The magic of second language acquisition• I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.• Public domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Hagith.svg&oldid=43289182
Present tense -ar- verbs• Buenos dias clase!!• Watch the chapter two video on the Supersite.• Pay attention to what Ines says to Maite » Tomas muchas clases ¿no? » Pues sí, me gusta estudiar mucho.• Remember the verb estudiar means to study.• Estudiar is a verb.• Verbs express actions or states of being.
Present tense -ar- verbs• The infinitive is the base form of a verb.• In English the infinitive is preceded by the word to.• In Spanish the infinitive is a one word form and can be identifies by its endings. –ar–, –er–, –ir– » estudiar to study » comer to eat » escribir to write
Present tense -ar- verbs• You will learn to conjugate -ar- verbs.• Start with the infinitive form of the verb.• Drop the infinitive endings –ar–. – estudiar estudi• Then add the endings of the different subject pronouns.• –o– –amos– estudio estudiamos –as– –ais– estudias estudiais –a– –an– estudia estudian
Present tense -ar- verbs• Now repeat after me. yo estudio nosotros/as estudiamos tú estudias vosotros/as estudiáis ud/él/ella estudia uds/ellos/ellas estudian• Muy bien. Now you know how to conjugate –ar – verbs in the present tense
Present tense -ar- verbs• Here are some additional common –ar– verbs: bailar to dance contestar to answer desear to want, to wish enseñar to teach hablar to talk, to speak terminar to end, to finish trabajar to work viajar to travel• These are just a few. There are many more.• All of them are conjugated the same way.
Present tense -ar- verbs• Let’s talk about the present tense.• The present you practiced with estudiar expresses with one word the three different ways that English uses to express the present. Paco trabaja en la cafeteria: Paco works in the cafeteria Paco is working in the cafeteria Paco does work in the cafeteria
Present tense -ar- verbs• In Spanish and English the present tense is also used to express future actions. El profesor viaja a Madrid mañana. The professor travels to Madrid tomorrow. The professor will travel to Madrid tomorrow. The professor is travelling to Madrid tomorrow
Present tense -ar- verbs• Remember that when two verbs appear together with no change of subject, the second one is in the infinitive. Deseo hablar con don Francisco. I wish to speak with Don Francisco.
Present tense -ar- verbs• How to form a negative sentence in Spanish.• In the following sentence the word no is placed in front of the conjugated verb. No deseo hablar con don Francisco I do not wish to speak to don Francisco• Here the Spanish word no means not
Present tense -ar- verbs• Atención, the Spanish verbs buscar, esperar, mirar, esperar do not need to be followed by a preposition as they do in English. Escucho la musica I listen to the music.
Present tense -ar- verbs• Now, look at the following dialogue: . ¿Hablas japonés? Do you speak Japanese. No, no hablo japonés. No, I do not speak Japanese.• Did you notice anything special about the subject pronouns?
Present tense -ar- verbs• You might notice that the Spanish sentences do not have a subject pronoun. Unlike English, In Spanish, the subject pronouns yo, tú, usted, él, ella, nosotros/as, vosotros/as, ustedes, ellos, ellas can be omitted since the subject is indicated by the verb ending. However, subject pronouns can be used for clarification. ¿Qué enseñan ellos? Ella enseña arte y él enseña física.• They are also used for emphasis. ¿Quién desea enseñar la clase? Yo deseo enseñar la clase.
Present tense -ar- verbs• The verb gustar, used to express likes and dislikes, is used differently from other –ar– verbs.• Use me or te in front of gusta and gustan.• A singular noun or an infinitive form follows gusta. Me gusta la música clásica I like classical music Me gusta viajar. I like to travel• A plural noun follows gustan. Me gustan las clases de español I like Spanish classes.
Present tense -ar- verbs• To say what you don’t like, insert no before me or te. No me gustan las clases de español. I do not like Spanish classes.• NEVER use the subject pronoun “yo” or “tú” with these expressions. Instead, use me or te respectively.• Hasta pronto