Solemn Declaration as well as the Vision; identification of a set of themes, sub-themes and indicators that capture the spirit and substance of the Solemn Declaration and the Vision; description and analysis of each indicator in a manner that would enable the setting of ambitious but achievable milestones and targets. Development of Guidelines for National• and Regional Level Consultations: The guidelines adopted during consultations with RECs and AU Organs will facilitate the preparation conduct and reporting of the National and Regional level consultations.
  14. 14. 13 A frican Aspirations for 2063 - an outcome of stakeholder consultations on Agenda 2063, these are: A Prosperous Africa based on inclusive€€ growth and sustainable development, where Africa, among other things, moves from current low to middle and high income status; economic growth is translated into equitable wealth and employment creation; and is capable of mobilizing its own financial resources, reliant on trade not aid. An integrated continent, politically united,€€ and based on the ideals of PanAfricanism – whereAfrica is fully independent, self-reliant and integrated that trades with itself; the African Union Anthem is taught and sung in all schools and universities, and the African Union Flag is used by all member states at all official platforms; speaks with one voice in international engagements; the values of the AU and Pan-Africanism are integrated into the curriculum of our schools; and the Founders dream or vision of OAU of a united states of Africa, a union of African states with: one central bank system and currency; one central government, president; one African passport; one continental nationality including the diaspora is fulfilled. An Africa of good governance, respect€€ for human rights, justice and the rule of law - a continent that is corruption-free and governed by democratic rules; where public institutions are at the service of its people at all levels; with effective grassroots participation in national development; and the culture of accountability by all stakeholders is encouraged. A Peaceful and Secure Africa - free of€€ conflict and at peace with itself and secure; harmony prevails among communities regardless of ethnicity/tribe, religion, class, etc.; peaceful but militarily strong to defend itsinterestsandensuressecurity;theAfrican Peace & Security Architecture (APSA) is fully implemented; exercises full ownership of a united army and navy commanded by the Assembly of AU Heads of States and Government. AnAfricawithastrongculturalidentity,values€€ and ethics - African people imbued with a sense of their fundamental cultural unity, a sense of a common destiny and African identity and Pan-African consciousness; and work is vital ethic and value. An Africa whose development is people-€€ driven, especially relying on the potential offered by its youth and women - effectively addresses the acute needs for education, health, jobs and opportunities for self- advancement as well as for democracy and self-realization; and gender equality and women empowerment and youth concerns are effectively promoted. Africa as a strong and influential global€€ player and partner - plays a prominent role in world affairs with a permanent seat in the UN Security Council); ascends to a second biggest economic block that addresses its own needs and manages its own resources with substantial rise in its share of world output and trade; effectively owns and manages its blue economy; and implements multilateral agreements it is party too. The above aspirations in conjunction with the AU Vision, the OAU/AU 50th Year Golden Jubilee Anniversary Solemn Declaration, member states’medium and long-term plans as well as technical studies and analytical works constitute the foundations of Agenda 2063 milestones, goals and targets as the diagram below illustrates: AFRICAN ASPIRATIONS, FOUNDATIONS OF AGENDA 2063, MILESTONES AND TARGETS, KEY DRIVERS, ENABLERS AND RISKS; AND THREATS
  15. 15. 14 To realize African Aspirations presented above, Stakeholder Consultations identified also drivers and enablers as well as risks and threats, which included: Drivers (factors considered critical forAfrica’s transformation) include: Strong political leadership fully• committed to development, democratic rule, equity, justice and rule of law Population dynamics – large• population and urbanization Industrialization- value addition and• the shift from export of raw materials to export of processed goods Climate change – adverse impacts• and coping capacities Technological change in agriculture,• energy and communications, and Markets (domestic and foreign) –• expanding of existing markets and creation of new ones Infrastructure development• Enablers – factors that constitute essential conditions accompanying the drivers • Good governance • Policy and legal environment, • Human and institutional capacity, • Responsible and efficient private sector and media Key risks and threats - likely disruptive elements • Social and economic inequalities; • Management of diversities; • Terrorism and organized crime; • Religious extremism, ethnicism, • Corruption and nepotism; • Natural disasters (sudden and slow onset) and environmental degradation The Foundation for Agenda 2063 Goals, Milestones and Targets
  16. 16. 15 Agenda 2063 Preparation: Way Forward In order to consolidate the progress made so far leading to the finalization of Agenda 2063 Document, further work will include the following: Incorporation of the comments and guidance of the Policy Organs• of the AU into a revised draft framework document which will form the basis for the preparation of the comprehensive Agenda 2063 document; Completion of the review of national and regional plans and• continental frameworks; In-depth technical analysis of the base line situation pertaining• to the key goals of Agenda 2063 approved by the PRC and the Executive Council; Trends analysis, prospective studies and Scenario planning of• key strategic thrusts / factors – technology, climate change, demographics, etc and how they impact on Agenda 2063; Furtherconsultations withAUOrgans,AUCDepartments,Agencies• and RECs to facilitate integration of continental frameworks into Agenda 2063 and defining the milestones Sector specific consultations and analytical work on the feasibility• of targets / milestones and strategies to be incorporated into Agenda 2063 Consultations with African Statisticians General to harmonize• indicators for Agenda 2063 with ongoing efforts Development / preparation of the Comprehensive Agenda• 2063 Document; Regional Validation workshops / meetings on Draft Agenda• 2063 Document; and Final draft Agenda 2063 Document for submission to AU Summit• in June 2014. THE WAY FORWARD
  17. 17. 16 Simataa urges proactivity in defining African agenda - The Namibian NEWS - NAMIBIA | 2013-10-18 Simataa urges proactivity in defining African agenda By Luqman Cloete The Deputy Minister of Information and Communications Technology, Stanley Simataa, has encouraged Namibians to play an active role in defining African Agenda 2063. African Agenda 2063 – 50 years from now - aims at enabling Africa to take full charge of its own destiny and propel itself into a prosperous and peacefulfuture.Simataasaidtheministeriallecture on African Agenda 2063 held at Keetmanshoop on Tuesday for //Karas Region inhabitants was the first of a series government plans to hold in six other regions which include Erongo, Omusati, Kavango East, and the Zambezi to commence the consultation process on the future of the African continent which is also aimed at gathering inputs from citizenry country wide in defining African Agenda 2063. “These consultations are all the more important because Africa’s development trajectory has often relied on narratives and paradigms developed by others and it is long overdue forAfricans to reclaim their own narrative,” said Simataa, acknowledging that the African Agenda 2063 was drafted without input of fellow Africans. Furthermore, Simataa highlighted failure to implement and retain human capital as the biggest challenges facing Africa. “Our biggest challenge is that we resolve and resource to plan but fail to resolve and resource implementation. We must create a conducive environment to retain human capital, otherwise Agenda 2063 will remain an unfulfilled dream,” Simataa remarked. Simataa described Pan- Africanism - an ideology and movement that encourages the solidarity of Africans worldwide - as an eternal journey spanning over generations, urging future generations to travel this road with “resilience and unwavering commitment”. Also speaking at the event, Democratic Republic of Congo Ambassador, Anastas Kaboba Kasongo Wa Kimba, who doubles up as Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, shared the experiences of his country on issues of Pan-Africanism, accusing the imperialists of funding wars inAfrica to destabilise these countries. “They are the masterminds of wars in Africa, but let the African people fight to destabilise African countries. They do not want socio-economic development of Africans,” said Kimba. Kimba has advocated for intra-Africa trade and pushed for the speedy abolishment of visa systems which would enable all Africans to move freely within their continent. The Namibian - AGENDA2063,MEMBERSTATEINITIATIVES: The example of Namibia H.E. Hifikepunye Pohamba, President of the Republic of Namibia
  18. 18. 17 presente-se pessoalmente – Quem é a Senhora? C hamo-me Maria Eugénia Neto, viúva do Dr. António Agostinho Neto, Fundador da República Popular de Angola e seu primeiro Presidente. Nasci em Portugal, Trás-os-Montes, e tenho duas nacionalidades: Portuguesa e Angolana. Sou escritora Infanto-Juvenil e Poetisa. Tenho diversos livros publicados Infanto-Juvenis. Tenho publicados também: dois livros de Poesia e três Testemunhos sobre Agostinho Neto: um deles, passando- se em Cabo Verde quando era deportado politico, mas nomeado como Delegado de Saúde da Ilha de Santo Antão. O meu livro “E nas Florestas os Bichos Falaram...” recebeu um Prémio pela Comissão da UNESCO na FEIRA DOS MAIS BELOS LIVROS DO MUNDO, em 1978, em Leipzig. Foi traduzido em diversas línguas. Este meu livro é uma elegia de amor ao povo angolano em que os animais, com medo da guerra, discutem em Assembleia se devem ficar ou abandonar o território, mas resolvem ficar e pôr-se ao lado dos guerrilheiros. Em 2012 fui Galardoada com o Prémio Nacional de Cultura e Artes na Disciplina de Literatura. Como guardiã do espólio de Agostinho Neto, fiz diversas reedições das suas Obras, dentre elas , o seu célebre livro, “Sagrada Esperança”, o qual teve, em tamanho de álbum, uma Edição de luxo em três línguas: português, francês, inglês, ilustradas por Pimentel Domingues. Publiquei,postumamente,oseulivro“RenúnciaImpossível”, na altura do seu sexagésimo aniversário. Neste momento sou a Presidente da Fundação Dr. António Agostinho Neto. Durante a Luta de Libertação de Angola, na Tanzânia, dei a minha contribuição na retaguarda com outras mulheres de combatentes nas tarefas do MPLA a nós acessíveis, tais como: programas de rádio para a “Angola Combatente”, a rádioqueeraouvidanopaísefuncionavacomomobilizadora do povo. Tarefas da Organização da Mulher Angolana (fui responsável do correio da Organização para o exterior). Nessas tarefas inseriam-se contactos com individualidades progressistas, residentes em Dar-es-Salam. ÉassimqueconhecemosMargaHolnessquetraduziriapara inglês e prefaciaria a Obra poética,”Sagrada Esperança”, a obra mais conhecida então de Agostinho Neto, a qual foi publicada pela Tanzania Publishing House e lançada à estampa, por Julius Nyerere, na State House. Foi nessa altura também que escrevi diversas pequenas Present yourself - Who are you? M y name is Maria Eugénia Neto, widow of Dr. António Agostinho Neto, Founder of the Popular Republic of Angola and its first president. I was born in Trás-os- Montes, Portugal and I have a dual citizenship: Portuguese and Angolan. I am a writer specializing on children and youth, and also a poet. I have published several books on children and youth. I also publishedtwopoetrybooksandthreetestimoniesonAgostinho Neto.OneofthemrelatestoeventsthattookplaceinCapeVerde when Agostinho Neto was a political deportee, and at the same time appointed as health delegate to the island of Santo Antão. My book “E nas Florestas os Bichos Falaram...” (And in the forests the Bugs spoke) was prized by the UNESCO Commission at the FAIR OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL BOOKS IN THE WORLD, in 1978, in Leipzig. It was translated into several languages. This book of mine is an elegy of love to the Angolan people in which animals, for fear of INTERVIEW Agenda 2063, lessons from the past, adjustments of the present and planning a successful future! Maria Eugénia Neto, widow of Dr. António Agostinho Neto, Founder of the Popular Republic of Angola We cannot say that the vision of Dr. Agostinho Neto is being accomplished and Africa is being restored within the splendor envisaged by the poet but...
  19. 19. 18 histórias sobre heróis do MPLA que circulavam como materiais de denúncias da guerra colonial, as quais, depois da Independência, juntei em livros. Fale um pouco mais do seu esposo, a sua vida, a sua visão, bem como as suas acções no seu país, na sua região e no continente? António Agostinho Neto nasceu em Caxicane, terras de Icolo e Bengo, ou seja, a 60kms de Luanda. Seu pai foi um Pastor Protestante que, além das práticas religiosas, ensinou alunos que levou a exame da 4ª classe, o ensino obrigatório de então. Como nós sabemos a maior parte dos naturais de Angola vivia com bastantes dificuldades. É assim que depois de feita a escola secundária, antes de embarcar para Portugal, Agostinho Neto trabalhou nos serviços administrativos do Estado. Osseuspaisforameducadospelosmissionáriosamericanos os quais lhes deram uma educação primorosa. Uma vez em Portugal, inscreve-se na Faculdade de Medicina de Coimbra, e aí completa os três primeiros anos de medicina tendo, todavia, terminado o Curso em Lisboa. No entanto, uma vez em Coimbra, começou a participar em actividades político-culturais, colaborando em revistas e jornais, começando a aparecer os seus primeiros poemas em diversas revistas, entre as quais a Revista Vértice, tornando-se notável esta Figura. Regressado a Lisboa, é preso diversas vezes pela polícia secreta portuguesa “PIDE”, acusadodeactividades subversivas contra a Segurança do Estado. De 1955 a 1957,esteve encarcerado na cadeia war, debated in an assembly whether they should stay or leave the country, but decided to stay and teamed up with the freedom fighters. In 2012, I was bestowed with the National Culture and Art Prize in the specialty of literature. As a keeper of Agostinho Neto’s heritage, I ordered several re- editions of his writings, among which, his most famous book “ Sagrada Esperança” (Sacred Hope) which had a size of a photo album, a luxury edition in three languages: Portuguese, French and English, with illustrations from Mr. Pimental Domingos. I posthumously published his book “renúncia impossível” (impossible abandonment) during his 60th birthday. I am currently the Chairperson of the Agostinho Neto Foundation. During the struggle for the liberation of Angola, I gave my contribution in the rear base, in Tanzania, with other freedom fighters’ wives in carrying out Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) tasks given to us such as the radio programs “Angola Combatente” (Angola Combatant), a radio program that people inside the country listened to and served as a conduit to mobilize the Angolan general public. As for the duties within the Organization of Angolan Women, I was in charge of the Organization’s mails to foreign countries. These tasks included contacts with progressist individuals living in Dar-es-salaam. That is how we met Mrs. Marga Holness who translated our documents into English and wrote the forewords of the poetic book “Sagrada Esperança” Agostinho Neto’s most renowned work printed by Tanzania Publishing House and launched by President Julius Nyerere in the State House. ItwasduringthistimethatIwroteseveralsmallhistoriesonMPLA heroes which circulated as materials to denounce the colonial war which I compiled into books after our independence. Can we know more about your husband, his life, his vision, and his actions in his country, his region and the continent? Do you think his vision is being realized? António Agostinho Neto was born in Caxicane, territory of Icolo e Bengo, which is around 60 kms from Luanda. His father was a Protestant priest and a primary school grade 4 teacher, the then compulsory education. Asweknow,themajorityofAngolannativeslivedunderimmense difficulties.Thatiswhy,afterconcludinghissecondaryeducation and before moving to Portugal, Agostinho neto had to work as a state administration clerk. His parents were educated by American missionaries who gave them an exquisite education. Once in Portugal, he enrolled at the Coimbra Faculty of medicine, where he completed the first three years of medicine which he went on to conclude in Lisbon. Meantime, while still in Coimbra, he started to participate in some political and cultural activities and collaborating in magazines and journals. That is when his firstpoemsstartedtoemergeinseveralmagazinesamongwhich the Vértice Magazine, which made his name and figure known. Back to Lisbon, he was several times arrested by “PIDE”, the Não poderemos dizer que a sua visão esteja a ser realizada e que a África ressurja no esplendor almejado do Poeta mas...
  20. 20. 19 do Porto com mais 55 jovens progressistas portugueses que lutavam contra o fascismo e o fim da guerra colonial. Valeu- lhe ter uma grande campanha internacional a seu favor dos maiores escritores e artistas mundiais para que fosse posto em liberdade. Por um pouco não terminaria o seu curso de medicina, o objectivo que o levou a Portugal. Saído da prisão em Junho de 1957, terminaria o seu curso em 27 de Outubro de 1958 e casaria com Maria Eugénia da Silva, a jovem que o apoio na cadeia durante todo o percurso de 1955 a 1957. Em Fins de 1959, regressa a Luanda com a sua esposa Maria Eugénia e o seu filho Mário Jorge, de apenas algumas semanas. Uma vez em Angola, começa o seu trabalho de unidade e consciencialização junto do povo para as futuras lutas que teriam de iniciar para Independência. Isso levá-lo-ia de novo à cadeia, e a 8 de Junho de 1960 é preso e deportado para Cabo Verde, para a Ilha de Santo Antão como Delegado de Saúde, sendo o único médico para uma população de trinta mil pessoas. Mas a 17 de Setembro de 1962 é feito de novo prisioneiro e enviado para a cadeia do Aljube, em Portugal, onde após seis meses é posto em liberdade condicional, permitindo ao Partido Comunista Português organizar a sua fuga para o Marrocos. Uma vez em Marrocos, parte para o Congo Kinshasa aonde se encontrava o Bureau do MPLA e numa Conferência de militantes, é eleito seu Presidente. Começa a sua liderança no seio do Movimento tendo assumido a direcção da luta político-militar, e Comandante em Chefe da guerrilha. O contexto da luta de libertação de Angola foi muito difícil. O MPLA como força progressista e Agostinho Neto como seu Líder tiveram muitas vitórias, mas sofreram muitas pressões e reveses manipulados pelos neocolonialistas. Agostinho Neto era “demasiado” nacionalista, disposto a que a luta de libertação não fosse apenas beneficiar um grupo de pessoas e, como ele disse,” que este processo não seja apenas para uma elite, mas antes um processo em que todo o povo participe”. Agostinho Neto pretendeu que o seu país fosse Não Alinhado. Isso não agradou a muitos, trouxe mesmo fissuras no seio do MPLA, houve muitas intrigas no seio dos combatentes, eles confundiam muitas vezes a cor da pele com o inimigo. Foi preciso esclarecê-los em reuniões políticas para lhes indicar quem era o inimigo. Nesse momento crucial para o MPLA, Agostinho Neto escreve o seu célebre discurso”Quem É O Inimigo?” que foi proferido na Universidade de Dar-es- Salam perante jovens estudantes e professores. É um discurso histórico que pontualiza as dificuldades da África em se reencontrar, e não se deixar confundir, antes discernir quem é o inimigo. Agostinho Neto na África Austral, deu o seu contributo à libertação da Namíbia e do Zimbabwe e ajudou a pôr fim ao apartheid na África do Sul. Não poderemos dizer que a sua visão esteja a ser realizada e que a África ressurja no esplendor almejado do Poeta. Portuguese Secret Police which accused him of subversive activities against the state security. From 1955 to 1957 he was incarcerated in Porto alongside 55 Portuguese young progressists who were fighting against fascism and the colonial war. He was lucky that a robust global campaign for his freedom was launched by some influential writers and artists. He was on the verge of not concluding his course of medicine, the objective that brought him to Portugal. Freed from prison in June 1957, he concluded his course in October 1958 and got married with Maria Eugenia da Silva, the young girl who helped him while he was in prison from 1955 to 1957. He went back to Luanda at the end of 1959 with his wife Maria Eugenia and son Mario Jorge who was only few weeks old. Once in Angola he began his work of uniting Angolan nationalists and creating awareness of the future battles that needed to be fought for the independence of Angola. This took him back to prison and the point of being deported on 8 June 1960 to the Island of Santo Antão, Cape Verde, as health delegate, being the only medical doctor for a population of 30.000 inhabitants. On 17 September 1962, he was again arrested and transferred to the prison of Aljube, Portugal. His provisional release after 6 months provided the opportunity for the Portuguese Communist Party to organize his escape to Morocco. From Morocco he went to Congo Kinshasa where the MPLA Office was located and was subsequently elected MPLA’s President during a Conference of its militants. That was the beginning of his leadership of MPLA and its political and military struggle as Commander in Chief of the guerrilla forces. The context of the Angolan war of liberation was very difficult. The MPLA as a progressist force and Agostinho Neto as its leader registered several victories but also suffered a lot of pressure and setbacks committed by neocolonialists. Agostinho Neto was “too much” of a nationalist. Wary that the struggle for liberation could end up benefiting a handful of people, he proclaimed that “this process should not be only for the elite, but a process in which all our people can participate” Agostinho Neto wanted Angola to be a nonaligned country. This option did not please many people including within the MPLA itself which was plagued by intrigue by a group of militantswho,often,confusedtheskincolorofcertainpeople with the enemy. There was therefore a need to make clear, during political meetings, who was the enemy. It was in that crucial moment for the MPLA that Agostinho Neto wrote his famousspeech“WhoistheEnemy?”whichhedeliveredtothe students and professors at the University of Dar-es-salaam. It is a historic speech which pinpoints the difficulties of Africa torediscoveritselfbynotallowinganyconfusiontosetin,but clearly identify who the enemy is.
  21. 21. 20 Mas a África, nas suas vitórias e derrotas, está descobrindo o caminho para a sua afirmação no contexto global da humanidade. Como Primeira-dama, quais são as acções dignas de memória que levaram a cabo em conjunto com o seu esposo? A principal acção que partilhei com o meu marido foi a Independência de Angola em 11 de Novembro de 1975, proclamada pela sua voz, perante a África e o mundo. Ainda mantem um contacto permanente com outras Primeiras-damas? Lembra-se de quaisquer outras acções levadas a cabo em colaboração com outras mulheres influentes em África ou com quaisquer outras Primeiras-damas? NãotivemuitasactividadescomasPrimeirasDamasAfricanas porque estávamos num contexto muito difícil de guerra e todas as nossas atenções estavam viradas para a mobilização do povo e para a substância espiritual a dar-lhes. É assim que nasce a “União dos Escritores Angolanos”. Agostinho Neto foi oPrimeiroPresidentedaMesadaAssembleiaGeraleogrande mentor na proclamação da nossa União dos Escritores, sendo eu também, um dos membros Fundadores. Os poetas, os escritores e os artistas, estavam todos em sintonia e eram a alma espiritual do povo. O povo aderia às ideias do MPLA. O MPLA era como um deus gigante que se alastrava por Angola inteira e dava certeza na vitória. Todos os séculos de dominação se apagavam, e Agostinho Neto era o Símbolo dessa Vitória. Era aquele que dizia ao povo, vamos caminhar com toda a humanidade, pela harmonia e pela paz. Neste momento em que celebramos, hoje, o 50º Aniversário da nossa Organização Continental, que análise pode fazer da África? Hoje, ao celebrarmos o quinquagésimo aniversário da Organização Continental Africana este deve ser motivo de regozijo, mas também de reflexão. O processo de descolonização terminou, o apartheid viu o seu fim, isto representa grandes vitórias. Contudo, o continente está a ferro e fogo, em muitos países! Temos de estar bem alerta para que o neocolonialismo não destrua as conquistas alcançadas pelas independências e os povos não deixem de acreditar nos seus líderes. Porque tantas guerras? Porque tantas vidas humanas destruídas? Porque tanto ódio? Porque é que uma elite terá de ser tão rica e as populações ficarem numa grande miséria? Porque é que o conhecimento não chega a todos? Nós pensamos que só o conhecimento pode levar-nos ao progresso e á conquista da paz. Como mulher, o que lhe apraz dizer sobre o papel da In Southern Africa, Agostinho Neto contributed to the liberationofNamibiaandZimbabweaswellaspassionately supporting the fight against the South African apartheid regime.Wecannotsaythathisvisionisbeingaccomplished and Africa is being restored within the splendor envisaged bythepoet.ButAfrica,throughitsvictoriesanddrawbacks is discovering the path for its affirmation in the global context of humanity. As a First Lady, what are the memorable actions that you had together with your husband? The main act I shared with my husband was the independence of Angola on 11 November 1975, which he proclaimed with his voice before Africa and the entire world. Do you still have relationship with other First Ladies? Do you remember any actions you made in collaboration with other influential ladies in Africa or any other first ladies? I did not have many activities with other African First Ladies because we were in a context of war and all our attentions were to be directed to the mobilization of the people and to the spiritual substance we needed to impart on them. That is how the “Union of Angolan Writers” was created. Agostinho Neto was the first Chairman of its General Assembly and the great mentor of its formation. I am also one of its founding members. Poets, writers and artists were all in agreement and constituted the people’s spiritual soul. The people adhered to MPLA’s ideas. The MPLA was like a giant God that spread throughout the entire country and provided the certainty for victory. All the centuries of foreign dominion vanished and Agostinho Neto was the symbol of that victory. He was the one who told the people let us walk full of humanity, for harmony and peace. Today, as we celebrate the 50th Anniversary of our Continental Organization, what analysis can you make about Africa? Today, while celebrating the Golden Jubilee of our continental organization, should be a motivation for rejoicing but also for reflection. The decolonization processisover,the apartheidisover,whichrepresentgreat victories. The continent remains, however, under fire and swordinmanycountries.Wehavetoremainhighlyvigilant to prevent neocolonialism from destroying the conquests we achieved through our independences and force our populations to stop believing in their leaders. What is the reason for so many wars? Why so many lost lives? Why so much hatred? Why should elite be so rich while entire populations remain in abject poverty? Why are we not aware of this? We believe that only knowledge
  22. 22. 21 mulher no Continente? Eu penso que as mulheres podem ter e, algumas já têm, um papel muito importante no Continente, algumas desempenhando cargos na vida política e económica dos seus países. Como nós sabemos, algumas individualmente, outras através dassuasorganizaçõesdemassas,deramumgrandecontributo na luta de libertação do continente, fosse como activistas, guerrilheiras, enfermeiras, professoras ou camionistas, que levavam materiais até ás frentes de combate. Hoje, cada vez mais, as mulheres participam na condução dos seus povos e nas decisões internacionais para melhorar as relações do nosso continente e do mundo. Como passa o seu tempo aqui e agora? Qual é a sua paixão? Ocupo-me dos assuntos da Fundação Dr. António Agostinho Neto e de assuntos relativos à Obra Poética e Política de Agostinho Neto, bem assim do seu espólio, do qual sou a guardiã. Ocupo-me também da nossa família. A minha paixão é o conhecimento, pois só ele nos levará á compreensão uns dos outros e a agir em conformidade. QualéasuavisãoquantoaofuturodaÁfricanospróximos 10, 20 e 50 anos? EupensoqueaÁfricaprecisadelíderesqueentendamosseus deveres para com os seus povos e sintam que o destino os fez arautosdajustiça.Istoquerendodizer,queelesterãoderefrear os seus ímpetos de grandeza e sentir as responsabilidades que a nossa época lhes atribuiu na eliminação da miséria e da pobreza, guiando os seus povos para a paz e o progresso. Se tivermos homens deste calibre, a África poderá progredir, não só economicamente como espiritualmente e reencontrar-se ela própria. Poderá vir a ocupar o seu lugar no nosso mundo, pois que, se não o fizerem agora, daqui a cinquenta anos a tecnologia poderá levar-nos para outros mundos… O que pensa da “Agenda-2063”? Acho que já respondi a este ponto na última pergunta. Estará disponível e trabalhar de mãos dadas com a UA na implementação deste projecto? Através da Fundação Dr. António Agostinho Neto daremos o nosso melhor para que a África elimine todos os males de que é vitima – as doenças, a ignorância, o analfabetismo e a fome. Assim sendo, estaremos a colaborar com a União Africana para a realização dos sonhos de muitos dos seus melhores filhos, para que o continente caminhe em paz e concordância. Luanda, 25 de Setembro de 2013 Maria Eugénia Neto of these phenomena can lead us to progress and peace. As a woman, what can you say about the role of women on the Continent? I think women can play, as some are already doing, a very important role on the continent, by holding important political and economic responsibilities in their countries. As we know, some women individually and others through political organizations, made a critical contribution in the struggle for the liberation of our continent, either as activists, freedom fighters, nurses, teachers or truck drivers who transported vital logistics to the war fronts. Today, more and more women are taking part in leading their peoples and in the international decision making process aiming at improving relationships within our continent and in the world at large. How do you spend your time right now? What is your passion? I am busy taking care of matters related to the Agostinho Neto Foundation and other issues related to his poetic legacy and heritage which I am the custodian. I also take care of our family. My passion is knowledge, since only knowledge allows us to understand one another and act harmoniously. What is your vision for the future of Africa in the next 10, 20 and 50years? I think Africa is in need of Leaders who understand their duties towards their populations and feel that destiny made them the heralds of justice. This means that, these leaders should refrain from their individualistic impetus for opulence and comprehend the responsibilities given to them for the elimination of misery and poverty, and leading their respective peoples towards peace and progress. If we have Leaders of this caliber, Africa would progress not only economicallybutalsospirituallyandwillquicklyrediscover itself. This is the only way Africa can occupy its rightful place in the concert of nations, because if we don’t do it now, technology could take us, fifty years down the line, to unexpected places… What do you think about Agenda 2063? I think I have already responded to this in the last question Would you be available to be in partnership with the AU on this project? We will do our level best, through Agostinho Neto Foundation, to help Africa eliminate all evils befalling it such as diseases, ignorance, illiteracy and hunger. By doing so, we would be collaborating with the African Union in the fulfillment of this common dream of thousands of Africans so that our continent can move forward in peace and harmony. Luanda, 25 de September 2013. Maria Eugénia Neto
  23. 23. 22 AGENDA 2063, A CONTINENTAL CONSULTATION Sep.12.2013 - Sep.14.2013: Consultation with the Private Sector on the African Union Agenda 2063 - Nairobi, Kenya Sep.26.2013 - Sep.28.2013 Consultation with Ministries in charge of Economy, Finance and Planning Experts on the African Union Agenda 2063 - Dakar, Senegal
  24. 24. 23 Sep.30.2013 - Oct.02.2013 Consultation with the Civil Society Stakeholders on the African Union Agenda 2063. Dakar, Senegal Oct.08.2013 - Oct.10.2013: Consultation with the Diaspora on the African Union Agenda 2063 - New York, United States of America Oct.21.2013 - Oct.23.2013 Consultation with the RECS and AU Organs on the African Union Agenda 2063, Gaborone, Botswana
  25. 25. 24 Nov.01.2013 - Nov.03.2013 Consultation with the Youth on Agenda 2063, Hammamet, Tunisia Dec.12.2013 - Dec.13.2013 Consultation with Women on Agenda 2063 - Yaounde, Cameroon Dec.09.2013 - Dec.10.2013 Consultation with Media on Agenda 2063 - Yaoundé, Cameroon
  26. 26. 25 B ahirDar,Ethiopia,24th  January2014: With the aim of brainstorming and exchanging ideas on critical issues relating to Africa’s Agenda 2063, and the state of the African Union, members of the AU Executive Council converged at a ministerial retreat, which kicked off on 24th  January 2014, in the Ethiopian city of Bahir Dar, under the theme of “Defining Agenda 2063 for Africa”. Hosted by the Ethiopian Government in collaboration with the African Union Commission (AUC), the three-day retreat was to discuss the framework for the Agenda 2063, the implementation of the Strategic Plan of the Commission (2014-2017), and revisit AU structures, decision making processes, and its implementation mechanisms for effective delivery on set objectives. Dr.NkosazanaDlaminiZuma,AUCChairperson, noted in her opening remarks that as Africa just emerged from the collective reflections on Pan Africanism and African Renaissance that grounded its golden jubilee celebrations, and as it looks ahead towards the next fifty years, the retreat presents an opportunity to revisit some of the debates, in a more convivial atmosphere. Dr. Dlamini Zuma said that the decision of the Chairperson of the Executive Council to have this retreat on the Africa Agenda 2063 was well-timed, with a view “to enable this august body to add its collective contribution towards EVENT First AU Ministerial Retreat Reflects on Africa’s Agenda 2063   Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, AUC Chairperson and Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  27. 27. 26 the Africa we want and the milestones we must set towards this end”, specially that the Agenda 2063 is coming after a year of robust consultations with civil society on the future they want.  Addressing the retreat, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and Chairperson of the AU Executive Council, highlighted that the continent needs to address issues such as the economic emancipation, peace and stability, accelerating rapid economic growth, governance and democratization, leadership and the need for a critical mass of people with a developmental mindset, in order to realize its long term agendas. He emphasized on the significance of the Agenda 2063 for the future of the African continent and achievement of the African Renaissance.  Representing the host country, Mr. Gedu Andargachew, President of the Amhara National Regional State, welcomed the hosting of the ministerial retreat in Bahir Dar, noting that the event “will offer a good opportunity for our people to enhance their understanding of our continental organization and its activities”. The overall objective of the First Ministerial Retreat of the African Union is to give clear direction and guidelines on the key areas of Agenda 2063 for subsequent elaboration and devising on best ways and means of improving the functioning of the AU structures, institutions and processes with a view to attaining its objectivesaswellastogalvanizesynergyamong all major stakeholders, actors and development partners. Agenda 2063 will be considered by the 22nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of AU Heads of State and Government on 30th January, and the final adoption is expected to be done at the 23rd Ordinary Session of the Assembly in June/July 2014. The retreat was attended by the AU Foreign MinistersandMembersoftheExecutiveCouncil; Dr. Carlos Lopez, Executive Secretary of the UnitedNationsEconomicCommissionforAfrica; Mr. Erastus Mwencha Deputy Chairperson of the AU Commission; AU Commissioners, and members of the PRC and other officials. The ministerial retreat ended its debates on Sunday 26th January 2014. From right to left Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, and Tumusiime Rhoda Peace, Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture leading the participants of the retreat in Bahir Dar
  28. 28. 27 A. INTRODUCTION The Bahir Dar Ministerial Retreat of theA1. Executive Council, hosted by and under the Chairpersonship of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, deliberated on the evolving Agenda 2063 Framework and contributed to the collective reflections of Africans on their past, present and the future they want. The retreat took place during the last phase of the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of the OAU/AU, with its theme “Pan Africanism and African Renaissance.’ Thecontinent-wideagendaisbeingelaboratedA2. at a moment of great opportunities for Africa, with positive movements on the political, social and economic fronts. At the same time, Africa continues to face the challenge of overcoming the legacy of colonialism, exploitation, underdevelopment and marginalization. Agenda 2063 seeks to elaborate the agendaA3. for the next fifty years, to galvanize and unite in action all Africans and the Diaspora around the common vision of a peaceful, integrated and prosperous Africa, driven by its citizens and taking its rightful place in the world. As an overarching framework, it provides internal coherence and coordination to continental, regional and national frameworks and plans adopted by the OAU and AU, Members states and RECs. The Retreat noted the two pronged-approachA4. towards the development of Agenda 2063, widespread consultations with all formations of African society and the Diaspora backed by rigorous technical analysis, including baseline studies and benchmarking, review of all national development plans, scenarios and trend analysis through the joint AUC, ADB, ECA and NEPAD team, as outlined in the Progress report on Agenda 2063. B. VISION The Bahir Dar retreat agreed on the continentalB1. consensus on the African vision, and notes the emerging central tenets and aspirations contained in the Agenda 2063 Framework document, the AU Commission Chairperson’s ‘Agenda 2063: an e-mail from the future’ and other presentations and inputs made during consultations and at the Retreat; The Retreat further agreed that the dreamB2. of an Africa that is integrated, peaceful and prosperous is achievable, provided that we construct this future, based on actions taken now. We must furthermore unite in action as Member states, Regional Economic Communities, the African Union and all its organs, all continental formations and stakeholders, the African citizenry and peoples of African descent, for the realization of the goals, milestones and targets we set in Agenda 2063. That Agenda 2063 is an endogenous planB3. of transformation, that seeks to harness the continent’s comparative advantages such as its people, history and cultures; its natural resources; its position and repositioning in the world to effect equitable and people-centred growth and development and eradicate poverty; develop Africa’s human capital; build social assets, infrastructure and public goods; empower women and youth; promote lasting peace and security; and strengthen and develop effective, strong developmental states and participatory and accountable institutions and governance. However, there is a need for more precise definition of the type of transformation that Africa desires that will place us on this trajectory and lead to the development architecture to attain our goals. The acceleration and consolidation of AfricanB4. integration and unity; the participation, solidarity and determination of its leadership and peoples and the structural transformation of African economies and societies are preconditions for success. The Retreat stressed the importance of AfricaB5. funding for its institutions and programmes, as a critical enabler for the implementation of Agenda 2063. Agenda 2063 is a continuation of theB6. Pan African drive over centuries for self- determination, progress and freedom, and central to the realization of the African renaissance and century. C. AFRICA’S PLACE IN THE WORLD The Retreat noted that Africa’s transformationC1. takes place in the context of an unfolding global situation and trends, including the ongoing realignments of the global economic, geopolitical, security and social landscapes; changes and advances in technology, production, trade, knowledge and labour markets; the opportunities presented by global demographic trends and the growing global middle classes in emerging and developing countries and regions; OUTCOMES OF THE BAHIR DAR MINISTERIAL RETREAT OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL ON AGENDA 2063 24-26 JANUARY 2014 As adopted by the 24th Ordinary Session of the Executive Council, 27-28 January 2014, Addis Ababa (Rev.1)
  29. 29. 28 That by 2063 Africa’s population is projectedC2. to reach 30% of the world’s population, Asia 50%, however our share of the world’s GDP is projected to be only 10%. Our transformation agenda must change this GDP trajectory, with industrialization as the key driver, linked with agriculture and food security. That we are also conscious of the uncertaintyC3. in the global environment, and the potential of shocks and developments that may impact on Africa’s trajectory, and that we need to build resilience to mitigate and take advantage of such changes. That African engagement with the rest of theC4. world continues to be defined by the ebbs and falls of demand for its natural resources and primary products; the migration of its peoples (forced or otherwise), but also by its contributions to global culture, geo-politics and to progressive human ideals of progress, tolerance, freedom and justice, as captured by the Pan African movement. That Africa needs to take charge of its globalC5. narrative and brand, to ensure that it reflects continental realities, aspirations and priorities and Africa’s position in the world. The Retreat reaffirms African unity andC6. solidarity in the face of continued external interference including by multi-national corporations, attempts to divide the continent and undue pressures and illegal sanctions on some countries. To positionAfrica in the world, by strengtheningC7. our common perspectives on partnerships that reflects the unity of the continent and its priorities and perspectives on matters of global importance, ensuring co-chairing of all Summits and forums on Africa. Such common perspectiveswouldincreasebargainingpower, bring about balance in the kind of partnerships that Africa enters into and promoting Africa’s common interests and agenda. D. THREATS AND RISKS The Retreat analyzed the old and new threatsE1. faced by the continent, including scrambles for its resources in the face of changing global demands and demographics; undue external influence in the affairs of the continent; its disproportionate burden of the impact of climate change; and the huge scale of illicit outflows of African resources and capital. The potential internal threats posed by rapidE2. population growth, youth unemployment, conflicts and internal strife and growing inequality and subjective threats such as weak institutions, state fragility, exclusion and poor management of diversity; terrorism and trans-national crime; rent-seeking, corruption and lack of accountability. The Retreat acknowledged that these threatsE3. and challenges can be mitigated and turned into opportunities through collective strategies and effective public policies and actions. E. ENABLERS AND CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESS The retreat noted thatAfrica’s drive for transformation will be facilitated by key enablers, among these are: Building and promotion ofE1. Peace and Security as a critical condition for development, growth and human security, through African solutions and responses, promotion of tolerance, reconciliation and forgiveness, domestic resource mobilization for African peace- keeping and peace-building and the inclusive management of diversity and resources. The Retreat noted the financial and human cost of conflicts, in particular the costs of expenditure on arms, mainly from manufacturers outside of the continent.The Retreat agreed that we must learn from past and present success stories of peaceful resolution to disputes, such as the peaceful settlement of Bakassi Peninsula case between Nigeria and Cameroon, which was settled after a twenty-year process through mutually agreed international arbitration. Effective management and the beneficiationE2. of African resources to effect transformation, inclusive growth and industrialization. Structural transformationE3. ofAfrican economies and societies, through high and sustained rates of economic growth, diversification and industrialization, human capital development, agriculture and food security, infrastructure development, the provision of basic services and public goods, the promotion of intra- African trade and investment, effective and accountable governance and institutions and faster economic and political integration. Investment in human capital development, inE4. order to reap the demographic dividend, with special focus on the empowerment of women and youth and investments in skills, science, technology, research and innovation. Effective and visionary leadership with politicalE5. commitment and accountability, coupled with the mobilization and participation of African citizens and strata. Effective, accountable and participatoryE6. institutions and governance based on transparent laws and rules, effective public policy and services, strengthening the role of the state in development, enhancing the legitimacy of institutions and building public trust. We must develop general principals around the evolution of African developmental states. Domestic mobilization of Finances andE7.