Hiv

781 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
781
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hiv

  1. 1. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) By Daniel David Grupe
  2. 2. WHAT IS IT? <ul><li>HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system (the body's defense against infection). </li></ul><ul><li>HIV uses healthy white blood cells to replicate itself, breaking down the immune system and leaving the body more susceptible to illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Without treatment, most people infected with HIV become less able to fight off germs that we are exposed to every day.  </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who has HIV is called &quot;HIV positive&quot; or &quot;HIV+&quot;.  </li></ul>
  3. 3. HISTORY <ul><li>HIV was first recognized on December 1, 1981. </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is thought to have originated in non-human primates in sub-Saharan Africa and transferred to humans early in the 20th century. </li></ul><ul><li>The first paper recognizing a pattern of infections was published on 4 June 1981. </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that about 0.6 percent of the world's population is infected with HIV and approximately over one million Americans. </li></ul>
  4. 4. HOW IT HAPPENS <ul><li>Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. </li></ul><ul><li>The four major routes of transmission are unprotected sex, contaminated needles, breast milk, and from an infected mother to her baby at birth. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>HIV VIRUS </li></ul>
  6. 6. SYMPTOMS/LONG TERM EFFECTS <ul><li>For many people, early infection is asymptomatic (they don’t show signs of symptoms). </li></ul><ul><li>They may display signs of fever, headache, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes. </li></ul><ul><li>These symptoms usually fade for as little as a few months to up to 10 years depending on the individual. </li></ul><ul><li>After this asymptomatic period, as the immune system is further broken down by the HIV virus more constant symptoms such as energy and weight loss, fevers and sweats, yeast infections, skin rashes or flaky skin, pelvic inflammatory disease, short term memory loss, and severe herpes infection appear </li></ul>
  7. 7. TREATMENT <ul><li>There is no cure to HIV. </li></ul><ul><li>While there is very effective treatment called antiretroviral therapy, once someone has contracted HIV, they have it for life. </li></ul><ul><li>With modern day therapy, that maintains a safe level of the HIV viral load, an HIV infected individual can live a normal adult lifespan but will have to take antiretrovirals every day of their lives. </li></ul>
  8. 8. THANK YOU <ul><li>HAVE A WONDERFUL DAY AND A PLEASANT TOMORROW! </li></ul>

×