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  1. 1. NOUNSNOUNS Defenition of Nouns • Noun is a word used as the names of a person, place, or thing. Example : Heru, book, cat, school
  2. 2. SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNSINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUN • Singular noun is a noun that denotes one person, place, or one thing. e.g. boy, girl, butterfly, flower, dictionary, pencil • Plural noun is a noun that denotes more than one person, place or more than one thing. e.g. boys, girls, butterflies, flowers, dictionaries, pencils.
  3. 3. CHANGING THE SINGULAR INTO PLURALCHANGING THE SINGULAR INTO PLURAL 1. The plural nouns is generally formed by adding -s to the singular e.g. boy → boys pen → pens girl → girls pencil → pencils
  4. 4. 2. If the noun ending in -s, -sh, -ch, or -x, the plural form by adding -es to the singular e.g. dish → dishes watch → watches class → classes box → boxes
  5. 5. 3. If the noun ending in -y, preceded by a consonant, form their plural by changing -y into -i and adding -es e.g. army → armies lady → ladies copy → copies butterfly → butterflies
  6. 6. 4. Several nouns ending in -f or -fe, form their plural by changing -f, or -fe into -v and adding -es e.g. knife → knives leaf → leaves life → lives thief → thieves
  7. 7. 5. Most nouns ending in -o also form the plural by adding -es to the singular e.g. buffalo → buffaloes mango → mangoes hero → heroes potato → potatoes
  8. 8. 6. A few nouns ending in -o, generally those which are in less common use and abbreviations, merely add -s. e.g. bamboo → bamboos hindoo → hindoos Solo → Solos photo → photos
  9. 9. 7. A few nouns form their plural by changing the inside vowel of the singular. e.g. man → men woman → women foot → feet mouse → mice
  10. 10. 8. There are a few nouns that form their plural by adding –en to the singular. e.g. ox → oxen child → children
  11. 11. COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLECOUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNNOUN Countable noun is a noun which come from singular. They can also be made plural by the addition of -s. e.g. one girl two girls three boys
  12. 12. Uncountable noun is not used in the plural. Mass noun form one type of uncountable noun. They aaer words for concrete objects stated in an undivided quantity. e.g. coffe sugar Water salt
  13. 13. ABSTRACT AND CONCRETE NOUNSABSTRACT AND CONCRETE NOUNS Abstarct noun is word for concept. It is an idea that exist in our minds only such as the name of quality, action, or state considered apart form the object to which it belongs. e.g. QUALITY : kindness, bravery, wisdom ACTION : justice, movement, hatred STATE : youth, death, boyhood
  14. 14. Concrete noun is a word for a physical object that can be perceived by the sense such as seeing, touching , and smelling the object. e.g. SEEING : scenery, cloud TOUCHING : fire, ice SMELLING : flower, perfume