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File1 2

  1. 1. Grammar file1 English File 21 What … like? ’s the weather It’s cold and cloudy. Present are the people They’re friendly. What like? was the weather It was freezing. Past were the people They were very nice. ✦ Use What + (be) + noun + like? to ask for a description. ✦ Remember the difference between (be) like and the verb like. What’s the weather like? It’s awful. What’s your flat like? It’s old and cheap. but Do you like your flat? Yes, very much.2 it (weather) It’s very hot today. What was the temperature yesterday? It was 28°. ✦ Use it to talk about weather and temperature. I’ve been to 15 countries!3 The present perfect ( ✦ Form the present perfect with have + past I I participle. You You ’ve haven’t ✦ Use the present perfect to talk generally We We They They about past experiences in your life. You don’t worked in France. worked in Italy. say exactly when they happened. He been to the USA. He been to Canada. I’ve been to America. She ’s She hasn’t  I’ve been to America last year. It It To say when it happened, use the past simple. / & I went to America last year. Have you worked in Britain? Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. Past participles Has he been to Spain? Yes, he has. / No, he hasn’t. ✦ For regular verbs, the past participle ends in Contractions ’ve = have ’s = has ed. It’s the same as the past simple form. haven’t = have not hasn’t = has not I worked in Spain. / I’ve worked in Spain. ✦ For irregular verbs, the past participle is sometimes different from the past simple. my experiences I was born now present perfect © Oxford University Press
  2. 2. Grammar check 1 English File 21 What . . . like? Write the questions. Then b Write present perfect sentences. Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . match them to the answers. contractions. 1 weather the like what’s? 1 you (meet) my wife ? What’s the weather like? c Have you met my wife? 2 like Thailand what’s? 2 they (not try) Indian food S 3 the hotel what like was? 3 I (be) to Istanbul R 4 were like beaches the what? 4 they (travel) a lot ? 5 new what’s John’s girlfriend like? 5 he (work) in a restaurant R a It’s an interesting country. 6 we (not see) her new flat S b They were very clean. c It’s cold and foggy. d She’s very nice. e It was very comfortable.2 it (weather) What’s the weather like? Write sentences. 1 It’s sunny. 2 3 4 53 a Present perfect Complete the chart.Infinitive Past Past participlework worked workedbe was / weresee seengo went ___________ tried triedmeet ____________ ____________ © Oxford University Press

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