SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 21
share your talent. move the world.
Influencing health-related
behavior, habits and lifestyle
using digital health tools
Health & Technology, March 2021; by Herman de Vries, MSc
share your talent. move the world.
Contents
1. Defining behavior, habits and lifestyle
2. Theories on behavior change
3. Technology for behavior change
4. Behavior change techniques
5. Take away messages
2
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
1.1 What is behavior?
“Behavior is an umbrella term that
describes the aggregate of
responses to internal and external
stimuli and the specific observable
conduct of an individual” 1
3
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
1.2 What are habits?
“Habits are context–behaviour
associations in memory that
develop as people repeatedly
experience rewards for a given
action in a given context” 2
4
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
1.3 What is a lifestyle?
“A lifestyle is a set of habits that are
directed by the same main goal” 3
5
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
1.4 A taxonomy 1
Behaviors are building
blocks of habits
Habits are building
blocks of a lifestyle
6
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
2.1 Nature versus nurture
Do we behave the way we do
because we were built that way
(nature)
... or because of what we have
experienced and learned during
our lives (nurture)?
7
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
2.2 Fixed and growth mindsets 4
Adopting a growth mindset is
generally more productive
Be aware: not everything can be
influenced or changed – absence
of change ≠ culpable failure (!)
8
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
2.3 Theory of Planned Behavior 5
• Behavior can be
(sub)consciously influenced
• TPB-based interventions often
target attitude, subjective norm
& perceived behavioral control
The big question: How to sustain a
certain behavior so that long-term
beneficial habits are formed?
9
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
2.4 Nudging
Source: Behaviour Change By Design – YouTube
10
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
3.1 Potential of technology
• Submersed in personal context
• Available 24/7
• Unobtrusive monitoring
• Historical data
• Personalized feedback, triggers
and interventions
11
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
3.2 Lessons from Silicon Valley 6
• It is difficult to change or
replace established habits
• Habit change requires repetition
• Products need to motivate and
enable users to keep using it
• Variable rewards can help to
engage users
12
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
3.3 Persuasive systems design
• Persuasive systems: "Interactive
information technology designed for
changing users’ attitudes or behavior“ 7
• Fogg Behavior Model: Behavior =
motivation x ability x prompt 8
• Potential of health technology: provide
the right prompt at the right time
13
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
4.1 Behaviour Change Techniques
• A taxonomy of 93 BCTs was
formed to optimise the reporting
and scientific study of behavior
change interventions 9
• Some examples (paraphrased):
– Provide information
– Goal setting
– Action planning
– Prompt review of goals or rewards
– Self-monitoring
– Social comparison
– Social support
– Fear arousal
– Motivational interviewing
14
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
4.2 BCT effectiveness
• Goal setting & self-monitoring
help overweight & obese adults
improve physical activity &
healthy eating 10
• … but are associated with lower
self-efficacy & physical activity
in older adults 11
BCT effectiveness can differ per
outcome, per demographic – and
even per individual
15
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
4.3 BCT’s in wearables
• Mercer et al. (2016) assessed 7
activity trackers 12
• Average: 16.3 BCT’s per tracker
• Most BCT’s centered around
self-monitoring & self-regulation
• BCT’s related to planning &
instructions were scarce
16
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
4.4 BCT’s in apps
• Dunn et al. (2018) assessed 40
smartphone apps targeting
sedentary behavior 13
• Just 10 BCT’s (out of a 93-item
taxonomy) were used
• On average 2.42 BCTs / app
• Most focussed on prompts,
information and self-monitoring
17
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
4.5 BCT examples 14
18
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
5 Take away messages
• Behavior < habits < lifestyle
• Using digital health tools
tomonitor and nudge via well
timed, personalized prompts
can complement traditional
approaches
• Choose a tool with the right
properties & BCT’s for the
targeted individual or group
19
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
Questions or comments?
Contact:
• E-mail: h.j.de.vries@pl.hanze.nl
• Twitter: @HermanDeVriesNL
• LinkedIn: hermandevries
20
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
share your talent. move the world.
References:
1. Salvador-Carulla, L., Alonso, F., Gomez, R., Walsh, C. O., Almenara, J., Ruiz, M., & Abellán, M. J. (2013). Basic concepts in the taxonomy of health-related behaviors, habits
and lifestyle. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(5), 1963–1976. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10051963
2. Mazar, A., & Wood, W. (2018). Defining habit in psychology. In B. Verplanken (Ed.), The Psychology of Habit: Theory, Mechanisms, Change, and Contexts (pp. 13–29).
Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97529-0_2
3. Jensen, M. (2009). Lifestyle: Suggesting mechanisms and a definition from a cognitive science perspective. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 11(1), 215–228.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-007-9105-4
4. Dweck, C. (2017). Mindset: Changing the way you think to fulfil your potential. In Constable & Robinson. Hachette UK.
5. Icek, A. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2),
179–211.
6. Eyal, N. (2014). Hooked: How to build habit-forming products. Penguin.
7. Fogg, B. J. (2003). Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do. Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do,
2002(December), 1–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-55860-643-2.X5000-8
8. Fogg, B. (2009). A behavior model for persuasive design. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 350, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1145/1541948.1541999
9. Michie, S., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M. P., Cane, J., & Wood, C. E. (2013). The behavior change technique taxonomy
(v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: Building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 46(1), 81–
95. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-013-9486-6
10. Samdal, G. B., Eide, G. E., Barth, T., Williams, G., & Meland, E. (2017). Effective behaviour change techniques for physical activity and healthy eating in overweight and obese
adults; systematic review and meta-regression analyses. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0494-y
11. French, D. P., Olander, E. K., Chisholm, A., & Mc Sharry, J. (2014). Which Behaviour Change Techniques Are Most Effective at Increasing Older Adults’ Self-Efficacy and
Physical Activity Behaviour? A Systematic Review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 48(2), 225–234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-014-9593-z
12. Mercer, K., Li, M., Giangregorio, L., Burns, C., & Grindrod, K. (2016). Behavior Change Techniques Present in Wearable Activity Trackers: A Critical Analysis. JMIR MHealth
and UHealth, 4(2), e40. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.4461
13. Dunn, E. E., Gainforth, H. L., & Robertson-Wilson, J. E. (2018). Behavior change techniques in mobile applications for sedentary behavior. Digital Health, 4, 205520761878579.
https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207618785798
14. Bondaronek, P., Alkhaldi, G., Slee, A., Hamilton, F. L., & Murray, E. (2018). Quality of publicly available physical activity apps: Review and content analysis. JMIR MHealth and
UHealth, 6(3), e53. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.9069
21
7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)

More Related Content

Similar to 2021-03-05 H&T lecture Herman de Vries

The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...
The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...
The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...Alexis Naranjo
 
Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...
Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...
Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...CChangeProgram
 
Example of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docx
Example of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docxExample of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docx
Example of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docxelbanglis
 
Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...
Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...
Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...Helen Bevan
 
+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docx
+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docx+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docx
+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docxadkinspaige22
 
Simple interaction Design - Aged Population
Simple interaction Design - Aged PopulationSimple interaction Design - Aged Population
Simple interaction Design - Aged PopulationMudit Asija
 
Persuasive Technology for Type-2 Diabetes
Persuasive Technology for Type-2 DiabetesPersuasive Technology for Type-2 Diabetes
Persuasive Technology for Type-2 DiabetesSERAG M IMHEMED
 
RWJF ExerWellness: Bend Oregon
RWJF ExerWellness: Bend OregonRWJF ExerWellness: Bend Oregon
RWJF ExerWellness: Bend OregonJ Shasek
 
Chapter2
Chapter2Chapter2
Chapter2detjen
 
Target Audiences - Key Messages - User Scenarios
Target Audiences - Key Messages - User ScenariosTarget Audiences - Key Messages - User Scenarios
Target Audiences - Key Messages - User ScenariosBob Bertsch
 
Theories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotion
Theories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotionTheories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotion
Theories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotionDanzo Joseph
 
Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017AchXu
 
Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017AchXu
 
The Leading Population Health Framework
The Leading Population Health FrameworkThe Leading Population Health Framework
The Leading Population Health FrameworkTomas J. Aragon
 
ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809
ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809
ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809mHealth Initiative
 
ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017
ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017
ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017alistaln
 

Similar to 2021-03-05 H&T lecture Herman de Vries (20)

The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...
The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...
The Theories Of Reasoned Action ( Tra ) And Of Planned...
 
Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...
Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...
Communication For Change: A Short Guide to Social and Behavior Change (SBCC) ...
 
Example of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docx
Example of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docxExample of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docx
Example of an Annotated Bibliography (APA Style)Gipson, T., .docx
 
Prof. Frank Snyder
Prof. Frank SnyderProf. Frank Snyder
Prof. Frank Snyder
 
Ecological model
Ecological modelEcological model
Ecological model
 
Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...
Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...
Sustainable change at scale and pace: How do we create change that sticks and...
 
The application of behavioural science to public health adhp webinar fin...
The application of behavioural science to public health adhp webinar fin...The application of behavioural science to public health adhp webinar fin...
The application of behavioural science to public health adhp webinar fin...
 
+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docx
+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docx+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docx
+What is the main idea of the story Answer in one paragraph or lo.docx
 
Simple interaction Design - Aged Population
Simple interaction Design - Aged PopulationSimple interaction Design - Aged Population
Simple interaction Design - Aged Population
 
Persuasive Technology for Type-2 Diabetes
Persuasive Technology for Type-2 DiabetesPersuasive Technology for Type-2 Diabetes
Persuasive Technology for Type-2 Diabetes
 
RWJF ExerWellness: Bend Oregon
RWJF ExerWellness: Bend OregonRWJF ExerWellness: Bend Oregon
RWJF ExerWellness: Bend Oregon
 
Chapter2
Chapter2Chapter2
Chapter2
 
Target Audiences - Key Messages - User Scenarios
Target Audiences - Key Messages - User ScenariosTarget Audiences - Key Messages - User Scenarios
Target Audiences - Key Messages - User Scenarios
 
Theories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotion
Theories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotionTheories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotion
Theories and-models-frequently-used-in-health-promotion
 
Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017
 
Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017Ecotech soar april_2017
Ecotech soar april_2017
 
The Leading Population Health Framework
The Leading Population Health FrameworkThe Leading Population Health Framework
The Leading Population Health Framework
 
ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809
ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809
ODLs (Observations Of Daily Living) Chira M Hi091809
 
ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017
ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017
ACMP Pacific NW Chapter - Behavioral Insights and Neurochange - Nov 2017
 
He handout (2)
He handout (2)He handout (2)
He handout (2)
 

Recently uploaded

Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxDr. Dheeraj Kumar
 
Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...
Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...
Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...Nehru place Escorts
 
High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...
High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...
High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...narwatsonia7
 
Call Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service AvailableCall Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Availablenarwatsonia7
 
Call Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any Time
Call Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any TimeCall Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any Time
Call Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any Timevijaych2041
 
Book Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original Photos
Book Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original PhotosBook Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original Photos
Book Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original Photosnarwatsonia7
 
Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...rajnisinghkjn
 
Glomerular Filtration and determinants of glomerular filtration .pptx
Glomerular Filtration and  determinants of glomerular filtration .pptxGlomerular Filtration and  determinants of glomerular filtration .pptx
Glomerular Filtration and determinants of glomerular filtration .pptxDr.Nusrat Tariq
 
VIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service Lucknow
VIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service LucknowVIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service Lucknow
VIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service Lucknownarwatsonia7
 
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️saminamagar
 
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...saminamagar
 
call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️saminamagar
 
97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAA
97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAA97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAA
97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAAjennyeacort
 
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptxGlomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptxDr.Nusrat Tariq
 
call girls in munirka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in munirka  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in munirka  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in munirka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️saminamagar
 
Call Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service AvailableCall Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Availablenarwatsonia7
 
Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...
Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...
Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...narwatsonia7
 
Pharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, Pricing
Pharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, PricingPharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, Pricing
Pharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, PricingArunagarwal328757
 
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptxepilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptxMohamed Rizk Khodair
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptxRadiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
Radiation Dosimetry Parameters and Isodose Curves.pptx
 
Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...
Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...
Call Girls Service in Virugambakkam - 7001305949 | 24x7 Service Available Nea...
 
High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...
High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...
High Profile Call Girls Kodigehalli - 7001305949 Escorts Service with Real Ph...
 
Call Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service AvailableCall Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls ITPL Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
 
Call Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any Time
Call Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any TimeCall Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any Time
Call Girls Viman Nagar 7001305949 All Area Service COD available Any Time
 
Book Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original Photos
Book Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original PhotosBook Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original Photos
Book Call Girls in Yelahanka - For 7001305949 Cheap & Best with original Photos
 
Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
Dwarka Sector 6 Call Girls ( 9873940964 ) Book Hot And Sexy Girls In A Few Cl...
 
Glomerular Filtration and determinants of glomerular filtration .pptx
Glomerular Filtration and  determinants of glomerular filtration .pptxGlomerular Filtration and  determinants of glomerular filtration .pptx
Glomerular Filtration and determinants of glomerular filtration .pptx
 
VIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service Lucknow
VIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service LucknowVIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service Lucknow
VIP Call Girls Lucknow Nandini 7001305949 Independent Escort Service Lucknow
 
Epilepsy
EpilepsyEpilepsy
Epilepsy
 
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in paharganj DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
 
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
call girls in Dwarka Sector 21 Metro DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Se...
 
call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in aerocity DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
 
97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAA
97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAA97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAA
97111 47426 Call Girls In Delhi MUNIRKAA
 
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptxGlomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
Glomerular Filtration rate and its determinants.pptx
 
call girls in munirka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in munirka  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️call girls in munirka  DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
call girls in munirka DELHI 🔝 >༒9540349809 🔝 genuine Escort Service 🔝✔️✔️
 
Call Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service AvailableCall Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
Call Girls Hebbal Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service Available
 
Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...
Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...
Call Girls Electronic City Just Call 7001305949 Top Class Call Girl Service A...
 
Pharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, Pricing
Pharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, PricingPharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, Pricing
Pharmaceutical Marketting: Unit-5, Pricing
 
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptxepilepsy and status epilepticus  for undergraduate.pptx
epilepsy and status epilepticus for undergraduate.pptx
 

2021-03-05 H&T lecture Herman de Vries

  • 1. share your talent. move the world. Influencing health-related behavior, habits and lifestyle using digital health tools Health & Technology, March 2021; by Herman de Vries, MSc
  • 2. share your talent. move the world. Contents 1. Defining behavior, habits and lifestyle 2. Theories on behavior change 3. Technology for behavior change 4. Behavior change techniques 5. Take away messages 2 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 3. share your talent. move the world. 1.1 What is behavior? “Behavior is an umbrella term that describes the aggregate of responses to internal and external stimuli and the specific observable conduct of an individual” 1 3 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 4. share your talent. move the world. 1.2 What are habits? “Habits are context–behaviour associations in memory that develop as people repeatedly experience rewards for a given action in a given context” 2 4 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 5. share your talent. move the world. 1.3 What is a lifestyle? “A lifestyle is a set of habits that are directed by the same main goal” 3 5 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 6. share your talent. move the world. 1.4 A taxonomy 1 Behaviors are building blocks of habits Habits are building blocks of a lifestyle 6 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 7. share your talent. move the world. 2.1 Nature versus nurture Do we behave the way we do because we were built that way (nature) ... or because of what we have experienced and learned during our lives (nurture)? 7 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 8. share your talent. move the world. 2.2 Fixed and growth mindsets 4 Adopting a growth mindset is generally more productive Be aware: not everything can be influenced or changed – absence of change ≠ culpable failure (!) 8 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 9. share your talent. move the world. 2.3 Theory of Planned Behavior 5 • Behavior can be (sub)consciously influenced • TPB-based interventions often target attitude, subjective norm & perceived behavioral control The big question: How to sustain a certain behavior so that long-term beneficial habits are formed? 9 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 10. share your talent. move the world. 2.4 Nudging Source: Behaviour Change By Design – YouTube 10 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 11. share your talent. move the world. 3.1 Potential of technology • Submersed in personal context • Available 24/7 • Unobtrusive monitoring • Historical data • Personalized feedback, triggers and interventions 11 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 12. share your talent. move the world. 3.2 Lessons from Silicon Valley 6 • It is difficult to change or replace established habits • Habit change requires repetition • Products need to motivate and enable users to keep using it • Variable rewards can help to engage users 12 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 13. share your talent. move the world. 3.3 Persuasive systems design • Persuasive systems: "Interactive information technology designed for changing users’ attitudes or behavior“ 7 • Fogg Behavior Model: Behavior = motivation x ability x prompt 8 • Potential of health technology: provide the right prompt at the right time 13 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 14. share your talent. move the world. 4.1 Behaviour Change Techniques • A taxonomy of 93 BCTs was formed to optimise the reporting and scientific study of behavior change interventions 9 • Some examples (paraphrased): – Provide information – Goal setting – Action planning – Prompt review of goals or rewards – Self-monitoring – Social comparison – Social support – Fear arousal – Motivational interviewing 14 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 15. share your talent. move the world. 4.2 BCT effectiveness • Goal setting & self-monitoring help overweight & obese adults improve physical activity & healthy eating 10 • … but are associated with lower self-efficacy & physical activity in older adults 11 BCT effectiveness can differ per outcome, per demographic – and even per individual 15 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 16. share your talent. move the world. 4.3 BCT’s in wearables • Mercer et al. (2016) assessed 7 activity trackers 12 • Average: 16.3 BCT’s per tracker • Most BCT’s centered around self-monitoring & self-regulation • BCT’s related to planning & instructions were scarce 16 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 17. share your talent. move the world. 4.4 BCT’s in apps • Dunn et al. (2018) assessed 40 smartphone apps targeting sedentary behavior 13 • Just 10 BCT’s (out of a 93-item taxonomy) were used • On average 2.42 BCTs / app • Most focussed on prompts, information and self-monitoring 17 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 18. share your talent. move the world. 4.5 BCT examples 14 18 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 19. share your talent. move the world. 5 Take away messages • Behavior < habits < lifestyle • Using digital health tools tomonitor and nudge via well timed, personalized prompts can complement traditional approaches • Choose a tool with the right properties & BCT’s for the targeted individual or group 19 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 20. share your talent. move the world. Questions or comments? Contact: • E-mail: h.j.de.vries@pl.hanze.nl • Twitter: @HermanDeVriesNL • LinkedIn: hermandevries 20 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)
  • 21. share your talent. move the world. References: 1. Salvador-Carulla, L., Alonso, F., Gomez, R., Walsh, C. O., Almenara, J., Ruiz, M., & Abellán, M. J. (2013). Basic concepts in the taxonomy of health-related behaviors, habits and lifestyle. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(5), 1963–1976. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10051963 2. Mazar, A., & Wood, W. (2018). Defining habit in psychology. In B. Verplanken (Ed.), The Psychology of Habit: Theory, Mechanisms, Change, and Contexts (pp. 13–29). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97529-0_2 3. Jensen, M. (2009). Lifestyle: Suggesting mechanisms and a definition from a cognitive science perspective. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 11(1), 215–228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-007-9105-4 4. Dweck, C. (2017). Mindset: Changing the way you think to fulfil your potential. In Constable & Robinson. Hachette UK. 5. Icek, A. (1991). The Theory of Planned Behavior Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211. 6. Eyal, N. (2014). Hooked: How to build habit-forming products. Penguin. 7. Fogg, B. J. (2003). Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do. Persuasive Technology: Using Computers to Change What We Think and Do, 2002(December), 1–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-55860-643-2.X5000-8 8. Fogg, B. (2009). A behavior model for persuasive design. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 350, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1145/1541948.1541999 9. Michie, S., Richardson, M., Johnston, M., Abraham, C., Francis, J., Hardeman, W., Eccles, M. P., Cane, J., & Wood, C. E. (2013). The behavior change technique taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: Building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 46(1), 81– 95. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-013-9486-6 10. Samdal, G. B., Eide, G. E., Barth, T., Williams, G., & Meland, E. (2017). Effective behaviour change techniques for physical activity and healthy eating in overweight and obese adults; systematic review and meta-regression analyses. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0494-y 11. French, D. P., Olander, E. K., Chisholm, A., & Mc Sharry, J. (2014). Which Behaviour Change Techniques Are Most Effective at Increasing Older Adults’ Self-Efficacy and Physical Activity Behaviour? A Systematic Review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 48(2), 225–234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-014-9593-z 12. Mercer, K., Li, M., Giangregorio, L., Burns, C., & Grindrod, K. (2016). Behavior Change Techniques Present in Wearable Activity Trackers: A Critical Analysis. JMIR MHealth and UHealth, 4(2), e40. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.4461 13. Dunn, E. E., Gainforth, H. L., & Robertson-Wilson, J. E. (2018). Behavior change techniques in mobile applications for sedentary behavior. Digital Health, 4, 205520761878579. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207618785798 14. Bondaronek, P., Alkhaldi, G., Slee, A., Hamilton, F. L., & Murray, E. (2018). Quality of publicly available physical activity apps: Review and content analysis. JMIR MHealth and UHealth, 6(3), e53. https://doi.org/10.2196/mhealth.9069 21 7-3-2021 Herman de Vries (@HermanDeVriesNL)